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Public-images-osm logo.svg healthcare:speciality
The speciality of a medical practitioner or a medical facility Show/edit corresponding data item.
Group: health
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesshould not be used on waysmay be used on areas (and multipolygon relations)should not be used on relations (except multipolygon relations)
Documented values: 83
See also
Status: approvedPage for proposal

The speciality of a medical practitioner (e.g. a Doctor) or a medical facility can be tagged using the key healthcare:speciality=*.

Most commonly this tag is used with healthcare=*, amenity=doctors, amenity=clinic or amenity=hospital to specify which kind of medical specialities are practiced by the doctors (physicians) at the facility.

It may also be used for the speciality of other medical practitioners, such as dentists, nurses, physiotherapists, psychologists, counselors, and so on.

Later on the page there are examples of how this tag is used with more specialized facilities, such as unusually kinds of clinic, specialities of psychotherapy and counseling, special types of laboratory, and kinds of alternative or complementary medicine.

If a medical practitioner or a medical facility covers several specializations, they could be separated by a semicolon (';') e.g. healthcare:speciality=general;geriatrics;gynaecology;paediatrics

Generally British English spelling and terminology is used, but database users should also be aware that some mappers may have used North American spelling, or translations from other languages.

Specialities of medical practitioners or other medical facilities

The speciality of a  medical practitioner (informal the doctor) or a medical facility can be tagged using the key healthcare:speciality=*. The following table shows values which could be used in connection with this key. The table was derived from the Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament on the recognition of professional qualifications [1] with additions from Wikipedia.

If a medical practitioner or a medical facility covers several specializations, they could be separated by a semicolon (';') e.g. healthcare:speciality=radiology;radiotherapy

healthcare:speciality=* Description (Wikipedia) United Kingdom United States
healthcare:speciality=allergology Allergology Allergology Allergy & Asthma
healthcare:speciality=anaesthetics Anaesthetics Anaesthetics Anesthesiology
healthcare:speciality=cardiology Cardiology Cardiology Cardiology
healthcare:speciality=cardiothoracic_surgery Cardiothoracic surgery Cardiothoracic surgery Cardiothoracic surgery
healthcare:speciality=child_psychiatry Child psychiatry Child and adolescent psychiatry Child and adolescent psychiatry
healthcare:speciality=community Community medicine / Public Health Public health medicine Community and Public health
healthcare:speciality=dermatology Dermatology Dermatology Dermatology
healthcare:speciality=dermatovenereology Dermato-venereology
healthcare:speciality=diagnostic_radiology Diagnostic radiology Clinical radiology Diagnostic radiology / Medical Imaging
healthcare:speciality=emergency Accident and emergency medicine Accident and emergency medicine Emergency Medicine
healthcare:speciality=endocrinology Endocrinology Endocrinology and Diabetes Mellitus Endocrinology and Diabetes Mellitus
healthcare:speciality=gastroenterology Gastroenterology Gastro-enterology Gastroenterology
healthcare:speciality=general general practitioner or general hospital
healthcare:speciality=geriatrics Geriatrics Geriatrics Geriatric Medicine
healthcare:speciality=gynaecology Obstetrics and Gynaecology Obstetrics and gynaecology Obstetrics and gynecology (OB/Gyn)
healthcare:speciality=haematology Haematology Haematology Hematology (Heme/Onc)
healthcare:speciality=hepatology Hepatology Hepatology Hepatology (Liver)
healthcare:speciality=infectious_diseases Infectious Disease / Communicable diseases Infectious diseases Infectious disease (ID)
healthcare:speciality=intensive Intensive-care medicine Intensive Care
healthcare:speciality=internal General (internal) medicine General(internal)medicine Internal Medicine (Internist)
healthcare:speciality=dental_oral_maxillo_facial_surgery Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
healthcare:speciality=neonatology Neonatology Pediatric branch for the newborn Neonatology
healthcare:speciality=nephrology Nephrology Renal medicine Nephrology
healthcare:speciality=neurology Neurology Neurology Neurology
healthcare:speciality=neuropsychiatry Neuropsychiatry
healthcare:speciality=neurosurgery Neurosurgery Neurosurgery Neurosurgery
healthcare:speciality=nuclear Nuclear medicine Nuclear medicine Not a clinical speciality
healthcare:speciality=occupational Occupational medicine Occupational medicine Occupational medicine
healthcare:speciality=oncology Oncology (cancer specialist) Oncology Oncology (Heme/Onc)
healthcare:speciality=ophthalmology Ophthalmology (vision/eye disorder) Ophthalmology Ophthalmology
healthcare:speciality=orthodontics Orthodontics (teeth alignment) Orthodontics Orthodontics
healthcare:speciality=orthopaedics Orthopaedics Trauma and orthopaedic surgery Orthopedic Surgery (Ortho)
healthcare:speciality=otolaryngology Otorhinolaryngology (ear, nose, throat disorder) Otolaryngology ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)
healthcare:speciality=paediatric_surgery Paediatric surgery Paediatric surgery Pediatric surgery
healthcare:speciality=paediatrics Paediatrics Paediatrics Pediatrics
healthcare:speciality=palliative Palliative care Palliative Care (Hospice)
healthcare:speciality=pathology Pathology Histopathology Pathology
healthcare:speciality=physiatry Physical medicine and rehabilitation Physical medicine and rehabilitation (Sports Medicine)
healthcare:speciality=plastic_surgery Plastic surgery Plastic surgery Reconstructive surgery / Cosmetic surgery
healthcare:speciality=podiatry Podiatry Podiatry Podiatry
healthcare:speciality=proctology Colorectal surgery Proctology Colorectal Surgery
healthcare:speciality=psychiatry Psychiatry General psychiatry Psychiatry
healthcare:speciality=pulmonology Respiratory medicine Respiratory Medicine Pulmonology
healthcare:speciality=radiology Radiology Radiology
healthcare:speciality=radiotherapy Radiotherapy
healthcare:speciality=rheumatology Rheumatology Rheumatology Rheumatology
healthcare:speciality=stomatology Stomatology
healthcare:speciality=surgery General surgery General surgery General surgery
healthcare:speciality=transplant Transplant surgery Transplant surgery
healthcare:speciality=trauma Trauma surgery Trauma surgery
healthcare:speciality=tropical Tropical medicine Tropical medicine Tropical medicine
healthcare:speciality=urology Urology Urology Urology
healthcare:speciality=vascular_surgery Vascular surgery Vascular surgery
healthcare:speciality=venereology Venereology (sexually transmitted diseases) Venereology Venereology

Specialities for amenity=hospital / healthcare=hospital

A hospital facility itself may have specializations that are better specified using healthcare:speciality=* than the healthcare=* tag. Instead of picking between healthcare=hospital and healthcare=rehabilitation, a more descriptive tagging scheme is to use healthcare=hospital + healthcare:speciality=rehabilitation.

A similar scheme can be used for clinics with healthcare=clinic.

value description
healthcare:speciality=rehabilitation  Rehabilitation hospital
healthcare:speciality=psychiatry  Psychiatric hospital

Specialities for amenity=clinic / healthcare=clinic

value description
healthcare:speciality=abortion  Abortion clinic
healthcare:speciality=fertility  Fertility clinic
healthcare:speciality=obstetric_ultrasonography Prenatal Ultrasound
healthcare:speciality=urgent Urgent care clinic
healthcare:speciality=vaccination Vaccination centre

Specialities for amenity=dentist / healthcare=dentist

value description
healthcare:speciality=endodontics  Endodontics
healthcare:speciality=implantology  Dental implant
healthcare:speciality=dental_oral_maxillo_facial_surgery  Oral and maxillofacial surgery
healthcare:speciality=orthodontics  Orthodontics
healthcare:speciality=paediatric_dentistry  Pediatric dentistry
healthcare:speciality=periodontics  Periodontology
healthcare:speciality=stomatology  Oral medicine

Specialities for healthcare=psychotherapist

Different schools and approaches of psychotherapy may be tagged using healthcare:speciality=*. May also be used for healthcare=doctor and other healthcare=*.

value description
healthcare:speciality=behavior  Behavior oriented psychotherapy
healthcare:speciality=body  Body oriented psychotherapy
healthcare:speciality=depth psychotherapy based on  Depth psychology, e.g.  Psychoanalysis
healthcare:speciality=humanistic psychotherapy based on  Humanistic psychology
healthcare:speciality=systemic  Systemic therapy
healthcare:speciality=* with user defined value psychotherapy that does not fit into the other categories, e.g.  Art therapy Note that inventing new values is also fine

Specialities for healthcare=laboratory

value description
healthcare:speciality=biology  Biology - non-specific
healthcare:speciality=biochemistry  Biochemistry
healthcare:speciality=blood_check  Blood test
healthcare:speciality=clinical_pathology  Clinical pathology

Specialities for healthcare=alternative

May also be used for healthcare=doctor and other healthcare=*.

Attention, the specialities here may be used additional to medical facilities.

But on its own the alternative healthcare cannot ensure proper and state-of-the-art healthcare.

Therefore, some people consider the tag healthcare:=* to be very misleading. Some of these practices can be dangerous to human health without having any actual health benefits.

value description
healthcare:speciality=acupuncture  Acupuncture
healthcare:speciality=anthroposophical  Anthroposophic medicine
healthcare:speciality=applied_kinesiology  Applied kinesiology
healthcare:speciality=aromatherapy  Aromatherapy
healthcare:speciality=ayurveda  Ayurveda
healthcare:speciality=body_stress_release  Body Stress Release
healthcare:speciality=chiropractic  Chiropractic
healthcare:speciality=halotherapy  Halotherapy as available in mineral salt rooms or mines, tunnels and caves (the latter referred to as "speleotherapy").
healthcare:speciality=herbalism  Herbalism (See also: shop=herbalist).
healthcare:speciality=homeopathy  Homeopathy
healthcare:speciality=hydrotherapy  Hydrotherapy
healthcare:speciality=hypnosis  Hypnosis
healthcare:speciality=nasal_irrigation  Nasal irrigation
healthcare:speciality=naturopathy  Naturopathy
healthcare:speciality=osteopathy  Osteopathy
healthcare:speciality=reflexology  Reflexology
healthcare:speciality=reiki  Reiki
healthcare:speciality=shiatsu  Shiatsu
healthcare:speciality=traditional_chinese_medicine  Traditional Chinese medicine
healthcare:speciality=tuina  Tuī ná
healthcare:speciality=unani  Unani medicine

See also