Organised Editing/Activities/GAL Cusco Peru
Peru has a very unequal society, and whilst parts of Peru are well mapped, these tend to be urban, wealthy areas that reflect the inter-sectional power relations at play in the country. GAL School Peru is training local high school students in Cusco to identify under-represented social issues, and then investigate, map and share them. To date, groups of school girls in Cusco have created campaigns that use maps of sexist publicity and behavior, presenting them as part of an international festival and to local government representatives, as well as peers and the broader school community. GAL will train 150 youth in mapping gendered issues, and work with local mayors in the Cusco region to better understand the experiences of girls in society.
- Peter Ward
- Rebecca Firth
Starting April 2018, ongoing.
Tools and Data Sources
For remote mapping
- Imagery: Esri, Digital Globe, or Bing.
- ID Editor
- For ground-mapping
- ODK/ KOBO
- Local Community Mappers (GAL school students, highschool students in Cusco region, teachers in Cusco region, local government, local YouthMappers chapters)
- Global YouthMappers chapters
- HOT Corporate Mapathons (occasionally)
Measuring our Success
Success is measured in engagement of local mappers to a) create maps of their under-mapped communities & b) engage local highschool students to map gender-related issues they care about. OpenStreetMap provides local community members & students the opportunity to share their lived experiences, learn more about their societies, and share their findings - in short maps are a means not an end in themselves.
Project Specific Mapping Notes
Imagery: Please use Bing imagery. Many of these squares will already be partially or fully mapped, map in more if needed or fix up the existing mapping, or just mark it "Done" if it is already complete. Please connect up roads that are not connected to the main network or nearby roads. Existing mapping does not match imagery - This happens in some areas. Use the Bing imagery, but adjust it so it aligns with the existing mapping, then continue mapping. Please leave a comment in the Tasking Manager when you mark done/stop mapping to say you adjusted the imagery. Waterways are challenging in this area, more need to be mapped, but please only map the streams and rivers
Roads and Paths Please map roads and major paths as completely as possible by connecting them to the main road networks where ever possible. Very short segments that do not connect to anything should not be mapped. Short segments of a road or path that you cannot see through the trees but seem very likely to exist should be mapped to keep the road complete Try and map a little beyond your task square so the person who maps the task square next to yours can easily connect them. Always connect roads to other roads where they meet and never end roads on Residential area polygon edges. You will most often use the following "Road Features" and "Path Features" (iD Web Editor):
Minor/Unclassified - This is for roads that connect small villages and settlements Residential Road - These are roads that are in settlements but only are used for access to houses and buildings. Unmaintained Track Road - This is for roads that only lead to farm fields or forests. They do not connect settlements or residential areas. Path - This is for small paths that are usually used by people on foot or 2 wheeled vehicles. They may or may not connect settlements or lead to farm fields. Only map the major paths that connect to settlements or other roads.
Buildings Please accurately outline all the buildings you can find. The outline should be for the full size of the building even if it is partly covered by trees in the imagery. Take care to not include the building shadow in the building outline. After drawing the outline and tagging as a building, use the 's' key in the iD web editor to "square" the corners. Many buildings are very close, but do not actually touch each other, try to map them close to each other without letting them connect or share nodes with each other, roads or residential area outlines. In the iD web editor, holding down the "alt" key will keep nodes from "snapping" to each other and accidentally connecting. In the iD web editor, the first time you map a building you will use the "Building Features" category and then at the top of the list select "Building" again, this is the most generic building tag we can use as we almost never can tell the more specific use of any building from imagery alone. Only if you have personal knowledge of a building, please add that information to the building, like the name or type of building (hospital, school, gas station, etc)
- leisure=common - Open flat areas of grass or dirt in a settlement, often with paths across them
- leisure=pitch - An identifiable sports field of some sort, usually football/soccer, baseball
- leisure=park - An open area that you personally know to be an official park or recreation area
- landuse=grass - Open, flat grassy area, not a farm field or crops.
Waterways, Bridges, Fords, Dams waterway=stream waterway=river - If you see obvious waterways, please map them. They are usually much lighter color, grey than roads/paths and you can often see rocks and split channels. Much like the road system, please find where the waterway connects to the main waterway network and map it to connection. Mapping waterways implies a direction as well so zoom out, look for already mapped waterways nearby, or use the OpenCycleMap background layer to help determine which direction the water flows. bridge=yes - This tag is placed on a segment of road that is just the same size as the bridge and also needs a tag that says layer=1 to indicate it is above the waterway. The waterway and the road do NOT share a node. ford=yes - If you see a road crossing a waterway try to confirm a bridge or a ford. Fords are places where the road just drives through the waterway. To map a ford, have the waterway and the road DO share a node and put the ford=yes tag on that one single node. waterway=dam - Dams are a little confusing to map, please see the references listed below and ask a more experienced mapper to help you. But they are important to map if you can identify them.
General Mapping Notes
Be as precise as possible - This takes a little bit of practice, but following a road closely or the outline of a building carefully really makes a difference in the quality of map data produced. Quality is more important than quantity when it comes to mapping. Zooming in close helps. changeset comments - These are filled in with some default information but you should always add what you mapped. For example "added buildings and roads" or "added in some waterways"
It is ok to "split" task squares - Sometimes a task square will have a lot detailed settlement mapping. If you think it would help to make the task square smaller so the mapping could be finished in a more reasonable time, use the "split" link above the task square comment box.
Personal knowledge - If you have local knowledge, that is incredibly valuable and any information you are 100% sure of you can add to the object you are mapping. Building names, health facilities, names of roads, etc, are all very valuable and the name= tag can be used to supply that information. Sometimes a task square is already mapped - Sometimes you will find a task square that looks totally mapped or has nothing in it to map. Just double check that it is complete, map anything that was missed, straighten up anything that needs it and then mark it "Done".
Invalidated task squares - You might get a notice that a task square was "invalidated" that almost always just means someone found a few more things to map and they did not have time to map them in. No worries, it is part of the process and happens all the time. If you have to stop mapping before you have mapped everything use the "Unlock" link instead of "Done" As long as you are trying to map everything in a task square you feel confident mapping before you mark one "Done" then all is good. Ask questions - if you have questions, please ask. The front page of this HOT Tasking Manager website offers a few ways to ask or if you are at a mapping event, raise your hand and ask. You are making a real difference mapping - Every contribution matters in a real, tangible way. Mapping in not easy but know that your mapping is used by humanitarian organizations around the world every single day.
For circular buildings:
In iD: draw a triangular area over the building and use the tag "Building", then correct to make the shape circular with the "O" key. Animated gif of round building in iD In JOSM: Select the Ctrl-Alt-B key shortcut the show the BuildingTools plugin options and select the Circle option. The same shortcut is used to step back to the Rectangle option. For each round building, draw the diameter of the circle with two clicks on each side of the building. This automatically trace the building and the tag “building=yes” is added.. To stop tracing buildings, we select the S shortcut.
Trainings for local mappers are provided in person. For school children introductory training workshops are usually only a few hours long - long enough to give them a sense of what is possible with the tools, and how to use them. Participants then define topics of interest and based on these choose which tools are most relevant to their project objectives. Project and mapping activities are heavily supervised by teachers and GAL staff to try and keep mapping quality high. Results have previously been presented to government authorities, and we hope to continue developing this. Currently, training of government officials is focused on the health sector, where we believe the use of OSM can help improve support the activities of the local health authority in government priorities, such as reducing anemia and chronic malnutrition.
Clean Up - Validation
Validation is supported by a number of groups, including:
- GAL Peru
- YouthMappers validators
- HOT community validators
- For HOT corporate mapathons, HOT will be responsible for validation
Some results will be posted here after the mapping is over.