Cycle routes

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Public-images-osm logo.svg route = bicycle
Cycle route sign.jpg
Description
Cycle routes or bicycle route are named or numbered or otherwise signed routes. May go along roads, trails or dedicated cycle paths.
Used on these elements
use on nodes unspecified
use on ways unspecified
use on areas unspecified
may be used on relations
Useful combination
Status: Unspecified


Bicycle routes or bike routes.

Rendered Cycle Maps

Just looking for bicycle maps and bike maps?

CycleLayer2.png
An international cycling map created from OSM data is available, provided by Andy Allan. The map rendering is still being improved, the data are updated every few days. It shows National Cycle Network cycle routes, other regional and local routes, and other cycling-specific features, such as:
  • dedicated cycle tracks and lanes
  • bicycle parking
  • contours and hill colouring
  • bike shops
  • proposed bike routes (or numbering protocols), contrasted with the Lonvia map, below, which does not show proposed routes, but actual routes only

http://www.opencyclemap.org/

Lonvia's Cycling Map by Sarah Hoffman is an overlay which shows marked cycle routes around the world. Updated daily, it renders actual routes without the state=proposed tag. Therefore no proposed routes (or numbering protocols) are displayed.

Tagging cycle route networks

London Cycle Network sign

Three levels of hierarchy are currently in use: national, regional, and local. Routes may be marked by tagging each way according to the following table. For an alternative using relations that will also be rendered on the cycle map, see Relations/Routes#Cycle routes (also mountain bike).

It is often better to use relations to tag cycle routes rather than the tags in this table (see below for the relation tagging scheme). But please check that a relation doesn't already exist before creating one.

Tag Element Description
ncn=yes Way Designates that a road or path is part of a National Cycling Network route.
ncn=proposed Way Designates that a road or path is part of a proposed National Cycling Network route.
rcn=yes / proposed Way As above, but for regional cycle routes.
lcn=yes / proposed Way As above, but for local cycle routes.
ncn_ref=number Way A national cycle route, where number is the route number. ncn=yes is implied
rcn_ref=number Way A regional cycle route, where number is the route number. rcn=yes is implied
lcn_ref=number Way A local cycle route, where number is the route number. lcn=yes is implied

route=ncn was previously used, but is currently deprecated due to clashing with other routes that may share the same way.

Tagging cycle node networks

Cyclejunctionnetwork.png

Cycle node networks (for example look here) are common in the Netherlands and Belgium, but not in the UK. In contrast to the standard cycle route networks, where the path has a reference number, in a cycle node network the junctions are numbered. Signs along the way indicate the junction you are heading towards, so a given path will have a sign pointing in one direction indicating "1" and in the other direction indicating "4".

We use the same tags, but apply the reference numbers to the junction nodes. The same principles could in principle be used for national and local cycle node networks, but currently regional is in main use in both Belgium and The Netherlands.

Tag Element Description
rcn=yes Way Designates that a road or path is part of a Regional cycle node network
rcn_ref=number Node Designates that the node represents a numbered junction in the regional cycle node network

Please refer to the pages below for country specific details:

An expanded way of tagging cycle node networks, which is currently already being employed in parts of Belgium and The Netherlands, is described at Cycle Node Network Tagging.

Relations

It is preferred to tag the cycle routes using relations instead of tagging the ways. But please check that a relation doesn't already exist for your chosen route before creating one. (Relations are often listed on pages such as WikiProject United Kingdom National Cycle Network.)

The tags on the relation are slightly modified from the standard tags. An example cycle route relation would have the following tags:

Tag Comment
type=route
route=bicycle/mtb See mountainbike for details on tagging mountainbike routes.
network=icn/ncn/rcn/lcn Specify the network as an international route, a national route, a regional route, or a local route, as per the normal tagging of cycle routes. For tagging mountainbike routes more specific look here mountainbike
cycle_network=* (optional) In countries that have (for instance) multiple regional route networks, this tag indicates the specific route system, much the way network=* does on road route relations.
ref=number (optional) NCN, RCN, and LCN references work best on the map if just the number is used, so for NCN 4: "4". The network or cycle_network tag correctly distinguishes the type, so just use "ref" and not "ncn_ref" or similar.
name=* (optional) The name of the route e.g. Jubilee Cycle Way
state=proposed (optional) Routes are sometimes not official routes pending some negotiation or development -- the cycle map renders these routes dotted.
distance=distance in km (optional) The distance covered by a route in km
ascent=ascent in m (optional) The ascent covered by a route in meters. If a route has start and end point at different altitude use descent too
descent=descent in m (optional) The descent covered by a route in meters. Use it only if it differs from the ascent (different altitude at start/endpoint of a route).
roundtrip=yes/no (optional) Use roundtrip=no to indicate that a route goes from A to B. Use roundtrip=yes to indicate that the start and finish of the route are at the same location (circular route).

Relation role: Cycle routes sometimes have different paths depending on the direction you are travelling. In this case, ways in the relation should have a role of forward or backward as described in Relation:route#Members. The direction is rendered on the cycle map (example).

Mountainbike routes

  • See Mountainbiketours for cycle routes that are primarily for mountainbikes.
  • Additionally, have a look at the Mountainbike portal for tagging guidelines to ways suitable for mountainbiking.

Usage

Since the tagging is generic, it is up to each country to decide how to map the cycle networks that exist in their country onto the hierarchy of national/regional/local.

Transnational

EuroVelo

The EuroVelo (wikipedia) network consists of 13 routes, with a total distance of 72,978 km, developed by the European Cyclists' Federation. The route references are in the format EVxy, e.g. EV12 for the North Sea Cycle Route.

See the European Wikiproject EuroVelo for further details.

Greenways

The Greenway Project aims to build an international network of bicycle and other non-motorized trails focussed on Eastern European countries. The motivation is to provide local people and visitors with access to natural and cultural heritage areas.

See the European Wikiproject Greenways for further details.

Australia

Western Australia

See: Western Australia

Austria

See: WikiProject Austria/Radwege

Belgium

See the Belgian cycle route conventions and their project page for full details.

Baltic States: Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia

The project BaltiCCycle.eu collects all information on cycling in the Baltic States (BaltiCCycle.eu_Routes)including the International Routes EuroVelo, R1, Iron Curtain Trail, the National Cycling Routes in Estonia (EstoVelo)

Canada

Czech Republic

Cyklotrasy_v_ČR

Denmark

See: DK:Bicycle/Network-Routes

France

See: Fr:Itinéraires cyclables

Finland

See: Fi:Valtakunnalliset pyörämatkailureitit

Germany

See DE:Bicycle/Fahrradroutensammlungen for overview of German cycle route collections.

Hungary

See WikiProject Hungary/Kerékpárút for overview of Hungarian cycle route collections.

Iceland

See WikiProject Iceland/Cycleways for an overview of Icelandic cycle routes and ways.

Italy

See WikiProject Italy/Ciclovie for an overview of Italian cycle route collections.

Netherlands

Zie: Fietsroutes.

Slovakia

See Slovak Cycling Routes for full details.

Spain

See Spanish Cycling Network for full details.

Sweden

See Swedish Cycling Network for full details.

Switzerland

See Swiss Cycle Network and Swiss Mountain Bike Network for full details.

United Kingdom

Note: CycleStreets is a major user of cycling-related data in the UK area. Information on its [interpretation of tags] may be of interest (and the developers strongly welcome feedback on this).

Network Tagging Example
Sustrans' National Cycle Network National routes (red numbers). See WikiProject United Kingdom National Cycle Network for a list and to see if a relation has already been set up. References shouldn't be given a prefix i.e. use 54 and not N54. Don't forget to map the mileposts too - see WikiProject_United_Kingdom_Sustrans_Mileposts. Add to an existing relation or create a new relation or use ncn=*, ncn_ref=* Ncn1-Cramond.JPG
Sustrans' National Cycle Network Regional routes (blue numbers). See WikiProject United Kingdom National Cycle Network too for a list and to see if a relation has already been set up. References shouldn't be given a prefix i.e. use 47 and not R47. Add to an existing relation or create a new relation or use rcn=*, rcn_ref=* NCN1Dalkeith-PenicuikRegional73.jpg
(Sign showing both national and regional spur).
LCC's London Cycle Network. See WikiProject United Kingdom London Cycle Network. lcn=*, lcn_ref=* Cycle route sign.jpg
Ipswich, other towns etc. local cycle networks lcn=*, lcn_ref=*
The National Byway network=rcn
See National Byway.
National Byway sign.jpg
The Pennine Bridleway, a 209 km route parallel to the Pennine Way hiking trail
The Scottish Borders region has several signed long distance routes: the Border Loop (402 km), North Sea Cycle Route, Southern Borders Loop, 4 Abbeys Cycle route, Tweed Cycleway. There is also a signed local network depicted by coloured circles Border Loop Osm element relation.svg 149461 (view, XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
4 Abbeys Osm element relation.svg 3159944 (view, XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
Tweed cycleway Osm element relation.svg 3160049 (view, XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
Scottish borders signs.jpg

United States

See United States Bicycle Networks and U.S. Bicycle Route System for full details.

Related pages