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Public-images-osm logo.svg man_made = pipeline
Trans-Alaska Pipeline.jpg
ガス、水、石油などを運ぶ主要なパイプラインです。 Show/edit corresponding data item.
グループ: 人工物
状態:承認Page for proposal


Help (89606) - The Noun Project.svg

pipeline キーは液体、気体、泥状の物質を運ぶために使われる主要なパイプラインに使います。パイプラインは地上にあったり、水中にあったり、地下にあったりすることがります。よくある種類にはガス、水、石油、泥漿(鉱物)、汚水などがあります。


ウェイ 以下のようなタグが man_made=pipeline と組み合わせて使用されます。:

  • name=* パイプラインの公式な名称です。
  • ref=* パイプラインに割り振られた短い識別子です。この値はパイプラインと標識を結びつけるものです。通常、標識にはこれらの識別子が書かれています。
  • location=* パイプラインの設置位置です:
location=* で取りうる値の一覧
キー 説明
location underground 地表から見えない地下に設置されたパイプラインです。
overground 地表にあり、その下を人や車両が通れないような低い場所に接地されたパイプラインです。
overhead 地上の、その下を人や車両が通れるような高いところに設置されたパイプラインです。可能ならば maxheight=*などのタグも併記します。高所に設置されたパイプラインが船舶の通行に影響する可能性がある場合 (運河や河川にかかっている場合など)、seamark:type=pipeline_overhead の使用も検討してください。
underwater 湖や河川など、陸地にある水域の水面下に設置されたパイプラインです。海に設置されたパイプラインの場合は、 Seamark のタグスキームを使用してください。

combine with layer=* if applicable.

  • diameter=* specifies the nominal diameter of the pipeline, in millimeters.
  • pressure=* specifies the nominal pressure within the pipeline, in bar.
  • count=* By design, some media require a pair (or more) of parallel pipelines, i.e. forward and return flow for heat pipelines. This tag specifies the number of pipelines running in parallel. Use this tag only if all pipelines run in parallel and have the same properties, like e.g. diameter. Otherwise, draw a separate way for each pipeline.
  • inspection_gauge=yes if the pipeline features a sender or receiver for an inspection gauge, use this tag on the section of the pipeline way where the sender/receiver is located.
  • place:origin=* specifies the place=* (town, city, ...) where the pipeline begins. If applicable, use the name as specified in the place=*'s name=* tag.
  • capacity=* specifies the capacity of the pipeline. free text, only for information, since the unit commonly used usually depends on the medium. i.e. barrels/day, m³/h, l/s
  • flow_direction=forward/backward/both use both to indicate that the medium within the pipeline may flow in both directions (loop configuration). use forward if the flow is in the direction of the pipeline way, backward otherwise.
  • substance=* the substance transported within the pipeline. If the medium is not known, do NOT specify this tag. (this tag replaces the former type=* tag).
  • usage=* closer classification of the network this pipeline belongs to:


usage=* で取りうる値の一覧
キー 説明
usage flowline pipelines delivering the medium from the well in the ground to the nearest field gathering station substation=field_gathering
gathering pipelines transporting the medium from gathering stations to the central processing station substation=central_processing
injection pipelines on oil & gas fields used to pump gas or water down the well to increase reservoir pressure
flare_header pipelines transporting gas to a flare stack
export pipelines transporting the medium from a field's central processing station to a pumping / compressor station along the main transmission network.
transmission pipelines, usually of large diameter and high pressure, transporting the medium over long distances.
facility pipeline network within a refinery or surrounding a compressor station or part of some other industrial facility
distribution network of pipes delivering the medium (usually from a substation=distribution) to customers (i.e. households), usually in municipalities
penstock pipe delivering water from a reservoir to turbines of a hydroelectric power plant

ノード the following tags can be used on nodes of the pipeline:

  • pipeline=marker if the marker plate contains no position=* information, it is assumed that it is positioned directly above the pipeline. in this case, tag the appropriate node on the pipeline as pipeline=marker (see below)
  • depth=* the vertical distance from the pipeline to the surface of the ground or sea, in meters.


use the Seamark tagging scheme for pipelines and installations at sea (over or under water), especially the CATPIP related ones. The transition between the OSM standard and the Seamark schemes takes place where the pipeline enters / leaves the sea.

This is also applicable for pipeline installations on land, which may affect commercial shipping (i.e. pipelines over canals etc.)


写真 主タグ 説明
IMG 1645.JPG pipeline=marker Marker indicating the path of an underground pipeline, mounted on poles, walls, pedestals etc. With different covers and colours.
Valve.jpg pipeline=valve Valves are elements located on pipelines to control the flow of the medium.
Pipeline Facility 1.jpg pipeline=substation Facilities required for pipeline operation.
Pipeline Measuring Point.jpg measurement=* Measurements taken in from pipelines.
man_made=flare 余ったガスを燃え尽きさせるために建設された塔です。

写真 タグ 備考
Pipeline Impressions 09.jpg man_made=pipeline
name=West 4 E1-VL Sektion 2
ref=4W 020000
(temporary) open end of the W4 pipeline during construction. already underground, but not yet buried.
Trans-Alaska Pipeline.jpg man_made=pipeline
name=Trans Alaska Pipeline
Trans Alaska Pipeline