Amazon Logistics

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Amazon is a large US based online retailer. They utilise OpenStreetMap data in their delivery programs. In connection with those delivery programs, they have collected information that they think is valuable to the OSM community such as information about new roads that are not currently in the map today, new data on turn restrictions, and road connectivity, to name a few. As of January 2020 they are not a corporate member of the Foundation.

Editing Team

At Amazon Logistics, they are utilising OSM in delivery programs. Their editing team is based out of India, where they contribute to OSM by adding missing roads, turn restrictions, oneway directions and fix road connectivity errors to name a few. All this missing roads or attributes are being identified using the GPS traces or feedbacks from their delivery partners. When they hear a feedback or get changeset comments, they take it as a top priority and take appropriate actions to their edits in OSM. If you have more questions, please contact osm-edit-escalations@amazon.com

Areas of Interest/Geographies

Amazon contribute edits to OSM in North America, Great Britain, UAE and Germany.

Tools Used

They have a tasking manager to organise map errors into tasks and queue them to editors. An editor picks up a task and uses iD to make edits in OSM. They also use OSMCha to analyze and review edits.

Editing Process

Amazon use driver feedback as their primary source in making edits (e.g. driver feedback about road names, turn restrictions, directionality while delivering to our customers). They also use GPS traces from their drivers to identify missing roads. Once a potential missing road has been identified they use OSM resources to confirm if that particular road segment exists before making any edits. In absence of strong evidence, they cross verify with private satellite imagery sources from SecureWatch, a product of Maxar. Facebook released its AI-based detections publicly on 08/09/2019 which is also being used as one of the data source to manually add missing roads in OSM.

They make an edit only if there is ground data available and all edits are reviewed by a second level reviewer. They also have a team of GIS experts who audit a random sample of reviewed cases to ensure high standards of edits contributed to OSM.

Is it legal to add roads to OSM from SecureWatch imagery?

Amazon has obtained a license from Maxar allowing for OSM edits to be published derived from the SecureWatch imagery. Once the data is added to OSM, the data will fall under ODbL licensing terms.

Is SecureWatch imagery recent?

SecureWatch has varying services provided globally with an option to search from their 20+ years archive. Before making any edit, the most recent imagery is selected which will usually be less than 1 year old.

Are all Amazon edits made using SecureWatch?

No, they only have limited number of users with access to SecureWatch.

Is it legal to add roads to OSM from FB detections?

Facebook detected missing roads from DigitalGlobe Vivid+ imagery where they got license from DigitalGlobe to contribute the detected missing roads to OSM. As per the license information stated in Facebook OSM wiki, it is legal to add the roads detected by Facebook to OSM

How can these edits be differentiated from other edits made by Amazon?

All the edits contributed to OSM using Facebook detections will be given the following hashtags: #MapWithAI & #https://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Facebook_AI-Assisted_Road_Tracing

What is the editing process followed by editing team to add Facebook AI detected roads to OSM?

Editors are going to use regular iD editor or RapiD editor to manually trace roads to OSM using Facebook AI detections as one of the sources along with available satellite imageries. The team is not going to use JOSM for these edits.

Does Amazon participate in Humanitarian OpenStreetMap (HOT) projects?

Yes, Amazon did participate in HOT projects by mapping missing buildings and roads in disaster prone areas such as Kerala Flood’s mapping in India & by mapping remote localities in Peru to support COVID19 outbreak. Our employees are also encouraged to participate in HOT mapathons in their free time.

Current Users

Editors

Here are the list of the Amazon editors who edit in OSM.

Reviewers/Auditors

Here are the list of second level Amazon reviewers/auditors who review the edits made in OSM by all Amazon the editors.


The following is a search term that you can use within JOSM to find all objects that were last edited in OpenStreetMap by one of the current editors

Previous Users

Here are the list of editors & second level Amazon reviewers/auditors who worked on OSM with Amazon in the past, but no longer do.