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Public-images-osm logo.svg surface = compacted
Compacted forest track no1.jpg
Describes the surface of a feature as unpaved compacted. Edit or translate this description.
Group: Properties
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesmay be used on waysmay be used on areasshould not be used on relations
Useful combination
Status: de facto

A mixture of larger (e.g., gravel) and smaller (e.g., sand) parts, compacted (e.g., with a roller), so the surface is more stable than loose gravel. Best sort of ways below paving with asphalt, concrete, paving stones. Sometimes known as water-bound macadam. Mixture and compacting leads to more grip and stability.

It degrades quicker than surface=asphalt. Roads with slight degradation - for example with some potholes, slight accumulation of dirt or losing small amounts of small parts remains surface=compacted.

surface=compacted road with a minor damage
Pothole in surface=compacted road. Like with surface=asphalt presence of potholes is not changing surface type.

Accumulation of large amount of earth or sinking road surface into earth may turn it into surface=dirt or even surface=sand or surface=mud. Losing large amounts of smaller elements, leaving only gravel may turn it into surface=gravel.

Tag smoothness=* may help in adding further detail.

Note that in many areas roads there are roads called "gravel roads" or "dirt roads" and some of them should be still tagged surface=compacted

Note that in Australia some roads are surface=compacted and signed with "gravel road" sign. In such case value "compacted" continues to be a correct one
Typical Australian "gravel" road, surface=compacted
Typical Australian "gravel" road, surface=compacted