Tag:pipeline=valve

From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Available languages — Tag:pipeline=valve
Afrikaans Alemannisch aragonés asturianu azərbaycanca Bahasa Indonesia Bahasa Melayu Bân-lâm-gú Basa Jawa Baso Minangkabau bosanski brezhoneg català čeština dansk Deutsch eesti English español Esperanto estremeñu euskara français Frysk Gaeilge Gàidhlig galego Hausa hrvatski Igbo interlingua Interlingue isiXhosa isiZulu íslenska italiano Kiswahili Kreyòl ayisyen kréyòl gwadloupéyen kurdî latviešu Lëtzebuergesch lietuvių magyar Malagasy Malti Nederlands Nedersaksies norsk norsk nynorsk occitan Oromoo oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча Plattdüütsch polski português română shqip slovenčina slovenščina Soomaaliga suomi svenska Tiếng Việt Türkçe Vahcuengh vèneto Wolof Yorùbá Zazaki српски / srpski беларуская български қазақша македонски монгол русский тоҷикӣ українська Ελληνικά Հայերեն ქართული नेपाली मराठी हिन्दी অসমীয়া বাংলা ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ગુજરાતી ଓଡ଼ିଆ தமிழ் తెలుగు ಕನ್ನಡ മലയാളം සිංහල ไทย မြန်မာဘာသာ ລາວ ភាសាខ្មែរ ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ አማርኛ 한국어 日本語 中文(简体)‎ 吴语 粵語 中文(繁體)‎ ייִדיש עברית اردو العربية پښتو سنڌي فارسی ދިވެހިބަސް
Public-images-osm logo.svg pipeline = valve
Water butterfly valve.jpg
Description
Domestic or industrial valves used to control the flow within pipelines Edit or translate this description.
Group: Pipeline
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesshould not be used on waysshould not be used on areasshould not be used on relations
Requires
Useful combination
Wikidata
Status: approvedPage for proposal

Valves are important devices to regulate flows, block liquids or ensure security in piping systems. There are many shapes and functions existing. We can find them in many places, to begin with households or heavy industries.

How to map

Pipeline valve datasheet.jpg

First of all, don't go inside private or restricted perimeters if you're not invited to do so please, some valves may not be safely accessible and you may expose yourself to multiple hazards.
Public information or aerial imagery will help to see outdoor pipeline facilities safely.

On every valve device found and on a man_made=pipeline way (not surrounding building, not fence), add a node and put some tags described below like mandatory pipeline=valve.
Use location=* to give information about its position and valve=* to let us know about its mechanism.

High detailed information may be found on valves themselves. A complete datasheet as exposed beside gives many figures on the device capabilities and structure.
We basically need nominal diameter, valve mechanism but manufacturer=* and start_date=* may also be completed.
Nevertheless, you may not be able to took picture of those plates and as a reminder : don't go inside restricted perimeters to get the one you couldn't unless invited

Tagging

Key Value Comment Recommendation
pipeline valve Valves are usually mapped as node. This tags says it's a valve mandatory
valve <valve technology> The design of the valve recommended
location <location> The physical location of the valve, such as indoor. See below for possible values. recommended
diameter <nominal diameter> The nominal diameter of the valve in millimeters according to ISO 6708 optional
operator <operator> Name of the company that operates the valve. optional
manufacturer <Manufacturing company> Name of the company that built the valve optional
ref <reference> Abbreviation / number of the valve. optional
turn_to_close clockwise or anti_clockwise Direction of rotation wheel to close the valve. This is common to handle and actuator optional
handle <handle model> Does a handle is available on the valve? See below for possible values optional
actuator <actuator technology> Mode of actuating the valve. See below for possible values optional
sensor:position <position sensor> Position sensor design used to get the valve current status. Not fluid pressure or chemical sensor which may be installed beside the valve optional
remotely_controllable Control mode How the actuator is remotely activated to change the valve state. optional

Examples

Domestic devices

Photo Location Tagging Comments
Thermostatic globe valve
Europe

pipeline=valve
valve=globe
handle=wheel
turn_to_close=clockwise
actuator=thermostatic

A domestic globe valve installed on heating radiators. The valve opens and close depending on the delta between fluid and ambient temperatures according to spring inside

Water valves

Water valves used in water networks

Photo Location Tagging Comments
Globe valve
The Netherlands

pipeline=valve
valve=globe
handle=wheel
turn_to_close=clockwise
emergency=dry_riser_inlet

The valve prevent water to get out of a fire fighters riser pipe in a building. This is a typical globe valve
Butterfly valve
France, Toulouse

pipeline=valve
valve=butterfly
actuator=electric_motor
handle=wheel
turn_to_close=anti_clockwise (written on it)
remotely_controllable=yes

This is a common valve used to regulate pressure in water mains on distribution networks. Switchable wheel allow technicians to open and close the valve so does the electric actuator on top of it.
Ball penstock valve
Switzerland

pipeline=valve
valve=ball
actuator=hydraulic_cylinder
handle=no
sensor:position=mechanical
remotely_controllable=yes

Hydroelectric power plants usually got valves at top and bottom also of their penstocks carrying water down to turbines. Such a valve is mainly fully opened or fully closed depending of the plant operational status. It is located next to a pelton turbine at the end of the penstock. Here is how a ball valve closes :

Ball valve closing steps.jpg

Quarter-turn butterfly valve
France

pipeline=valve
valve=butterfly
actuator=manual
handle=lever
turn_to_close=clockwise
sensor:position=yes

Such a valve use a movable disk to let or prevent water from passing through it. A lever handle and a sensor allow technician to change the valve state
Valve on a fire hydrant
France

emergency=fire_hydrant fire_hydrant:type=pillar pipeline=valve
valve=globe
actuator=manual
handle=wheel
turn_to_close=clockwise

A fire hydrant with a globe valve to open or close the 3 outlets

Oil & gas valves

Photo Location Tagging Comments
Gas safety valve
France

pipeline=valve
valve=ball
actuator=hydraulic_cylinder
handle=no
operator=GRTGaz
manufacturer=Camron
location=underground
remotely_controllable=yes

The valve is actually underground and ensure safety of the rising pipeline on the background. Only its head is visible from the ground surface.
Pipeline Valve Covered.jpg
pipeline=valve
valve=fire
ref=FS 107
substance=gas
the valve referred to in the example above

Pneumatic and industrial devices

Photo Location Tagging Comments
Needle valve
Switzerland

pipeline=valve
valve=needle
actuator=hydraulic_cylinder
handle=no
manufacturer=Voith
location=indoor
remotely_controllable=yes

A closed needle valve designed to regulate the intake of water toward a pelton power turbine. The opening of the needle allows the water to be directed to the turbine with the appropriate power.
Solenoid globe valve
France

pipeline=valve
valve=globe
actuator=solenoid
handle=button
manufacturer=Bürkert
model=5282
material=brass
location=indoor
remotely_controllable=yes

A comon globe valve which state is modified by a solenoid. A manual button allow local operator to unlock the valve in case of solenoid failure. It is provided by Bürkert. Datasheet

See also