From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Available languages — Tag:place=suburb
Afrikaans Alemannisch aragonés asturianu azərbaycanca Bahasa Indonesia Bahasa Melayu Bân-lâm-gú Basa Jawa Baso Minangkabau bosanski brezhoneg català čeština dansk Deutsch eesti English español Esperanto estremeñu euskara français Frysk Gaeilge Gàidhlig galego Hausa hrvatski Igbo interlingua Interlingue isiXhosa isiZulu íslenska italiano Kiswahili Kreyòl ayisyen kréyòl gwadloupéyen kurdî latviešu Lëtzebuergesch lietuvių magyar Malagasy Malti Nederlands Nedersaksies norsk norsk nynorsk occitan Oromoo oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча Plattdüütsch polski português română shqip slovenčina slovenščina Soomaaliga suomi svenska Tiếng Việt Türkçe Vahcuengh vèneto Wolof Yorùbá Zazaki српски / srpski беларуская български қазақша македонски монгол русский тоҷикӣ українська Ελληνικά Հայերեն ქართული नेपाली मराठी हिन्दी অসমীয়া বাংলা ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ગુજરાતી ଓଡ଼ିଆ தமிழ் తెలుగు ಕನ್ನಡ മലയാളം සිංහල ไทย မြန်မာဘာသာ ລາວ ភាសាខ្មែរ ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ አማርኛ 한국어 日本語 中文(简体)‎ 吴语 粵語 中文(繁體)‎ ייִדיש עברית اردو العربية پښتو سنڌي فارسی ދިވެހިބަސް
Public-images-osm logo.svg place = suburb
A part of a town or city with a well-known name and often a distinct identity. Edit or translate this description.
Group: Places
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesshould not be used on waysmay be used on areasshould not be used on relations
Useful combination
See also
Status: in use

Use place=suburb to identify a major area in a place=town or place=city with a distinct and recognised local name and identity. Suburbs may have uncertain boundaries, may overlap with other suburbs, and are often best mapped using a node.

For areas within a suburb, the tag place=neighbourhood will usually be used. If necessary, place=quarter may be used for an area of a large settlement which is smaller than a suburb and larger than a neighbourhood.


  • OSM's usage of 'suburb' is different than that used by North American English, where a suburb is "an area, often residential, outside of a central city". Often these suburbs are distinct settlements and will be tagged as place=village, place=town, or place=city, depending on factors such as population.
  • The classification of an area as a suburb is based on its size and situation rather than by any clues given in its name. For example, the Lake City area in Seattle (node 150938688) should be tagged as a 'suburb' and not as a 'city' since it is a large area within a major city.

How to Map

  • As a Node: Place a node at the centre of the suburb tagged with place=suburb and identify it with a name=*.
  • Alternatively a suburb can be identified with a closed way or relation if the boundary is clearly defined. In this case a type=boundary relation is often used. It is recommended to also map the center of the place=suburb with a node for use by routing applications.

Things to avoid

Some mappers are of the view that areas of a town/city should not be tagged with place=town, place=village or place=hamlet, and that these should only be used for distinct settlements. However, this is not universally accepted practice.

In circumstances where two towns run into each other it may be appropriate to tag each as a town if they have distinct and separate administrative structures.

See also

  • place=neighbourhood for a specific area within a place=suburb
  • place=quarter for areas smaller than a suburb and larger than a neighbourhood
  • is_in=* - describes a hierarchy where the suburb is located, the is_in concept is not needed if the city/town that the suburb is in has a defined boundary way (see Key:place). For a suburb, is_in can be useful to indicate that the suburb 'belongs to' a town/city that is not strictly the closest town/city. E.g. the suburb West Bank has is_in:town to indicate that it is a suburb of Widnes rather than the geographically closer Runcorn, which is across the river.