The place tag is used on a single node to mark the centre of a named settlement as well as on the whole area to mark its extent.
- See also: Places
Used to indicate that a particular location is known by a particular name, to indicate what sort of 'place' it is. A place tag should exist for every significant human settlements (city, town, suburb etc) and also for notable unpopulated but named places.
The simplest way to tag a places is to position a node at the recognised centre of the place which may be location of the town hall or central square or similar for a populated place. An alternative is to define a boundary for a place by creating an Area and tagging it with the place tag.
If you have a way of knowing the population (a free data source), the population=* tag typically goes alongside the place tag.
See below for the main tag values
|Administratively declared places|
|place||country||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=2|
|place||state||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.|
|place||region||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries. For natural regions other keys should be searched.|
|place||province||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.|
|place||district||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.|
|place||county||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.|
|place||municipality||See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; depending on the country a collection of arbitrary hamlets, villages and towns may form an administrative unit; sometimes members of a unit reform or join with another municipality as a result of political process. Within a municipality individual settlements are a lot less connected than those within a city, where they have grown connected over time.|
|Populated settlements, urban|
|place||city||The largest urban settlements in the territory, normally including the national, state and provincial capitals. These are defined by charter or other governmental designation in some territories and are a matter of judgement in others. Should normally have a population of at least 100,000 people and be larger than nearby towns. See place=suburb and place=neighbourhood on how to tag divisions within a city. The outskirts of urban settlements may or may not match the administratively declared boundary of the city.|
|place||borough||See boundary=administrative, depending on the country suburbs in larger cities are often grouped into administrative units called boroughs or city districts; using the value borough avoids name confusion in countries that declare districts within their states or counties.|
|place||suburb|| A distinct section of an urban settlement (city, town, etc.) with its own name and identity. e.g.
|place||quarter|| A named part of a bigger settlement where this part is smaller then a suburb and bigger then a neighbourhood. This does not have to be an administrative entity.
The term quarter is sometimes used synonymously for neighbourhood.
|place||neighbourhood|| A named part of a place=village, a place=town or a place=city. Smaller than place=suburb and place=quarter.
The term quarter is sometimes used synonymously for neighbourhood, but may also stand for borough or suburb and hence is often avoided in OSM. See Quarter_(urban_subdivision)
|Populated settlements, urban and rural|
|place||town||A second tier urban settlement of local importance, often with a population of 10,000 people and good range of local facilities including schools, medical facilities etc and traditionally a market. In areas of low population, towns may have significantly lower populations. See place=neighbourhood and possibly also place=suburb on how to tag divisions within a town.|
|place||village||A smaller distinct settlement, smaller than a town with few facilities available with people traveling to nearby towns to access these. Populations of villages vary widely in different territories but will nearly always be less than 10,000 people, often a lot less. See place=neighbourhood on how to tag divisions within a larger village.|
|place||hamlet||A smaller rural community typically with less than 100-200 inhabitants, few infrastructure.|
|place||isolated_dwelling||For a named settlement consisting of some two to three households in a secluded rural setting.|
|place||farm||A farm that has its own name. If the farm is not a part of bigger settlement use place=isolated_dwelling. See also landuse=farmyard|
|place||allotments||Dacha or cottage settlement, which is located outside other inhabited locality. This value is used mainly in Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union, where a lot of such unofficial settlements exist|
|place||continent||One of the seven continents: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America|
|place||archipelago||Identifies the relation of an archipelago, which contains several islands and islets.|
|place||island||Identifies the coastline of an island (> 1 km2), also consider place=islet for very small islands|
|place||islet||Identifies an islet (< 1 km2).|
|place||locality||For an unpopulated named place.|
|place||User Defined||All commonly used values according to Taginfo|
|population||Number||Number of inhabitants of the place. Among other things, it might be used in selecting which name to render at a given zoom level at what font size.|
|name||Text||To define the name of a place.|
|place_numbers||Number||Probably better to use the Karlsruhe Schema instead of this tag.|
|postal_code||Text||Probably better to use the Karlsruhe Schema instead of this tag.|
|reference_point||yes||Named landmarks used to identify locations (common in some countries).|
|is_in||Text||Optional. Rudimentary way to describe boundary hierarchies, e.g. place=suburb, name=Eccleshall, is_in=Sheffield,South Yorkshire,England,UK. If boundary polygons exist, it's usually not needed. Unless categorization is wrongly done by e.g. Nominatim.|
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