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Public-images-osm logo.svg landuse = orchard
Used to mark intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production
Used on these elements
may be used on nodes
should not be used on ways
may be used on areas
use on relations unspecified
Useful combination
Status: Approved Page for proposal

An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production. Orchards comprise fruit or nut-producing trees grown for commercial production. See Wikipedia orchard on Wikipedia

The tag can also apply to a fruit garden, generally synonymous with an orchard, although it is set on a smaller non-commercial scale and may emphasize berry shrubs in preference to fruit trees."

The tag cannot be used for a garden producing vegetables under some fruit trees when the vegetable production is the main use and the trees are too scarce.

The soil of an orchard can be covered with grass or be naked, but generally worked yearly. The production is gathered.


Additional tags

  • trees=* - List of trees and berry shrubs
  • produce=*, optional

(Proposal) In addition of the trees tag, when the name of the tree is not enough: * produce=latex with trees=rubber trees, * produce=truffles with trees=oaks, * produce=cork with trees=oaks


Special uses

As exceptions, some tree plantations can be tagged as orchard in OSM, although they don't produce fruit nor nut: tree plantations of oaks for truffles or cork are examples of such specific uses. This is also the case for oil palm plantations for production of industrial palm oil and biodiesel.

The case of willow plantation for wicker is not fixed. We need more information on cultivation practice. Cultural practices are closed the previous cases. The question is about the gather. Is the whole plant cut or only part (branches)?

The use of the second level tag produce=* is recommended.

Special species list
  • Oaks for truffles
  • Oaks for cork

Rejected uses

  • A tree nursery could not be mapped using this tag.


Main pattern

  • Orchard.png A renderer could render the area with green dots on brown background.

Specific patterns

Four renderings of orchards with an alternative rendering of the vineyard Orchard.png     Orchard with unkwnown trees      Apple trees.png     Apple trees      Cherry trees.png     Cherry trees      Hazelnut trees.png     Hazels      Vineyard.png     vineyard     

More accurate renderers could render, according to what they implement, green symbols on brown background. E.g.,

  • Apple trees.png Apple trees
  • Cherry trees.png Cherry trees
  • Hazelnut trees.png Hazels
  • Orange tree proposal.PNG Orange trees

Suggestions for creating a new pattern

  • All the patterns are 24×24 px
  • The background color is of landuse=field: #E6DDD0
  • The leaves color is of landuse=forest: #B1CB9D
  • The fruit shape is about 9 px diameter centered: once at 6px,6px, once at 18px, 18px (top-left : 0px, 0px)

See also


  1. E.g., Maple for syrup in Canada, Maritime Pine for turpentine in France