Tag:route=historic

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Overview

Often one wants to map an historic street or disused railway line. In either case they may be: overbuilt with newer construction; converted for "hiking" paths; tourist attractions; or a significant element on maps of local history. They are often easily identified by e.g. sunken roads, embankments, cuttings, bridges and tunnels in the area. Thus arises the need to explicitly record these features in the detailed mapping of the site. It may be inappropriate to use a tag like highway=historic, because there could be a modern feature (e.g. a footpath) in that location. In that case "overlaying an historic street or railway" is an additional property of a route already recorded as a Relation.

General Tags

   historic = road    -> former road
   historic = railway -> dismantled railway

Other Tags specific to Roads

   type = route
   route = historic
   historic = road
   designation = altstrasse (historic road)
                 cattledrive
   name = Fosse Way (regionally/nationally recognised Name)
                    (enter local names on the individual Ways if necessary)
   origin = prehistory (occupied by e.g. burial mounds, also Celtic / pre-Roman roads)
            roman (Roman roads)
            medieval (documented)
            postroad (often unmetalled country roads)
            chaussee (former highway, 17th-19th centuries)
            motorway (disused, possibly degraded)
   significance = continental (e.g. Silk Road, Amber Road)
                  national    (e.g. Watling Street, Ermine Street)
                  regional    (e.g. Fosse Way, Ridgeway, most country back roads)
                  local       (e.g. previous local routes cut off or overgrown after later construction)
   wikipedia = en:Fosse Way

Other Tags specific to Railways

   type = route
   route = historic
   historic = railway
   railway = abandoned
   name = Great Central Railway
   gauge = 1435 (track gauge in mm)
   wikipedia = en:Great Central Railway

Roles

For the purpose of map display, 'line' (in the best case uninterrupted ) is the normal form of display for old roads. If you want to tag bridges or special objects in connection with the historic road, they should be recorded as independent objects and assigned to the relation via "roles".

  role = bridge (historic bridge with visible remains, or at an accurately recorded location)
         bridge_hypoth (bridge at a location suspected by historians)
         post_release (historic post office, staging post)
         hostel (other overnight accommodation for travellers)
         ruins (other ruins associated with the historic road)
         stone (milestone, kilometer, hour or memorial stone associated with the historic road)
               (the exact type to be documented with the object)

Please document any additions here!

Demarcation

The overriding requirement to be considered an Historic Road is that there is an existing article in the Wikipedia category "Historical Roads"; such roads generally have at least regional significance. Local cattle drives can be tagged with designation = cattle_drive.

Examples

Historic Roads


Alte Heerstraße Neuhof - Fulda http://www.openstreetmap.org/browse/relation/3218427

Alte Straße Antsanvia - Naxburg: http://www.openstreetmap.org/browse/relation/3218488

Rennstraße Taunus http://www.openstreetmap.org/browse/relation/3186583

Strecke 46 http://www.openstreetmap.org/browse/relation/3225705

Disused Railways


Nassauische Kleinbahn http://www.openstreetmap.org/browse/relation/1765740