OpenRailwayMap/Tagging in Germany
- 1 Bü Signals
- 2 El Signals
- 3 Hl Signals
- 4 Hp Signals
- 5 Ks Signals
- 6 Lf Signals
- 7 Ne Signals
- 8 Pf Signals
- 9 Ra Signals
- 10 Sh Signals
- 11 Sk Signals
- 12 So Signals
- 13 Sv Signals
- 14 Ts Signals
- 15 Vr Signals
- 16 Zp Signal
- 17 Zs Signals
- 18 Other Signals
- 18.1 Post Plates
- 18.2 Invalidation Cross
- 18.3 Proceed indicator
- 18.4 Cab Signalling Block Marker
- 18.5 LZB Section Marker
- 18.6 Turn On Helper Sign for ICE trains
- 18.7 Train Radio Board
- 18.8 Hectometre board
- 18.9 Level Crossing Marker Board
- 18.10 Level Crossing Announcement Board
- 18.11 Direction Arrow Boards
- 18.12 Signal Halt Indicator
- 18.13 Key Switches
- 18.14 Key Switches for Level Crossings
Ts signals are helper engine signals and used at steep inclines where heavy trains get a secondary engine at the rear end which pushes the train uphill without being coupled with the train.
They are not part of DB's signalling rules any more but are still in use at some locations.
Tagging see German version of this page
Zp 6-8 Break Test Signal
German name: Bremsprobensignal
This signal supports the communication between the train driver and shunting staff during break tests. Bildbeispiele auf der Website von Simon Walter
Zp 6: Break Zp 7: release breaks Zp 8: breaks ok
Zp 9 Departure Signal
This signal tells the train driver to depart. It is given by the conductor. photographs by Simon Walter
Zp 10 Close Doors
German name: Türschließauftrag
This signal tells the train driver to close the doors. It is given by the conductor. photographs by Simon Walter
The posts of main signals are highlighted in Germany to increase their visibility (at night) and to inform the engine driver what to do if the signal displays "stop" or is defect.
This sign is only used at block signals of S-Bahn Berlin and S-Bahn Hamburg.
This signal is only used at self-operating automatic block signals (dispatcher cannot control them because). You will find this sign in West Germany only at Hp light signals and in East Germany only at Hl combined signales.
Red (without White)
This cross marks a signal as invalid. Engine drivers have to ignore it. photographs by Simon Walter
- railway:signal:SIGNALTYP:deactivated=yes The invalidation cross has to be tagged for each signal type separately.
This signal is mounted at platforms and shows a white ascending line if seen in direction of movement and three descanding white dots if seen against the direction of movement. It is used to inform the conductor that the main signal displays "proceed" and he can give the order to depart to the engine driver. This signal cannot be considered as safe, i.e. if it shows the white strip/dots the main signal might not show proceed! Weitere Infos auf stellwerke.de, Bildbeispiele auf der Website von Simon Walter
Cab Signalling Block Marker
If a railway line is equipped with LZB or ETCS, this board may replace a main/combined signal. This signal is called "Blockkennzeichen" (formerly "LZB-Blockkennzeichen") in German. photographs by Simon Walter
railway:signal:lzb=lzb-blockkennzeichen had been used instead of
railway:signal:train_protection=DE-ESO:blockkennzeichen until early 2015 at OSM.
- ref=* block number
- railway:signal:catenary_mast=yes/no Is the signal mounted at a catenary mast?
LZB Section Marker
This board marks the beginning of an LZB section. Trains can only switch from PZB to LZB at this locations. photographs by Simon Walter
railway:signal:lzb*=* had been used instead of
railway:signal:train_protection*=* until early 2015 at OSM.
- railway:signal:train_protection:type=start/section Does LZB start here or is it just the border between to signal boxes?
Turn On Helper Sign for ICE trains
Train Radio Board
This board indicates the channel which to use for analogue radio.
- railway:signal:radio:frequency=* frequency or channel number
This board indicates the current mileage. The upper number indicates the full kilometres, the lower number the first decimal. Hectometre boards are often mounted at catenary masts if the railway lines is electrified. If it is so, the board is not located at the exact position.
Some boards have three small digits at the lower right corner. They indicate the exact location (three decimals).
- railway:position=* rounded, use a dot as decimal separator
- railway:position:exact=* exact, e. g.
12.345; use a dot as decimal separator
- railway:milestone:emergency_brake_override=yes/no Are yellow stripes mounted above and below the board? If yes, engine drivers has to override the emergency brake if it is used until the end of the tunnel.
- railway:milestone:emergency_brake_override:direction=forward/backward/both direction which is marked with yellow stripes
- railway:milestone:catenary_mast=yes/no Mounted at a catenary mast?
Level Crossing Marker Board
This board is mounted directly in front of a level crossing for orientation purposes. photographs by Simon Walter
- railway:signal:crossing_info:caption=* caption, e. g.
Level Crossing Announcement Board
This signal is mounted at the switch-on contact and indicates the engine driver where he has to expect the level crossing. photographs by Simon Walter
- railway:signal:crossing_info:caption=* caption, e. g.
- railway:signal:crossing_info:repeated=yes/no Is this sign a repeater (marked with an additional rectangular board displaying a white circle on a black background)?
Direction Arrow Boards
If a board is mounted before a junction or point, a direction arrow indicates the direction the signal applies to. They are used on Lf 1, Lf 6 and El 6. Add following tag if they are used there:
- at Lf 1: railway:signal:speed_limit_distant:turn_direction=left/right/straight
- at Lf 6: railway:signal:speed_limit_distant:turn_direction=left/right/straight
- at El 6: railway:signal:electricity:turn_direction=left/right/straight
Left, right and straight refer to the direction of travel, not the direction of the OSM way!
Signal Halt Indicator
This signal shows a yellow L rotated by 180° if the entry signal 26B (at line from Wörlitz) shows stop (Hp 0). Such signals are used where lines under direct traffic control touch a station which is operated like a main line.
- ref=* number
Key switches are used to activate some signals or devices by the train staff. There are currently tags for key switches activating departure signals (Zp 9/10) and level crossings.
Key Switch for Zp9
These key switches are used by the conductor to activate Zp 9. (photographs) These key switches are highlighted by the green umbrella-like symbol.
They are often combined with the key switch to activate the close doors signal (Zp 10).
Key switches ususally service only one track. Tag the track number using
Key Switches for Level Crossings
Key switches are sometimes the only way on branch lines and spur tracks to activate the lights/barriers at a level crossing. In all other cases, key switches are only used as a fallback.
Use railway:key_switch:crossing:usage=usual if the key switch is the usual way to activate it. Use railway:key_switch:crossing:usage=replacement if it is only used if automatic activation switches are defect.