From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Available languages — Tiles
Afrikaans Alemannisch aragonés asturianu azərbaycanca Bahasa Indonesia Bahasa Melayu Bân-lâm-gú Basa Jawa Baso Minangkabau bosanski brezhoneg català čeština dansk Deutsch eesti English español Esperanto estremeñu euskara français Frysk Gaeilge Gàidhlig galego Hausa hrvatski Igbo interlingua Interlingue isiXhosa isiZulu íslenska italiano Kiswahili Kreyòl ayisyen kréyòl gwadloupéyen kurdî latviešu Lëtzebuergesch lietuvių magyar Malagasy Malti Nederlands Nedersaksies norsk norsk nynorsk occitan Oromoo oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча Plattdüütsch polski português română shqip slovenčina slovenščina Soomaaliga suomi svenska Tiếng Việt Türkçe Vahcuengh vèneto Wolof Yorùbá Zazaki српски / srpski беларуская български қазақша македонски монгол русский тоҷикӣ українська Ελληνικά Հայերեն ქართული नेपाली मराठी हिन्दी অসমীয়া বাংলা ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ગુજરાતી ଓଡ଼ିଆ தமிழ் తెలుగు ಕನ್ನಡ മലയാളം සිංහල ไทย မြန်မာဘာသာ ລາວ ភាសាខ្មែរ ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ አማርኛ 한국어 日本語 中文(简体)‎ 吴语 粵語 中文(繁體)‎ ייִדיש עברית اردو العربية پښتو سنڌي فارسی ދިވެހިބަސް

Tiles are rectangular slabs of ceramic affixed in a grid arrangement to your bathroom wall. For shops selling such ceramic tiles, see shop=tiles.

Here we are much more likely to be talking about map tiles:

  • square bitmap graphics displayed in a grid arrangement to show a map
  • We may also be talking about tiled map data.

This page includes lots of information and technical detail. If you want to use map tiles in your web page or application you can have a look at this tutorial about how to use OpenStreetMap tiles.

Graphical Map Tiles

Map tiles are typically 256×256 pixel images. e.g.:

this example tile

Tiles are not always in these dimensions; for example there could be 64×64 pixel images for mobile use, however 256×256 pixel images are a de facto standard. 515×512 pixel seems to be the usual size of high-resolution tiles.

A "tileset" typically includes enough tiles to form a very large image, if they were shown all at once, and also several zoom levels. Generally the idea is not to show them all at once, but to display a particular area of the map on a website. Normally this is done using a JavaScript map library to provide panning and zooming functionality, and request downloading of new tiles as necessary to show the user new areas of the map (a Slippy Map).

Using tiles

Technical data



This is a list of online raster tile servers based on OpenStreetMap data. For the names of the physical servers that serve openstreetmap.org's map tiles, see Servers/tile.In the URLs provided ${X} and ${y} have to be replaced by the x and y Tile numbers and ${z} by the zoom level. Sometimes the $ is missing. In the URLS to Carto.com and some others there is also a {s} which should be replaced by the subdomain[1]. Subdomains are used to help with browser parallel requests per domain limitation. These subdomains are typically single letters 'a', 'b' and 'c'. Refer to the provider documentation for details of available subdomains.
Name type covered latency comment tiles url Tile example source code
OpenStreetMap's Standard tile layer
openstreetmap.org front page
Tile usage policy
base https://a.tile.openstreetmap.org/${z}/${x}/${y}.png https://b.tile.openstreetmap.org/${z}/${x}/${y}.png https://c.tile.openstreetmap.org/${z}/${x}/${y}.png https://tile.openstreetmap.org/7/63/42.png https://github.com/gravitystorm/openstreetmap-carto/
Wikimedia Maps
demo server
base Experimental https://maps.wikimedia.org/osm-intl/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Wikimedia-tile.png https://github.com/kartotherian/kartotherian
base global you need to register to use this, a free plan is available. http://tile.thunderforest.com/cycle/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile cycling.png unavailable, this is a closed source project
Humanitarian map style
Humanitarian focused OSM base layer
base map style info http://a.tile.openstreetmap.fr/hot/${z}/${x}/${y}.png http://b.tile.openstreetmap.fr/hot/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Humanitarian style.png https://github.com/hotosm/HDM-CartoCSS
OSM France
Priority given to French names and symbols (baguette instead of pretzel for bakery!). Special display for sport fields.
base world, up to z20 Fork of openstreetmap-carto. Some newer features are sometimes experimented and are discussed on the French OpenStreetmap mailing list. Guided tour of improved features. http://a.tile.openstreetmap.fr/osmfr/${z}/${x}/${y}.png http://b.tile.openstreetmap.fr/osmfr/${z}/${x}/${y}.png http://c.tile.openstreetmap.fr/osmfr/${z}/${x}/${y}.png https://github.com/cquest/osmfr-cartocss map
Ski map
overlay seems not to work anymore http://tiles.skimap.org/openskimap/${z}/${x}/${y}.png
Sea marks
overlay Sea marks only, background transparent http://tiles.openseamap.org/seamark/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile seamark.png
Hiking routes
overlay 1D Using osmc:symbol=* https://tile.waymarkedtrails.org/hiking/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile lonviahiking.png
Cycling routes
overlay 1D https://tile.waymarkedtrails.org/cycling/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile lonviacycling.png
Hike & Bike
Hiking map
DE ? Using osmc:symbol=* http://toolserver.org/tiles/hikebike/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile hikebike.png
http://c.tiles.wmflabs.org/hillshading/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile hillshading.png
mapnik map grayscale
base https://tiles.wmflabs.org/bw-mapnik/${z}/${x}/${y}.png or https://a.tiles.wmflabs.org/bw-mapnik/${z}/${x}/${y}.png + https://b.tiles.wmflabs.org/bw-mapnik/${z}/${x}/${y}.png + https://c.tiles.wmflabs.org/bw-mapnik/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile mapnikb&w.png
OSM no labels
mapnik map without labels
base https://tiles.wmflabs.org/osm-no-labels/${z}/${x}/${y}.png or https://a.tiles.wmflabs.org/osm-no-labels/${z}/${x}/${y}.png + https://b.tiles.wmflabs.org/osm-no-labels/${z}/${x}/${y}.png + https://c.tiles.wmflabs.org/osm-no-labels/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile osm-no-label.png
Stamen Toner
Black & White map
base Black&White, printing, uses Natural Earth at low zooms, retina tiles available

variants available: toner, toner-hybrid, toner-labels, toner-lines, toner-background, toner-lite

http://a.tile.stamen.com/toner/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile stamentonerb&n.png https://github.com/stamen/toner-carto
Stamen Watercolor
Artistic map
base Watercolor http://c.tile.stamen.com/watercolor/${z}/${x}/${y}.jpg Tile watercolor stamen.jpg
Transport Map
Transport map
base global you need to register to use this, a free plan is available. http://tile.thunderforest.com/transport/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile transport.png

Thunderforest Landscape
Landscape map
base global you need to register to use this, a free plan is available http://tile.thunderforest.com/landscape/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile landscape.png
Thunderforest Outdoors
Outdoors map
base global you need to register to use this, a free plan is available http://tile.thunderforest.com/outdoors/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile outdoors.png
Transport map
base http://tile.memomaps.de/tilegen/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile opnvtransport.png
Transport map
overlay Transport http://www.openptmap.org/tiles/${z}/${x}/${y}.png Tile openptmaptransport.png
general map
base is a web map service with a couple of maps rendered with MapSurfer.NET OpenMapSurfer - example.png
Carto Light ("Positron")
general map
Required attribution: "Map tiles by Carto, under CC BY 3.0. Data by OpenStreetMap, under ODbL."
base unlimited use permitted, uses Natural Earth at low zooms, no_labels variant available https://cartodb-basemaps-{s}.global.ssl.fastly.net/light_all/{z}/{x}/{y}.png Cartodb light tile.png
Carto Dark ("Dark Matter")
general map
Required attribution: "Map tiles by Carto, under CC BY 3.0. Data by OpenStreetMap, under ODbL."
base unlimited use permitted, uses Natural Earth at low zooms, no_labels variant available https://cartodb-basemaps-{s}.global.ssl.fastly.net/dark_all/{z}/{x}/{y}.png Cartodb dark tile.png
Railway infrastructure
Usage policy
overlay Railway infrastructure http://a.tiles.openrailwaymap.org/standard/${z}/${x}/${y}.png http://b.tiles.openrailwaymap.org/standard/${z}/${x}/${y}.png http://c.tiles.openrailwaymap.org/standard/${z}/${x}/${y}.png
Railway maxspeeds
Usage policy
overlay Railway maxspeeds http://a.tiles.openrailwaymap.org/maxspeed/${z}/${x}/${y}.png http://b.tiles.openrailwaymap.org/maxspeed/${z}/${x}/${y}.png http://c.tiles.openrailwaymap.org/maxspeed/${z}/${x}/${y}.png
Railway signalling
Usage policy
overlay Railway signalling and train protection signals http://a.tiles.openrailwaymap.org/signals/${z}/${x}/${y}.png http://b.tiles.openrailwaymap.org/signals/${z}/${x}/${y}.png http://c.tiles.openrailwaymap.org/signals/${z}/${x}/${y}.png
Topographical Map
base Topographical Map https://{a|b|c}.tile.opentopomap.org/{z}/{x}/{y}.png

Also see for example map compare service at bbbike.org. Please obey the usage restrictions of each tile server if you use it heavily!

More webservices to display different OSM based tiles are mapstyle.petschge.de and Leaflet Provider Demo.


Tiled map data

  • QuadTiles, a scheme to make OSM database indexed by tiles
  • OJW's tile data server, first implementation of a cacheable data server, that servs data in the same way as the tileserver.
  • Tile data server, generic definition of how data served as tiles should work. (written by ojw as well...)


  • Switch2OSM, The Basics This page gives some introductory information on the tiles, licence and JavaScript libraries to display the tiles.