From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Public-images-osm logo.svg genus:en
The common English name for the genus of a living or fossil organism. Show/edit corresponding data item.
Group: natural
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesmay be used on waysmay be used on areas (and multipolygon relations)should not be used on relations (except multipolygon relations)
See also
Status: in use

The common English name of the genus of a living or fossil organism. In biology the species (Species on Wikipedia) is one of the basic units of biological classification and a taxonomic rank. Often this is also referred to as the scientific, binominal, binomial or latin name. This tag should be used in combination with natural=tree, natural=wetland or similar. It may also be appropriate to use it with landcover=*, natural=wood or landuse=forest.

The biological classification system is hierarchical. You should use the most specific taxon that you know, but there is no need to tag all the implicit taxonomic ranks as well. E.g. if you already have tagged a species you won't tag the genus as well.

Most values of this tag are types of trees, such as Maple, Ash, Spruce, etc, most of which were imported in 3 large imports in 2010, 2012 and 2017, and added to natural=tree node features.

Common names vs Latin genus and species


As you can see in this example, there are often several common names to refer in the same language to the same species. This is mostly avoided with scientific names.

In most cases, the species name should not be tagged in more than two languages (e.g. local language and scientific name). Translations to other languages can be automated by a look-up in an external database like Wikidata for Wikispecies.

See also