|Élément cartographique : Magasins|
|Un lieu où on vend des produits ou des services.|
Un magasin est un lieu où l'on vend des produits ou des services.
Cela peut aller des magasins évidents comme les supermarchés (et autres endroits vendant de la nourriture) à la location de vidéos ou de voiture et aux services commerciaux comme le paiement de facture d'électricité, des notaires ou des agences de voyage.
For international ease of rendering and searching, a set of shop=* values is being developed, see
You are free to use values that match your needs as a mapper and your local or country environment, culture and language.
Please use the singular form.
- butcher not butchers nor butcher's for describing a profession
- wine not wines for a product group
Particularités des pays
If in doubt, the following examples show how previous contributors have handled some common dilemmas:
- Food shops: The most common tags for non-specialised food shops are shop=supermarket and shop=convenience. Compared to a supermarket, a convenience store is relatively small (less than 3,000 sq. ft. of floor space), and has extended opening hours. One alternative, documented on the shop page for a small general food store is shop=grocery, but traditional grocers are rare, and use of this is not common. Common tags for specialised food stores include shop=butcher, shop=bakery, shop=greengrocer
- Hardware and DIY: shop=doityourself is the most common form (particularly for the larger chains), but shop=hardware is also widely used. For more specialised outlets, consider less common alternatives such as shop=ironmonger, shop=tool hire, shop=builders merchant, shop=trade
- Coffee: use shop=coffee for a shop that specialises in selling the ingredients, amenity=cafe for one which sells the drink
- Chemists and pharmacies: use amenity=pharmacy if they handle prescriptions, shop=chemist if not
- Bookmaker or betting shop?: both shop=betting and shop=bookmaker are common
- Estate agents, insurance agents and solicitors: Different contributors prefer office=* or shop=* for these services. For estate agents shop=estate agent is more common; for solicitors office=solicitor, and for insurance agents office=insurance
Most shops are tagged according to the type of goods that they sell, but because some business models are distinctive and widely understood, there are also some exceptions.
- In the UK a charity shop (shop=charity) normally means one that it is staffed by volunteers, used to raise funds, and stocks a range of goods, including many that have been donated. Because they do not follow quite the same format, Charity shops that specialise (in books, clothing, bicycles, etc) are often tagged according to their specialisation instead.
- Some chains do not easily fit the standard categories, with the result that a variety of different tags have been used. To date contributors have normally tagged Argos stores as shop=catalogue; Maplin, Currys and Comet as shop=electronics, PC World as shop=computer, Matalan as shop=clothes; Homebase and Wickes as shop=doityourself; WHSmith as either shop=books or shop=newsagent and Boots as amenity=pharmacy (sometimes shop=optician). There is little consistency in the way that branches of Halfords are tagged.
The outline of a shop is mapped as a closed way, representing the area on the ground occupied by the outlet. Most shops are located within a building, but data users cannot assume that a shop outline equates to a building outline.
In many cases, especially on the traditional high street, the outline of a shop on the ground will equate to the outline of a building. Where this is the case, then contributors should add a tag such as building=retail to the shop outline in order to explicitly indicate that this also represents the outline of a building. In cases where shops occupy a land area larger than a building (a common occurrence, for example, with shop=garden_centre) then the outline of the shop may be interpreted as representing the complete footprint of the outlet on the ground. Any buildings within that footprint will need to be added individually. Some shop outlines represent the location of individual shops within a larger building. Examples include kiosks within a railway station, or individual outlets within a shopping mall. In those cases, normal practice is to use a separate building outline to represent the overall structure, and individual shop outlines to represent the units within.
Certain categories are mapped using the amenity=* due to their importance, particularly to tourists and visitors.
These currently include:
Eating and drinking places are also mapped as amenities:
A variety of approaches are used to record the name of a shop:
- name=* is intended to hold the name displayed on the shop. This is usually the biggest logo or text you can find on a shop. It's what people call the shop when referring to it. Sometimes this overlaps with the operator tag.
- operator=* is intended to hold the name of the company or person that runs it. For branches of a large chain contributors use either the name of the chain (e.g. "name=Tesco", or the specific branch (e.g. "name=Tesco Dover"). Some chains display different names on their different types of store (e.g. "Tesco Extra", or "Tesco Express". At present some contributors chose the name tag, and some the operator tag to show this information.
- brand=* has been used to indicate the brand of the retailer, this tag was intended to show the brands which a retailer stocks. It is normally used in this way for distributors who offer a limited range of brands (e.g. in the motor trade, as "shop=car, name=Bristol Street Motors, brand=Vauxhall")
- Place annotations in the shop name: Some websites show place annotations in the shop names (f.e. a website could list "My Cars London"), while those aren't visible on the building (f.e. the building only shows "My Cars"). In that case, it's advised to not include the place annotation in the name. Instead, the place name should be clear by mapping the boundaries, or can be included as an addr:city=* tag when needed.
For manufacturing and selling small scale series use craft=*.
These currently include:
- craft=carpenter Workplace or office of Carpenters that work with timber to construct, install and maintain buildings, furniture, and other objects.
- craft=shoemaker A place where shoes, boots, sandals, clogs and moccasins are created, repaired or altered to fit personal needs.
- craft=electrician Workplace or office of an electrician which is a tradesman specialized in electrical wiring of buildings, stationary machines and related equipment.
- craft=photographer Workplace or office of a person who takes photographs using a camera.
Other places of business may be mapped with office=*.
Common examples include: