|historic = monument|
|A memorial object, which is especially large, built to remember, show respect to a person or group of people or to commemorate an event.|
|Rendering in openstreetmap-carto|
|Used on these elements|
|Status: de facto|
|Tools for this tag|
A memorial object, which is especially large (one can go inside, walk on or through it) or very tall (see the examples), built to remember, show respect to a person or group of people or to commemorate an event.
are often built in homage to past or present political/military leaders or religious figures/deities.
Warning: this tag is commonly misused, please look at the warnings section!
How to map
Tags to use in combination
- name=* - the name of the monument
- historic:civilization=* - the civilization (culture) that created the monument.
- height=* - height.
- material=* - building material.
- architect=* - architect name.
- start_date=* - inauguration date.
- wikidata=* - the ID of the specific Wikidata item about the monument. (if any).
- commemorates:wikidata=* - the ID of the Wikidata item about the person, group, or event, commemorated.
- heritage=* - if the building is recognized as being of historic value by an authority.
- historic=memorial - Much like a monument, but smaller. Might range from a WWII memorial to a simple plate on a wall.
- man_made=obelisk - Tall, narrow, four-sided, tapering monument which usually ends in a pyramid-like shape at the top.
- tourism=artwork for public art
- If the building commemorates nothing then you should use another value of the historic=* (see "Historical objects") or use historic=yes.
- If it commemorates something/somebody and one can't tell it's "monumental" in size then it shouldn't be tagged as a monument but as a historic=memorial.
- Don't trust the names:
- In many countries this tag is very disruptive because the words "historic" and "monument" are associated to designate a national heritage building. It's true for France, Morocco, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, Spain and certainly other countries. This leads to errors : people use this tag to map heritage objects that commemorate nothing.
You can check the inappropriate use of "historic=monument" with the tool "CheckTheMonuments" and correct the errors if you have the knowledge about the objects.
- The size matters for the determination of a "monument" in OpenStreetMap
With the height it could be interesting to look at the width and the area occupied.
A "monument" may not be necessarily very high but still monumental if we take into account its other dimensions.
- For natural monuments use denotation=natural_monument
You'll find below some objects that are really "monuments" as described in OpenStreetMap.
The height is specified in meters (without the pedestal for statues).
Definition in other languages.