Demolished Railway

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Railway tracks are gone, but physical remains are still present and it is OK to map them as railway=abandoned
Here, the railway is gone without any clearly identifiable trace in terrain. Its course is known from various documents, but such historic features are out of scope for OpenStreetMap, should not be mapped, and can be deleted if mapped. website comparing modern situation from past one when railway existed

The tags railway=razed, railway=dismantled and railway=historic are used to tag a former railway, where mostly all evidence of the line has been removed. None of those Tags are considered a standard by a majority of mappers, some even consider them to differ slightly in what they mean.

Most mappers follow a basic Good practice#Map what's on the ground principle, and therefore regard the mapping of non-existent railways as incorrect data placed in the OpenStreetMap database. On the wiki this is discussed at Talk:Railways#Abandoned railways where all evidence has been removed and multiple times on mailing lists, see for example [1]

If you can still see cutting=*, embankment=*, barrier=hedge_bank or highway=* on the old route use railway=abandoned instead!

Of the tags below, only railway=razed and railway=abandoned are rendered on OpenRailwayMap.

Overall, mapping such features is acceptable where some remains like embankments, remains of bridges, etc., remain, even if rails are gone. In locations where the railway has been replaced by new buildings and roads, the mapping of such features becomes out of scope for OpenStreetMap. Historical mapping can occur on Open Historical Map.

There is controversy as to what constitutes sufficient remains of a railway for mapping. Everyone agrees that overgrown railway rails remain mappable.

A borderline case may be where a railway was dismantled and replaced with a road of the same geometry.

What is sufficient to map a former railway

Mapping of completely non-existent railways is considered as out of scope for OSM. But railways can leave long-lasting traces and at least some mappers consider even small vestiges of rail as being sufficient for mapping very broadly.

Recognizable signs of a former railway include features such as terrain shape (cuttings and embankments), remaining characteristic ballast, and/or track ties. Some mappers consider more indirect traces such as buildings or road alignments as sufficient grounds for mapping a railway which has been removed.

In case of tagging features that are not immediately obvious for everyone consider using note=* and description=*.

Actual use

railway=abandoned railway=razed railway=dismantled railway=historic
The Wiki-Definition: Is a key to map former railways, where the rails have been removed but the route is still visible in some way. The Old-Wiki-Definition: Is a key to tag a former railway, where all evidence of the line has been removed. It may have been replaced by new buildings and roads that don't refer to the old alignment, or may have been returned to farmland. 2 The Old-Wiki-Definition: If it is impossible to guess the former route use railway=dismantled instead. 1 Note that (1) in case where it is impossible to guess the former route it is not mappable in OSM (2) some people used it in cases where railway=abandoned fits, so cannot be simply mass-removed/ A Wiki-Definition never existed. But there are historic=railway (On Page Historic) or historic=railway (on History-Map).

Other discussions

There are many.

General historic mapping:

See also