Nottingham/Buildings/Council Housing

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Nottingham Borough Council started building residential accomodation to rent in 1876 with Victoria Dwellings on Bath Street.

The next accommodation were semi-detached houses on ?? Street, Sherwood constructed just after WWI.

Thereafter the council embarked on a massive programme of construction of large council estates (and a limited amount of infill) which lasted until the completion of Clifton Estate by Wimpy in the mid-1950s. It is estimated that around 17,000 residential units were built over this period. The vast majority of them are extant.

Principal areas of between the wars & early post-WWII housing are:

  • Stockhill estate.
  • Wollaton Park estate. Many houses were 'Crane' houses built using pre-fabrication techniques.
  • Penn Avenue. Built by Jesse Boot.
  • Ainsley Estate.
  • Broxtowe Estate. About 2000 properties.
  • Bulwell Hall Estate.
  • Strelley Estate.
  • Bestwood Estate.
  • Sneinton Dale Estate.
  • Sherwood Estate.
  • Clifton Estate. Mainly Wimpy No-fines structures. Original population around 20,000 so perhaps 5000 properties.

Standard pre-war houses

The bulk of housing constructed from the mid-1920s to the late 1940s was designed by [W] T Cecil Howitt. Each specific design had a code and estates were built with a judicious mixture of the various designs. By far and away the commonest type were terraces of 4 houses: the smaller one with a one storey extension in the centre to provide more space around the door; the larger one with a passage through the centre of the middle two houses.

pre-war housing Perry Road, the group on left is design B59

Catalogue of Housing Types

Form Units Construction Howitt/NCC Code SK53 Code Tags Remarks
Bungalow 1 Crane House Crane1D Wollaton Park Estate Only
Bungalow 2 Crane House Crane1S Main type on Wollaton Park. Some may be brick
Terrace 4 Brick T4NoPassage Probably the commonest single housing group. A terrace of 4 2-bedroom houses, the middle two accessed through a small one-storey porch in the centre of the terrace. 2 chimney stacks.
Terrace 4 Brick T4Passage Slightly larger in form with a central arched passage through the centre of the block. 3 chimney stacks.
Typical 'twitchell' of Nottingham City Council houses
Terrace 4 Brick B59
Semi 2 Brick SCorner building:levels=2 Three-bedroom semis, basically a steep pitched gable roof with separate gables for each house at the front. Very common on corner plots or in other places where a break in the flow of ordinary houses was needed. Usually completed in brick, but some earlier examples rendered, or (at least in Wollaton Park) tile-hung on 1st floor
Semi 2 Brick B66 Semis with central gable, the gable end changing angle half-way up giving a 'flicked' out appearance.

Post-war Pre-fabricated Houses

Form Units Construction Howitt/NCC Code SK53 Code Tags Remarks
Semi 2 BISF (British Iron & Steel Federation), see [W] BISF house BISF2S Examples along Wigman Road
Wigman Road Houses
Semi 2 Tarran Newland TarranNewland2S Also in Bilborough

Tagging Approach

Basic tags which can be assigned directly to building outlines.

  • roof:material=*. Nearly all houses have tiled roofs. The original tiles on Crane Houses are of a somewhat different type, closer to pan tiles than regular roof tiles, furthermore many of these houses have the original tiles replaced with a wide range of materials, including Marley Tiles and slate-effect tiles.
  • building:levels=*.
  • building:material=*. Note this is the externally visible material, so usually either brick or render.

More elaborate tags which may require the addition of building_part polygons:

Further Reading