osmupdate downloads and cumulates OSM Changefiles of different categories (minutely, hourly, daily). This allows you to create new changefiles for every time period you need and to update your OSM data files in regular or irregular intervals, just as you like.
Note that this is not the only mechanism for automatic OSM data updates, you can also use other programs for this purpose, for example Osmosis. osmupdate is a small and fast program which has been developed just for this task. It might offer a few functions Osmosis does not offer, but there are also functions you might miss in osmupdate.
- You want to keep your local PostgreSQL database up-to-date and minutely in sync with the servers of openstreetmap.org.
- You can use osmupdate. osmupdate cannot update databases itself, but can do it in conjunction with other tools. For osm2pgsql database, see furry-sansa updater.
- You need to update the OSM file of a small geographical region every other week.
- Do not use osmupdate. Redownload the file from one of the OSM file services, e.g. geofabrik.de.
- You just found an old OSM planet file from a year ago and want to update it.
- Do not use osmupdate. Redownload the whole planet file.
- You have an OSM data file of a larger geographical region and need to update it every few hours, every day, or every week.
- It is recommended to use osmupdate for this purpose.
These Downloads are available:
- binary for Linux 32 bit
- binary for Windows 32 bit (on Vista, Win7, Win8, and win10 rename the file to e.g. osmup.exe after download, else Windows may assume the program is a setup file)
osmctoolsDebian package, to install run:
apt install osmctools
- source code (newest version)
- (previous source code)
- Download and build in one run:
wget -O - http://m.m.i24.cc/osmupdate.c | cc -x c - -o osmupdate
As usual: There is no warranty, to the extent permitted by law.
osmupdate will call subprograms which must be available on your system:
- osmconvert (also included in the
- gzip (if you want to write gzip compressed files)
Please ensure that these programs have been downloaded and installed.
This program cares about updating an .osm, .o5m or .pbf file. It will download and apply OSM Change files (.osc) from the servers of "planet.openstreetmap.org". It also can assemble a new .osc or .o5c file which can be used to update your OSM data file at a later time.
Two command line arguments are mandatory: the name of the old and the name of the new OSM data file. If the old data file does not have a file timestamp, you can specify this timestamp manually on the command line or the program itself analyzes it with the program osmconvert.
Instead of the second OSM file name, you alternatively may specify the name of a changefile (.osc or .o5c). In this case, you also may replace the name of the old OSM data file by a timestamp. Command line arguments which are not recognized by osmupdate will be passed to osmconvert. Use this opportunity to supply a bounding box or a bounding polygon if you are going to update a regional change file.
To get a detailed description, please use the built-in help function of the program:
The following chapters demonstrate some usage examples.
Updating OSM Files
Out-of-date OSM data files can be updated and written as new files (.o5m, .o5m.gz, .osm, .osm.gz or .pbf). For safety reasons osmupdate will not delete the old file. If you do not need it as backup file, please delete it by yourself. Examples:
./osmupdate old_file.o5m new_file.o5m ./osmupdate old_file.o5m.gz new_file.o5m.gz ./osmupdate old_file.osm new_file.osm ./osmupdate old_file.osm.gz new_file.osm.gz ./osmupdate old_file.pbf new_file.pbf
If your old OSM data file does not contain a file timestamp, this timestamp can be specified manually
./osmupdate old_file.o5m 2012-03-15T23:30:00Z new_file.o5m
otherwise the program tries to extract the timestamp from the old file automatically.
Note: It is not recommended to update large .osm formatted files as this may take hours or even days. Please use .pbf or .o5m (a bit faster) for this purpose.
Assembling an OSM Change file
Here, the old OSM data file is not updated directly. An OSM changefile is written instead. This changefile can be used to update the OSM data file afterwards. You also can use the changefile to update a database with Osmosis or osm2pgsql. Examples for assembling changefiles:
./osmupdate old_file.o5m change_file.o5c ./osmupdate old_file.osm change_file.osc ./osmupdate 2011-02-15T23:30:00Z change_file.o5c ./osmupdate 2011-02-15T23:30:00Z change_file.osc.gz
Applying Geographical Borders
In the following example, we want to update an OSM file which contains
only European OSM data. Hence the downloaded Planet Changefiles contain
not only London, but the whole planet, a lot of unneeded data would
be added to this regional file.
-B= argument will clip these superfluous data.
./osmupdate europe_old.o5m europe_new.o5m -B=europe.poly
You also may use
-b= option of osmconvert to specify a bounding box.
Please refer to osmconvert program description for
It is not possible to use the
--complete-ways option from osmconvert (used to retain all the nodes belonging to a way, even when they lie outside of the bounding box or polygon) when updating.
A more effective way to update a regional OSM file is to use a regional update source instead of a border polygon. To do this, please change the base URL (see a few sections below).
Limit Changefile Categories
If you need to update your OSM file only once a day or once a week, you may want to consider the limitation of changefile category to daily. This will prevent minutely and hourly changefiles from being downloaded and therefore save a lot of data traffic. Use this option:
For updates every few hours, you usually would not need minutely changefiles. So please consider applying this option:
Keep Temporary Files
Another way to minimize data traffic is to keep local copies of every downloaded file. This is especially recommended if you are going assemble chronologically overlapping changefiles. The command line option:
osmupdate works very quietly. If you have suspicions that something might go wrong, or if you are just curious, then activate the verbose mode:
Usually, osmupdate downloads the changefile data from https://planet.openstreetmap.org/replication. If you want to use a different source, for example the Fork Project FOSM, a regional update repository, or the data available during the license-change period, you may specify this by the
--base-url= option. Some sources require to define a suffix, for example
--base-url=mirror --base-url=http://planet.fosm.org/planet/ --base-url-suffix=-replicate --base-url=https://planet.openstreetmap.org/ --base-url-suffix=-replicate --base-url=https://planet.openstreetmap.org/redaction-period/ --base-url-suffix=-replicate --base-url=download.geofabrik.de/europe/germany/bremen-updates
- updating the whole planet
hardware: 16GB ram, 7200rpm disk, source file: No timestamp, 14 days old planet.
time ./osmupdate planet-latest.o5m new-planet-latest.o5m --planet-url=https://planet.openstreetmap.org/redaction-period/ real 31m12.246s user 13m45.716s sys 0m57.056s
Hardware: Core i7 2600, 16GB RAM, RAID6, source file: pbf, no timestamp, 5 days old planet file.
time ./osmupdate32 -v planet-latest.osm.pbf planet-latest2.osm.pbf real 52m52.208s user 43m39.028s sys 0m43.891s
Hardware: Phenom II x6 1090T, 32GB RAM, RAID1, 160MB/s per drive sequential, source file: planet-130515.osm.pbf, 15 days old planet file.
time osmupdate --day planet-130515.osm.pbf planet-new.osm.pbf osmupdate: Aging the timestamp by 4 hours for safety reasons. real 67m30.271s user 53m33.933s sys 2m12.440s
Hardware: Low end PC: Pentium G630T, 4GB RAM, 7200 RPM 2,5" HDD, source file: planet.pbf, 3 days old planet file. Windows 7.
osmupdate planet.pbf planet.o5m osmupdate: Aging the timestamp by 4 hours for safety reasons. Time spent: 50 minutes
Hardware: E3-1231 v3 @ 3.40GHz, 32GB RAM, HDD + SSD ZFS array, FreeBSD, all but two days in cache
osmupdate --max-merge=25 --day -v --keep-tempfiles planet-150413.osm.pbf planet-150824.osm.pbf Time spent: 1h18m
If downloading diffs, run time is 2h42m.
Please add your benchmark results.
Osmupdate currently (as of 2014-01-24) does not work with internet connections through proxy servers.