RLIS stands for Regional Land Information System. It is comprised of the regional data created and maintained by Metro Data Resource Center, which serves Multnomah, Washington, and Clackamas counties in Oregon. Datasets from RLIS are available at CivicApps (http://civicapps.org/) and http://rlisdiscovery.oregonmetro.gov/. As stated at CivicApps, the data is public domain. Street, bike route, trail, park, waterway, and administrative boundary data have been used to update OpenStreetMap. High-resolution aerials are also being used to derive data (permission obtained), though this is not usually available to the general public directly.
See CCGIS for additional info about the Clark County, WA portion of this project.
Note: Sections of this page may be out of date.
- 1 Licensing
- 2 Datasets
- 3 Presentations
- 4 Attribute Conversions
- 4.1 Streets
- 4.2 Trails
- 4.3 Bicycles
- 4.4 Turn restrictions
- 4.5 Speed limits
- 4.6 Waterways
- 5 Highway=cycleway/path/footway/pedestrian
The data is public according to http://civicapps.org/datasets, but until CivicApps, the data was difficult to access. In some shapefiles, the metadata claims limited access, but according to Metro, this is incorrect. For further inquiries, contact Metro or City of Portland (firstname.lastname@example.org).
There is a wide range of data available, including transit routes, street centerlines, bike routes, census data, natural features, socioeconomic data, and business information.
Some of the datasets from CivicApps are filtered. For example, Street Centerlines excludes planned streets. It also excludes some attributes, like directionality and one way/two way. To get full data, try contacting Metro directly.
The data is maintained by different jurisdictions and agencies, such as Metro and the City of Portland.
The following short presentations were given at TriMet's Meet & Greet for the OSM Community. The Meet & Greet took place on May 13, 2011. These presentations indicate our thoughts at the time, and may not contain the most up-to-date tagging conventions, etc.
The interns involved in this project also presented at GIS in Action (Portland, OR) in March, 2012. This presentation has more up-to-date information, and can be found here: OpenStreetMap Improvement Project
These are the RLIS to OSM conversions we used. Some changes have been made due to testing and continued discussion with the community.
We added RLIS:reviewed=no to each feature we added or changed tags on to indicate the source and maintain a connection to the original data. RLIS:reviewed=no indicates that the data is based on the RLIS dataset, but no OSM user has groundtruthed that particular feature. This convention is based on the tag tiger:reviewed=*, which was used in the TIGER import. We later learned that this convention is rarely used by OSM users, and often stays as tiger:reviewed=no, even if the feature has been edited by multiple users.
OSM street types are based on United Kingdom classifications rather than American standards. Converting RLIS street types to OSM street types proved somewhat difficult. Additionally, RLIS street types seem to be based on physical characteristics while OSM street types tend to be based on functionality and physical characteristics. To make our conversion table, we used jurisdictional metadata, the OSM wiki, examples in OSM, and the OSM community. Once we started editing, we continued to change OSM types on a case by case basis. For example:
- Residential streets with a stripe on the road were upgraded to tertiary in OSM.
- The OSM street type “trunk” is difficult to define for American roads because trunk is a European designation. We had to make up our own standards for trunk. We defined trunk as a highway with occasional grade level intersections and limited access, but not quite as limited as a motorway (freeway). In some states, non-motorized vehicles are not allowed, but in many states, including Oregon, many trunks and motorways allow non-motorized vehicles; therefore, we could not use this as a defining characteristic.
RLIS street centerline attributes
|RLIS Field||OSM Key||Comments|
|localid||RLIS:localid=*||In ArcMap, name "rlis_locid". Rename in JOSM.|
|fdpre||name_direction_prefix=*||expand abbrev. TIGER imports include name elements|
|fname||name_base=*||Make proper case|
|name=*||fdpre + fname + ftype + fdsuf|
|drct||oneway=*, flip_direction=*||RLIS values are 0, 1, 2, and 3.|
|type||highway=*||see RLIS Street Types below|
|RLIS:reviewed=no||This tag acts like tiger:reviewed=no; it indicates RLIS was used as data source. Allows users to change value to yes once reviewed after our edits.|
RLIS street types
|RLIS street type||Metadata description||OSM Tags||Comments|
|1120||Ramps, interchanges and feeders.||highway=*_link||The value of * will vary based on the type of road that are being connected. The general convention is to use the higher order road to describe the link when two different types of roads are connected.|
|1121||On ramp (only).||highway=*_link||* see above|
|1122||Off ramp (only).||highway=*_link||* see above|
|1123||On/off ramp.||highway=*_link||* see above|
|5101||Freeway with rapid transit (i.e. MAX or streetcar).||highway=motorway, railway=light_rail||No records of this type|
|1760||Private Road with NO Valid Address Range or Street Name. (Portland only, subarea = \'P\').||highway=unclassified, access=private||No records of this type|
|1221||Local street to freeway/highway on ramp (only) (Portland only, subarea = \'P\').||highway=motorway_link|
|1222||Freeway/Highway to local street off ramp (only) (Portland only, subarea = \'P\').||highway=motorway_link|
|1223||Freeway/Highway to local street on/off ramp (combination) (Portland only, subarea = \'P\').||highway=motorway_link|
|1450||Major residential (cartographic).||highway=tertiary|
|1500||Minor residential (unclassified).||highway=residential||From OSM wiki: \"Residential roads, primarily for access to properties, should be tagged highway=residential\"|
|1521||Local street to local street connector (Portland only, subarea = \'P\').||highway=tertiary_link|
|1550||Minor residential street (unclassified), named but without addresses (Clackamas Co. only, subarea = \'C\')||highway=residential|
|1560||Minor residential street (unclassified), unamed and without addresses (Clackamas Co. only, subarea = \'C\')||highway=residential, unnamed=yes|
|1700||Private named road; private right-of-way exists.||highway=residential, access=permissive||private right-of-way allows locals to get to their land|
|1740||Private street with valid address range and street name (Portland only, subarea = \'P\').||highway=residential, access=private|
|1750||Private named driveway; no private right-of-way exists.||highway=service, service=driveway, access=private|
|1800||Unnamed private road; private right-of-way exists.||highway=unclassified, access=permissive, unnamed=yes|
|1850||Unnamed private driveway; no private right-of-way exists.||highway=service, service=driveway, access=permissive||Fourth tag is unnamed=yes|
|1990||Vacated street. In area maintained by the City of Portland (subarea = \'P\').||highway=road, disused=yes||A number of these \'roads\' actually go through buildings, football fields, etc.|
|1995||Vacated right-of-way with address range (Portland only, subarea = \'P\').||highway=track, disused=yes||A number of these \'roads\' actually go through buildings, football fields, etc.|
|2000||Unimproved road, passable by emergency vehicles (e-911) only. In the area maintained by the City of Portland (subarea = \'P\').||highway=track, access=emergency|
|5201||Highway with rapid transit (i.e. MAX or streetcar).||highway=motorway, railway=light_rail||No records of this type|
|5301||Primary arterial with rapid transit (i.e. MAX or streetcar).||highway=primary, railway=light_rail OR railway=tram||Thusfar, this tag is only used to refer to Interstate MAX, but may eventually pertain to new leg of streetcar|
|5401||Secondary arterial with rapid transit (i.e. MAX or streetcar).||highway=secondary, railway=light_rail OR railway=tram||Note that type=5401 sometimes changes to type=1500 along street car route. Added railway=tram to those type=1500 segments.|
|5500||Minor arterial with railroad.||highway=tertiary, railway=rail|
|5501||Minor arterial with rapid transit (i.e. MAX or streetcar).||highway=tertiary, railway=light_rail OR railway=tram|
|8224||Unknown type (only in Yamhill County, subarea = \'Y\').||highway=road||highway=road indicates that ground truthing is needed by the community. Only 14 instances of this.|
|9000||Forest Service road||highway=track, tracktype=*||Class=40 (Forest Service paved road) becomes tracktype=grade1; Class=41 (Forest Service aggregate road) becomes tracktype=grade2; Class=42 (General dirt, unknown roads or trails) becomes tracktype=grade3|
Exported into Extra Trails dataset
|RLIS street type||Metadata description||OSM Tags||Comments|
|3100||Trail.||highway=footway OR highway=path OR highway=track||\"track\" for agricultural use or logging, \"path\" for multi-use trail, \"footway\" for hiking|
|3200||Path.||highway=path||\"Path\" implies a multi-use trail.|
|3250||Off street bikeway.||highway=path||They went to the trails centerline file, coded as highway = path, because they are like multi-use paths (many of them already listed this way in OSM; not restricted to or particularly designated for bicycles).|
Removed from RLIS Streets
|RLIS street type||Metadata description|
|7700||Short segments indicating mile post locations along certain highways to assist emergency dispatch in Clackamas and Washington Counties. These are short pseudo-segments that do not exist on the ground (Clackamas and Washington Counties only).|
|1780||Private street, planned (Portland only, subarea = \'P\').|
|1900||Unimproved public right-of-way; \'paper street\'.|
|1950||Planned street with addresses (will be active soon). In area maintained by the City of Portland (subarea = \'P\').|
|1970||Virtual street with addresses added to account for anomaly addresses; not real (Portland (subarea = \'P\'), and Clackamas County (subarea = \'C\')).|
|1980||Paper street with an address. In Multnomah County, i.e. the areas maintained by the City of Portland and Metro (subarea = \'P\' or subarea = \'M\').|
|2200||Rapid Transit (MAX).|
- Our trail and street datasets overlapped, so in some places, ways are considered part of a trail, but also a service road for vehicles. We had to go back and review each of these overlaps to determine which designation was most accurate - could motorized vehicles fit on the way? Should it be tagged as a highway=track (service road) or highway=path?
- OSM users sometimes switch trails back and forth between footway and path. These two are similar but footway indicates a heavier use by pedestrians, and not necessarily exclusive of other users, while path indicates an equal balance between pedestrians, cyclists, and other users. Eventually, we settled on adding access tags (see below) to ensure that the ongoing OSM user battles would not affect routing capabilities.
- Surface data was included in the trail dataset. We had some trouble converting RLIS trail surface attributes to OSM attributes because the available OSM tags were limited. We ended up with some paths alternating between pebblestone, ground, and paved surfaces. Perhaps it would have been better to keep the conversion simple: paved vs ground.
- Access refers to what users are allowed on the way. For example, sometimes only motorized vehicles are allowed on the way, sometimes only emergency vehicles, and sometimes only pedestrians.
- Access tags are particularly relevant for trails, paths, and bike routes. We learned that certain highway types are contentious, such as cycleway vs. path vs. footway, so we later decided to include foot=* and bicycle=* on all paths and trails.
- Additionally, state law allows cyclists on most motorways except a few. Because this is different than some states, we are trying to add bicycle=yes where bicycles are allowed on the motorways and bicycle=no where they are not. Finally, we are adding bicycle=designated for streets and paths that include bicycle infrastructure.
- foot=yes/no/designated follows the same line of reasoning as bicycle access tags.
RLIS Trail dataset
|RLIS Field||Example of values||OSM Tag||Comment|
|TRAILNAME||e.g. Springwater Corridor||name=*||Expand abbrev. Make proper case. Remove -descriptors. Removed labels \" - connector\" and \" - access\" that appeared after the system name.|
|SYSTEMNAME||e.g. Fanno Creek Greenway||RLIS:systemname=*||Expand abbrev. Make proper case. Add as route relation after Phase III editing.|
|SYSTEMTYPE||e.g. National, Inter-state Trails, Regional||RLIS:systemtype=*|
|STATUS||e.g. Open, Decommissioned||access=*||see RLIS Trail values|
|TRLSURFACE||e.g. Chunk Wood||surface=*||see RLIS Trail values|
|WIDTH||e.g. 2.3||est_width=*||see RLIS Trail values|
|ACCESSIBLE||e.g. Accessible||wheelchair=*||see RLIS Trail values|
|MOTORIZED||e.g. Motorized Use is allowed||motor_vehicle=*||see RLIS Trail values|
|HIKE||Yes, No, N/A||foot=*||see RLIS Trail values|
|ROADBIKE||Yes, No, N/A||bicycle=*||see RLIS Trail values|
|MTNBIKE||Yes, No, N/A||mtb=*||see RLIS Trail values|
|EQUESTRIAN||Yes, No, N/A||horse=*||see RLIS Trail values|
|RLIS:reviewed=no||indicates RLIS used as data source. Allows users to change to yes once reviewed after our edits.|
RLIS Trail Values
|STATUS||Current physical state of the trail|
|Open||Trail is open to the public, free of charge||access=yes|
|Open_Fee||Trail is open to the public, access fee is charged||access=license||Proposed tag in OSM|
|Open_Restricted||Trail is open to the public, but access is restricted - example: by permit or reservation only||access=license||Proposed tag in OSM|
|Unknown||Status of the trail unknown||access=unknown||This is the default value for most features.|
|Decommissioned||Trail has been removed from service||disused=yes||Alternative tag is access=no|
|Closed||Trail exists but is not open to the public||removed from dataset|
|Proposed||removed from dataset|
|Conceptual||removed from dataset|
|TRLSURFACE||The predominant surface type the user would expect to encounter on the trail|
|Native (Material)||Existing earth||surface=ground|
|Chunk Wood||Shredded/chipped wood or bark||surface=compacted||No tag specifically refers to wood chips but surface=compacted implies more stability than surface=gravel.|
|Hard Surface||Asphalt, concrete or similar||surface=paved|
|Decking||Boardwalks, recycled material etc.||surface=wood|
|Water||removed from dataset|
|Other||Other surface types including paver block, geo grid etc.||surface=paving_stones||Alternative is surface=grass_paver.|
|Snow||Snow (min coverage 75% of the snow season)||surface=snow||There are no records of this type in RLIS.|
|Imported Material||Imported aggregates, clay, gravel, crushed rock, shell, sand, etc.||surface=pebblestone||surface=pebblestone best incorporates the different types of surface that are possible in this RLIS value.|
|Imported Compacted Material||surface=compacted|
|WIDTH||Does not include the trail shoulder||Mid-point of each range in meters|
|1-5||Average width range in feet||est_width=0.9|
|6-9||Average width range in feet||est_width=2.3|
|5-10||Average width range in feet||est_width=2.3|
|10-14||Average width range in feet||est_width=3.7|
|15+||Average width range in feet||est_width=4.6+|
|Accessible||Trail meets current accessibility guidelines (ADA and Access Board Interpretation/Guidelines)||wheelchair=yes|
|Not Evaluated||Trail not evaluated for accessibility|
|Ineligible||Trail determined ineligible to meet current trail accessibility guidelines||wheelchair=no|
|Not Accessible||Trail does not meet accessibility guidelines||wheelchair=no|
|Motorized Use is allowed||Motorized use is allowed on this trail or segment||motor_vehicle=yes|
|Motorized Use is prohibited||Motorized use is not allowed on this trail or segment||Implied by highway=path|
|Motorized Use is allowed seasonally||Motorized use is allowed on a seasonal basis||motor_vehicle:date_on=* and motor_vehicle:date_off=*|
|Yes||Permitted||Default value for highway=path implies foot=yes. However, if access=no or access=official, then foot=yes is needed if pedestrian use is allowed.|
|N/A||Not designed for pedestrian use|
|Yes||Permitted||Default value for highway=path implies bicycle=yes. However, if access=no or access=official, then bicycle=yes is needed if pedestrian use is allowed.|
|N/A||Not designed for road bikes, i.e., not paved.|
|MTNBIKE||Mountainbikes are grouped in with bicycle, assuming that the surface will indicate what kind of bike can ride the trail.||http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Mountainbike|
|Yes||Permitted||mtb=yes||mtb=yes is an abandoned tag, but mtb:scale=* is unknown. mtb=yes marks the trails for future exploration by the community.|
|N/A||Not designed for mountain bikes, i.e., paved.|
|N/A||Not designed for horses, i.e., paved and/or too narrow.|
Removed from RLIS Trails
|RLIS Field||RLIS Value||Description|
|STATUS||Proposed||The preferred alignment of trail adopted in local plans|
|STATUS||Conceptual||Concept level alignments of trails not yet adopted in local plans|
Bike routes can be controversial. We tagged for bike routes because OpenTripPlanner needs to know what streets or paths can be accessed by cyclists and which streets or paths are safest if a user indicates he/she prefers safer routes. Safety can be subjective, so we tried to use tags that did not indicate preferences, just objective observations.
RLIS has multiple types of bike routes - some have infrastructure to indicate a bike route (traffic calming devices, painted signs on the road, etc), while others are just low,medium, or high traffic through streets that RLIS maintainers thinks might be a good bike route. Because the bike routes indicated by RLIS maintainers are used on a variety of bike maps handed out by bicycle shops, groups, and online, we felt that even the ways without infrastructure were important to tag.
We created some tags because OSM tags were insufficient, and we were afraid that conflicts over bicycle=* tags would result in edit wars. Two such tags are RLIS:bicycle=designated and RLIS:bicycle=caution_area. We applied RLIS:bicycle=designated to all ways that have any sort of bike route designation in RLIS, whether it is due to bicycle infrastructure or an RLIS maintainer’s opinion (though most of these have since been deleted and replaced with bicycle=designated. RLIS:bicycle=caution_area indicates ways that connect bike routes and are often considered part of a bike route, but may be dangerous due to small shoulders, high traffic, low visibility, or some other reason.
We are also using a tag that is only proposed because no other tag seemed sufficient - cycleway=shared_lane. We use this for Portland’s bicycle boulevards, which do not have a bike lane, but rather share a lane with traffic. However, the traffic is usually low, “sharrows” are painted every couple hundred feet to indicate bicycle traffic, and traffic calming devices are often used.
If you're curious about how bicycle tags affect routing with TriMet's implementation of OpenTripPlanner, see OpenTripPlanner#How_OpenTripPlanner_uses_OSM_tags_for_routing.
Various datasets were used for turn restrictions, from aerials and VISSUM (by Metro) to sign inventories and limited turn restriction datasets from various jurisdictions. Turn restrictions are added manually using JOSM with the Turn Restrictions plugin.
A few different RLIS datasets offer information on waterways, and all of these were used along with aerials in our waterway edits.
Certain highway types are controversial and not clearly defined. For the Metro area, we decided to get input from the OSM talk community, the wiki, and the local OSM community, and set up a clear standard of how we are tagging trails and paths. This decision was made halfway through the editing process, so not all trails and paths may follow these conventions. Basically, we want to add access tags to all trails and paths because cycleway, path, footway, and pedestrian tend to be debated highway types and frequently change. We want to make sure that a path that allows cyclists will continue to route cyclists on the path whether it is tagged as a footway, cycleway, path, or pedestrian highway.
Access tags should be explicit and redundant in case highway type is changed (i.e. highway=footway and foot=designated). OTP needs to read access tags for highway=path, highway=cycleway, highway=footway and highway=pedestrian and only assume motor_vehicle=no for these 4 highway types.
- A route open to the public which is not intended for motor vehicles, unless so tagged separately. This includes snowmobile trails, ski trails, hiking trails, horse trails, bike trails and paths, mountain bike trails as well as combinations of the above and other modes of transportation. (wiki)
- Default access restriction: motor_vehicle=no, emergency=destination, foot=yes, bicycle=yes, horse=yes (wiki)
- Explicitly and redundantly add relevant tags: bicycle=designated/yes and foot=designated/yes
- If other intended uses: bicycle=designated, foot=designated, horse=designated, etc.
- If other legally allowed uses: foot=yes, bicycle=yes, horse=yes, etc.
- If other disallowed uses: bicycle=no, foot=no, horse=no, etc.
- These routes may have any type of surface (wiki)
- Examples: park paths, the Willamette Greenway through Waterfront Park
- Minor path used mainly or exclusively by pedestrians. (wiki)
- Default access restrictions: bicycle=no, foot=designated, horse=no, motor_vehicle=no
- Explicitly and redundantly add relevant tags: foot=designated
- If other intended uses: bicycle=designated, horse=designated, etc
- If other legally allowed uses: bicycle=yes, horse=yes, etc.
- If other disallowed uses: bicycle=no, horse=no, etc.
- Includes: sideways, walkways, and trails where bicycles are restricted to walking speed; all sidewalks in Oregon
- A way that is mainly or exclusively for bicycles. (wiki)
- Default access restrictions: motor_vehicle=no, bicycle=designated
- Explicitly and redundantly add relevant tags: bicycle=designated
- If other intended uses: foot=designated, horse=designated, etc.
- If other legally allowed uses: foot=yes, horse=yes, etc.
- If other disallowed uses: foot=no, horse=no, etc.
- Generally, these have signage found in the Standard Highway Signs guide, and pavement markings consistent with the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for bicycle facilities.
- Examples: cycleways along I-205 and I-84; Morrison Bridge's cycleway that doesn't allow pedestrians