Talk:Canadian tagging guidelines
Discuss Canadian tagging guidelines:
- 1 Proposed new guidelines
- 2 Speed Limits
- 3 Dual numbers
- 4 Can someone translate into rural terms?
- 5 Mapping of Prov/Nat Parks, Warden stations, etc.?
- 6 Bus Stop Tagging
- 7 City subdivisions
- 8 Tagging houses with the same housenumber, but different "units"
- 9 Bicycle/pedestrian on motorway
- 10 Saints in street names in Ontario
Proposed new guidelines
Suggested by Dshpak based on conversations with srw, jrreid, and Burgundavia on #osm.
- Motorway: Controlled access highways (all of them).
- Trunk: National Highway System core highways. See:
- Primary, secondary, tertiary: Provincial highways. Exact usage varies from province to province.
All highways get a ref tag giving their highway number. Highways can also have a surface tag, with values paved and unpaved.
- Unclassified: Rural roads that are not provincial or national highways.
- Secondary, tertiary: Major urban roads that are not part of the highway system
- Residential: Residential roads
- Unclassified: All other named urban roads
- Service: Back lanes, alleys.
- Track: Small roads in parks, dirt trails in fields, etc. Speed limits are probably 30 km/h or less; roads may be maintained privately.
All urban streets get a name tag. This includes numbered streets (name=11th Street North).
- Motorway is defined as restricted access by OSM. That's what it's for.
- Likewise residential -- this one's obvious.
- I feel that the national highway system deserves special treatment, as the core cross-Canada road network.
- Within each province, there is a definite need for at least two classes of provincial highway. These cannot be defined at a national level, since highway systems vary from province to province.
- Two classes are also needed for major urban roads, as each city tends to have major arteries that stand apart from the other major roads.
- The two different definitions of secondary and tertiary (provincial highway vs. major urban road) can be distinguished by the presence of a ref tag.
User:Dshpak - 05:17, 4 June 2007
Can we classify streets based on their speed limits? 80km/h = secondary, 50km/h = tertiary, etc.. User:Bcrosby - 16:34, 28 February 2008
How should highways with multiple numbers be tagged? An example: Quebec hwy 40/73 near Quebec City. Autoroute Laurentienne (hwy 73 north of Quebec City) is also classified as number 175, where it is still a motorway, but 175 (and any other number in the 100 range) is normally not used for highways.
-- User:Fsteggink - 02:42, 14 May 2008
Can someone translate into rural terms?
I'm a first-time contributor doing some tracing in Renfrew County. Can anyone tell me which classification to use for county and township roads? Is the right place to ask? Thanks. Padraic 18:03, 13 July 2008 (UTC)
User:Padraic 18:03, 13 July 2008
Mapping of Prov/Nat Parks, Warden stations, etc.?
As I have just returned from a 4 week long holiday-trip to Canada and mapped most of my moves with GPS, I would like to put this now on OSM. Are there any suggestions on how to map national and provincional parks? Would suggest 'leisure:park' besides an name tag (e.g. 'Banff National Park'). In addition, I would as well like to document campgrounds and picnic/rest areas, which are pretty obvious (tourism:camp_site/caravan_site/picnic_site) but how about Warden stations: would you use tourism:information although this is not exactly correct? --Danboss 13:21, 4 August 2008 (UTC)
Bus Stop Tagging
Is it possible to start up a discussion about tagging standards for municipal bus stops? Canada:Manitoba:Winnipeg has started a discussion, but I'd like to see something standardized across the country.
User:Acinom 21:57, 7 June 2009
...... (this is the stuff from the old page & should be condensed and added into the main page) --acrosscanadatrails 00:57, 26 March 2010 (UTC) For specific provincial tagging, see the list on the Canadian tagging guidelines page.
- See Map Features for most everything else.
User:Acrosscanadatrails is adjusting this chart to become Canadian Specific, because it merges with Canadian Highway tags. He will add it in. (will need to notify the creator of the previous page to help edit, so for now it stays on this page)
Highway Tagging In Canada
|highway||motorway||A restricted access major divided highway, normally with 2 or more running lanes plus emergency hard shoulder.
|highway||motorway_link||The link roads (sliproads / ramps) leading to and from a motorway. Normally with the same motorway restrictions. ..|
|highway||trunk||Important roads that aren't motorways. Typically maintained by central, not local government. Need not necessarily be a divided highway.
|highway||trunk_link||The link roads (sliproads / ramps) leading to and from a trunk road. ..||FIXME|
|highway||primary||All primary provincial highways, former Trans-Canada routes, and other major long-distance roads|
|highway||primary_link||The link roads (sliproads / ramps) leading to and from a primary road.|
|highway||secondary||In rural areas, these are roads of importance that are built to lower standards than primary roads. In urban areas, most main grid roads are tagged like this.|
|highway||tertiary||In rural areas:
In urban areas:
|highway||unclassified||No administrative classification. Unclassified roads typically form the lowest form of the interconnecting grid network.
Note: This is not a marker for roads where we still need to choose a highway tag (see highway=road).
|highway||road||A road of unknown classification. This is intended as a temporary tag to mark a road until it has been properly surveyed. Once it has been surveyed, the classification should be updated to the appropriate value.|
|highway||residential||roads accessing or around residential areas but which are not a classified or unclassified highway.|
|highway||living_street||a street where pedestrians have priority over cars, children can play on the street, maximum speed is low. In the UK this is called "Home Zone".|
|highway||service||generally for access to a building, motorway service station, beach, campsite, industrial estate, business park, etc. This is also commonly used for access to parking and trash collection. Sometimes called an alley, particularly in the US.|
|highway||track||roads for agricultural use, gravel roads in the forest etc.; usually unpaved/unsealed but may occasionally apply to paved tracks as well, see discussion of "tracktype" below.
|highway||pedestrian||For Roads , i.e. mainly/exclusively for pedestrians /Shopping Areas. Also for tagging squares and plazas, therefore add area=yes.|
|highway||services||A service station to get food and eat something, often found at motorways.
|highway||bus_guideway||A busway that is side guided "rails like", not suitable for other traffic. Please note: This is not a normal bus lane, use access=no, psv=yes instead!|
|highway||path||A non-specific or shared-use path.
|highway||cycleway||Shortcut for highway=path bicycle=designated -> For designated cycleways, i.e. mainly/exclusively for bicycles. If pedestrians are allowed as well, you can indicate this by adding a foot=yes or foot=designated tag as appropriate.|
|highway||footway||Shortcut for highway=path foot=designated -> For designated footpaths, i.e. mainly/exclusively for pedestrians. This includes walking tracks and gravel paths. If bicycles are allowed as well, you can indicate this by adding a bicycle=yes tag.
|highway||bridleway||Shortcut for highway=path horse=designated -> For horses, (in the UK, these are rights of way for pedestrians, horse-riders and cyclists).
|highway||byway||An unmade path/track which usually allows vehicles as well as foot, horse and cycle traffic (in the UK, there are byways which allow motor vehicles, and restricted byways which allow non-mechanically propelled vehicles)
|highway||steps||For flights of steps on footways.
|highway||mini_roundabout||Very small roundabouts only, larger ones should be junction=roundabout. In the UK, mini-roundabouts have a circular sign with a blue background, instead of the usual triangular sign|
|highway||stop||A stop sign|
|highway||traffic_signals||Lights that control the traffic|
|highway||crossing||Pedestrians can cross a street here - e.g. zebra crossing.
|highway||gate||* Remember to close the gate. A courtesy, and a recomendation by the land owner and the local trails association.
|highway||stile||Allow pedestrians to cross a wall or fence.
|highway||cattle_grid||Bars in the road surface that allow wheeled vehicles but not animals to cross. Sometimes known as a Texas Gate, even outside of Texas.
|highway||toll_booth||A road usage toll or fee is collected here|
|highway||incline||slope or hill, may encounter slow moving trucks. Corresponding proposal Proposed_features/Incline was rejected!|
|highway||incline_steep||Just as incline, only steeper. Corresponding proposal Proposed_features/Incline was rejected!|
|highway||ford||The road crosses a stream or river, vehicles must enter the water node.
|highway||bus_stop||A small bus stop. Larger stations should be tagged as amenity=bus_station instead.|
|highwayTODO: check||turning_circle||A Turning circle is a rounded, widened area usually, but not necessarily, at the end of a road to facilitate easier turning of a vehicle.
|construction||User Defined||Any linear highway object may be added, e.g. construction=motorway. Use with highway=construction|
|junction||roundabout||This automatically implies oneway=yes, the oneway direction is defined by the sequential ordering of nodes within the Way. This applies on a way, tagged with highway=* already.|
|highway||motorway_junction||Indicates a numbered exit from the mainline. Can also be used on non-freeway roads.|
|traffic_calming||yes||To tag road features that are designed to slow down traffic in residential areas.|
|traffic_calming||User Defined||See Tagwatch or Key:traffic_calming for more used values.|
This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.
How to subdivide cities?
A couple of us have started mapping boundaries for neighbourhoods in Winnipeg. Winnipeg is subdivided by several schemes:
- Winnipeg City > Community committees > Wards > Neighbourhoods
- Winnipeg City > Community areas > Neighbourhood clusters > Neighbourhoods
- Winnipeg Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) > Winnipeg Census Division no. 11 (Winnipeg CA) > Census tracts > Census dissemination areas
- Provincial electoral divisions > polls
- Federal electoral districts > polls
There are also school divisions, community centre catchments, and probably more.
Winnipeg also has some unique designated areas, which may or may not share boundaries with the neighbourhood system: Downtown (per Downtown Zoning By-Law 100/2004), the Inner City (defined by the Core Area Initiative), the Exchange District (a National Historic Site of Canada),
There are also traditional and commonly-used names, which don't correspond to any current political or administrative boundaries. These include Osborne Village (not the same as the Osborne neighbourhood), Norwood Flats (officially Norwood West neighbourhood), West Kildonan (a former city, whose name appears in the larger Lord Selkirk–West Kildonan community committee and the smaller West Kildonan Industrial neighbourhood) etc.
In Winnipeg's case, the wards, being represented by city councillors, are the most important local political subdivision. But the scheme of community areas and neighbourhoods is probably the most useful for navigation, because it includes most commonly-used names of suburbs and neighbourhoods.
Which of these should be mapped? Should we stick to admin_level 9 and 10, or also use 11 to capture all of the levels? Should we map the overlapping schemes, or just choose one? Should every neighbourhood be mapped, or be selected (many of Winnipeg's industrial neighbourhoods are named for convenience, but the names are seldom used)?
- Please consider reading and contributing to the Neighborhood article and associated talk page. Most likely we should create a new value for the place=* key. -- Joshdoe 12:54, 18 April 2011 (BST)
Tagging houses with the same housenumber, but different "units"
It seems that many contributors are struggling with tagging areas where buildings share the same house number (like 590 Battle Street), but with distinct units (52-590 Battle street, which means that this is at 590 Battle Street, unit 52).
I think it may be useful to remind it on the Canadian tagging guidelines: the best way to tag these addresses is by adding addr:unit=52. In fact, people tend to tag with the renderer in mind, but it's not what should be done. (discussion here: https://help.openstreetmap.org/questions/39962/how-to-tag-block-of-apartments-with-units
Bicycle/pedestrian on motorway
I would like to add recommendation to explicitely tag access=* on highway=motorway which allow pedestrian/bicycles. highway=motorway implies access=no and not every candian highway=motorway is only motor_vehicle=yes.--Jojo4u (talk) 19:52, 17 September 2015 (UTC)
Saints in street names in Ontario
I have started a discussion about "St." in street names like "St. Clair Avenue". I am suggesting that contrary to current practice in Toronto (at least), it should not be expanded to "Saint Clair" if city documents and other official sources do not expand it. Please see https://lists.openstreetmap.org/pipermail/talk-ca/2019-March/009179.html for the message including some reasoning and examples, and follow links in https://lists.openstreetmap.org/pipermail/talk-ca/2019-March/thread.html#9179 for follow-ups. Please feel free to respond on the mailing list or here, I can forward your comments here to mailing list if you wish.