Tag:telecom=distribution_point

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Public-images-osm logo.svg telecom = distribution_point
French telecom distribution point.jpg
Description
Equipment, often small boxes, allowing to directly connect up to 15 individuals or households to a single upstream local loop cable towards telecom exchanges Edit or translate this description.
Group: Telecom
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesshould not be used on waysshould not be used on areasshould not be used on relations
Useful combination
Wikidata
Status: approvedPage for proposal

Distribution points (722-12-19) are piece of equipment, often small boxes, allowing to directly connect (without the help of a patch panel) up to 15 individuals and households to a single telecom local loop upstream cable (independently for copper pairs or optical fibre). They are way smaller than an actual telecom=connection_point and often installed in the street, basements or on top of poles. Distribution points are the last connection point on public network toward subscribers.
As possibily visible, permanent and ubiquitous features, it may be interesting to add them in OSM with a reviewed tagging. See this telecom access network chart to identifiy where a distribution point is located on ground and make the difference with other local loops components.

There is no hierarchy of distribution points. They merely always are located next to subscribers. For more important boxes/cabinets involving patch panels and higher capacity of subscribers lines see telecom=connection_point.

Distribution points can eventually host multiplexers like British DACS to connect several subsribers to a single pair.

These points are distinguishable from other equipment with a telephone or ISO 7010-W004 sign (laser hazard ISO 7010 W004.svg) symbol and always directly connect houses, flats or offices. They differ from electric equipment marked with ISO 7010-W012 sign (electric hazard ISO 7010 W012.svg).

A distribution point differs from a connection point in its architecture: distribution only consist in direct connections while connection points allow patching between two independent panels. telecom=connection_point for such boxes.

Tagging

Key Value Description Use
telecom distribution_point The distribution point should be mapped with a node mandatory
telecom:medium copper, fibre or coaxial The type of local loop it is used to. recommended
ref <reference> Reference of the point as seen on ground if applicable. recommended
operator <operator> The name of the company that operates the distribution point. recommended
owner <owner> The name of the organization which has the ownership of the equipment (State or local administritive organisation for example) optional
support pedestal, pole,... Support holding the distribution point box. They are usually installed on dedicated concrete pedestal, poles or walls. optional
capacity <number> Amount of connections the point can reach. Usually 1, 7, 14 or 20 optional
location underground, overground or overhead Location of the distribution point. useful to indicate a ladder or a pod is required to get access to it optional
manufacturer <company> Name of the company that provide the box of the distribution point optional

There is no reviewed way to tag telecom poles while some of those boxes can be installed on poles actually. You can still use support=pole if you want to state that the box is installed on a pole.

Examples

Photo Location Tagging Note
French telecom distribution point.jpg France

telecom=distribution_point
operator=Orange
telecom:medium=copper
location=*
support=wall_mounted
ref:FR:PTT=AB0 T13 A4

A very common French telecom distribution point in a white box. Such points can connect up to 7 customers to local loop copper distribution cables
French telecom distribution point fibre.jpg France

telecom=distribution_point
operator=Orange
telecom:medium=fibre
location=*
support=pole
ref:FR:Orange=PT3359

The same box as the copper one upside, intended for newer fibre networks to the house (FTTH). Distinction between copper and fibre comes from the ISO7010-W004 (laser beam) symbol and nature of cables coming inside. It's written on them that it's G657 fibre and proper ref on green tags confirms it.
French telecom distribution point pole.jpg France

telecom=distribution_point
operator=Orange
telecom:medium=copper
location=overhead
support=pole

A copper distribution point on the top of a pole
Illustration Spain
  • POTS box on the left:

telecom=distribution_point
operator=Telefonica
telecom:medium=copper
location=overhead
support=wall
ref=72 76-100 5256

  • Optic fibre box on the right:

telecom=distribution_point
operator=Movistar
telecom:medium=fibre
location=overhead
support=wall
ref=0-8211

Illustration Spain

telecom=distribution_point
operator=Movistar
telecom:medium=fibre
location=overhead
support=wall
ref=29-321180

A distribution box on a wall for new fibre service connection adjacent households