This page differs from the German page.
HaptoRender is planned to be a renderer that uses OSM data to create tactile maps for blind and visually impaired persons.
HaptoRender will have several advantages compared with commercial tactile maps:
- Maps can be created for any village in the world - not only for city centers of interest for tourists
- Maps can be created from current geodata, not only one edition in many years
- Maps can vary, it is possible to create maps with additional contrasts for visually impaired persons
- Maps are cheaper, because there will not be any license cost for the map data.
- If one part of a map is obsolete, the part can be reproduced.
The HaptoRender project was started in April 2009 by Lulu-Ann.
- 2013 Christian Schuhmann publishes Bachelor Thesis about automatic 3D plastic printing of maps.
- 2012 Daniel Hänßgen publishes master thesis about automatic embossing of maps on paper: YouTube Video
- 2010-10-31 Shapeways Blog mentions HaptoRender
- 2010-03-04 Lulu-Ann will speak about accessibility at the FOSSGIS 2010 in Osnabrück, Germany.
- 2009-07-12 Lulu-Ann held a lightning talk about accessibility at the State of the Map 2009 in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
- First tactile map prototype out of copper was created by Bahnpirat. It was shown and touched at SOTM 2009 in Amsterdam.
Already produced maps
Reinhard-Niether-Krankenhaus in Wilhelmshaven, Germany
This is the first known tactile map based on OSM data published on May 12, 2009. It is a copper sheet with the size of an DIN A4 paper sheet. This was shown (and touched) at the SOTM 2009 in Amsterdam. Contact Bahnpirat for more details on this.
Wollepark in Delmenhorst, Germany
This is the next step, a 3D printing also by User:Bahnpirat.
Want to contribute?
If you want to contribute to the project please subscribe to the mailing list. Please inform your visually impaired friends and invite them to join!
HaptoRender Project Status
There are already two different ideas how to create tactile maps from OSM data.
- Size and scale of map tiles are planned.
- Needed file format is known (99%).
- First map files are created. Improvement needed.
- 3D Printer for prototyping is available thanks to Stratum0
- Braille true type font with surely usable license is now available.
- Map style for few objects is fixed.
- First map is created!
- Map style for tags of special interest for the blind are in work.
- HaptoRenderPreCheck is not startet.
- Displaying of license and OSM on product in braille writing and/or embossed printed letters is not clear. (Backside hollow latin letters maybe?)
Current to dos
- We are looking for a braille .ttf (True Type Font) that complies with CC-BY-SA license. Who can help?
- Font needs to be replaced by braille. (OK for Latin, java library liblouis should do for all languages)
- Rules shall be created.
- An example legend exists.
- Patterns/ textures need to be created for areas (forest, water etc.)
- Symbols are needed for bus stops etc.
- An additional sheet with the legend needs to be planned.
- An legend must be created with all symbols
- A street list needs to be generated for each created tactile map
- HaptoRender will not use abbreviated braille, but full braille writing (de:Blindenbasisschrift statt Blindenkurzschrift oder Blindenvollschrift).
What is in the map
A tactile map has a larger scale (1:1000) and shows less details than a visual map, but adds some tags that are of special interest for blind people.
Rendered in HaptoRender
This part has been moved to HaptoRender/Rendering_Rules
All features displayed on the visual map of features for the blind: blindmap.
Not in the map will be
The physical production of a tactile map usually causes costs. Before the HaptoRender can create a tactile map creation file of high quality, the desired area shall be checked for
- common tagging mistakes
- unknown tags
- density of worthfull tags
- tags that are known to cause troubles (to be defined)
Therefore a HaptoRenderPreCheck shall be created.
Ordering a map
If you want to be one of the first to order a tactile map from HaptoRender for yourself or as a present, please leave your Nickname and desired center coordinates here. Note: A tactile map tile from HaptoRender is planned to be for a 200m x 200m area, which is 20cm x 20cm in mapscale.
This is not an order, just a poll for interest!
|User's Signature||Location||Country for delivery||No interest if it costs more than ... EUR||tactile map or file only||Remarks|
|--Lulu-Ann 12:38, 23 April 2009 (UTC)||lat=52.36363&lon=9.80641||Germany||100||tactile map||Example|
|--Jonás Andradas 12:04, 22 June 2009 (UTC)||lat=40.416812&lon=-3.705007||Spain||85||tactile map|| Use as sample, with interest in showing it to ONCE (Spanish National Blind-people Organization)Jonás Andradas|
Organization's building is not yet mapped ?! --Lulu-Ann 08:15, 15 July 2009 (UTC)
|--Central America 11:26, 24 September 2009 (UTC)||lat=55.929858&lon=-3.173454||Royal Blind School, Edinburgh, Scotland||100||tactile map|| This area may be used as an example for the Royal Blind Press|
Poorly mapped --Lulu-Ann 12:06, 24 September 2009 (UTC)
|--Guttorm Flatabø 08:59, 29 February 2012 (UTC)||lat=61.15584&lon=7.13588||Sogndal lufthamn, Haukåsen, Sogndal, Norway||80||tactile map||Example --Dittaeva 09:09, 29 February 2012 (UTC)|
These devices might be suitabel to create tactile maps from OSM:
for plastic or rubber
- Machines that can laser rubber stamps
- Rapid prototyping machine with powder printing method
- plastic extrusion rapid-prototyping machine (e.g. RepRap, UP! 3d Printer)
for plastic, wood or metal
- CNC machine (different file format!)
- waterjet (takes dxf gnerally)
Contributors and Sponsors
Thanks to http://www.caretec.at for sending some special paper for the Piaf Schwellkopierer.
Side effects: Tattoos
You could use a HaptoRender Map for making a temporary tattoo. Don't forget to request a mirrored with printed letters instead of braille writing map!
HaptoRender in the Media
- LoroDux - OSM based Java software for mobile devices for the blind.
- Public tactile maps Tag:information=tactile_map
- Tags for the blind: Category:Visual Impairment, like tactile paving
- OSM for the blind
- Mailing list "Accessibility"
-  Historic map from 1837