Nottingham Borough Council started building residential accomodation to rent in 1876 with Victoria Dwellings on Bath Street.
The next accommodation were semi-detached houses on ?? Street, Sherwood constructed just after WWI.
Thereafter the council embarked on a massive programme of construction of large council estates (and a limited amount of infill) which lasted until the completion of Clifton Estate by Wimpy in the mid-1950s. It is estimated that around 17,000 residential units were built over this period. The vast majority of them are extant.
Principal areas of between the wars & early post-WWII housing are:
- Stockhill estate.
- Wollaton Park estate. Many houses were 'Crane' houses built using pre-fabrication techniques.
- Penn Avenue. Built by Jesse Boot.
- Ainsley Estate.
- Broxtowe Estate. About 2000 properties.
- Bulwell Hall Estate.
- Strelley Estate.
- Bestwood Estate.
- Sneinton Dale Estate.
- Sherwood Estate.
- Clifton Estate. Mainly Wimpy No-fines structures. Original population around 20,000 so perhaps 5000 properties.
Standard pre-war houses
The bulk of housing constructed from the mid-1920s to the late 1940s was designed by T Cecil Howitt. Each specific design had a code and estates were built with a judicious mixture of the various designs. By far and away the commonest type were terraces of 4 houses: the smaller one with a one storey extension in the centre to provide more space around the door; the larger one with a passage through the centre of the middle two houses.
Catalogue of Housing Types
|Form||Units||Construction||Howitt/NCC Code||SK53 Code||Tags||Remarks|
|Bungalow||1||Crane House||Crane1D||Wollaton Park Estate Only|
|Bungalow||2||Crane House||Crane1S||Main type on Wollaton Park. Some may be brick|
|Terrace||4||Brick||T4NoPassage||Probably the commonest single housing group. A terrace of 4 2-bedroom houses, the middle two accessed through a small one-storey porch in the centre of the terrace. 2 chimney stacks.|
|Terrace||4||Brick||T4Passage||Slightly larger in form with a central arched passage through the centre of the block. 3 chimney stacks.|
|Semi||2||Brick||SCorner||building:levels=2||Three-bedroom semis, basically a steep pitched gable roof with separate gables for each house at the front. Very common on corner plots or in other places where a break in the flow of ordinary houses was needed. Usually completed in brick, but some earlier examples rendered, or (at least in Wollaton Park) tile-hung on 1st floor|
|Semi||2||Brick||B66||Semis with central gable, the gable end changing angle half-way up giving a 'flicked' out appearance.|
Basic tags which can be assigned directly to buiding outlines.
- roof:material=*. Nearly all houses have tiled roofs. The original tiles on Crane Houses are of a somewhat different type, closer to pan tiles than regular roof tiles, furthermore many of these houses have the original tiles replaced with a wide range of materials, including Marley Tiles and slate-effect tiles.
- building:material=*. Note this is the externally visible material, so usually either brick or render.
More elaborate tags which may require the addition of building_part polygons:
- Alex Ball, Nottingham’s Early Council Housing: ‘Nothing like this had been seen before in the city’ on Municipal Dreams blog.
- Municipal Dreams. Review of Chris Matthew's book (q.v.)
- Chris Matthews,
- Nottinghamshire Archives.
- Lenton Times. Crane Houses. The unique buildings of Wollaton Park Estate.