WikiProject Belgium/Conventions/Cycleways

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WikiProject Belgium +/-

The Bicycle wiki page provides general information for tagging bicycle related features on OSM. This page provides additional tagging guidelines suitable for cycle ways in Flanders.

Basic Information

  • According to the Belgian highway code, all designated cycle ways/paths are entities separate from the main road, either physically or separated by road markings. Those ways/paths are indicated with the following road signs.
Belgium-trafficsign-d7.svg D7, Belgium-trafficsign-d9 foot bicycle.svg D9 and  Belgium-trafficsign-d10.svg D10

For properly tagging these roads please have a look at Traffic Signs: Mandatory signs. It will make you return here soon after :)

  • All roads/paths which do not display the signs depicted above, but where cycling is allowed are best tagged with highway=* (use: unclassified, path etc, depending upon the basic road type) and then bicycle=yes if explicitly signed. Check User:Eimai/Belgian_Roads#Restrictions to determine the correct tags in case of missing road signs.
  • Roads with striped markings on the nearside edge of the road: the insides are cycle lanes. If the above road signs are missing (or you missed them) then use the road markings to determine the correct tagging procedure. Refer to highway code, artikel7.4
  • Some cycle paths may also be depicted by:
Belgium-trafficsign-f99a foot bicycle horse.svg F99a Belgium-trafficsign-f99b foot bicycle.svg F99b Belgium-trafficsign-f99c foot horse bicycle.svg F99c

or by a C3 sign accompanied by a special permission (granted to bicycles).

Belgium-trafficsign-c3.svg C3+M2 or Belgium-trafficsign-c3.svg C3+M3
Belgium-trafficsign-m2.svg          Belgium-trafficsign-m3.svg

Have a look at User:Eimai/Belgian_Roads#Paths which deals with tagging paths in this category. This wiki page does not handle these cases specifically.

Choosing between cycleway=lane and cycleway=track

The flemish ministry for transport and public works (MOW) has a bicycle-oriented guide available, which describes the requirements to which cycleways and related infrastructure should adhere. Below follows a table with an OSM-mapping key, which results from consulting chapter 4 from that guide (4.1.3)

Picture Description EN Minimal tagset

Cyclelane be.png

Cycleway lane1 be.jpg

On-road, one-way cycle lane, with minimum 25cm and maximum 1 metre between the road and the cycle lane. The main criterium is "on-road".

Cycleway track1 be.jpg

Cycleway track2 be.jpg

Separate cycle path, at least 1 metre from the road or with an appropriate separation barrier (such as a bush) between the path and the road.


Choosing between cycleway=track and creating a separate highway=cycleway

In case of a separate cycle path marked with the D7, D9 and D10 signs, tag the adjacent road with cycleway=track. For complicated junctions, or where one side of the road contains a dedicated cycle path but the other an on-road cycle lane, separate the cycle path and tag with highway=cycleway. Remember that drawing individual cycle paths next to roads brings with it its own problems, and makes tagging cycle routes more complicated.

Optional Tags

Separate Cycle Paths highway=cycleway

Tag Description
cycleway:width=2.50 Cycle path width in metres
cycleway:buffer=9.25 Distance between cycle path and adjacent road
cycleway:surface=asphalt Other options include: concrete, concrete plates, paving_stones, paving_stones:20, paving_stones:30, cobblestone, cobblestone:flattened, ground and gravel

On-road cycle lanes cycleway=lane or cycleway=track

Tag Description
cycleway:width=2.50 Cycle lane width in metres
cycleway:buffer=2.50 Width of space between the cycle lane and the road. Consider parking spaces, grass verges and hedges.
cycleway:surface=asphalt Other options include: concrete, concrete plates, paving_stones, paving_stones:20, paving_stones:30, cobblestone, cobblestone:flattened, ground and gravel

If a road contains two different types of cycle lane/path, use the following tag to note the width of the path on the right hand side of the road, in the direction of the way in OSM: cycleway:right:width=2.50

One-way streets

There is no consensus to tag one-way streets with a two-way cycle lane.

  • oneway:bicycle=*: This tag is usually applied as negative restriction with no, to indicate allowed contra-flow. Consider to also tag oneway:bicycle=yes to mark where it is not allowed to cycle in the opposite direction. Only do this when you have surveyed this, don't just assume you can cycle in the opposite direction because you can in the surrounding streets!
  • cycleway=opposite: This tag is older and less versatile (with the oneway: scheme you can also tag e.g. oneway:moped_a=* for mopeds of class A), but can still be found a lot on the map. It appears to suggest that a contra-flow cycle lane is available, even though there may not be any actual road markings to suggest as such. For roads that really have a contra-flow lane available, use cycleway=opposite_lane (you can also use it in combination with oneway:bicycle=no).