|amenity = hospital|
|A hospital providing in-patient medical treatment|
|Rendering in OSM Carto|
|Rendering in OSM Carto|
|Used on these elements|
|Status: de facto|
|Tools for this tag|
How to map
You add the name using the key name=*.
If you know whether or not the hospital in question is equipped to deal with emergencies - this is called A&E (accidents and emergencies) in the UK and ER (emergency room) in the US - then you can add emergency=* with a value of "yes" or "no" and, if applicable, a node at the emergency ward entrance with emergency=emergency_ward_entrance.
You may see the amenity=hospital tag on an area alongside a building=yes (or building=hospital tag), where there is a single building outline for the hospital, however the normal approach is draw an area enveloping the hospital grounds and one or more areas with building tags inside this area. It's quite common to have a large hospital campus with multiple buildings. Note that the buildings should not carry the amenity=hospital tag. One feature, one OSM element. One hospital, one area tagged amenity=hospital. This is in line with recommendations for other types of institution such as schools and universities.
Building entrances can be mapped with a node on the building outline, with the tag entrance=yes. Likewise an entrance to the grounds of the hospital might be mapped as a node with barrier=*. This node would also be part of a footway or service road from the main road network so that it is possible to route to the entrance of the hospital.
Tags to use in combination
- emergency=yes/no - whether the hospital offers emergency services
- operator=* - name of the organisation which operates the hospital
- operator:type=* - specifies if the operator is a community, religious, private, or government organisation
- beds=* - the total number of inpatient hospital beds
Mapping internal hospital structure
Hospitals may have complex structure that may be mappable. Hospital may be split into wards/clinics/departments/facilities/units/centers each limited to specific area. Sadly there is currently no good way to tag such features. University mapping suffers from a related problem.
Each part may have its own name, area, opening hours etc. In case of any bigger hospital it is also useful to tag them precisely to allow better navigation.
Some parts of such structure issues have good existing solutions:
- see emergency ward for the emergency ward and related features
- amenity=doctors - individual doctor's office
amenity=clinic is defined differently but is commonly used for parts of a hospital (wards/clinics/departments), especially in places where name of hospital segment is using word similar to "clinic".
Relation to healthcare=hospital tag
healthcare=hospital was introduced as part of a healthcare proposal and intentionally duplicates amenity=hospital. It is used by some with intention of replacing and deprecating amenity=hospital in the future. The plan is to
- Add healthcare=hospital to existing amenity=hospital objects
- Add support in at least prominent data consumers for also healthcare=hospital in addition to supporting amenity=hospital
- Remove support for amenity=hospital in data consumers and remove this tag from hospitals
- beds=* - to state the number of beds.
- emergency=emergency_ward_entrance - to mark the entrance to an emergency ward.
- For example "Klinika Hematologii Szpitala Uniwersyteckiego UJ"
- Proposed features/Healthcare
- tagging mailing list discussion about potential deprecation of healthcare=pharmacy and healthcare=hospital discussing their origin and purpose
- as of early 2020 JOSM is not including support for healthcare tag
- support for transition from author of the Vespucci
- Support in iD, including request to user to "upgrade tags" by adding healthcare=hospital
- Rejection of dropping support in iD