|Característica : Energía|
|Usado para describir líneas de energía e infraestructura asociada.|
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La clave power=* se utiliza para identificar un extenso rango de instalaciones y características que se relacionan con la generación y distribución de energía eléctrica, incluyendo las líneas o tendidos electricos, centrales de generación de la energía, estaciones de almacenamiento y subestaciones. El Wikiproyecto Redes de Energía proporciona más detalles sobre proyecto de cartografiar los sistemas de distribución eléctricos.
|power||plant||A place/industrial facility where power is generated (electricity, heat, cold water, biogas...). Individual generating units within the facility should be tagged as power=generator.|
|power||cable||A way following the path of underground cables, such as the local 0.4 kV network between transformer stations, distribution boxes and cable connection points, or sea cables. Not to be confused with non-power supply cables such as cables for telecommunication. May be combined with voltage=*, circuits=* and location=*.|
|power||catenary_mast||A catenary mast supports system of overhead wires used to supply electricity to electricaly powered vehicle equipped with a pantograph.|
|power||compensator||Several kind of power devices used to insure of power quality and network resilience.|
|power||connection||A freestanding electrical connection between two or more overhead wires|
|power||converter||An HVDC converter converts electric power from high voltage alternating current (AC) to high-voltage direct current (HVDC), or vice-versa.|
|power||generator||A device used to convert power from one form to another. Use in combination with generator:source=*, generator:method=* and generator:output=*.||Depends on generator type|
|power||heliostat||A mirror of a heliostat device.|
|power||insulator||A device to protect a power line from grounding on supports|
|power||line||A way following the path of (overground) power cables. For minor power lines with poles and not towers, you may want to use power=minor_line. Useful combinations: voltage=*, cables=* and wires=*. Please see the respective feature pages for details.|
|line||busbar||Determines a power=line to a busbar.|
|line||bay||A bay connects an incoming circuit to a busbar assembly.|
|power||marker||A separate pole or pedestal sticking out of the ground, or a wall marker describing the distance to a cable or other feature.|
|power||minor_line||A way following the path of (overground) minor power cables, supported by poles and not towers/pylons. (This isn't quite so simple, as sometimes larger towers are replaced by smaller poles made with a stronger material; a better distinction might be based on voltage).|
|power||pole||Poles supporting low to medium voltage lines (power=minor_line) and high voltage lines (power=line) up to 161,000 volts (161 kV).|
|power||portal||Power supporting structure composed of vertical legs with cables between them attached to a horizontal crossarm|
|power||substation||A tag for electricity substations. These provide voltage step-up/step-down, switching, conditioning, etc. Substations may be large facilities (up to several acres) for very high voltage transmission lines or just small buildings or kiosks near the street for low voltage distribution lines. Useful combinations: voltage=*, substation=* and location=*, see the feature page for details.|
|power||switch||A tag for electricity switches which are devices which allow operators to power up & down lines and transformer in substations or outside.|
|power||switchgear||The switchgear comprises one or more busbar assemblies and a number of bays each connecting a circuit to the busbar assembly.|
|power||terminal||Point of connection between overhead power lines to buildings or walls|
|power||tower||For towers or pylons carrying high voltage electricity cables. Normally constructed from steel latticework but tubular or solid pylons are also commonly used. Should not be used for medium or low voltage electricity conductors carried on single wooden poles which might be tagged power=pole. See power=tower for detailed tagging of tower types.|
|power||transformer||A static device for transferring electric energy by inductive coupling between its windings. Large power transformers are typically located inside substations.|
|power||User Defined||All commonly used values according to Taginfo|
This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.
Very useful for navigation.
The number of wires in each cable can tagged using wires=single, wires=double or wires=quad. All towers also have one or more earth wires strung from the top.
National Grid call the things "towers" as they're free-standing, but common usage seems to be "pylon"
In England and Wales, higher-voltage (>= 275kV) lines are operated by National Grid. Lower voltage lines are operated by distribution network operators (UK Power Networks, Western Power Distribution, etc) with regional scope. Different DNOs have different construction standards, so while the transmission network is consistent across the country, the distribution network has substantial design variations.
In the UK, each National Grid power line appears to have a two character identifier and each tower along that line appears to be numbered. For example ZM is the West Weybridge to Chessington line, and each tower is numbered ZM 1, ZM 2, etc. I propose that these be recorded, if known, for each tower with the ref tag. For example: power=tower, ref=ZM 35. Higher-voltage DNO lines use similar schemes, sometimes with three-letter line identifiers (e.g. PTC connects Burwell to Fulbourn Grid).
In the UK there is a hierarchy of power lines that is easy to identify. Most are identifiable over long distances which makes them useful for navigation. Other countries follow very similar schemes (not surprising as the design is constrained by the same physics and economics). Starting at the low-voltage end, we have:
- Wooden poles carrying four wires on small ceramic insulators, or bundles of insulated cables twisted together. These lines are usually 400 V between phases, which directly provide the domestic 230 V supply. Most of these follow roads and paths.
- Wooden poles with two or three widely-spaced bare wires on large insulators having one or two plates. These lines are 11,000 volts - often used for distribution in rural areas.
- Wooden poles with three bare wires on multi-plate insulators are 33,000 V or 45,000 V between phases - usually on higher and more substantial poles, sometimes poles are used in pairs and sometimes two circuits are run in parallel on the same poles.
- Metal towers carrying a set of single wires (usually three plus an earth wire on top) are 132,000 V. These are gradually disappearing.
- Towers with three or six double wires are 275,000 V
- Towers with three or six quadruple wires are 400,000 V
The number of conductors (i.e. single, double, triple) is simply relevant to the current handling capacity, and not more or less likely to be seen for any particular voltage. Similarly, the number of 3-phase circuits (groups of 3 cables) is simply a matter of capacity required, since single-circuit paths are (somewhat surprisingly) much cheaper to construct - the cost of the cables themselves apparently being the most significant factor.
In Japan, see User:Nahainec/PowerLine.
Further information at WikiProject Power networks/Philippines
Power lines in the Philippines are operated by various companies and cooperatives. The National Grid Corporation of the Philippines (NGCP) operates both subtransmission (69 and 115 kV) and transmission lines (115 kV, 138 kV, 230 kV, 350 kV DC, and 500 kV), but utilities (e.g. Meralco, Visayas Electric Company, Davao Light) and electric cooperatives may operate subtransmission lines (69 or 115 kV) and distribution lines (usually 7.39 and 13.8 kV, or 20 and 34.5 kV). Some electric cooperatives only operate distribution lines, and depend on NGCP for subtransmission lines to feed their substations.
Power line locations may be on allocated right of way or along roads or railroads. Transmission lines usually run on separate right of way, but a few partially or completely running along roads or railroads. Subtransmission lines by NGCP typically run on separate right of way and some segments follow roads, but utility or cooperative-owned subtransmission lines are usually roadside, for easier access by work vehicles. Distribution lines are almost roadside and areas served by the lines are usually served by multiple distribution transformers (single-phase), like the common practice in most of Asia and the Americas. Smaller distribution substations (substation=minor_distribution) are primarily used on large users, like some government offices, malls, or condominiums, instead of a larger area, like residential areas, where multiple distribution transformers are used instead.
Voltages used are like those used in the United States, and the frequency is 60 Hz. The household voltage is 220 volts, 60 Hz. Transmission, subtransmission, and distribution grid voltages, however, differ by island group, region, and company/cooperative practice.
- Metro Manila and nearby provinces in Luzon (Meralco):
- Transmission: 230,000 volts,
- Subtransmission 115,000 volts
- Distribution: 34,500 volts, 20,000 volts
- Most of Luzon:
- 500,000 volts, 230,000 volts
- 69,000 volts
- 13,800 volts, 7970 volts
- Ilocos Region:
- 230,000 volts, 115,000 volts
- 69,000 volts
- 13,800 volts, 7970 volts
A mapCSS stylesheet is available for josm.