From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Langues disponibles — Tag:abandoned=yes
· Afrikaans · Alemannisch · aragonés · asturianu · Aymar aru · azərbaycanca · Bahasa Indonesia · Bahasa Melayu · bamanankan · Bân-lâm-gú · Basa Jawa · Basa Sunda · Baso Minangkabau · bosanski · brezhoneg · català · čeština · corsu · dansk · Deutsch · eesti · English · español · Esperanto · estremeñu · euskara · français · Frysk · Gaeilge · Gàidhlig · galego · Hausa · hrvatski · Igbo · interlingua · Interlingue · isiXhosa · isiZulu · íslenska · italiano · Kiswahili · Kreyòl ayisyen · kréyòl gwadloupéyen · Kurdî · Latina · latviešu · Lëtzebuergesch · lietuvių · Limburgs · magyar · Malagasy · Malti · Nederlands · Nedersaksies · norsk bokmål · norsk nynorsk · occitan · Oromoo · oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча · Plattdüütsch · polski · português · română · shqip · slovenčina · slovenščina · Soomaaliga · suomi · svenska · Tagalog · Tiếng Việt · Türkçe · Türkmençe · Vahcuengh · vèneto · walon · Wolof · Yorùbá · Zazaki · isiZulu · српски / srpski · авар · Аҧсшәа · башҡортса · беларуская · български · қазақша · Кыргызча · македонски · монгол · русский · тоҷикӣ · українська · Ελληνικά · Հայերեն · ქართული · नेपाली · भोजपुरी · मराठी · संस्कृतम् · हिन्दी · অসমীয়া · বাংলা · ਪੰਜਾਬੀ · ગુજરાતી · ଓଡ଼ିଆ · தமிழ் · తెలుగు · ಕನ್ನಡ · മലയാളം · සිංහල · བོད་ཡིག · ไทย · မြန်မာဘာသာ · ລາວ · ភាសាខ្មែរ · ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ · አማርኛ · 한국어 · 日本語 · 中文(简体)‎ · 中文(繁體)‎ · 吴语 · 粵語 · ייִדיש · עברית · اردو · العربية · پښتو · سنڌي · فارسی · ދިވެހިބަސް
Public-images-osm logo.svg abandoned = yes
A man-made feature which has been abandoned by its owner and is no longer maintained. Immediate reuse is not planned, and it may have fallen into disrepair.
Groupe: Cycle de vie
Utilisé pour ces éléments
peut être utilisé sur des nœudspeut être utilisé sur des cheminspeut être utilisé sur des zonesutilisation non spécifiée sur des relations
Voir aussi


Statut : utilisé


Un abandoned feature est n'importe quelle construction humaine qui a été abandonnée par son propriétaire et qui n'est plus réparé/réparable. La réutilisation immédiate n'est pas prévue. Les constructions abandonnées peuvent être utiles pour fournir des informations de navigation limitées lorsqu'elles sont visibles dans le paysage. Par exemple un bâtiment partiellement en ruine constitue un point de repère. Attention, ces ruines succombent aux ravages du temps et des éléments.

"Abandoned" signifie une infrastructure qui ne peut pas être remise en état sans d'importants travaux de restructuration. Si elle peut être réparée de façon rapide et raisonnable, préférez plutôt disused=yes.

Comment étiqueter

  • When a feature is abandoned by its owner and no longer maintained, begin by adding the tag abandoned=yes to it.
    Adding this tag implies lots of things about the general state of repair of the object, but by itself isn't sufficient to describe the object's status consistently. To make the tags internally consistent:
  • You must also make any tags which no longer have current meaning as a result of the abandonment unavailable to software which doesn't know about the abandoned=yes tag. This can be done by prefixing their keys with the namespace abandoned: — see the examples below.


Image Tagging Description
Abandoned-shop.jpg abandoned=yes
Derelict bike repair shop that can't be brought back into use easily. It's still a building, however: most of the roof's still on, and the walls are standing. The tagging reflects its former use, its state of abandonment, and the fact it's still a building.
SubsidedRoad.jpg abandoned=yes
Subsided former turnpike road in Derbyshire, UK, abandoned in the 1970s as a result of a landslide. Still somewhat passable on foot and by bicycle, so it retains a (new, different) highway tag, and a reference number.

Disabling no-longer-meaningful tags

In practice, computer programs which use OSM data such as renderers or routing engines cannot be expected to distinguish between, say, a parking structure tagged just as amenity=parking, and one marked both amenity=parking and abandoned=yes without special rules. Therefore it's necessary to tweak the tagging so that such programs do not see confusing data.

Following the more workable pattern thrashed out recently for disused=*, it makes most sense to move the no-longer-relevant properties of an abandoned object into an abandoned:* namespace prefix. This also solves the problem of potentially confusing data.

See disused=* for more details of how to move tags into a separate namespace, as well as general guidance about which tags should, and should not be "namespaced out" in this manner.

Applies to

Used correctly, this tag may be applied to any object. There are some specific older uses and edge cases:


  • Abandoned buildings have no legal occupant and often fall into disrepair. If a building is empty but new tenants are being sought (such as a shop‐front with a To Let sign outside) please use disused=yes instead.
  • Retain building=yes for recently abandoned buildings: it's still meaningful for them to be rendered by software which knows about buildings, but nothing about abandoned=yes. See the description of disused=* for more details.
  • For historic abandoned buildings, consider historic=ruins or ruins=yes.



Abandonment of highways can be indicated with this tag, and former statuses can be moved into the abandoned: namespace if you like. Note that to be of use for routing, or to be displayed on maps, there should be some current value for highway=* present on the object: see the example above of a road whose status has changed markedly as a result of subsidence and abandonment.

Voir aussi