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Public-images-osm logo.svg locality = townland
A townland (Irish: baile fearainn) is a small geographical division of land used in Ireland. Show/edit corresponding data item.
Group: places
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesshould not be used on waysshould not be used on areasmay be used on relations
Useful combination
See also
Status: imported

A townland (Irish: baile fearainn) is a small geographical division of land used in the island of Ireland (including Northern Ireland). The townland system is of Gaelic origin, pre-dating the Norman invasion,and most have names of Irish Gaelic origin. However, some townland names and boundaries come from Norman manors, plantation divisions, or later creations of the Ordnance Survey. In 1911 Census the total number of townlands was 60,679.

The locality=townland tag is usually used in a boundary relation of an "official" townland. This tag only applies to place names in Ireland.

How to map

Create a relation with the following tags

Together with following optional tags

  • alt_name=* - If any alternative spellings of the townland exist
  • name:ga=* - The original Irish version of the townland (if known)
  • wikipedia=*
  • note=*

For further information on the Mapping Townlands project being run by the Irish OSM community, please see the Mapping Townlands wiki page

Useful resources


The following is an example of townland. This townland is officially called "Gubb" which is marked in bold capital letters. Please note there is also a subtownland called "Mullaghboy" marked by small italic text.

Example of a townland from GSGS 3906, kindly provided by TCD