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Openrouteservice (Website - short ORS) is much more than a website with a route service for cars, pedestrians and bicycles based on Open Standards and Open Geodata. Several Location Based Services (LBS) created from OSM data are available, developed by HeiGIT - Heidelberg Institute for Geoinformation Technology. For example :

  • Directions Service
  • Matrix Service
  • Geocoding Service
  • Locations Service
  • Isochrones Service
Open Route Service
Open route service.png
Autor: GIScience
Licencia: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0
Plataformas: API y Web
Versión: 24.1
Lenguajes: checo, alemán, inglés, español, francés, italiano, neerlandés, polaco, húngaro, ruso y ucraniano
Sitio web:

Easy to use, nice UI

Información General

ORS Coverage
Online desde: April 2008
Desarrollado por: Pascal Neis, further developed by Maxim Rylov, Enrico Steiger and others
Idea: Pascal Neis & Alexander Zipf
University of Heidelberg GIScience (Geoinformatics) Research Group ([1])
Soporte actual para los paises: Complete Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, Oceania (routing and geocoder)

Worldwide: Directory Service (POI-search)]

Lenguajes soportados para RouteInstructions (Route Service): see Openrouteservice/Instructions
Algoritmos de ruteo OLS Route Service: Combination of Contraction Hierarchies and A* (A-Star)
GitHub [2] developed by: Timothy <ellersiek, Carina Lannig, Oliver Roick and others
Fecha de actualización: (NUEVO mecanismo de actualizacón desarrollado e implementado (06/2014) Enrico Steiger, Maxim Rylov, Lukas Loos,

05 06 ors roads.png

Requisitos de reporte, Feedback general, comentaris, sugerencias, bugs, preguntas vía email a

Que puede hacer con ORS? es más que solo un servicio de ruteo: utiliza una amplia gama de servicios basados en datos de OSM que también podrían utilizarse en otras aplicaciones y escenarios. Actualmente los siguientes servicios se han implementado en el marco de basado en los datos de OSM son:

ORS Directory Service
  • El Directorio de Servicios es un servicio que proporciona acceso a un directorio en línea para encontrar la ubicación de un lugar, producto o servicio específico o más cercano.
  • El Servicio de localización útil  provee Geocode inversa/Geocoder; la Geocoder transforma una descripción de un lugar, como un nombre de lugar, dirección o código postal, en una descripción normalizada de la ubicación con una geometría Point.
ORS Route Service
  • El Servicio de Rutas determina las rutas de viaje e información de navegación de acuerdo a diversos criterios. Esto se ha realizado para:
    • coches: más rápido, más corto, recomendados.
    • several options to avoid tools, tunnels, etc.
    • same for heavy vehicles with many options
    • wheelchair routing (beta)
    • cars: use of realtime traffic (TMC), for GERMANY
    • bicycles (MTB, race bike, safest route...)
    • pedestrian
    • further extensions (particular options for different types of bicycles etc.) are planned or in work
ORS Accessibility Analysis Service
  • The Accessibility Analysis Service (AAS) calculates a polygon representing the area that is reachable within a certain time distance based on a street network around a given location.
ORS Emergency Route Service
  • In the Emergency Route Service you can specify areas that will be avoided by your route.
  • ...

Components of ORS

ORS Components.png

Components of ORS from Neis (2008)

Used OSM Tags for Routing

Car Routing Pedestrian Routing Bicycle Routing
Key Value (km/h -> speed used in ORS) Key Value (km/h -> speed used in ORS) Key Value (km/h -> speed used in ORS)
highway motorway (110 km/h) & motorway_link (90 km/h), trunk (90 km/h) & trunk_link (70 km/h), primary (70 km/h) & primary_link (60 km/h), secondary (60 km/h) & secondary_link (50 km/h), tertiary (55 km/h) & tertiary_link (45 km /h), unclassified (50 km/h), residential (40km/h), living_street (10 km/h), service (30 km/h)* highway (trunk & trunk_link till october) primary & primary_link, secondary & secondary_link, tertiary & tertiary_link, unclassified, residential, living_street, service, track, pedestrian, cycleway*, footway, bridleway*, steps, path (on all ways 6 km/h) highway (trunk & trunk_link till october) primary & primary_link, secondary & secondary_link, tertiary & tertiary_link, unclassified, residential, living_street, service, track, cycleway, footway*, bridleway*, pedestrian*, path (on all ways 16 km/h)
access yes, no
motorcar yes, no foot yes, no bicycle yes, no
oneway yes, true, 1, no, false, -1 oneway yes, true, 1, no, false, -1
junction roundabout cycleway opposite, opposite_lane, opposite_track, track
route ferry route ferry route ferry
maxspeed (in work) only if the value is a number, e.g. '30'. '30 km/h' or similar are not supported! Further, only speeds between 5 and 130 km/h are used. mph will be transformed.
* if allowed

additional project on adding wheelchair routing:

it is also used for haiti emergency routing:


Please help to improve the Instructions and the many translations! (ca. 40 languages and dialects supported so far!)

Route Service Comparison Matrix

A comparison matrix is available at Routing/OnlineRouters#Route service comparison matrix

Evaluation of data fitness for routing

ORS hits, route requests and failures due to errors in street network over the course of time (Schmitz, Zipf & Neis (2008))

Openrouteservice API


Direct Routing Request (via GET)

  • start = longitude and latitude of the start position, e.g. '7.0892567,50.7265543'
  • via (optional) = longitudes and latitudes of the via positions separated by blank, e.g. '7.0920891,50.7295968 7.1044487,50.7247613 7.1049637,50.7298142'
  • end = longitude and latitude of the end position, e.g. '7.0986258,50.7323634'
  • routepref = the preference of the routing: 'Car', 'Pedestrian', 'Bicycle', 'HeavyVehicle'
  • weighting = the preference of the routing method: 'Fastest', 'Shortest', 'Recommended'
  • distunit = distance unit of route calculation (default in kilometer 'KM', meters 'M', miles 'MI')
  • noMotorways = Avoid Motorways? e.g. 'noMotorways=false' OR 'noMotorways=true'
  • noTollways = Avoid Tollways? e.g. 'noTollways=false' OR 'noTollways=true'
  • noFerries = Avoid Ferrys? e.g. 'noFerries=false' OR 'noFerries=true'
  • noUnpavedroads (only for Bicycle profile) = Avoid unpaved Roads? e.g. 'noUnpavedroads=false' OR 'noUnpavedroads=true'
  • noSteps (only for Bicycle profile) = Avoid Steps? e.g. 'noSteps=false' OR 'noSteps=true'
  • instructions = Route instructions 'instructions=true' or 'instructions=false'
  • lang = language of routeinstructions: 'de' (Deutsch), 'en' (English), 'it' (Italiano), 'fr' (Français), 'es' (Español), 'pt' (Portugese), 'nl' (Nederlands) etc., all supported languagse see here [4]

additional Parameter only for HeavyVehicle route profile

  • hazardous = hazardous material? e.g. 'hazardous=false' OR 'hazardous=true' , further info see here[5]
  • value_weight = maximum weight restriction in tons
  • value_height = maximum height restriction in meter
  • value_length = maximum length restriction in meter
  • value_axleload = maximum axleload restriction in tons


Papers related to Openrouteservice, OpenLS+OSM in some of our applications and projects: cmp.:

  • Steiger, E. and Zipf, A.(2015): Enriching OSM road networks with TMC LCL information. RICH-VGI: enRICHment of volunteered geographic information (VGI): Techniques, practices and current state of knowledge. 18th AGILE Conference on Geographic Information Science. Lisbon, Portugal.
  • Barron, C., Neis, P. & Zipf, A. (2013): A Comprehensive Framework for Intrinsic OpenStreetMap Quality Analysis. , Transactions in GIS, DOI: 10.1111/tgis.12073.
  • Ballatore, A. and Zipf, A. (2015): A Conceptual Quality Framework for Volunteered Geographic Information. COSIT - CONFERENCE ON SPATIAL INFORMATION THEORY XII. October 12-16, 2015. Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pp. 1-20.
  • Neis, A. & Zielstra, D. (2014): Generation of a tailored routing network for disabled people based on collaboratively collected geodata. Applied Geography. Vol. 47, pp. 70–77.
  • Neis, P. (2014): Measuring the Reliability of Wheelchair User Route Planning based on Volunteered Geographic Information. Transactions in GIS.
  • Goetz, M. & Zipf, A. (2012): Using Crowdsourced Indoor Geodata for Agent-Based Indoor Evacuation Simulations. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. Vol.1(2), pp.186-208. MDPI. DOI:10.3390/ijgi1020186.
  • Neis, P. & Zipf, A. (2012): Analyzing the Contributor Activity of a Volunteered Geographic Information Project – The Case of OpenStreetMap. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. Vol.1(2), pp.146-165. MDPI. DOI:10.3390/ijgi1020146 .
  • Steiger, E. Zipf, A.(2015): Erstellungs eines OSM Graphen mit TMC LCL Informationen In: Strobl, J., Blaschke, T., Griesebner, G. (Hrsg.): Angewandte Geoinformatik 2015. Berlin
  • Neis, P., Zielstra, D. & Zipf, A. (2012): The Street Network Evolution of Crowdsourced Maps - OpenStreetMap in Germany 2007-2011. Future Internet. Special Issue "NeoGeography and WikiPlanning" (Eds: B. Murgante, G. Borruso, M. Gibin), Vol.4, pp.1-21 (DOI 10.3390/fi4010001). ISSN 1999-5903.
  • Sun, Y., Fan, H., Bakillah, M. & Zipf, A. (2013): Road-based Travel Recommendation Using Geo-tagged Images. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems (CEUS). Elsevier.
  • Neis, P., Zielstra, D. & Zipf, A. (2013): Comparison of Volunteered Geographic Information Data Contributions and Community Development for Selected World Regions. Future Internet. Vol. 5, pp. 282-300.
  • Goetz, M. & Zipf, A. (2011): Formal Definition of an User-adaptive and Length-optimal Routing Graph for Complex Indoor Environments. Geo-spatial Information Science (GSIS). Vol.14(2). Springer.
  • John, S., Hahmann, S., Zipf, A. (2015): Automatisierte Ableitung des Gefälles von Straßen und Wegen aus OpenStreetMap GPS-Tracks. 59. Deutscher Kongress für Geographie (DKG 2015). Berlin, Germany. (accepted as presentation).
  • Neis, P. and Zipf, A. (2008): Generating 3D Focus Maps for the (mobile) Web - an interoperable approach. In: International Journal of Location Based Services (JLBS). Vol. 2, Issue 2.
  • Neis, P. and Zipf, A. (2007): Realizing Focus Maps with Landmarks using OpenLS Services. 4th International Symposium on LBS and Telecartography 2007. Hongkong.
  • Neis, P., A. Zipf, R. Helsper, Kehl, A. (2007): Webbasierte Erreichbarkeitsanalyse - Vorschläge zur Definition eines Accessibility Analsysis Service (AAS) auf Basis des OpenLS Route Service. REAL CORP 2007. Wien, Austria.
  • Schmitz S., Zipf A. and Neis P. (2008): New Applications based on Collaborative Geodata - the Case of Routing. XXVIII INCA International Congress on Collaborative Mapping and SpaceTechnology, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
  • Neis P. and A. Zipf (2008): LBS_2.0 - Realisierung von Location Based Services mit user-generated, collaborative erhobenen freien Geodata. In: J. Roth (Hrsg.): 5. GI/ITG KuVS Fachgespräch Ortsbezogene Anwendungen und Dienste, 4.-5. September 2008, Nürnberg. Sonderdruck Schriftenreihe der Georg-Simon-Ohm-Hochschule Nürnberg Nr. 42, ISSN 1867-5433
  • Schmitz, S., Zipf, A. and Pascal Neis (2008): Proposal to define common resources for OpenGIS Location Services. 5th International Symposium on LBS & TeleCartography. Salzburg. Austria.
  • Haase M., A. Zipf , P. Neis , V. de Camargo (2008): Interoperable Routing Services in the Context of Evacuation Schemes due to Urban Flooding. EnviroInfo 2008 Conference. Environmental Informatics and Industrial Ecology. Lueneburg, Germany.
  • Neis, P., Zipf, A (2008): is three times “Open”: Combining OpenSource, OpenLS and OpenStreetMaps. Accepted for: GIS Research UK (GISRUK 08). Manchester.
  • Brinkhoff,T., M. BERTLING, J. BIERMANN, T. GERVENS, R. KÖNIG, D. KÜMPER, P. NEIS, B. STOLLBERG, C. ROLFS, A. WEISER, J. WEITKÄMPER, A. ZIPF (2008): Offenes Katastrophenmanagement mit freiem GIS Zur interoperablen Kopplung von Leitstellensystem, mobilen Clienten und GDI mit Prozessierungsdiensten. AGIT 2008. Symposium für angewandte Geoinformatik. Salzburg. Austria.
  • Weiser, A., P. Neis, A. Zipf (2006): Orchestrierung von OGC Web Diensten im Katastrophenmanagement - am Beispiel eines Emergency Route Service auf Basis der OpenLS Spezifikation. In: GIS - Zeitschrift für Geoinformatik. 09/2006. pp. 35-41.
  • Neis, P. und Zipf, A. (2008): OpenStreetMap – Grundlagen und Potentiale der freien Wiki-Weltkarte. GIS Report 2008/2009. Harzer Verlag. Karlsruhe.
  • Neis, P. und Zipf, A. (2008): LBS 2.0 mit - die OpenGIS-konforme Routing-Plattform auf Basis der freien Geodaten von OpenStreetMap. GIS Report 2008/2009. Harzer Verlag. Karlsruhe.
  • Neis, P., A. Schilling, A. Zipf (2007): 3D Emergency Route Service (3D-ERS) based on OpenLS Specifications. GI4DM 2007. 3rd International Symposium on Geoinformation for Disaster Management. Toronto, Canada.
  • Neis, P., A. Zipf (2007): A Web Accessibility Analysis Service based on the OpenLS Route Service. AGILE 2007. International Conference on Geographic Information Science of the Association of Geograpic Information Laboratories for Europe (AGILE). Aalborg, Denmark.
  • Bauer, M., P. Neis, C. Weber, A. Zipf (2007): Kontextabhängige Landmarken für mobile 3D Navigationsanwendungen. In: 4. Fachgespräch: Ortsbezogene Anwendungen und Dienste. LMU München.