Proposed features/Obligatory access suffix

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Please feel free to edit this proposal and any typos

obligatory access suffix
Status: Proposed (under way)
Proposed by: Jojo4u
Tagging: *:obligatory=yes/no
Applies to: Way
Definition: An access suffix designed for cycleways which are obligatory to use by cyclists through a law and/or by the rules of traffic.
Drafted on: 2015-09-26


Note

Many parts of the proposal text are copied over from Proposed features/obligatory usage written by User:Hubert87.

Proposal

This proposal has two parts are planned to vote separately on:

1st part: Deprecations after introduction of bicycle=use_sidepath

2nd part: *:obligatory=yes/no

  • Introducing the tag *:obligatory=yes/no as a suffix for bicycle=* on Way shared/non-shared cycleways that are obligatory to use by cyclists on grounds of a law or by the rules of traffic. The default value for all cycle infrastructure is bicycle:obligatory=no. This way the tag does not need to be applied in countries without such laws.


In it's current form this proposal is aimed at transport mode bicycle on shared and non-shared highway=path/cycleway and cycleway=track as inherent part of a road. Usage for transport mode foot could be part of a later development of this proposal.

On separate ways the value bicycle:obligatory=yes should only be used in combination with bicycle=use_sidepath on the parallel carriageway. The tag should not be used if the roadside cycleway is the only available option because the main road is a motorway, motorroad or cycling is prohibited by a traffic_sign like Zeichen 254.svg.

The tag should not be used on cycleway=lane since these are always obligatory (feedback needed).

Note however that some countries have obligatory status only on cycleways with specific signals.
E.g. in France, cycles and pedestrians can go almost everywhere (they must still respect the priorities and cross roads/streets carefully), except when there are explicit traffic signs fordidding such access; however, on trunks and motorways with their standard signals, pedestrians, unmotorized bicycles or slow motorcycles, and cannot enter unless there's a specific sign authorizing them (but generally this is through a parallel designated footway or cycleway with a protecting separation, e.g. on bridges, which should be traced separately; so in France, indicating the obligatory access is only needed for other kinds of vehicles, notably heavy trucks or for transports of dangerous materials, with exceptions allowed only for local delivery or in specific hours, but not for normal transits).

Rationale

The introduction of bicycle=use_sidepath to resolve the (mis)use of bicycle=no has created a feasible option to mark the existence of an obligatory cycleway next to a highway=residential/... and solves the routing problem.

It is currently not possible to see whether a cycleway is obligatory from tags itself. Obligatory cycleways are a very political topic in Germany. From experience of tagging cycleways in Germany can be learned, that there is a need to express the difference between shared/non-shared cycleways that are obligatory to use and other "freedom of choice" cycleways.

This has been done by the (mis)use of existing tags in various ways so far.

The proposed tag is useful for non-routing purposes:

  • to find obligatory cycleways with e.g. bad smoothness=* or insufficient width=*
  • to give an alternative to the non-optimal usage of existing tags
  • More?'

The property obligatory is no classical access tag. It's a property of a way for a mode of transport which is orthogonal to access and road type, so it is defined as a prefix here. While it is true that every obligatory cycleway is also bicycle=designated, access is about restriction and not for reasons why somebody has to take this way instead of others.

Problems with *=designated/yes

The Lübecker Methode uses the difference of highway=cycleway/path + bicycle=designated to identify a obligatory cycleway vs. highway=cycleway/path + bicycle=yes for a "freedom of choice"-cycleway. This has the problem that access=designated is defined as "indicates that a route has been specially designated (typically by a government) for use by a particular mode (or modes) of transport.". It does not imply obligatory access or restrictions for other mode of transport. A well-built non-obligatory cycleway has to be tagged with bicycle=yes, indicating a lesser quality of travel.

Problems with bicycle=obligatory and cycleway=obligatory

From user FKV: "Nobody is obliged to use a certain cycleway. Such a cycleway is just an alternate route for a road where bicycles are banned. It's that ban we need to map."

As mentioned above the properties obligatory and access are orthogonal and bicycle=obligatory mixes this up. Also, using bicycle=obligatory instead of bicycle=designated would break wide range of data consumers.

cycleway=obligatory overwrites cycleway=lane/track/..., which is unwanted. It also changes the meaning of the key cycleway=* depending on it's value (track/lane/obligatory/optional).

Problems with *=official

An other way is to mark obligatory cycleway with bicycle=official. However the proposal has not been voted on yet.

This tag suffers from the same problems as bicycle=obligatory above. Additionally the term official fits as well for optional cycletracks.

Problems with traffic_sign=*

The suggestion to only use traffic_sign=* to tag the national traffic signs (e.g. traffic_sign=DE:240) this goes against the tradition in OSM of mapping national traffic signs to universal tags.

Countries with obligatory roadside cyclepath laws

Source Wikipedia:

  • Germany: both types, non-obligatory cyclepaths are increasing
  • Netherland: fietspaden, fiets- en bromfietspaden, non-obligatory cyclepaths are rare
  • Belgium: all
  • France: since 1999 most paths should be made non-obligatory, but conversion rate is low
  • Poland: all
  • Italy: obligatory and non-obligatory
  • Switzerland: all
  • Austria: obligatory, non-obligatory possible since 2013

Tag name

In June 2014, for British cycle lanes the key mandatory was proposed, but as in U.K. all cycling facilities are optional for cyclists, the use of the term mandatory in British traffic law means forbidden for other vehicles = reserved but only optional for cyclists. [1]

Compulsory is never used in the Wikipedia article while obligatory is used very often. Compulsory is more associated with [bicycle helmet laws]. On the other hand this scientific discussion sees mandatory as required by law and obligatory as required by social social custom with compulsory in the middle.

Tagging

On separate Way ways:
bicycle:obligatory=yes/no or
bicycle:obligatory:forward/backward=yes/no

Together with cycleway=*:
cycleway:bicycle:obligatory=yes/no or
cycleway:right/left/both:bicycle:obligatory=yes/no

The tag may only be used where there is a an official traffic sign or an unambiguous legal regulation requiring a cyclist to use a cycleway.

Examples

From: DE:Bicycle/Radverkehrsanlagen_kartieren
Changed values are bold

Eigenständiger Weg

(keine Änderung)


Straßenbegleitende Wege

Ist ein Radweg im OSM-Sinne nicht baulich von der Fahrbahn getrennt, so können diese mittels Zusatztags zum highway=* entsprechende nachfolgender Tabelle gemappt werden:

Beschilderung Bild Beschreibung Tags

Zeichen 237.svg
Zeichen 237

Z237RadwegMitAbgesetztemGehweg.jpeg Radweg

Ein Radweg ist baulich angelegt und als solcher zu erkennen. Ein Gehweg ist entweder nicht vorhanden oder verläuft durch einen Grünstreifen o.ä. getrennt etwas abseits des Radweges.

highway=* entspr. dem Ausbauzustand
cycleway:right=track (bzw. left oder both)
cycleway:right:bicycle=designated (already implied)
cycleway:right:bicycle:obligatory=yes (added tag)
cycleway:right:oneway=yes/no
cycleway:right:traffic_sign=DE:237

Z237Radfahrstreifen.jpeg Radfahrstreifen

mit durchgezogener breiter Linie (Fahrbahnbegrenzung) abgetrennter Streifen auf Fahrbahnniveau mit Radwegbeschilderung und Fahrrad-Piktogramm.

highway=* entspr. dem Ausbauzustand
cycleway:right=lane (bzw. left oder both)
cycleway:right:bicycle=designated (keep until soft lane is sorted out)
cycleway:right:traffic_sign=DE:237

Z237GetrennterRadUndGehweg.jpeg Getrennter Rad- und Gehweg

Fußgänger und Radfahrer sind optisch/baulich von einander getrennt (Linie, farbiges Pfaster, usw.).

highway=* entspr. dem Ausbauzustand
cycleway:right=track (bzw. left oder both)
cycleway:right:bicycle=designated (already implied)
cycleway:right:bicycle:obligatory=yes (added tag)
cycleway:right:segregated=yes
cycleway:right:oneway=yes/no
cycleway:right:traffic_sign=DE:237

Zeichen 241-30.svg
Zeichen 241

Z241GetrennterRadUndGehweg.png

Getrennter Fuß- und benutzungspflichtiger Radweg
Fußgänger und Radfahrer sind optisch/baulich von einander getrennt (Linie, farbiges Pfaster, usw.).

highway=* entspr. dem Ausbauzustand
cycleway:right=track (bzw. left oder both)
cycleway:right:bicycle=designated (already implied)
cycleway:right:bicycle:obligatory=yes (added tag)
cycleway:right:segregated=yes
cycleway:right:oneway=yes/no
cycleway:right:traffic_sign=DE:241

Zeichen 240 - Gemeinsamer Fuß- und Radweg, StVO 1992.svg
Zeichen 240

Z240GemeinsamerGehundRadweg.jpeg

Gemeinsamer Geh- und Radweg

highway=* entspr. dem Ausbauzustand
cycleway:right=track (bzw. left oder both)
cycleway:right:bicycle=designated (already implied)
cycleway:right:bicycle:obligatory=yes (added tag)
cycleway:right:segregated=no
cycleway:right:oneway=yes/no
cycleway:right:traffic_sign=DE:240

Keine Beschilderung

RadwegOhneBenutzungspflicht.jpg Radweg ohne Benutzungspflicht:

Ein Radweg ist baulich angelegt und als solcher zu erkennen. Ein Gehweg ist vorhanden und verläuft durch einen Grünstreifen o.ä. getrennt etwas abseits des Radweges.

highway=* entspr. dem Ausbauzustand
cycleway:right=track (bzw. left oder both)
cycleway:right:bicycle=yes (back to designated - and this is already implied)
cycleway:right:bicycle:obligatory=no (added tag)
cycleway:right:oneway=yes/no
cycleway:right:traffic_sign=none

GetrennterRadUndGehweg.jpeg Getrennter Fuß- und Radweg ohne Benutzungspflicht:

Fußgänger und Radfahrer sind nur optisch/baulich von einander getrennt (Linie, farbiges Pfaster, usw.).

highway=* entspr. dem Ausbauzustand
cycleway:right=track (bzw. left oder both)
cycleway:right:bicycle=yes (back to designated - and this is already implied)
cycleway:right:bicycle:obligatory=no (added tag)
cycleway:right:segregated=yes
cycleway:right:oneway=yes/no
cycleway:right:traffic_sign=none

Schutzstreifen Schlachthof Karlsruhe.jpg

Schutzstreifen
mit unterbrochener Linie (Leitlinie) abgegrenzt und mit dem Fahrradsymbol markiert. Schutzstreifen werden auch als Angebotsstreifen oder Suggestivstreifen bezeichnet.

highway=* entspr. dem Ausbauzustand
cycleway:right=lane (bzw. left oder both)
In DE wird oftmals auch "shared_lane" anstatt "lane" verwendet, um einen Schutzstreifen von Radfahrstreifen zu unterscheiden
cycleway:right:bicycle=yes
(Soft lane not part of this proposal) cycleway:right:traffic_sign=DE:340

Zusatzzeichen 1022-10.svg
Zeichen 1022-10

Z1022 10RadwegOhneBenutzungspflicht.jpg Radweg ohne Benutzungspflicht

Ein Radweg ist baulich angelegt und als solcher zu erkennen. Ein Gehweg ist vorhanden und verläuft durch einen Grünstreifen o.ä. getrennt etwas abseits des Radweges.

highway=* entspr. dem Ausbauzustand
cycleway:right=track (bzw. left oder both)
cycleway:right:bicycle=yes (back to designated - and this is already implied)
cycleway:right:bicycle:obligatory=no (added tag)
cycleway:right:oneway=yes/no
cycleway:right:traffic_sign=DE:1022-10

Zeichen 239.svg
Zusatzzeichen 1022-10.svg
Zeichen 239 + 1022-10

Z239Z1022-10GehwegRadfahrerFrei.jpeg

Freigegebener Gehweg
Gelegentlich steht das Zusatzzeichen 1022-10 auch alleine.

highway=* entspr. dem Ausbauzustand
sidewalk=right(bzw. left oder both)
sidewalk:right:foot=designated
sidewalk:right:bicycle=yes
sidewalk:right:oneway=yes/no
sidewalk:right:traffic_sign=DE:239;DE:1022-10

Ein-, bzw. Zweirichtungsradwege

(keine Änderung)

Einbahnstraße mit Erlaubnis für Radfahrer in Gegenrichtung

(keine Änderung)

Rendering

An obligatory cycleway could be expressed by different line styles (darker blue) in comparison to an "normal" cycleway.

Routing

This proposal ensures that the value designated is not overwritten. So routers can reliably give cycleways tagged with bicycle=designated a higher priority than the main road way.

Affected Wikipages

Related Proposals

Comments

Please comment on the discussion page