Mapping Of Bamako Urban Public Transport

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Describes the Urban Transport Mapping (Sotrama) project in Bamako funded by the World Bank. This wiki is updated as the project grows.

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Background

The population of Bamako has grown exponentially in the last 40 years. Jumping from under 500 thousand inhabitants in 1990, to more than a million in 2000, the population is estimated at approximately 3.3 million today. This translated in the rapid urban expansion of the city. A major constraint to advancing economically and increase livability, is the city’s lacking mobility, as was highlighted by the 2019 World Bank analysis “Bamako – Engine of Growth” The number of daily trips per person is one of the lowest in the region with only 3 trips a day. What constrains accessibility is how the road infrastructure is being used. In Bamako, roughly 9% of trips are made using a car and 17% using buses. More than half the trips in the city (57%) are made by walking – suggesting a somewhat limited geographical range of movement and thus limited access to the opportunities and services that the city can offer. Public passenger services in Bamako are operated by small minibuses and taxis only. While the service is critical for urban commuters, minibuses, operated by the transit union SOTRAMA, are the main source of congestion and pollution in the city. The SOTRAMA network, which is composed of privately-owned buses traveling on different routes, covers most of the city. However, according to customers the quality of the service is poor in terms of frequency, speed and comfort. There are no designated stops, and frequency of the service is unpredictable with often lengthy wait times (up to an hour for certain lines).

Against this background, this Technical Assistance (TA) will support the Government of Mail (GoM) in taking measures to increase access and mobility in the city. The World Bank provides support to the urban development of Bamako in different capacities, such as Mali Urban Local Government Support Project (P116602) and the Analytical and Advisory Services “Bamako Engine of Growth” (P171658) and is planning to support a new Bamako urban project, proposed by the regional counterpart.

Scope Of Work

Bamako is a very large city by its size and population. It is served mainly by several modes of public transport such as mini-cars with a capacity of 12 - 25 seats called "SOTRAMA". The SOTRAMA network serves the city with buses of 12-25 people capacity on certain assigned routes and certain unofficial, tolerated routes. The price for a trip ranges between 175 FCFA and 350 FCFA. The current network is mapped in some capacity but not sufficiently. The planned OpenStreetMap coverage of the transit network will cater two main objectives:

  1. to identify possibilities for improvement of the transit system in the Malian capital, and
  2. to make data about the SOMATRA network accessible to users in the city and the municipal administration and the union itself.

Additionally, this activity will also cater to the following collateral objectives:

  1. to build capacity on (open data) mapping in the city and iv) to create awareness and encourage coordination between transit stakeholders in Bamako. The consultancy is therefore expected to collect the relevant data for the whole city / SOTRAMA

network and put them at the disposal of end users and the client. The data to be collected should include the following aspects of the network:

  • Stops (large intersections, landmarks)
  • Trip data (start/end-trip, trip time, associated costs for different sections of the travel)
  • Data sets in Shapefile and GTFS formats

Stakeholders involved in the project

WORLD BANK

The World Bank through GFDRR (the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery) is the institution that started and is funding the public transport mapping project in Mali.

Gfdrr-wb.png

Billet Express Mali

Startup working in the digital transformation of road transport in West Africa, is the firm in charge of the implementation of the project.

Billet Express Mali.jpg

OpenStreetMap Mali

OpenStreetMap Mali, a community active in the free digital mapping of Mali, cooperates with the startup Billet Express Mali in the data collection and mapping of Sotrama lines.

OSM Ml.jpg

The Project Manager

Emmanuel BAMA (Data Transport / Billet Express Mali)

Methodology

The methodology document is available for download. : Download doc

Discussions with SOTRAMA's syndicates

The purpose of these meetings is to provide information to the transit associations and operators about the data collection project and to obtain information from them such as: the number of lines, the number of sotrama on the way, the time and frequency of travel, the operators and the zonal distribution of sotrama in Bamako.

Meeting Syndicat Sotrama.jpg

Collection Agent Recruitment

A call for applications is launched to hire collectors, details of the call for applications available online.

Mobile data collection training

Recruited collectors were trained to collect data related specifically to urban transport, OSM Tracker is the tool used for the collection.

Data Collection

First, we identified lines that constitute the urban transport network of Bamako specific to Sotrama.

Then the collectors are deployed in the city of Bamako on the basis of the existing Sotrama lines for data collection.

The collectors are divided by line, make 2 trips on the same line (round trip/peak hour and round trip/light hour).

The collectors deployed on the sotrama will be exceptionally positioned with the driver near the windshield to allow good reception of satellite signals and to ensure good accuracy of the collected data.

Types of data to be collected

  • Departure points sotrama
  • Sotrama operator (company name, address)
  • Stops of each of the sotrama lines
  • Destinations (arrival points)
  • On traffic days.
  • Time of course between 2 courses of a line. A trip is a distance between the starting point and the destination, between 2 stops, one station and the final destination.

Schedules (rush hour and off-peak hour) for running to stop points

  • Transportation line (name of the line)
  • GPS traces (geo-referenced polyline)
  • The direction of the roads (round trip)
  • The cost of transport on all lines and stops
  • Collect data: the segments that cannot be used in rain, the time period, the stopping time by sotrama drivers during this period

The collected information is being used to digitalize the sotrama transport network in OpenStreetMap and to create the open data format GTFS (General Transit Feed Specification).

Data editing with JOSM

Data editing is performed with JOSM ( JAVA OpenStreetMap ), a presset is designed to facilitate this editing. Useful JOSM plugins : Pt Assistant, Public Transport, Relation toolbox, autotools, todo list.

Quality assurance performed by OSMOSE, OSM Inspector , PT Assistant.

Dataset creation

Shapefile Data

QGIS the GIS software highlighted for the shapefiles production.

The Bamako Sotrama Lines and Stops Shapefile is Downloadable : https://store.data-transport.org/dataset/shapefile-sotrama-public-transport-bamako

GTFS Dataset

-Watrifeed : is an OpenSource and collaborative web editor designed to standardize transport data in GTFS format developed by Billet Express via Data Transport has been used for the production of GTFS data for the Bamako Public Transport called SOTRAMA.

The Bamako Sotrama Public Transport GTFS is Downloadable: https://store.data-transport.org/dataset/gtfs-bamako-public-transport-sotrama

Tools

Process Tools Descriptions
Data Collection OSM Tracker -GPS track recording and data collection.

-Note taking

-Photo shooting

-Customization via preset

Data Editing JOSM JAVA Editor for OpenStreetMap

Loads GPX tracks, background images and OSM data from local and online sources and allows editing of OSM data.

Quality Assurance -OSMOSE

-OSM Inspector

-PT Assistant

- GTFS Validator

-Quality assurance tools to detect issues and show them on the OSM

-Web debugging tool

-Validation of the public transport routing

-GTFS Data Quality Assurance

GTFS ET Shapefile -QGIS

-Watrifeed

-QGIS: Free GIS for spatial data editing and analysis, map production, data export.

-Watrifeed : is a web and collaborative editor designed to standardize transport data in GTFS format developed by Data Transport

Data visualization TransitViz A web-based transport data visualization software developed by Data Transport

Summary of the Sotrama Transit lines

Lines Depature Arrival
01 Rail da Sangarebougou
02 Rail da Marseille
03 Rail da Fombabougou_
04 Rail da Titibougou
05 Rail da Doumanzana/Bandjanbougou
06 Rail da Doumanzana/Nafadji
07 Rail da Fadjiguila/Zèrèbatou
08 Rail da Fadjiguila fèrè
09 Rail da Moribabougou droit
10 Rail d Banconi/Kognoumani wèrèda
11 Rail da Banconi/Razel
12 Rail da Djalakorodji/Konimaitou
13 Rail da Djalakorodji plaque
14 Rail da Sikoro/Sourakabougou
15 Rail da Sikoro/Gabakoro
16 Rail da Sikoro/Hippordrome 2
17 Sougounikoura Diagunebougou-Kognoumani
18 Sougounikoura Diamissabougou
19 Sougounikoura Gabakoro
20 Sougounikoura NGomi
21 Sougounikoura Sourakabougouni
22 Sougourounikoura Artisanat
23 Railda Sotuba
24 Railda - Worocouru Taliko
25 Maison du combattant Lafiabougou terminus
26 Railda - Worocourou Djissouroutou
27 Maison du combattant Lafiabougou Koda
28 Gabriel Toure Koulouba
29 Gabriel Toure Magnambougou Projet
30 Cathédrale Diallacorobougou
31 Cathédrale Sénou
32 NV marché Fadjiguila Nafadji
33 NV marché Sans fil
34 Vox da Mamaribougou bougoudaba
35 Vox da Sébénikoro wèrèda
36 Worocourou Djissouroutou bougoudani
37 Wororcourou Sirakoro
38 Worocourou Lassa
39 Worocourou Kati
40 Worocourou Samé
41 Worocourou Djissouroutou
42 Worocourou Lafiabougou taliko
43 Maison du combattant Hamdallaye ACI
44 Maison du combattant Badialan
45 NV marché Moribabougou droit
46 Rail da Lafiabougou
47 voxda Konibabougou
48 Woro Kourou Kati Koko Plateau
49 Hopital Gabriel TOURE Sokonafing
50 Tour de l’Afrique Dialakoroba
51 Tour de l’Afrique Banankoroni
52 Tour de l’Afrique Sanankoroba
53 Palais de la culture Garantiguibougou
54 Sabalibougou près du marché Guana
55 Woro Kourou Kalaban Coura ACI
56 Woro Kourou Kalaban-Coro Koulouba
57 NM Baguineda à refait
58 Woro Kourou ATTbougou 759 lgts
59 Woro Kourou Sogoniko
60 Missirabada Sablibougoukourani
61 Woro Kourou ATTbougou 108 logts
62 Woro Kourou Niamakoro-kourani
63 Woro Kourou N’golobougou
64 Woro kourou Mangnabougou
65 Worokourou Bacodjicoroni Golf
66 Worokourou Faladié
67 Worokourou Daoudabougou
68 Worokourou Garantigibougou
69 Worokourou Banankabougou
70 voxda Kalabanbougou
71 Raida Yirimadjo
72 Grande Moquée MIssabougou
73 Place de Guana Guana
74 Pharmacie IOTA Banconi Plateau
75 voxda Kanadjiguila
76 voxda Samaya
77 voxda Djicoronikourou
78 Voxda Marché Medine
79 Voxda Ouenzinbougou
80 Ministère de l’economie Kalaban Coura Diallo Bougou
81 Direction de la BDM ATTbougou NIAMAN
82 Direction des concours Kabala
83 Tour d’afrique Banankoroni
84 CICB Mamaribugou
85 CICB Sebenicoro
86 CICB Djicoroni Para
87 CICB Sebenicoro SEMA 2
88 CICB Djicoroni Coura
89 CICB Samaya
90 CICIB kanadjiguila
91 Marapha plaque Sabalibougou
92 Marapha plaque Kalabancoro
93 Marapha plaque Daoudabougou
94 Marapha plaque Yirimadjo
95 Place coro Tour d’Afrique
96 Place coro Niamakoro
97 Place coro Senou terminus
98 Tour d’Afrique Farako
99 Worocourou Djicoroni ACI
100 Worocourou Hotel Sanga
101 Worocourou Kalabancoro Plateau
102 Worocourou Heremankono
103 Worocourou Nerecoro
104 Worocourou Sirakoro Neguetana
105 Worocourou Kalaban heremankono ACI


Data repository

Documents, script, source code, data ... are/will be accessible via : Project repository

Visualisation of Bamako's Public Transport Data " SOTRAMA

-All data can be visualised via our online web application TransitViz. : https://transitviz.org

-Download SOTRAMA's line and stop maps : https://store.data-transport.org/dataset/maps-bamako-public-transport-sotrama

API (Application Programming Interface)

To develop your own software solution, access the Bamako Public Transport Data Programming Interface (API) to develop your applications : https://watrifeed.ml/watrifeed-api

TransitViz API Public Transport SOTRAMA Bamako.png

Example of Maps Using Bamako Public Transit Data

Bamako public transport & Health map.png

Bamako public transport & Landuse map.png



Bamako Public Transport & school map.png