Tag:landuse=orchard

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Public-images-osm logo.svg landuse = orchard
Altesland2.jpg
Description
Used to mark intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production
Used on these elements
may be used on nodes
should not be used on ways
may be used on areas
use on relations unspecified
Useful combination
Status: Approved

Use

General use

An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production. Orchards comprise fruit or nut-producing trees grown for commercial production. [1]

The tag can also apply to a fruit garden, generally synonymous with an orchard, although it is set on a smaller non-commercial scale and may emphasize berry shrubs in preference to fruit trees."

The tag cannot be used for a garden producing vegetables under some fruit trees when the vegetable production is the main use and the trees are too scarce.

The soil of an orchard can be covered with grass or be naked, but generally worked yearly. The production is gathered.

List of trees and berry shrubs

Bellow is a list of some possible species [2][3]. You can enrich this list by adding local names of the trees. It would be helpfull for no/poor-English speaking mappers. Before adding a tree, you must propose it on the talk page. Note that the plural is used, usualy on the form NNN_trees, NNN_palms or NNN_plants.

Tropical areas
  • banana_plants
de: Bananen
fr: bananiers
es: bananal
pt: bananal
tr: muz
  • cacao_plants
de: Kakao
fr:cacaoyers
  • coconut_palms
fr: cocotiers
es: cocotal
  • coffea_plants
de: Kaffee
fr: caféiers
es: cafetal
  • durian_trees
  • pineapple
de:Ananas
fr:ananas
  • sugar_cane[4]
fr:canne à sucre
  • guava
fr:goyaviers
  • mango_trees
fr:manguiers
  • papaya
de:Papaya
pt: mamão
fr:papayers
  • rambutan
Subtropical areas
  • avocado
de: Avocado
fr: avocatiers
es: aguacates
  • custard_apple
fr:corossolier
  • date_palms
de: Dattelpalme
fr: palmiers datiers
es: palmeras datileras
  • lemon_trees
fr: citronniers
es: limonar
pt: limoal
tr: limon
  • lychee
fr:macadamia
  • mandarin
fr:mandariniers
tr: mandalina
  • olive_trees (olive grove)
de: Olivenbaum
fr: oliviers
es: olivar
pt: olival
tr: zeytin
  • Orange tree proposal.PNG orange_trees
fr: orangers
es: naranjal
pt: laranjal
tr: portakal
fr: grenadiers
  • tea_plants
fr: théiers
tr: çay
Temperate areas
  • almond_trees
de: Mandelbaum
fr: amandiers
es: almendral
pt: amendoal
tr: badem
  • Apple trees.png apple_trees
de: Apfelbaum
es: manzanos
fr: pommiers
it: meli
ga: crainn úll
pt: pomar de macieiras
tr: elma
  • apricot_trees
fr: abricotiers
es: albaricoques
pt: damasqueiros
tr: kayısı
  • bayberry
  • blackberry (bramble)
fr:Ronce
ga: driseacha
pt: silvado
  • blueberry
fr:myrtilles, bleuets
  • Cherry trees.png cherry_trees
de: Kirschbaum
fr: cerisiers
es: cerezos
pt: cerejal
tr: kiraz
  • chestnut_trees
de: Kastanie
es: castaños
fr:châtaigniers
pt: souto
  • cranberry
  • ginkgo
  • governor's_plum
  • Hazelnut trees.png hazels
de: Haselnuss
fr: noisetiers
es: avellanos
ga: cnó coill
pt: avelanal
tr: fındık
fr:mûriers
tr: dut
  • peach_trees
fr: pêchers
es: melocotoneros
pt: pessegal
tr: şeftali
  • pear_trees
fr: poiriers
es: perales
pt: pessegal
ie: crainn piorraí
pt: peral
tr: armut
  • pecan_trees
  • persimmon_trees
  • plum_trees
fr: pruniers
es: ciruelos
pt: ameixal
  • raspberry
es: frambueseros
pt: framboeseiros
  • sand_pear
fr:Nashi
  • walnut_trees
de: Walnuß
fr: noyers
es: nogales
ie: crainn gallchnó
pt: nogueiral
tr: ceviz
  • pistachio_trees
de: Pistazie
tr: antep fıstığı


Special uses

As exceptions, some tree plantations can be tagged as orchard in OSM, although they don't produce fruit nor nut: tree plantations of oaks for truffles or cork are examples of such specific uses. This is also the case for oil palm plantations for production of industrial palm oil and biodiesel.

The case of willow plantation for wicker is not fixed. We need more information on cultivation practice. Cultural practices are closed the previous cases. The question is about the gather. Is the whole plant cut or only part (branches)?

The use of the second level tag produce=* is recommended.

Special species list
  • Oaks for truffles
  • Oaks for cork

Rejected uses

  • A tree nursery could not be mapped using this tag.

Tagging

Main tag

Secondary tags

As we are mapping what is on the ground, the value should be the name of the trees and not of the production. E.g.,
In addition of the trees tag, when the name of the tree is not enough:

Other tags

fruit is a simple tag for the species produced within this orchard. This is a private suggestion by me, added on Oct 25, and not covered by the voting below, but it sounds logical and I wish that some renderers include it into their mapping procedure. landuse=orchard + fruit=apple --FK270673 14:42, 25 October 2009 (UTC)
Fruits are not permanently on the ground, but trees are. Should be produce=some FrViPofm 14:16, 30 October 2009 (UTC)

Rendering

Main pattern

  • Orchard.png A renderer could render the area with green dots on brown background.

Specific patterns

Four renderings of orchards with an alternative rendering of the vineyard Orchard.png     Orchard with unkwnown trees      Apple trees.png     Apple trees      Cherry trees.png     Cherry trees      Hazelnut trees.png     Hazels      Vineyard.png     vineyard     

More accurate renderers could render, according to what they implement, green symbols on brown background. E.g.,

  • Apple trees.png Apple trees
  • Cherry trees.png Cherry trees
  • Hazelnut trees.png Hazels
  • Orange tree proposal.PNG Orange trees

Suggestions for creating a new pattern

  • All the patterns are 24×24 px
  • The background color is of landuse=field: #E6DDD0
  • The leaves color is of landuse=forest: #B1CB9D
  • The fruit shape is about 9 px diameter centered: once at 6px,6px, once at 18px, 18px (top-left : 0px, 0px)

See also

References

  1. based on en.wikipedia orchard
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orchard en.wikipedia Orchard
  3. fr.wikipedia Verger
  4. As it is an annual culture, it must be in landuse=farmland
    and not in landuse=orchard
  5. E.g., Maple for syrup in Canada, Maritime Pine for turpentine in France