From OpenStreetMap Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Public-images-osm logo.svg route = piste
Snowshoe trail.jpg
Route of a winter sports piste for skiing, snowshoeing, sledding, etc. Show/edit corresponding data item.
Group: sports
Used on these elements
should not be used on nodesmay be used on waysshould not be used on areasmay be used on relations
Useful combination
Status: approvedPage for proposal

A route relation with the subtype route=piste can be used to combine the ways that make a piste used for winter sports such as down-hill skiing, snow-shoeing, or XC-skiing. The exact type of this piste route is specified with piste:type=*.

Simple pistes can be mapped as ways tagged with piste:type=*.

Longer pistes often consist of multiple different (snow covered) ways that have various types, surfaces and uses in summer time. In some cases, the same way is shared by multiple pistes. In almost all cases, every underlying way has a different name than the piste. A Relation:route can be used to combine all relevant ways into a continuous route for the piste.


The tag route=ski is similar, but its use is limited to pistes with piste:type=nordic/downhill. Routes associated with skiing but also other winter sports like snowshoe trails, sledding pistes, or ski tours can use route=piste. This tag is more consistent with the Piste Maps Proposal, and proposes to use the key piste:type=* for any winter sports.


Members of the Relation:route of a piste may have (among others) the following roles:

Way or Node Role Recurrence? Comment
way (blank) zero or more the ways making up the route.
way forward/backward zero or more if a piste should only be followed in one direction for some or all of its length, the "role" can indicate this for some or all of the constituent ways.
"forward" means the route follows this way only in the direction of the way
"backward" means the route runs only against the direction of the way
way link zero or more a way for the sole purpose of linking this route to the rest of a the network but not a primary part of this route itself.
way shortcut/variant zero or more shortcuts and variants
node start zero or more entry points

Tags in Relation:route

Key Value Comment
type route type of the relation (mandatory)
route piste type of the route relation (mandatory)
piste:type downhill, nordic, sled, hike, snow_park etc. type of piste (mandatory)
name name name of the piste
ref number reference code for the piste
operator name organization that is responsible for the provision and maintenance of the route
network name name of the network of routes of which this one is part
description text brief additional information to assist someone intending to follow the route
distance number official length of the complete route; default unit km
colour colour colour normally associated with the route when presented on a map. Usually, depending on difficulity and/or purpose; e. g. links often carry a dedicated color.
symbol text textual description
osmc:symbol Code machine readable description
website url url of a website with additional information

Tags for the associated ways

These tags (among others) are properties of the underlying ways (i.e. elements of the relation):


  • relation 1180705 - Snowshoe trail Col du Mollendruz - Châtel
  • relation 1180278 - Snowshoe trail Le Molard
  • relation 1180878 - Snowshoe trail Montbrion
  • relation 1183548 - Snowshoe trail and ski tour Gd St Bernard
  • relation 1184156 - Ski run Tscholaire
  • way 33361888 - Road segment that is part of the piste routes of a snowshoe trail, a ski tour and a ski run

See also