| Greece, Europe|
|latitude: 38.310, longitude: 24.489|
|Browse map of Greece 38°18′36.00″ N, 24°29′20.40″ E|
|Use this template for your city|
Greece is a country in Europe at latitude 38°18′36.00″ North, longitude 24°29′20.40″ East.
|OpenStreetMap images (and underlying map data) are freely available under OpenStreetMap License.|
WANTED: a healthy and thriving community of Greek road fans and mappers from Greece and all corners of the world. Enquire below:
- Forum: https://forum.openstreetmap.org/viewforum.php?id=27 (use your OpenStreetMap account to login).
- IRC: irc://irc.oftc.net/osm-gr
- Mailing list: https://lists.openstreetmap.org/listinfo/talk-gr
- Telegram group: https://t.me/osmgr
People mapping in Greece can add their user page to Category:Users in Greece
Greek is the official language of Greece, written in the Greek alphabet. By default:
- name=* is for the Greek name (e.g. Ελλάδα)
- name:el=* is also for the Greek name, optional but encouraged for sake of completeness
- name:en=* is for the English name etc
- int_name=* is for the Latin transliteration (transcription)*
- official_name=* is for the long Greek name (e.g. Αποκεντρωμένη Διοίκηση Πελοποννήσου, Δυτικής Ελλάδας και Ιονίου, as opposed to just Πελοποννήσου, Δυτικής Ελλάδας και Ιονίου).
*Transcription to the Latin alphabet must be according to ISO 843 type 2 (see ISO 843, first page-second column and read the notes).
See Multilingual names.
In Greece, city blocks (Οικοδομικό Τετράγωνο or for sort Ο.Τ.) of each municipality get a number. They should be mapped as an area with -Tag:place=city_block.
City blocks are grouped into Urban Unit (Πολεοδομική Ενότητα) which in most causes (1) correspond to one neighborhood. (2)Some neighorhoods (see in Athens) are divided into multiple Urban Units with the same name (Ampelokipoi I, Ampelokipoi II Greek: Αμπελόκηποι Α, Αμπελόκηποι Β etc). (3)Some urban units include many neighborhoods (Plaka-Monastiraki Greek Πλάκα-Μοναστηράκι). Urban units should be mappedas an area as Tag:place=neighbourhood where as name we put the short name in Greek for example Φλoίσβος and we add a node with Tag:place=neighbourhood in each neighborhood the urban block includes; In the first case (1) we put the node on the center of the urban unit. In the second case (2) we place the node in the center of the two units. In the third case (3) we place the node in the place of each neighborhood within the urban unit.
In large Greek municipalities, urban units are grouped into urban districts (Συνοικίες) which correspond to a suburb. The should me mapped as an area with as Tag:place=suburb and a node with Tag:place=suburb should be placed in the middle.
Since 2011 (and still in 2018), Greece is administratively divided into:
- 7 decentralized administrations (αποκεντρωμένες διοικήσεις) and 1 autonomous monastic state (αυτόνομη μοναστική πολιτεία);
- 13 regions or peripheries (περιφέρειες), which are now administrative divisions, but previously grouped (only territorially) the former 54 prefectures or nomes (νομός); the autonomous monastic state is not subvided into regions;
- 74 regional units (περιφερειακή ενότητα), which are territorial (not administrative) subdivisions of regions: they replaced 45 of the 54 former prefectures, but 19 regional units were created by subdividing 9 of the 54 former prefectures (the 2 most populated former prefectures, or 7 former prefectures that were covering distant islands); the autonomous monastic state was not subvided into regional units;
- 325 municipalities (δήμοι); they are further territorially (but no longer administratively) subdivided into municipal units (the former municipalities which were grouped into the new larger municipalities), themselves further subdivided into community (the former municipal districts). Municipalities with over 100000 citizens are divided into municipal units.
|Admin level||Administrative division||NUTS level|
|3||autonomous monastic state
αυτόνομη μοναστική πολιτεία
|5||region (or periphery)
|6||regional unit / former prefecture
περιφερειακή ενότητα / πρώην νομόςπ
|8||municipal unit / former municipality/ municipal district (for municipalities over 100000 citizens)
δημοτική ενότητα / πρώην δήμος/ δημοτικό διαμέρισμα (δήμοι άνω των 100000 κατοίκων)
|9||community / former municipal district
κοινότητα / πρώην δημοτικό διαμέρισμα
- Macedonia - Thrace (Αποκεντρωμένη Διοίκηση Μακεδονίας - Θράκης) :
- Epirus - West Macedonia (Αποκεντρωμένη Διοίκηση Ηπείρου - Δυτικής Μακεδονίας) :
- Thessaly - Central Greece (Αποκεντρωμένη Διοίκηση Θεσσαλίας - Στερεάς Ελλάδας) :
- Peloponnese, West Greece and Ionian Sea (Αποκεντρωμένη Διοίκηση Πελοποννήσου, Δυτικής Ελλάδας και Ιονίου) :
- Attica (Αποκεντρωμένη Διοίκηση Αττικής) :
- Aegean (Αποκεντρωμένη Διοίκηση Αιγαίου) :
- Crete (Αποκεντρωμένη Διοίκηση Κρήτης) :
Highways in Greece
|osm tag||road class||ref||description|
|Old National Highway
(Παλαιά Εθνική Οδός)
- E-roads (in Greece)
- Motorways (includes toll tagging information)
- National Highway Network
- Provincial Road Network
From 21 August 2017, Bing, DigitalGlobe, Esri and Mapbox satellite imagery will all be acceptable for nearly all of Greece. All are useful for tracing routes to "isolated" villages and so on, but please respect subsequent developments, because satellite imagery can easily go out of date.
You can easily access satellite imagery from the three providers with iD, JOSM and Potlatch 2. If you used JOSM for a long time, you may have to add the desired satellite imagery manually, via the Preferences menu.
As with all imagery sources in the world, terrain can distort the imagery, making roads appear to deviate from the GPS traces, although GPS traces are not always accurate: sometimes, the scale of deviation can change rapidly. In such cases, the editor should realign the imagery accordingly, but consider the quality and age of the GPS trace as well.
How much you need to realign the imagery will vary by location, firstly because of the frequent updates to the imagery, and also because Greece sits on two tectonic plates (Aegean Sea and Eurasia): both are moving south-west and south respectively, at variable speeds roughly between 7 to 37 millimetres per year.
okxe.gr (web page of the former provides us with JOSM layers and detailed road maps
We can add the layers in JOSM, under imagery preferences, and then choose the road network map layer (or any other layer we want).
The web version of the road network map, based on the classification by the Directorate of Road Infrastructure (ΔΜΕΟ), can be found here.
Road numbers and names (based on published official documents), although helpful, they do come with some issues (multiple roads with same ref, old names, new sections, roads completely missing, lack of continuity, etc.) and should not be taken too literally. Corrections to easily overlooked errors can be explained with note:highway=*. For example, note:highway=Although OKXE shows this as ΠΕΟ1, this would have left an unacceptable gap between ΕΟ8 and ΕΟ54 ….