|License:||GNU General Public License (free of charge)|
|Platforms:||Windows, Linux, macOS, and Android|
|Programming languages:||C++ and Python|
a free, multiplatform GIS application
QGIS (previously also known as Quantum GIS) is a free (GNU GPL v2) and open source GIS application enabling the user to visualize, manage, edit, analyse data, and compose printable maps. It runs on Linux, Unix, Mac OSX, Windows and Android and can be downloaded free of charge from qgis.org.
- 1 OpenStreetMap in QGIS
- 2 General QGIS info
- 3 See also
- 4 External links
- 5 References
OpenStreetMap in QGIS
|QGIS AS AN OSM EDITOR:
As of begining of July 2015, all existing versions or QGIS prior to version 2.18 are now incompatible with OSM data containing 64-bit Identifiers. This includes all newly created nodes. QGIS should no longer be used before a major version release to support 64-bit integers for nodes; it is possible that data retrieved from the database contain new nodes that would be truncated to 32 bits. This would severely impact the database if it is updated with QGIS.
QGIS 2: Importing OSM vector layers
QGIS 2.0 integrates OpenStreetMap import as a core functionality. To get OSM data, use the "Vector → Openstreetmap" menu:
- "Load data" will connect to the OSM server and download data. You can skip this step if you already have a .osm XML file.
- "Import topology from an XML file" below will convert your .osm file into a spatialite database, and create a db connection.
- "Export topology to Spatialite" then allows you to open the database connection, select the type of data you want (points, lines, and polygons) and choose tags to import. Do this three times (clicking 'Load from DB' for each) to create three spatialite geometry layers.
- Add this layer to your project via the "add a spatialite layer" menu.
More details here. Note that this process imports raw OSM GIS data not any particular map style/symbology.
QuickOSM allows you to work quickly with OSM data in QGIS thanks to Overpass API.
OpenStreetMap Plugin (obsolete)
For QGIS older than version 2: The QGIS OSM Plugin lets you load in vector data from OpenStreetMap, and even edit and upload your changes. However, due to a bug related to 64-bit Identifiers, newer data is not read. See the QGIS OSM Plugin page for more info and workarounds.
Shapefiles, PostGIS and other conversion options
Using raster maps from OpenStreetMap
There's a couple of different approaches to bring in tiles from OpenStreetMap (or from other OpenStreetMap tile providers) :
- Install QuickMapServices plugin, find its button on the toolbar and click it to see a list of layers, including OSM layers.
- The QGIS OpenLayers Plugin offers another easy way. In QGIS2.0 go to "Plugins" menu -> "Manage Installed Plugins...", then search for OpenLayers under 'Get More'. In older 1.x QGIS you need to enable the "Plugin Installer" from the Plugin Manager and then from "Plugins" -> "Fetch Python Plugins" and select the "Openlayers Plugin". The list of available OSM tile layers then appears from the "Plugins" -> "OpenLayers plugin" menu. (Note that this process alters the CRS (coordinate reference system) for the QGIS project, and that you may encounter issues with printing the map).
- GDAL support is built in, so you can make a GDAL XML config and load this as a raster layer.
- The Bigmap service makes it relatively easy to import a georeferenced image created from glued-together map tiles (for a very limited area).
To make OSM layer look smooth make sure you use ESPG:3857 projection and set a scale to start from 1:2257.
You can also import this file to set the scale pyramid for your project:
<qgsScales version="1.0"> <scale value="1:591659030"/> <scale value="1:295829515"/> <scale value="1:147914757"/> <scale value="1:73957378"/> <scale value="1:36978689"/> <scale value="1:18489344"/> <scale value="1:9244672"/> <scale value="1:4622336"/> <scale value="1:2311168"/> <scale value="1:1155584"/> <scale value="1:577792"/> <scale value="1:288896"/> <scale value="1:144448"/> <scale value="1:72224"/> <scale value="1:36112"/> <scale value="1:18056"/> <scale value="1:9028"/> <scale value="1:4514"/> <scale value="1:2257"/> </qgsScales>
Styles for OSM data in QGIS
There are an increasing number of QGIS styles pre-prepared and available for Openstreetmap data - for example:
- Anita Graser's styles on Github. For data in Spatialite format (as produced using process noted above).
- Charley Glynn's styles on Github. For OSM data in Shapefile format.
- Ian Osburn's Beautiful_OSM_in_QGIS. Based on osm2pgsql schema in PostgreSQL.
- Charles Millet QGis osm styles (ogr2ogr Spatialite format).
More OpenStreetMap Plugins
- QuickOSM, as mentioned above, gets data from OSM via Overpass API.
- OSMinfo lets you click to find OSM information about what a nearby object is.
- Quantumnik was a QGIS plugin which helped in Mapnik style authoring. It worked with QGIS 1.8 or lower.
General QGIS info
See also wikipedia:Quantum GIS.
The major features of QGIS include:
- Direct viewing and exploration of spatial data
- Advanced symbology (edit rendering styles)
- QGIS Browser as a simple and fast data viewer
- Support for numerous vector, raster, and database formats
- Create, edit and export spatial data
- Work with nodes, lines and polygons
- Convert between different coordinate systems (re-projection)
- Down/upload directly to a GPS unit
- Perform spatial analysis
- Find polygon centroids and basic statistics
- Distance matrix and line intersections
- Publish your map on the internet
- An extensible plug-in architecture
- Remote control JOSM 
Documentation & Tutorials
The QGIS wiki provides numerous guides and video tutorials to help users of all abilities. For new users a good place to start is the Introduction to Quantum GIS video. It is also important to have a basic understanding about the #Coordinate Reference System.
Other useful pages to bookmark:
- The free Beginning Quantum GIS guides stored in Google Docs (produced by learnosm).
- How do I do that in QGIS on the QGIS wiki.
- QGIS Tutorials by Ujaval Gandhi.
Coordinate Reference System
Earth is a three-dimensional body, roughly spherical in shape, yet the vast majority of maps are flat (2-dimesional). A Coordinate Reference System (CRS) defines a method of projecting all or part of the Earth onto a 2D surface. QGIS has support for approximately 2,700 known CRS. Some, such as WGS-84 are global projections, whereas others represent only specific regions.
Setting the CRS
When working with geo-spatial data it is essential that you are using the correct CRS. If you are lucky the projection will be specified as part of the vector file (for example, ESRI Shapefiles often include projection data in the .prj file), however you will often have to manually select the correct CRS.
To specify the CRS of a vector layer, select the layer and choice Layer->Set CRS of Layer(s).... Each layer can have a different CRS. If this is the case, you will need to convert them to the same CRS in order for them all to display correctly. The easiest way to do this is to use 'on the fly' CRS transformation:
- Settings->Project Properties (or click on the globe symbol in the lower right corner).
- Select the Coordinate Reference System (CRS) tab.
- Check the Enable 'on the fly' CRS transformation checkbox.
- Pick a suitable project CRS to work with (e.g. WGS-84).
More information can be found in this video tutorial.
Using QGIS to convert between CRS
QGIS can be used to convert between CRS. Open the input layer making sure to select the correct CRS as described above. Use Layer->Save As... to export the layer with a different CRS (you may choice between the "Project" CRS or select a CRS from QGIS's extensive list).
- Osmium to generate QGIS ready shapefiles from OSM data directly
- Osm2postgresql, a single command to install postgresql & postgis and have OSM data ready for rendering in QGIS
- GRASS GIS
- QGIS-Tutorial (German); QGIS tutorial (English)
- QGIS homepage
- aubreyrhea.net QGIS tutorial
- mapperz blog tutorial (2009)
- Tutorial on creating OSM filter polygons using QGIS
- QGIS plugins tagged with 'openstreetmap'
- Questions Tagged With qgis at the OSM help centre
- Video tutorial on youtube.com dealing with QGIS 2.4 in 26 lessons, with special topics about OSM data.
- Video tutorials from MangoMaps about QGIS 2.2 in five lessons