Map features

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OpenStreetMap represents physical features on the ground (e.g., roads or buildings) using tags attached to its basic data structures (its nodes, ways, and relations). Each tag describes a geographic attribute of the feature being shown by that specific node, way or relation.

OpenStreetMap's free tagging system allows the map to include an unlimited number of attributes describing each feature. The community agrees on certain key and value combinations for the most commonly used tags, which act as informal standards. However, users can create new tags to improve the style of the map or to support analyses that rely on previously unmapped attributes of the features. Short descriptions of tags that relate to particular topics or interests can be found using the feature pages.

Most features can be described using only a small number of tags, such as a path with a classification tag such as highway=footway, and perhaps also a name using name=*. But, since this is a worldwide, inclusive map, there can be many different feature types in OpenStreetMap, almost all of them described by tags.

For details of more tags and proposed changes to existing tags see proposed features, inactive features and deprecated features. If you do not find a suitable tag in this list then feel free to make something suitable up as long as the tag values will be verifiable. Over time, you may find that the tag name is changed to fit with some wider consensus. However, many good tags were used first and documented later. For the latest updates of tagging schemes see Changelog.

Primary features


This is used to tag different forms of transportation for people or goods by using aerial wires. For example these may include cable-cars, chair-lifts and drag-lifts. See the page Aerialway for more information on the usage of these tags.

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These are mainly related to aerodromes, airfields other ground facilities that support the operation of airplanes and helicopters. See the page Aeroways for an introduction on mapping these features.

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Used to map facilities used by visitors and residents. For example: toilets, telephones, banks, pharmacies, cafes, parking and schools. See the page Amenities for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Carto rendering Photo


amenity bar node area Bar is a purpose-built commercial establishment that sells alcoholic drinks to be consumed on the premises. They are characterised by a noisy and vibrant atmosphere, similar to a party and usually don't sell food. See also the description of the tags amenity=pub;bar;restaurant for a distinction between these.
amenity biergarten node area Biergarten or beer garden is an open-air area where alcoholic beverages along with food is prepared and served. See also the description of the tags amenity=pub;bar;restaurant. A biergarten can commonly be found attached to a beer hall, pub, bar, or restaurant. In this case, you can use biergarten=yes additional to amenity=pub;bar;restaurant.
Hofbräukeller Arkaden.JPG
amenity cafe node area Cafe is generally an informal place that offers casual meals and beverages; typically, the focus is on coffee or tea. Also known as a coffeehouse/shop, bistro or sidewalk cafe. The kind of food served may be mapped with the tags cuisine=* and diet:*=*. See also the tags amenity=restaurant;bar;fast_food.
Klagenfurt Wörthersee Strandbad Cafe Sunset Bar 11102008 65.jpg
amenity fast_food node area Fast food restaurant (see also amenity=restaurant). The kind of food served can be tagged with cuisine=* and diet:*=*.
Burger king kamen.jpg
amenity food_court node area An area with several different restaurant food counters and a shared eating area. Commonly found in malls, airports, etc.
amenity ice_cream node area Ice cream shop or ice cream parlour. A place that sells ice cream and frozen yoghurt over the counter
Ribnitzer Hafenfest, Ribnitz-Damgarten (P1060946).jpg
amenity pub node area A place selling beer and other alcoholic drinks; may also provide food or accommodation (UK). See description of amenity=bar and amenity=pub for distinction between bar and pub
amenity restaurant node area Restaurant (not fast food, see amenity=fast_food). The kind of food served can be tagged with cuisine=* and diet:*=*.
Caprice Restaurant.JPG


amenity college node area Campus or buildings of an institute of Further Education (aka continuing education)
Cambridge Regional College main entrance.jpg
amenity driving_school node area Driving School which offers motor vehicle driving lessons
Fahrschulauto VW Austria St Johann.JPG
amenity kindergarten node area For children too young for a regular school (also known as preschool, playschool or nursery school), in some countries including afternoon supervision of primary school children.
Story Time.jpg
amenity language_school node area Language School: an educational institution where one studies a foreign language.
Sede de Berlitz al norte de Bogotá.jpeg
amenity library node area A public library (municipal, university, …) to borrow books from.
Guantanamo captives' library a.jpg
amenity toy_library node area A place to borrow games and toys, or play with them on site.
Toy Library storage.jpg
amenity training node area Public place where you can get training.
Sede de Berlitz al norte de Bogotá.jpeg
amenity music_school node area A music school, an educational institution specialized in the study, training, and research of music.
Music school from Rabnita (1980). (9196267787).jpg
amenity school node area School and grounds - primary, middle and seconday schools
Williamstown school.jpg
amenity university node area An university campus: an institute of higher education
Brock University campus.JPG


amenity bicycle_parking node area Parking for bicycles
amenity bicycle_repair_station node area General tools for self-service bicycle repairs, usually on the roadside; no service
Bicycle repair station-14.svg
amenity bicycle_rental node area Rent a bicycle
Rental Row (3561666697).jpg
amenity boat_rental node area Rent a Boat
Boat rental-14.svg
Münster, Boote am Aasee -- 2016 -- 2375.jpg
amenity boat_sharing node area Share a Boat
A Boat To Share.jpg
amenity bus_station node area May also be tagged as public_transport=station.
Bus station-14.svg
Manchester Piccadilly Bus Station.jpg
amenity car_rental node area Rent a car
Hertz car rental office Livonia Michigan.JPG
amenity car_sharing node area Share a car
U Car Share Shattuck Hearst.jpg
amenity car_wash node area Wash a car
Car wash-14.svg
Wuppertal - Friedrich-Engels-Allee 130 02 ies.jpg
amenity compressed_air node area A device to inflate tires/tyres (e.g. motorcar, bicycle)
Bicycle pump in Korea.jpg
amenity vehicle_inspection node area Government vehicle inspection
Vehicle inspection-14.svg
TÜV SÜD-Hauptuntersuchung.jpeg
amenity charging_station node Charging facility for electric vehicles
Charging station.16.svg
amenity ferry_terminal node area Ferry terminal/stop. A place where people/cars/etc. can board and leave a ferry.
Ferry Reet.jpg
amenity fuel node area Petrol station; gas station; marine fuel; … Streets to petrol stations are often tagged highway=service.
Preem Karlskrona.jpg
amenity grit_bin node A container that holds grit or a mixture of salt and grit.
Grit bin.jpg
amenity motorcycle_parking node area Parking for motorcycles
Motorradparkplatz Gifhorn Mühlenmuseum.jpg
amenity parking node area Car park. Nodes and areas (without access tag) will get a parking symbol. Areas will be coloured. Streets on car parking are often tagged highway=service and service=parking_aisle.
P3030027ParkingLot wb.jpg
amenity parking_entrance node An entrance or exit to an underground or multi-storey parking facility. Group multiple parking entrances together with a relation using the tags type=site and site=parking. Do not mix with amenity=parking. Underground
Parking entrance-14.svg
Parking entrance multi-storey 14.svg
Christian Wirth - Tiefgarage Hauptplatz.jpg
amenity parking_space node area A single parking space. Group multiple parking spaces together with a relation using the tags type=site and site=parking. Do not mix with amenity=parking.
Rendering-parking space.png
Israel Batch 2 (149).JPG
amenity taxi node area A place where taxis wait for passengers.
Hong Kong Taxi - 1-12-2006 - Shatin Taxi Stand.jpg


amenity atm node ATM or cash point: a device that provides the clients of a financial institution with access to financial transactions.
ATM 750x1300.jpg
amenity bank node area Bank or credit union: a financial establishment where customers can deposit and withdraw money, take loans, make investments and transfer funds.
amenity bureau_de_change node Bureau de change, money changer, currency exchange, Wechsel, cambio – a place to change foreign bank notes and travellers cheques.
Bureau de change-14.svg
Bureau de change electronic sign.jpg


amenity baby_hatch node area A place where a baby can be, out of necessity, anonymously left to be safely cared for and perhaps adopted.
Babybox - venkovní strana.jpg
amenity clinic node area A medium-sized medical facility or health centre.
Bristol , Central Health Clinic - - 1360619.jpg
amenity dentist node area A dentist practice / surgery.
Military dentists in Guatemala.jpg
amenity doctors node area A doctor's practice / surgery.
Doctors stethoscope 2.jpg
amenity hospital node area A hospital providing in-patient medical treatment. Often used in conjunction with emergency=* to note whether the medical centre has emergency facilities (A&E (brit.) or ER (am.))
Guantanamo captive's hospital beds -c.jpg
amenity nursing_home node area Discouraged tag for a home for disabled or elderly persons who need permanent care. Use amenity=social_facility + social_facility=nursing_home now.
Social amenity darken 80-16.svg
Hora Svate Kateriny - nursing home.jpg
amenity pharmacy node area Pharmacy: a shop where a pharmacist sells medications
dispensing=yes/no - availability of prescription-only medications
Boots The Chemist At Gunwharf Quays.jpg
amenity social_facility node area A facility that provides social services: group & nursing homes, workshops for the disabled, homeless shelters, etc.
Social facility-14.svg
Salvation Army Citadel, Hill Street , Newport - - 1585015.jpg
amenity veterinary node area A place where a veterinary surgeon, also known as a veterinarian or vet, practices.
Veterinary Surgeon.jpg

Entertainment, Arts & Culture

amenity arts_centre node area A venue where a variety of arts are performed or conducted
Arts centre.svg
Alhamra Art Centre.JPG
amenity brothel node area An establishment specifically dedicated to prostitution
Walletjes 001.jpg
amenity casino node area A gambling venue with at least one table game(e.g. roulette, blackjack) that takes bets on sporting and other events at agreed upon odds.
Sahara Hotel and Casino.jpg
amenity cinema node area A place where films are shown (US: movie theater)
Palace cinéma beaumont.JPG
amenity community_centre node area A place mostly used for local events, festivities and group activities; including special interest and special age groups. .
Community centre-14.svg
Greasby Community Centre.JPG
amenity conference_centre node area A large building that is used to hold a convention
Irving Convention Center Exterior.JPG
amenity events_venue node area A building specifically used for organising events
Ludwigsfelde asv2021-03 img08 Klubhaus.jpg
amenity exhibition_centre node area An exhibition centre
Shanghai new international expo centre.jpg
amenity fountain node area A fountain for cultural / decorational / recreational purposes.
Fountain at Milan citadel.JPG
amenity gambling node area A place for gambling, not being a shop=bookmaker, shop=lottery, amenity=casino, or leisure=adult_gaming_centre.

Games that are covered by this definition include bingo and pachinko.

Bingo cards.jpg
amenity love_hotel node area A love hotel is a type of short-stay hotel operated primarily for the purpose of allowing guests privacy for sexual activities.
Hotel portodiMare Himeji.jpg
amenity music_venue node area An indoor place to hear contemporary live music.
amenity nightclub node area A place to drink and dance (nightclub). The German word is "Disco" or "Discothek". Please don't confuse this with the German "Nachtclub" which is most likely amenity=stripclub.
amenity planetarium node area A planetarium.
Planetarium WPKiW.jpg
amenity public_bookcase node area A street furniture containing books. Take one or leave one.
Public bookcase-14.svg
Hannover, public bookcase.jpg
amenity social_centre node area A place for free and not-for-profit activities.
Governor Hotel, Rotary Club of Portland plaque.JPG
amenity stripclub node A place that offers striptease or lapdancing (for sexual services use amenity=brothel).
Seattle - Deja Vu 01.jpg
amenity studio node area TV radio or recording studio
amenity swingerclub node area A club where people meet to have a party and group sex.
Swingerclub Cäsars Palace. Spröckhövel.JPG
amenity theatre node area A theatre or opera house where live performances occur, such as plays, musicals and formal concerts. Use amenity=cinema for movie theaters.
Sydney opera.jpg

Public Service

amenity courthouse node area A building home to a court of law, where justice is dispensed
amenity fire_station node area A station of a fire brigade
Fire station.jpg
amenity police node area A police station where police officers patrol from and that is a first point of contact for civilians
Ploizeiautos Davidwache.jpg
amenity post_box node A box for the reception of mail. Alternative mail-carriers can be tagged via operator=*
Post box-12.svg
Post Box.JPG
amenity post_depot node area Post depot or delivery office, where letters and parcels are collected and sorted prior to delivery.
Post office delivery office, Mablethorpe - - 1186977.jpg
amenity post_office node area Post office building with postal services
Post office-14.svg
100px-Pošta Praha 025.jpg
amenity prison node area A prison or jail where people are incarcerated before trial or after conviction
Osaka keimusho.jpg
amenity ranger_station node area National Park visitor headquarters: official park visitor facility with police, visitor information, permit services, etc
Talkeetna Ranger Station.jpg
amenity townhall node area Building where the administration of a village, town or city may be located, or just a community meeting place


amenity bbq node BBQ or Barbecue is a permanently built grill for cooking food, which is most typically used outdoors by the public. For example these may be found in city parks or at beaches. Use the tag fuel=* to specify the source of heating, such as fuel=wood;electric;charcoal. For mapping nearby table and chairs, see also the tag tourism=picnic_site. For mapping campfires and firepits, instead use the tag leisure=firepit.
amenity bench node A bench to sit down and relax a bit
amenity dog_toilet node area Area designated for dogs to urinate and excrete.
amenity dressing_room node area Area designated for changing clothes.
Korpilahti beach - changing room.jpg
amenity drinking_water node Drinking water is a place where humans can obtain potable water for consumption. Typically, the water is used for only drinking. Also known as a drinking fountain or bubbler.
Basler Trinkwasser 1341.jpg
amenity give_box node area A small facility where people drop off and pick up various types of items in the sense of free sharing and reuse.
GiveBox an der Schwarztorstrasse 96 im Januar 2020.jpg
amenity mailroom node area A mailroom for receiving packages or letters.
Mailroom of the New York Times newspaper.8d22741v.jpg
amenity parcel_locker node area Machine for picking up and sending parcels
Polish Packstation.jpg
amenity shelter node area A small shelter against bad weather conditions. To additionally describe the kind of shelter use shelter_type=*.
Réunion Maïdo kiosque pique-nique.JPG
amenity shower node area Public shower.
Znak D-26d.svg
amenity telephone node Public telephone
amenity toilets node area Public toilets (might require a fee)
amenity water_point node Place where you can get large amounts of drinking water
Aire de Valuejols.JPG
amenity watering_place node Place where water is contained and animals can drink
Drinking Water For Humans and Animals.jpg

Waste Management

amenity sanitary_dump_station node area A place for depositing human waste from a toilet holding tank.
Aire de Valuejols.JPG
amenity recycling node area Recycling facilities (bottle banks, etc.). Combine with recycling_type=container for containers or recycling_type=centre for recycling centres.
amenity waste_basket node A single small container for depositing garbage that is easily accessible for pedestrians.
amenity waste_disposal node A medium or large disposal bin, typically for bagged up household or industrial waste.
Waste disposal-14.svg
Waste container.jpg
amenity waste_transfer_station node area A waste transfer station is a location that accepts, consolidates and transfers waste in bulk.


amenity animal_boarding node area A facility where you, paying a fee, can bring your animal for a limited period of time (e.g. for holidays)
Holmbyre Cattery - - 167661.jpg
amenity animal_breeding node area relation A facility where animals are bred, usually to sell them
Brickfields Horse Centre - - 135890.jpg
amenity animal_shelter node area A shelter that recovers animals in trouble
Kennel 2.jpg
amenity baking_oven node An oven used for baking bread and similar, for example inside a building=bakehouse.
Backofen Emstal.JPG
amenity childcare node area A place where children of different ages are looked after which is not an amenity=kindergarten or preschool.
Social amenity darken 80-16.svg
amenity clock node A public visible clock
Houses Of Parliment Clock Tower (Big Ben).jpg
amenity crematorium node area A place where dead human bodies are burnt
Bushbury Crematorium - - 259876.jpg
amenity dive_centre node area A dive center is the base location where sports divers usually start scuba diving or make dive guided trips at new locations.
Diving Center in Marsalforn.JPG
amenity funeral_hall node area A place for holding a funeral ceremony, other than a place of worship.
Okriftel Trauerhalle 08 001.jpg
amenity grave_yard node area A (smaller) place of burial, often you'll find a church nearby. Large places should be landuse=cemetery instead.
Odenbuell Nordstrand St Vinzenz IMGP2940 wp crop.jpg

amenity hunting_stand node area A hunting stand: an open or enclosed platform used by hunters to place themselves at an elevated height above the terrain
A rised hide closed quadrat.jpg
amenity internet_cafe node area A place whose principal role is providing internet services to the public.
Internet cafe-14.svg
Cafe internet uninorte.JPG
amenity kitchen node area A public kitchen in a facility to use by everyone or customers
Montague Burton Residences Kitchen.jpg
amenity kneipp_water_cure node area Outdoor foot bath facility. Usually this is a pool with cold water and handrail. Popular in German speaking countries.
Wassertreten 1.jpg
amenity lounger node An object for people to lie down.
Coulée Verte du 14ème @ Paris (28484238796).jpg
amenity marketplace way area A marketplace where goods and services are traded daily or weekly.
Marche berlin002.jpg
amenity monastery node area Monastery is the location of a monastery or a building in which monks and nuns live.
Kloster Eibingen01.JPG
amenity photo_booth node A stand to create instant photos.
amenity place_of_mourning node area A room or building where families and friends can come, before the funeral, and view the body of the person who has died.
Funérarium de Wasquehal.jpg
amenity place_of_worship node area A church, mosque, or temple, etc. Note that you also need religion=*, usually denomination=* and preferably name=* as well as amenity=place_of_worship. See the article for details. Christian-16.svg Muslim-16.svg Jewish-16.svg Taoist-16.svg Buddhist-16.svg Hinduist-16.svg Shintoist-16.svg Sikhist-16.svg Place-of-worship-16.svg
Place of worship.png
amenity public_bath node area A location where the public may bathe in common, etc. japanese onsen, turkish bath, hot spring
Public bath.svg
Blue Lagoon 2012-08-23 (4).JPG
amenity public_building node area A generic public building. Don't use! See office=government.
amenity refugee_site node area A human settlement sheltering refugees or internally displaced persons
An Aerial View of the Za'atri Refugee Camp.jpg
amenity vending_machine node A machine selling goods – food, tickets, newspapers, etc. Add type of goods using vending=*
Vending machines at Haeundae.jpg
amenity user defined node way area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


These are used to describe barriers and obstacles that are usually involved by traveling. See the page Barriers for an introduction on its usage.

Linear barriers

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Access control on highways

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These are used to describe administrative and other boundaries. See the page Boundaries for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering example Photo

Boundary types

boundary aboriginal_lands arearelation A boundary representing official reservation boundaries of recognized aboriginal / indigenous / native peoples.
Boundary aboriginal lands.png
Entering Hualapai Indian Reservation.jpg
boundary administrative area An administrative boundary. Subdivisions of areas/territories/jurisdictions recognised by governments or other organisations for administrative purposes. These range from large groups of nation states right down to small administrative districts and suburbs, as indicated by the 'admin_level=*' combo tag.
Rendering-adminlevel 2-mapnik.png
Lake city sign.jpg
boundary border_zone arearelation A border zone is an area near the border where special restrictions on movement apply. Usually a permit is required for visiting.
Wymiana tablic informacyjnych w strefie nadgranicznej (Babia Góra) - crop.jpg
boundary forest arearelation A delimited forest is a land which is predominantly wooded and which is, for this reason, given defined boundaries. It may cover different tree stands, non-wooded areas, highways… but all the area within the boundaries are considered and managed as a single forest.
20210104 152558.jpg
boundary forest_compartment arearelation A forest compartment is a numbered sub-division within a delimited forest, physically materialized with visible, typically cleared, boundaries.
20210105 093243.jpg
boundary hazard area A designated hazardous area, with a potential source of damage to health, life, property, or any other interest of value.
boundary maritime area Maritime boundaries which are not administrative boundaries: the Baseline, Contiguous Zone and EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone).
Sea boundaries.png
boundary marker node A boundary marker, border marker, boundary stone, or border stone is a robust physical marker that identifies the start of a land boundary or the change in a boundary, especially a change in direction of a boundary. See also historic=boundary_stone
Boundary marker - Jeseniky, Czech Republic 12.jpg
boundary national_park area Area of outstanding natural beauty, set aside for conservation and for recreation (Other languages).
National park.png
Kings Canyon NP Sign.JPG
boundary place wayrelation boundary=place is commonly used to map the boundaries of a place=*, when these boundaries can be defined but these are not administrative boundaries.
boundary political area Electoral boundaries
boundary postal_code area Postal code boundaries
boundary protected_area area Protected areas, such as for national parks, marine protection areas, heritage sites, wilderness, cultural assets and similar.
Yatsuhigata 04x4720s.jpg
boundary special_economic_zone area A government-defined area in which business and trade laws are different.
Steung Hav Special Economic Zone.jpg
boundary disputed area relation An area of landed claimed by two or more parties (use with caution). See also Disputed territories.
Kashmir Region November 2019.jpg
boundary user defined node way All commonly used values according to Taginfo


admin_level (number) area Applies to boundary=administrative and is usually in the range 1 to 10, except for several countries (Bolivia, Germany, Mozambique, Netherlands, Philippines, Poland, Turkmenistan, Venezuela) where it is in the range 1 to 11 – see boundary.
Santa Catarina location.png
border_type * way area To distinguish between types of boundary where admin_level isn't enough. Used in several different ways e.g in maritime contexts.
start_date (date) area Useful if the boundary is very recent (or if it will become effective in a near future).
Connel bridge plate.jpg

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to identify individual buildings or groups of connected buildings. See the page Buildings for further details on the usage of this tag and man_made=* for tagging of various other structures. The building tags are intended for the physical description of a building: for functions in the building (e.g. police station, church, townhall, museum) you should add additional tags like amenity=*, tourism=*, shop=* etc.

For example mapping building=supermarket is not enough to mark place as having an active supermarket shop, it just marks that building has form typical for supermarket buildings. shop=supermarket must be mapped to indicate an active supermarket shop. On the other hand shop=*/amenity=* is not indicating building by itself, building must be mapped with building=* tag.

Key Value Comment Photo


building apartments A building arranged into individual dwellings, often on separate floors. May also have retail outlets on the ground floor.
building barracks Buildings built to house military personnel or laborers.
building bungalow A single-storey detached small house, Dacha.
building cabin A cabin is a small, roughly built house usually with a wood exterior and typically found in rural areas.
Koch Cabin.JPG
building detached A detached house, a free-standing residential building usually housing a single family.
Residential House USA.JPG
building dormitory A shared building intended for college/university students (not a share room for multiple occupants as implied by the term in British English). Alternatively, use building=residential plus residential=university and loose the information that it is for students.
Belgrade Dormitory.jpg
building farm A residential building on a farm (farmhouse). For other buildings see below building=farm_auxiliary, building=barn, … If in your country farmhouse looks same as general residential house then you can tag as building=house as well. See also landuse=farmyard for the surrounding area
Studna před č.1.,Holašovice.JPG
building ger A permanent or seasonal round yurt or ger.
building hotel A building designed with separate rooms available for overnight accommodation. Normally used in conjunction with tourism=hotel for the hotel grounds including recreation areas and parking.
Hcom 1097758 7 b.jpg
building house A dwelling unit inhabited by a single household (a family or small group sharing facilities such as a kitchen). Houses forming half of a semi-detached pair, or one of a row of terraced houses, should share at least two nodes with joined neighbours, thereby defining the party wall between the properties.
building houseboat A boat used primarily as a home
Houseboat- Dal Lake, srinagar Kashmir.JPG
building residential A general tag for a building used primarily for residential purposes. Where additional detail is available consider using 'apartments', 'terrace', 'house', 'detached' or 'semidetached_house'.
Timarpur Residential Complex.jpg
building semidetached_house A residential house that shares a common wall with another on one side. Typically called a "duplex" in American English.
Semi-detached houses in West Street - - 788755.jpg
building static_caravan A mobile home (semi)permanently left on a single site
building stilt_house A building raised on piles over the surface of the soil or a body of water
building terrace A single way used to define the outline of a linear row of residential dwellings, each of which normally has its own entrance, which form a terrace ("row-house" or "townhouse" in North American English). Consider defining each dwelling separately using 'house'.
Terraced housing.png
building tree_house An accommodation, often designed as a small hut, sometimes also as a room or small apartment. Built on tree posts or on a natural tree. A tree house has no contact with the ground. Access via ladders, stairs or bridgeways.
Proper tree house.jpg


building commercial A building for non-specific commercial activities, not necessarily an office building. Consider tagging the surrounding area using landuse=commercial if there is such use. Use 'retail' if the building consists primarily of shops.
Sheraton Grande Tokyo Bay Hotel.jpg
building industrial A building for industrial purposes. Use warehouse if the purpose is known to be primarily for storage/distribution. Consider using landuse=industrial for the surrounding area and appropriate tags like man_made=works to describe the industrial activity.
Eley Industrial Estate1.JPG
building kiosk A small one-room retail building.
Kiosk germany.jpg
building office An office building. Use office=* where applicable for the business(es) that use the building. Consider tagging the surrounding area using landuse=commercial if it applies. Prefer landuse=retail if the building consists primarily of shops.
building retail A building primarily used for selling goods that are sold to the public; use shop=* to identify the sort of goods sold or an appropriate amenity=* (pub, cafe, restaurant, etc.). Consider use landuse=retail for the surrounding area.
Macys dep store.JPG
building supermarket A building constructed to house a self-service large-area store.
Comet - - 304074.jpg
building warehouse A building primarily intended for the storage or goods or as part of a distribution system.
Copenhagen warehouse.jpg


building cathedral A building that was built as a cathedral. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the cathedral grounds where it is in current use.
Saint Vitus Cathedral in Prague, Czech Republic.jpg
building chapel A building that was built as a chapel. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the chapel grounds where it is in current use.
Andachtskapelle des Moorbad Gmös.jpg
building church A building that was built as a church. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=* , denomination=* and landuse=religious for the church grounds where it is in current use.
building kingdom_hall A building that was built as a  Kingdom Hall. Often used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=christian, denomination=jehovahs_witness and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.
Kingdom Hall of Joehovah's Witnesses, 11 Monmouth Road, London.jpg
building monastery A building constructed as [W] monastery. Often, monasteries consist of several distinct buildings with specific functions. For active monasteries (communities), use amenity=monastery, for the grounds of a former monastery, have a look at historic=monastery
building mosque A building errected as mosque. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.
Khadija-Moschee (Berlin).jpg
building presbytery A building where priests live and work.
building religious Unspecific building related to religion. Prefer more specific values if possible.
Religious syms.svg
building shrine A building that was built as a shrine. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use. Small structures should consider historic=wayside_shrine.
building synagogue A building that was built as a synagogue. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.
Synagogue Florence Italy.JPG
building temple A building that was built as a temple. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.


building bakehouse A building that was built as a bakehouse (i.e. for baking bread). Often used in conjunction with another node amenity=baking_oven and oven=wood_fired.
building bridge A building used as a bridge (skyway). To map a gatehouse use building=gatehouse. See also bridge=yes for highway=*. Don't use this tag just for marking bridges (their outlines). For such purposes use man_made=bridge.
Münster, LVM -- 2017 -- 6368.jpg
building civic A generic tag for a building created to house some civic amenity, for example amenity=community_centre, amenity=library, amenity=toilets, leisure=sports_centre, leisure=swimming_pool, amenity=townhall etc. Use amenity=* or leisure=* etc. to provide further details. See building=public and more specific tags like building=library as well.
Scarborough Civic Centre.jpg
building college A college building. Use amenity=college on the whole college area to represent the college as an institution.
(1)Hornsby TAFE.jpg
building fire_station A building constructed as fire station, i.e. to house fire fighting equipment and officers, regardless of current use. Add amenity=fire_station on the grounds for an active fire station.
Blacktown Fire Station - Flickr - Highway Patrol Images.jpg
building government For government buildings in general, including municipal, provincial and divisional secretaries, government agencies and departments, town halls, (regional) parliaments and court houses.
Ministerio de Defensa Argentina Edificio Libertador.jpg
building gatehouse An entry control point building, spanning over a highway that enters a city or compound.
Gatehouse-abdij van park-inside.jpg
building hospital A building errected for a hospital. Use amenity=hospital for the hospital grounds.
building kindergarten For any generic kindergarten buildings. Buildings for specific uses (sports halls etc.) should be tagged for their purpose. If there is currently a kindergarten in the building, use amenity=kindergarten on the perimeter of the kindergarten grounds.
Unterhaus keilhau.jpg
building public A building constructed as accessible to the general public (a town hall, police station, court house, etc.).
Dominion Public Building.JPG
building school A building errected as school. Buildings for specific uses (sports halls etc.) should be tagged for their purpose. If there is currently a school, use amenity=school on the perimeter of the school grounds.
Convent School's Pippal.JPG
building toilets A toilet block.
Shui Tau Tsuen Public Toilet (YL-175) 2014.JPG
building train_station A building constructed to be a train station building, including buildings that are abandoned and used nowadays for a different purpose.
Dobrepolje train station.jpg
building transportation A building related to public transport. You will probably want to tag it with proper transport related tag as well, such as public_transport=station. Note that there is a special tag for train station buildings - building=train_station.
Kusatsu-Onsen Bus Station.jpg
building university A university building. Use amenity=university for the university as an institution.
University College Oxford.jpg

Agricultural/plant production

building barn An agricultural building used for storage and as a covered workplace.
building conservatory A building or room having glass or tarpaulin roofing and walls used as an indoor garden or a sunroom (winter garden).
Phipps Conservatory winter 2015 welcome center.jpg
building cowshed A cowshed (cow barn, cow house) is a building for housing cows, usually found on farms.
Cowhouse Hrazany2.jpg
building farm_auxiliary A building on a farm that is not a dwelling (use 'farm' or 'house' for the farm house).
Horseshoe Barn.jpg
building greenhouse A greenhouse is a glass or plastic covered building used to grow plants. Use landuse=greenhouse_horticulture for an area containing multiple greenhouses
Greenhouse 1.JPG
building slurry_tank A circular building built to hold a liquid mix of primarily animal excreta (also known as slurry).
building stable A stable is a building where horses are kept.
Häststall Elfviks gård dec 2008.jpg
building sty A sty (pigsty, pig ark, pig-shed) is a building for raising domestic pigs, usually found on farms.


building grandstand The main stand, usually roofed, commanding the best view for spectators at racecourses or sports grounds.
Grandstand, Cluden Racecourse, 2000.jpg
building pavilion A sports pavilion usually with changing rooms, storage areas and possibly an space for functions & events. Avoid using this term for other structures called pavilions by architects (see [W] Pavilion)
building riding_hall A building that was built as a riding hall.
Ehem. Landgestüt Landshut Reithalle.JPG
building sports_hall A building that was built as a sports hall.
Kruunupyy sports hall 2017.jpg
building stadium A building constructed to be a stadium building, including buildings that are abandoned and used nowadays for a different purpose.


building hangar A hangar is a building used for the storage of airplanes, helicopters or space-craft. Consider adding aeroway=hangar, when appropriate.
IMPA hangar.jpg
building hut A hut is a small and crude shelter. Note that this word has two meanings - it may be synonym of building=shed, it may be a residential building of low quality.
Kennedy's hut edit.jpg
building shed A shed is a simple, single-storey structure in a back garden or on an allotment that is used for storage, hobbies, or as a workshop.
Schuppen 7235.jpg


building carport A carport is a covered structure used to offer limited protection to vehicles, primarily cars, from the elements. Unlike most structures a carport does not have four walls, and usually has one or two.
building garage A garage is a building suitable for the storage of one or possibly more motor vehicle or similar. See building=garages for larger shared buildings. For an aircraft garage, see building=hangar.
Two-Car Garage.jpg
building garages A building that consists of a number of discrete storage spaces for different owners/tenants. See also building=garage.
Landbouwstraat garages.jpg
building parking Structure purpose-built for parking cars.

Power/technical buildings

building digester A digester is a bioreactor for the production of biogas from biomass.
2012-05-13 Nordsee-Luftbilder DSCF8567.jpg
building service Service building usually is a small unmanned building with certain machinery (like pumps or transformers).
Service building.png
building transformer_tower A transformer tower is a characteristic tall building comprising a distribution transformer and constructed to connect directly to a medium voltage overhead power line. Quite often the power line has since been undergrounded but the building may still serve as a substation. If the building is still in use as a substation it should additionally be tagged as power=substation + substation=minor_distribution.
building water_tower A water tower
Bad Schwartau - Wasserturm.JPG
building storage_tank Storage tanks are containers that hold liquids
Pabst Brewing Complex storage tank.jpg
building silo A silo is a building for storing bulk materials
Kieswerk II.JPG

Other buildings

building beach_hut A small, usually wooden, and often brightly coloured cabin or shelter above the high tide mark on popular bathing beaches.
Cabines de bain Berck.jpg
building bunker A hardened military building. Also use military=bunker.
Slavonický les, bunkr 01.jpg
building castle A building constructed as a castle. Can be further specified with historic=castle + castle_type=*.
Będzin. Zamek3.JPG
building construction Used for buildings under construction. Use construction=* to hold the value for the completed building.
Riga, stavba.jpg
building container For a container used as a permanent building. Do not map containers placed temporarily, for example used in shipping or construction.
Sparkasse Jena SB-Container.jpg
building dog_house Dog house. Shelter for a dog in house yard or other places
building military A military building. Also use military=*.
building roof A structure that consists of a roof with open sides, such as a rain shelter, and also gas stations
Preem Karlskrona.jpg
building ruins Frequently used for a house or other building that is abandoned and in poor repair. However, some believe this usage is incorrect, and the tag should only be used for buildings constructed as fake ruins (for example sham ruins in an English landscape garden). See also lifecycle tagging.
ARZAKAN Ghuki Monastery Եկեղեցական համալիր «Գհուկի վանք» (Բոլորահար) 12.JPG
building tent For a permanently placed tent. Do not map tents placed temporarily.
Krytá jízdárna Hipoterapie - Pirueta 09.jpg
building yes Use this value where it is not possible to determine a more specific value.
building user defined All commonly used values according to Taginfo, generally building types

Additional attributes

Key Value Element Comment Photo
building:colour <RGB hex triplet> | <W3C colour name> area Indicates colour of the building
Jar burano 4 houses.jpg
building:fireproof yes | no node area Fire-resistance information.
building:flats <number> node area The number of residential units (flats, apartments) in an apartment building (building=apartments), residential building (building=residential), house (building=house), detached house (building=detached) or similar building.
building:levels <number> node area The number of visible levels (floors) in the building as used in the Simple 3D buildings scheme
building:material <material type> area Outer material for the building façade
Münster, LVM -- 2017 -- 6351-7.jpg
building:min_level <number> area For describing number of values, "filling" space between ground level and bottom level of building or part of building
Min level 2.svg
building:part As building area To mark a part of a building, which has attributes, different from such ones at other parts
Marek S3DB sumOfMoreElements.jpg
building:soft_storey yes | no | reinforced node area A building where any one level is significantly more flexible (less stiff) than those above and below it
entrance yes | main | exit | service | emergency node An entrance in a building. Replaces the deprecated tag building=entrance.
SF City Hall door.JPG
height <number> node area The height of the building in meters.
Height demonstration diagram.png
max_level <number> area Maximum indoor level (floor) in the building as used in the Simple Indoor Tagging scheme
min_level <number> area Minimum indoor level (floor) in the building as used in the Simple Indoor Tagging scheme
non_existent_levels <number> area List of indoor levels (floors) that do not exists in the building as used in the Simple Indoor Tagging scheme
start_date <date> node area The (approximated) date when the building was finished.
Connel bridge plate.jpg

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used as a place that produces or processes customised goods. See the page Crafts for more information on the usage of these tags.

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This is used to describe the location of emergency facilities and equipment. See the page Emergency for an introduction on its usage.

Medical rescue

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Assembly point

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Other structure

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This is used to describe the geological makeup of an area. See the page Geological for an introduction on its usage.

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Healthcare features

Also see Map features#Healthcare which includes healthcare features under amenity=*. There is a full list of healthcare features at Healthcare.

See additional details at Key:healthcare such as healthcare:speciality=* and healthcare:counselling=*.

Value Description
healthcare=alternative Someone practising  alternative or complementary medicine but is not a  medical practitioner or a place where alternative or complementary medicine is practices that does not fit into the other categories (except healthcare=yes)
healthcare=audiologist  Audiologist; if linked with a shop please use shop=hearing_aids instead
healthcare=birthing_centre A non-clinical  birthing centre operated by midwives.
healthcare=blood_bank  Blood bank
healthcare=blood_donation A facility where you can donate blood, plasma and/or platelets, and possibly have stem cell samples taken.
healthcare=counselling Healthcare counselling, e.g. an addiction centre, a nutritionist, or a sex therapist. Also see healthcare=nutrition_counselling
healthcare=dialysis A clinic for day patients to get a haemodialysis  Dialysis
healthcare=hospice A Hospice which provides palliative care to terminal ill people and support to their relatives.
healthcare=laboratory Medical laboratory also called (analytical, diagnostic) is a place that analyses body fluids such as blood, urine, faeces etc .
healthcare=midwife A  Midwife, a health professional who cares for mothers and newborns around childbirth.
healthcare=nurse  Nursing. A facility where some nurses may receive their patients.
healthcare=occupational_therapist Someone who practices  occupational therapy but is not a  medical practitioner.
healthcare=optometrist  Optometrist; If linked with a shop please use shop=optician instead.
healthcare=physiotherapist Someone who practices  physical therapy (or  kinesiotherapy in French-speaking countries) but is not a  medical practitioner.
healthcare=podiatrist Someone who practices  podiatry but is not a Physician on Wikipedia.
healthcare=psychotherapist Someone who practices  psychotherapy but is not a Physician on Wikipedia.
healthcare=rehabilitation  Medical rehabilitation facility; should not be used for a wellness clinic or hotel.
healthcare=sample_collection Site or dedicated healthcare facility where samples of blood/urine/etc are obtained or collected for purpose of analysing them for healthcare diagnostics.
healthcare=speech_therapist Someone who practices  speech and language therapy.
healthcare=vaccination_centre a healthcare facility specifically dedicated to administering vaccinations to individuals, to provide immunisation against infectious diseases.

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe roads and footpaths. For an introduction on its usage see the page titled Highways. See the page titled Restrictions for an introduction on access limitations by vehicles type, time, day, load and purpose, etc.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering carto Examples


These are the principal tags for the road network. They range from the most to least important.

highway motorway way A restricted access major divided highway, normally with 2 or more running lanes plus emergency hard shoulder. Equivalent to the Freeway, Autobahn, etc..
Rendering-highway motorway neutral.png
  • Morgendlicher Berufsverkehr auf der BAB A8 beim Kreuz Stuttgart - panoramio.jpg
highway trunk way The most important roads in a country's system that aren't motorways. (Need not necessarily be a divided highway.)
Rendering-highway trunk carto.png
  • L3005, Eschborn, Germany
  • Cat and Fiddle Road, England
highway [[ Too many Data Items entities accessed. | primary ]] way The next most important roads in a country's system. (Often link larger towns.)
Rendering-highway primary neutral.png
  • Hunsrückhöhenstraße, Kappel, Germany
  • Tanami Road, Australia
highway secondary way The next most important roads in a country's system. (Often link towns.)
Rendering-highway secondary neutral.png
  • L134, Meyenburg, Schwanewede, Germany
  • Vatnsnesvegur, Iceland
highway tertiary way The next most important roads in a country's system. (Often link smaller towns and villages)
Rendering-highway tertiary neutral.png
  • Bergedorfer Straße, Worpswede, Germany
  • Canol Road, Yukon, Canada
highway unclassified way The least important through roads in a country's system – i.e. minor roads of a lower classification than tertiary, but which serve a purpose other than access to properties. (Often link villages and hamlets.)

The word 'unclassified' is a historical artefact of the UK road system and does not mean that the classification is unknown; you can use highway=road for that.

Rendering-highway unclassified.png
  • Sentiero 00, Cantagallo, Tuscany, Italy
  • Kuskealleen, Vordingborg, Denmark
highway residential way Roads which serve as an access to housing, without function of connecting settlements. Often lined with housing.
Rendering-highway residential.png
  • Residential.jpg
  • Main Street, Elko, Nevada, USA

Link roads

highway motorway_link way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a motorway from/to a motorway or lower class highway. Normally with the same motorway restrictions.
Rendering-highway motorway link.png
A5 exit link to A672, Darmstadt, Germany
highway trunk_link way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a trunk road from/to a trunk road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway trunk link.png
A7 / OAL23 interchange, Nesselwang, Germany
highway primary_link way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a primary road from/to a primary road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway primary link.png
B20 exit and entrance to Brunn, Fridolfing, Germany
highway secondary_link way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a secondary road from/to a secondary road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway secondary link.png
highway tertiary_link way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a tertiary road from/to a tertiary road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway tertiary link.png

Special road types

highway living_street way For living streets, which are residential streets where pedestrians have legal priority over cars, speeds are kept very low and where children are allowed to play on the street.
Living street osm.png
beginning of a living street with a paving stones surface and some trees and cars parking at the sides
highway service way area For access roads to, or within an industrial estate, camp site, business park, car park, alleys, etc. Can be used in conjunction with service=* to indicate the type of usage and with access=* to indicate who can use it and in what circumstances.
Rendering-highway service.png
Alley leading from the High Street to Green Lane Shopping Centre - - 942796.jpg
highway pedestrian way area For roads used mainly/exclusively for pedestrians in shopping and some residential areas which may allow access by motorised vehicles only for very limited periods of the day. To create a 'square' or 'plaza' create a closed way and tag as pedestrian and also with area=yes.
Pedestrian with area osm.png
Cambridge Rd - - 1189572.jpg
highway track way Roads for mostly agricultural or forestry uses. To describe the quality of a track, see tracktype=*. Note: Although tracks are often rough with unpaved surfaces, this tag is not describing the quality of a road but its use. Consequently, if you want to tag a general use road, use one of the general highway values instead of track.
Rendering-highway track.png
  • Frühlingslandschft Aaretal Schweiz.jpg
  • Asphalt track.jpg
highway bus_guideway way A busway where the vehicle guided by the way (though not a railway) and is not suitable for other traffic. Please note: this is not a normal bus lane, use access=no, psv=yes instead!
Rendering-highway-bus guideway-mapnik.png
Bus track.jpg
highway escape way For runaway truck ramps, runaway truck lanes, emergency escape ramps, or truck arrester beds. It enables vehicles with braking failure to safely stop.
highway raceway way A course or track for (motor) racing
highway road way A road/way/street/motorway/etc. of unknown type. It can stand for anything ranging from a footpath to a motorway. This tag should only be used temporarily until the road/way/etc. has been properly surveyed. If you do know the road type, do not use this value, instead use one of the more specific highway=* values.
highway busway way A dedicated roadway for bus rapid transit systems
grade-seperated section of busway outside of station


highway footway way area For designated footpaths; i.e., mainly/exclusively for pedestrians. This includes walking tracks and gravel paths. If bicycles are allowed as well, you can indicate this by adding a bicycle=yes tag. Should not be used for paths where the primary or intended usage is unknown. Use highway=pedestrian for pedestrianised roads in shopping or residential areas and highway=track if it is usable by agricultural or similar vehicles. For ramps (sloped paths without steps), combine this tag with incline=*.
Rendering-highway footway.png
Footway in Stowupland - - 1044849.jpg
highway bridleway way For horse riders. Pedestrians are usually also permitted, cyclists may be permitted depending on local rules/laws. Motor vehicles are forbidden.
Rendering-highway bridleway.png
highway steps way For flights of steps (stairs) on footways. Use with step_count=* to indicate the number of steps
Rendering-highway steps.png
highway corridor way For a hallway inside of a building.
HK TST Star House mall corridor interior shop signs Sept-2012.JPG
highway path way A non-specific path. Use highway=footway for paths mainly for walkers, highway=cycleway for one also usable by cyclists, highway=bridleway for ones available to horse riders as well as walkers and highway=track for ones which is passable by agriculture or similar vehicles.
Path osm.png
highway via_ferrata way A via ferrata is a route equipped with fixed cables, stemples, ladders, and bridges in order to increase ease and security for climbers. These via ferrata require equipment : climbing harness, shock absorber and two short lengths of rope, but do not require a long rope as for climbing. not rendered in OSM-Carto
Mauerlaeufer ueberhang.jpg

When sidewalk/crosswalk is tagged as a separate way

footway sidewalk way Sidewalk that runs typically along residential road. Use in combination with highway=footway or highway=path
Rendering-highway footway.png
200806 Berlin 91sidewalk.jpg
footway crossing way Crosswalk that connects two sidewalks on the opposite side of the road. Often recognized by painted markings on the road, road sign or traffic lights. Use in combination with highway=footway or highway=path. Useful information is presence of tactile_paving=*, wheelchair=* suitability and kerb=* represented as a node on the crosswalk way.
Rendering-highway footway.png
Zebra-crossing sm.jpg

When sidewalk (or pavement) is tagged on the main roadway (see Sidewalks)

sidewalk both | left | right | no way Specifies that the highways has sidewalks on both sides, on one side or no sidewalk at all
Sidewalk and zebra-crossing.jpg

When cycleway is drawn as its own way (see Bicycle)

highway cycleway way For designated cycleways. Add foot=*, though it may be avoided if default-access-restrictions do apply.
Cycleway osm.png
Separated cycleway with traffic sign

Cycleway tagged on the main roadway or lane (see Bicycle)

cycleway lane way A lane is a route that lies within the roadway
Fietsstrook Herenweg Oudorp.jpg
cycleway opposite way Used on ways with oneway=yes where it is legally permitted to cycle in both directions. Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
Sul bxl 01.JPG
cycleway opposite_lane way Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a cycling lane going the opposite direction of normal traffic flow (a "contraflow" lane). Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
France road sign C24a-2.svg
cycleway track way A track provides a route that is separated from traffic. In the United States, this term is often used to refer to bike lanes that are separated from lanes for cars by pavement buffers, bollards, parking lanes, and curbs. Note that a cycle track may alternatively be drawn as a separate way next to the road which is tagged as highway=cycleway.
Cycle nexttoroad.jpg
cycleway opposite_track way Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a cycling track going the opposite direction of normal traffic flow. Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
549c Spitzenkiel140923.jpg
cycleway share_busway way There is a bus lane that cyclists are permitted to use.
cycleway opposite_share_busway way Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a bus lane that cyclists are also permitted to use, and which go in the opposite direction to normal traffic flow (a "contraflow" bus lane). Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
2010-01-02 15.19.16.jpg
cycleway shared_lane way Cyclists share a lane with motor vehicles, but there are markings indicating that they should share the lane with motorists. In some places these markings are known as "sharrows" ('sharing arrows') and this is the tag to use for those.
Sharrows Toronto 2011.jpg
busway lane way Bus lane on both sides of the road. (See also: Parallel scheme for bus/psv lane tagging lanes:bus=* / lanes:psv=*)
2010-01-02 15.19.16.jpg

Street parking tagged on the main roadway (see Street parking)

parking :left / :right / :both
(hereafter: parking:side)
lane | street_side | on_kerb | half_on_kerb | shoulder | no | separate | yes way Primary key to record parking along the street. Desribes the parking position of parked vehicles in the street.
Darby Street Pre-Shared Space Change.jpg
parking:sideorientation=* parallel | diagonal | perpendicular way To specify the orientation of parked vehicles if there is street parking.

Lifecycle (see also lifecycle prefixes)

highway proposed way For planned roads, use with proposed=* and a value of the proposed highway value.
highway construction way For roads under construction. Use construction=* to hold the value for the completed road.
Rendering-highway construction tertiary carto.png
different colours
12Jan05 04.jpg


abutters commercial | industrial | mixed | residential | retail etc. way See Key:abutters for more details.
bicycle_road yes way A bicycle road is a road designated for bicycles. If residential streets get the status of bicycle roads, normally, by special signs, motor traffic is admitted with limited speed, often only for residents.
bus_bay both | left | right way A bus bay outside the main carriageway for boarding/alighting
change yes | no | not_right | not_left | only_right | only_left way Specify the allowed/forbidden lane changes
Only Only Only (49884679761).jpg
destination <place name of destination> way Destination when following a linear feature
Japanese Road sign (Direction and Lane A).svg
embankment yes | dyke way A dyke or a raised bank to carry a road, railway, or canal across a low-lying or wet area.
Green River Trail - Desimone Levee 01.jpg
embedded_rails yes | <type of railway> way A highway on which non-railway traffic is also allowed has railway tracks embedded in it but the rails are mapped as separate ways.
Ruusulankatu tram rails (at lat 60.18206, lon 24.92450) heading NW.jpg
ford yes node way The road crosses through stream or river, vehicles must enter any water.
Map feature ford.jpg
ice_road yes way A highway is laid upon frozen water basin, definitely doesn't exist in summer.
Pechora crossing.jpg
incline Number % | ° | up | down node way Incline steepness as percents ("5%") or degrees ("20°"). Positive/negative values indicate movement upward/downwards in the direction of the way.
junction roundabout way closed way This automatically implies oneway=yes, the oneway direction is defined by the sequential ordering of nodes within the Way. This applies on a way, tagged with highway=* already.
2008 03 12 - UMD - Roundabout viewed from Art Soc Bldg 4b.JPG
lanes <number> way The number of traffic lanes for general purpose traffic, also for buses and other specific classes of vehicle.
NLEx 6 Lanes.jpg
lit yes | no nodewayarea Street lighting
Berlin speer-leuchte.jpg
maxspeed <number> way Specifies the maximum legal speed limit on a road, railway or waterway.
Zeichen 274-60 - Zulässige Höchstgeschwindigkeit, StVO 2017.svg
motorroad yes | no way node The motorroad tag is used to describe highways that have motorway-like access restrictions but that are not a motorway.
Zeichen 331.1 - Kraftfahrstraße, StVO 2013.svg
mountain_pass yes node The highest point of a mountain pass.
Mountain pass.jpg
mtb:scale 0-6 way Applies to highway=path and highway=track. A classification scheme for mtb trails (few inclination and downhill).
Difficulty gauge for the grants process.png
mtb:scale :uphill 0-5 way A classification scheme for mtb trails for going uphill if there is significant inclination.
Difficulty gauge for the grants process.png
mtb:scale :imba 0-4 way The IMBA Trail Difficulty Rating System shall be used for bikeparks. It is adapted to mtb trails with artificial obstacles.
mtb:description Text way Applies to highway=path and highway=track. A key to input variable infos related to mtbiking on a way with human words
oneway yes | no | reversible way Oneway streets are streets where you are only allowed to drive in one direction.
overtaking yes | no | caution | both | forward | backward way Specifying sections of roads where overtaking is legally forbidden. Use overtaking:forward=yes/no/caution and overtaking:backward=yes/no/caution when it depends on driving direction.
parking:lane parallel | diagonal | perpendicular | marked | no_parking | no_stopping | fire_lane. way Deprecated variant to map parking along streets. See section on street parking above or the street parking page for more details.
parking:condition free | ticket | disc | residents | customers | private way Deprecated variant to map parking conditions along streets. See section on street parking above or the street parking page for more details.
2013.11.01.104926 Parking sign Kilauea Avenue Hilo Hawaii.jpg
passing_places yes way A way which has frequent passing places (See also: highway=passing_place)
priority forward | backward way Traffic priority for narrow parts of roads, e.g. narrow bridges.
Vienna Convention road sign B6.svg
priority_road designated | yes_unposted | end way Specifying roads signposted as priority roads.
Vienna Convention road sign B3-V1.svg
sac_scale hiking | mountain_hiking | demanding_mountain_hiking | alpine_hiking | demanding_alpine_hiking | difficult_alpine_hiking way Applies to highway=path and highway=footway. A classification scheme for hiking trails.
Mountain hiking.jpg
service alley | driveway | parking_aisle etc. way See Key:service for more details.
Seattle - alley north from S Jackson between Western & 1st - A.jpg
smoothness excellent | good | intermediate | bad | very_bad | horrible | very_horrible | impassable way See Key:smoothness for more details.
Jena Track roots.jpg
surface paved | unpaved | asphalt | concrete | paving_stones | sett | cobblestone | metal | wood | compacted | fine_gravel | gravel | pebblestone | plastic | grass_paver | grass | dirt | earth | mud | sand | ground way See Key:surface for more details.
Transportation in Tanzania Traffic problems.JPG
tactile_paving yes | no node way area A paving in the ground to be followed with a blindman's stick. Not to be rendered on standard maps.
Tactile paving.jpg
tracktype grade1 | grade2 | grade3 | grade4 | grade5 way To describe the quality of the surface. See Key:tracktype for more information.
Surface grade1.jpg
traffic_calming bump | hump | table | island | cushion | yes | etc. node way See Key:traffic calming for more details.
Ležeći policajac 016.jpg
trail_visibility excellent | good | intermediate | bad | horrible | no way Applies to highway=path, highway=footway, highway=cycleway and highway=bridleway. A classification for hiking trails visibility
Trail visibility good.jpg
trailblazed yes | no | poles | cairns | symbols way Applies to highway=*. Describing trail blazing and marking. See Key:trailblazed for more information.
Trail blazing 10.jpg
trailblazed:visibility excellent | good | intermediate | bad | horrible | no way Applies to trailblazed=*. A classification for visibility of trailblazing. See Key:trailblazed:visibility for more information.
turn left | slight_left | through | right | slight_right | merge_to_left | merge_to_right | reverse way The key turn can be used to specify the direction in which a way or a lane will lead.
Zeichen 297 - Richtungspfeile, StVO 1970.svg
width <number> way The width of a feature.
Height demonstration diagram.png
winter_road yes way A highway functions during winter, probably can't be driven in summer.
Anuisk bilibino sever66.jpg

Other highway features

highway bus_stop node A small bus stop. Optionally one may also use public_transport=stop_position for the position where the vehicle stops and public_transport=platform for the place where passengers wait.
Bus stop.12.svg
Průmyslová str3, Prague Štěrboholy.jpg
highway crossing node A.k.a. crosswalk. Pedestrians can cross a street here; e.g., zebra crossing
Zebra-crossing sm.jpg
highway elevator node way An elevator or lift, used to travel vertically, providing passenger and freight access between pathways at different floor levels.
highway emergency_bay node way An area beside a highway where you can safely stop your car in case of breakdown or emergency.
France road sign C8.svg
highway emergency_access_point node Sign number which can be used to define your current position in case of an emergency. Use with ref=NUMBER_ON_THE_SIGN. See also emergency=access_point
Anfahrpunkt für Rettungsfahrzeuge HP 108 Alter Lorscher Weg 102 1235.jpg
highway give_way node A "give way," or "Yield" sign
Give way.jpg
emergency phone node A calling device can be used to tell on your current position in case of an emergency. Use with ref=NUMBER_ON_THE_SIGN
Borne SOS.jpg
highway milestone node Highway location marker
highway mini_roundabout node Similar to roundabouts, but at the center there is either a painted circle or a fully traversable island. In case of an untraversable center island, junction=roundabout should be used.

Rendered as anti-clockwise by default direction=anticlockwise. To render clockwise add the tag direction=clockwise.

highway motorway_junction node Indicates a junction (UK) or exit (US). ref=* should be set to the exit number or junction identifier. (Some roads – e.g., the A14 – also carry junction numbers, so the tag may be encountered elsewhere despite its name)
Dscf0242 600.jpg
highway passing_place node The location of a passing space
highway platform node way area A platform at a bus stop or station.
Rendering-highway railway platform line.png
Bayview trstwy.jpg
highway rest_area node area Place where drivers can leave the road to rest, but not refuel.
Wentworth terrain.jpg
highway services node area A service station to get food and eat something, often found at motorways
Mapping Features Motorway service area.jpg
De lucht.jpg
highway speed_camera node A fixed road-side or overhead speed camera.
Speed camera.jpg
highway stop node A stop sign
STOP sign.jpg
highway street_lamp node A street light, lamppost, street lamp, light standard, or lamp standard is a raised source of light on the edge of a road, which is turned on or lit at a certain time every night
highway toll_gantry node A toll gantry is a gantry suspended over a way, usually a motorway, as part of a system of electronic toll collection. For a toll booth with any kind of barrier or booth see: barrier=toll_booth
CR0344eRoad-MM4-TollGantry (29081629762).jpg
highway traffic_mirror node Mirror that reflects the traffic on one road when direct view is blocked.
highway traffic_signals node Lights that control the traffic
Rendering-traffic singals.jpg
highway trailhead node Designated place to start on a trail or route
Ancient Lakes Trailhead - panoramio.jpg
highway turning_circle node A turning circle is a rounded, widened area usually, but not necessarily, at the end of a road to facilitate easier turning of a vehicle. Also known as a cul de sac.
Turning circle.jpg
highway turning_loop node A widened area of a highway with a non-traversable island for turning around, often circular and at the end of a road.
Turning circle - - 991834.jpg
highway User Defined node way All commonly used values according to Taginfo

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This is used to describe various historic places. For example: archaeological sites, wrecks, ruins, castles and ancient buildings. See the page titled Historic for an introduction on its usage.

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This is used to describe the purpose for which an area of land is being used. See the page Landuse for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Description Rendering Photo

Common landuse key values - developed land

landuse commercial node area Predominantly commercial businesses and their offices. Commercial businesses which sell goods should be categorised as landuse=retail. Commercial businesses can sell services on site and may include private Doctor's Surgeries, and those non-government services for mental and physical health, such as a Counsellor's or Physiotherapist's practice or Veterinary. Government services and businesses should not use this tag. Commercial businesses can also include office buildings and business parks which have limited interface with the public and sell their services either on site, or externally. Commercial businesses have low amounts of public foot traffic.
Cambourne Business Park - - 15908.jpg
landuse construction node area A site which is under active development and construction of a building or structure, including any purposeful alteration to the land or vegetation upon it. Abandoned construction projects and sites should not use this tag.
Landuse construction.jpg
landuse education node area An area predominately used for educational purposes/facilities.
Stąporków, Szkoła Podstawowa nr 2.jpg
landuse fairground node area A site where the fair takes place
Honre's Pleasure Fair funfair in Inverness from above.jpg
landuse industrial node area Predominantly industrial landuses such as workshops, factories, or warehouses.
Rehuraisio feed plant in Oulu 2008 001.jpg
landuse residential node area Land where people reside; predominantly residential detached (single houses, grouped dwellings), or attached (apartments, flats, units) dwellings. For "Mixed-Use" areas where more than half of the land is residential, tag as residential.
landuse retail node area Predominantly retail businesses such as shops. Retail businesses sell physical goods such as food (prepared or grocery), clothing, medicine, stationary, appliances, tools, or other similar physical items. Retail businesses have high amounts of public foot traffic. Retail businesses do not exclusively provide or sell their services. For businesses which sell services see landuse=commercial.

Generally a member of the public could freely walk into and access a retail business. Retail is a subset of commercial, but should be used and treated as mutually exclusive in OpenStreetMap.

Trocadero - London 1.jpg
landuse institutional node area Land used for institutional purposes, see  Institution (disambiguation). Institutional land may include buildings like an office=government, office=ngo, office=association, amenity=social_facility and their associated infrastructure (car parks, service roads, yards and so-on)
MSF bureau Genève Novembre 2015.jpg
Key Value Element Description Rendering Photo

Common landuse key values - rural and agricultural land

landuse aquaculture node area  Aquaculture is the farming of freshwater and saltwater organisms such as finfish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants. currently not rendered by osm-carto
Delta Pride Catfish farm harvest.jpg
landuse allotments node area A piece of land given over to local residents for growing vegetables and flowers.
landuse farmland area An area of farmland used for tillage (cereals, vegetables, oil plants, flowers).
Rye field.jpg
landuse farmyard area An area of land with farm buildings like farmhouse, dwellings, farmsteads, sheds, stables, barns, equipment sheds, feed bunkers, etc. plus the open space in between them and the shrubbery/trees around them.
Rendering-area-landuse farmyard-mapnik.png
landuse flowerbed area An area designated for flowers
Brussels floral carpet B.jpg
landuse forest node area Managed forest or woodland plantation (Other languages). Some use this to map an area of trees rather than the use of the land. See Forest.
Fort Nelson Forestry.JPG
landuse greenhouse_horticulture area Area used for growing plants in greenhouses
Greenhouses westland.jpg
landuse meadow node area A meadow or pasture: land primarily vegetated by grass and non-woody plants, mainly used for hay or grazing
Landuse Meadow.png
landuse orchard node area intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production
PikiWiki Israel 29753 Almonds grove.jpg
landuse plant_nursery area intentional planting of plants maintaining for the production of new plants
Landuse plant nursery.png
Cutchogue - Oregon Road - Plant Nursery.jpg
landuse vineyard node area A piece of land where grapes are grown.
Grape vines.jpg
Key Value Element Description Rendering Photo

Common landuse key values - waterbody

Warning: currently, there is no convention on the exact meaning of this tag. Therefore, it makes sense to treat it like "boundary of aquaculture" (without implication of water body), which means, water body should be tagged by its own, using natural=water etc.}}}

landuse basin node area An area artificially graded to hold water.

Together with basin=* for stormwater/rainwater infiltration/detention/retention basins.

Other languages.

Base layer water.png
Boneyard Detention Basin 2006.jpg
landuse reservoir node area A reservoir on Wikipedia. Deprecated variant of natural=water + water=reservoir (ne plus employer). See Proposed features/ for details.
Amagase Dam.jpg
landuse salt_pond area A place where salt (saline) water is evaporated to extract its salt.
Salt ponds SF Bay (dro!d).jpg
Key Value Element Description Rendering Photo

Other landuse key values

landuse brownfield node area Describes land scheduled for new development where old buildings have been demolished and cleared
Former Brickworks ... - - 56268.jpg
landuse cemetery node area Place for burials. You can add religion=* (values listed in the place of worship page). Smaller places (e.g. with a church nearby) may use amenity=grave_yard instead.
landuse conservation area Protected areas (deprecated) Alternate tagging of same thing: boundary=protected_area, protected_area=*
landuse depot area An area used as a depot for e.g. vehicles (trains, buses or trams). Consider using rather standard landuse tags like landuse=railway, landuse=commercial, landuse=industrial, with subtag like industrial=depot. currently not rendered by osm-carto
RET remise Beverwaard (2).JPG
landuse garages area One level buildings with boxes commonly for cars, usually made of brick and metal. Usually this area belong to garage cooperative with own name, chairman, budget, rules, security, etc.
Rendering-area-landuse garages-mapnik.png
landuse grass node area An area of mown and managed grass not otherwise covered by a more specific tag. Some view this as not a landuse, see the main page landuse=grass for discussion.
084 Green grass lawn background, green mowed grass free photo.jpg
landuse greenfield node area Describes land scheduled for new development where there have been no buildings before. A greenfield is scheduled to turn into a construction site
Rendering-area-landuse greenfield-mapnik.png

(not rendered)

Greenfields - - 1202824.jpg

landuse landfill node area Place where waste is dumped.
landuse military node area For land areas owned/used by the military for whatever purpose
REUNION 2007 04.jpg
landuse port area coastal industrial area where commercial traffic is handled. Consider using landuse=industrial + industrial=port for this type of industrial area. currently not rendered by osm-carto
Churchill Seaport 1996-08-12.jpg
landuse quarry node area Surface mineral extraction
landuse railway area Area for railway use, generally off-limits to the general public
landuse recreation_ground node area An open green space for general recreation, which may include pitches, nets and so on, usually municipal but possibly also private to colleges or companies
Landuse-recreation ground.png
Outdoor gym in Parque de Bateria, Torremolinos.JPG
landuse religious node area An area used for religious purposes
Landuse-religious ground.png
Cerkiew w Komańczy by Verid1st 09.JPG
landuse village_green node area A village green is a distinctive area of grassy public land in a village centre. Not a generic tag for urban greenery. It is a typical English term – defined separately from 'common land' under the Commons Registration Act 1965 and the Commons Act 2006.
Landuse-village green.png
landuse winter_sports node area An area dedicated to winter sports (e.g. skiing)
First run (3373949916).jpg
landuse user defined node area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

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This is used to tag leisure and sports facilities. See the page titled Leisure for an introduction on its usage.

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Man made

A tag for identifying man made (artificial) structures that are added to the landscape. See man_made=* for an introduction on its usage.

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This is used for facilities and on land used by the military. These may include the Navy, Army, Air Force and Marines. See the page titled Military for an introduction on its usage.

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This is used to describe natural and physical land features. These also include features that have been modified by humans.


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Water related

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Geology related

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An office is a place of business where administrative or professional work is carried out.

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See: Generic:Map Features:place.

This is used mainly to give details about settlements. See the page titled Places for an introduction on its usage.

Administratively declared places

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Populated settlements, urban

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Populated settlements, urban and rural

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Other places

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Additional attributes

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These are used to map electrical power generation and distributions systems. See Power for an introduction on its usage.

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Public transport

This is used for features related to public transport. For example: railway stations, bus stops and services. See the page titled Public transport for an introduction on its usage.

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Main article: Railways

This tag includes all kinds of railways ranging from heavily used mainline railways to an abandoned rail line.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering carto Photo


railway abandoned way The course of a former railway which has been abandoned and the track removed. The course is still recognized through embankments, cuttings, tree rows, bridges, tunnels, remaining track ties, building shapes and rolling or straight ways. For demolished rails that are no longer identifiable, e.g. that have been built over, some use the highly questionable railway=razed. currently not rendered by osm-carto
Abbey Barn Lane Bridge, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire.jpg
railway construction way Railway under construction.
Rendering-railway construction-125.png
Verlegen FF Rheda.jpg
railway disused way A section of railway which is no longer used but where the track and infrastructure remains in place. The track is likely overgrown with endemic vegetation, but could be brought back into useful service with only minor effort.
Rendering-railway disused-125.png
Disused railtrack 101 5351.jpg
railway funicular way Cable driven inclined railways on a steep slope, with a pair of cars connected by one cable
Rendering-railway light rail funicular narrow gauge-125.png
Vilnius funicular.jpg
railway light_rail way A higher-standard tram system, normally in its own right-of-way. Often it connects towns and thus reaches a considerable length (tens of kilometers).
Rendering-railway light rail funicular narrow gauge-125.png
Pittsburgh LRT 4305 47L Gateway to Library April 2008.jpg
railway miniature way Miniature railways are narrower than narrow gauge and carry passengers, frequently at an exact scale of "standard-sized" rail (for example "1/4 scale"). They can often be found in parks.
Rendering-railway miniature.png
Dampfbahnfreunde sommerhofen 09180016.jpg
railway monorail way A railway with only a single rail. A monorail can run above the rail like in Las Vegas and Disneyland or can suspend below the rail like the Wuppertal Schwebebahn (Germany).
Rendering-railway monorail.png
Monorail in Kuala Lumpur
railway narrow_gauge way Narrow-gauge passenger or freight trains. Narrow gauge railways can have mainline railway service like the Rhaetian Railway in Switzerland or can be a small light industrial railway. Use gauge=* to specify the actual width of rails in mm.
Rendering-railway light rail funicular narrow gauge-125.png
Narrow gauge.jpg
railway preserved way A railway running historic trains, usually a tourist attraction. Using railway:preserved=yes is an alternate method to mark railway as preserved.
Rendering-railway preserved.png
Railway preserved.jpg
railway rail way Full sized passenger or freight trains in the standard gauge for the country or state.
Rendering-railway rail.png
LGV Est PK217.jpg
railway subway way A city passenger rail service running mostly grade separated (see Wikipedia:rapid transit). Often a significant portion of the line or its system/network is underground.
Rendering-railway subway.png
Madrid - Estación Marqués de Vadillo - 20060910.jpg
railway tram way One or two carriage rail vehicles, usually sharing motor road, sometimes called "street running" (Other languages).
Rendering-railway tram.png
Praha, Hloubětín, Lehovec, tram KT8D5.JPG

Additional features

bridge yes way If the railway goes over a street, waterway or other railway on an elevated structure.
Railway bridge mapnick render.jpg
Railway bridge.jpg
cutting yes way A section where the railway is significantly lower than ground level, but not underground.
Railways cutting.jpg
electrified contact_line
way contact_line: a power line over the train head
rail: a third rail near the track supplying the train with power
yes: electrified track, but no details available
no: track with no power supply.
Caténaire 1,5 kV 01.jpg
embankment yes way A section where the railway is raised significantly higher than ground level
Railway embankment.jpg
embedded_rails yes/<type of railway> way Specifies that a highway on which non-railway traffic is also allowed has railway tracks embedded in it but the rails are mapped as separate ways.
Ruusulankatu tram rails (at lat 60.18206, lon 24.92450) heading NW.jpg
frequency number [Hz] way The frequency with which a line is electrified. Use 0 for DC. Also see the voltage tag.
Wave frequency.gif
railway:track_ref number way Track number
Gleis 101.jpg
service crossover way Relatively short lengths of track which switch traffic from one parallel line to another
service siding way Relatively short lengths of track, running parallel to (and connected to) a main route
Rendering-railway rail service.png
service spur way Relatively short lengths of track, built to give one company or entity access to a main or branch line.
Rendering-railway rail service.png
service yard way Tracks within railway company operated marshaling or maintenance yards.
Rendering-railway rail service.png
Service yard.png
tunnel yes way If the railway goes below ground. Most subways have this tag
Haywards Heath tunnel.jpg
tracks number way Number of parallel tracks in close proximity when mapped as one single way representing all tracks. If not given means unknown and defaults to 1. In many parts of the world the tracks are being drawn out separately so that there is more detail, in which case this tag isn't used.
Spoorlijn 51 R01.jpg
usage main
way main line: heavy traffic
branch line: connecting places with a mainline
industrial: servicing large plants (iron, chemical etc.), surface mining, …
military: servicing military area
tourism: most mountain rails (rack-rails, funicular) and preserved railways
scientific: rail transport at spaceports, large array telescopes, etc.
test: track for testing new wheels, rails, tracks and rail technologies.
voltage number way The voltage with which a line is electrified. Also see the frequency tag.
Symbole voltmetre.png

Stations and Stops

railway halt node A small station without switches
Rendering-railway-tram stop-mapnik.png.png
Railway halt.jpg
public_transport stop_position node The position on the railway track where the train (its center) stops at a platform. This is useful for routing on long platforms where also short trains stop and on long platforms where multiple trains stop behind each other. See also public_transport=stop_area.
Průmyslová str3, Prague Štěrboholy.jpg
public_transport platform node way area This is parallel to the rail line for showing where the actual platforms are. It is also to know where you can change platform and enter the station, so use footpaths to connect them. This is really useful for routing too. Use only if the platform is served by public transport.
Relax ... take it easy (7757527444).jpg
railway platform way area This is parallel to the rail line for showing where the actual platforms are. It is also to know where you can change platform and enter the station, so use footpaths to connect them. This is really useful for routing too. Use in addition to public_transport=platform.
Relax ... take it easy (7757527444).jpg
public_transport station node area Railway passenger only station.
Paddington Station.jpg
railway station node area Railway passenger and/or cargo station. Use in addition to public_transport=station.
Rendering-railway-tram stop-mapnik.png.png
Paddington Station.jpg
railway subway_entrance node The entrance to a subway station, usually going from surface to underground.
railway tram_stop node A tram stop is a place where a passenger can embark / disembark a tram.
Rendering-railway-tram stop-mapnik.png.png

Other railways

railway buffer_stop node stops the train at the end of a track. see Buffer_stop. currently not rendered by osm-carto
Stootblok (staal).jpg
railway derail node a device used to prevent fouling of a rail track by unauthorized movements of trains or unattended rolling stock. See Derail_(railroad). currently not rendered by osm-carto
US derail detail.JPG
railway crossing node A point where pedestrians may cross.
Level crossing2.svg
railway level_crossing node A point where rails and roads cross.
Level crossing2.svg
Level crossing - Chertsey - England - 270404.jpg
railway tram_level_crossing node A point where trams and roads cross.
RU road sign 1.5.svg
landuse railway area Ground used around railways and railway-stations. Rendering-area-landuse-industrial.png same rendering as landuse=industrial, but without border (see above)
Illustration of Rail.jpg
railway signal node Any kind of railway signal. currently not rendered by osm-carto
Zwischensignal FFM-Hoechst Schnee.jpg
railway switch node Full connections between railways (aka 'points'). currently not rendered by osm-carto
Railway switch.JPG
railway railway_crossing node Crossing rails with no interconnection. currently not rendered by osm-carto
Railroad crossing at grade also known as a diamond.jpg
railway turntable node area These are used for changing the direction that part of a train is pointing in. node: currently not rendered by osm-carto

area: Rendering-area-railway turntable-mapnik.png

Turntable of Railroad 001.jpg
railway roundhouse area A semicircular building with many stalls for servicing engines. Without building=*: currently not rendered by osm-carto

With building=*: same as building=*

Roundhouse Park August 2017 01.jpg
railway traverser node area These are used for changing trains between railways. Also known as transfer table. node: currently not rendered by osm-carto

area: currently not rendered by osm-carto

Schiebebuehne 01.jpg
railway wash node area A Railroad car wash currently not rendered by osm-carto
AKN Waschanlage - panoramio.jpg
railway water_crane node A structure to deliver water to steam locomotives currently not rendered by osm-carto
Wasserkran Bf Stützerbach.JPG
railway ventilation_shaft node way A structure that allows ventilation in underground tunnels currently not rendered by osm-carto
Moscow, Dmitriya Donskogo Boulevard, subway ventilation ducts (21984596650).jpg
railway user defined node way All commonly used values according to Taginfo – – – – – –

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Main article: relation:route

This is used to describe routes of all different kinds.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
route bicycle relation Cycle routes or bicycles route are named, numbered or otherwise signed. May go along roads, trails or dedicated cycle paths
route bus relation The route a public bus service takes. See Buses.
route canoe relation Signed route for canoeing through a waterway.
Canoe route lkn.png
route detour relation Route for fixed detour routes. Examples are Bedarfsumleitung in Germany and uitwijkroute in the Netherlands Zeichen 463 - Bedarfsumleitung (rechts), StVO 1970.svg
route ferry way relation The route a ferry takes from terminal to terminal Please make sure to add at least one node per tile (zoom level 12), better at least one every few km, so offline editors catch it with bbox requests.
Route ferry.png
route foot relation Walking Route - is used for routes which are walkable without any limitations regarding fitness, equipment or weather conditions.
State Foot2.svg
route hiking relation Hiking explains how to tag hiking routes.
Hærvejen vandretureskilt.jpg
route horse relation Riding routes
Hawick Circular Riding Route - - 592357.jpg
route inline_skates relation Inline has more information on the subject.
Signalisation Skatingroute.svg
route light_rail relation Route of a light rail line.
S-Bahn Berlin Baureihe 481.jpg
route mtb relation Mountain biking explains how to tag mtb routes.
Mountain bikers this way^ - - 744534.jpg
route piste way relation Route of a piste (e.g., snowshoe or XC-Ski trails) in a winter sport area.
Snowshoe trail.jpg
route railway relation A sequence of railway ways, often named (e.g., Channel Tunnel). See Railways.
08 tory railtrack ubt.jpeg
route road relation Can be used to map various road routes/long roads.
2014-05-16 15 58 16 Sign for Interstate 95 northbound on Interstate 95 in Ewing, New Jersey.JPG
route running relation For running (jogging) routes.
route ski relation For ski tracks (e.g., XC-Ski Trails User:Langläufer/Loipemap).
Langlauf Loipe.jpg
route subway relation Route of a metro service
route train relation Train services (e.g., London-Paris Eurostar) See Railways.
Transports Publics du Chablais - Zuglaufschild - 01.jpg
route tracks relation Railroad track as rail infrastructure.
08 tory railtrack ubt.jpeg
route tram relation See Trams for more information on tagging tram services.
route trolleybus relation The route of a trolleybus service.
Trådbuss Landskrona.JPG
route User defined relation All commonly used values according to Taginfo.

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


The shop tag is used as a place of business that has stocked goods for sale. See the page titled Shop for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Comment Rendering on default layer (osm-carto) Photo

Food, beverages

shop alcohol Shop selling alcohol to take away
Liquor store in Breckenridge Colorado.jpg
shop bakery Shop focused on selling bread
Bread in Boudin.jpg
shop beverages Shop focused on selling alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. See also shop=alcohol.
Coca Cola Kisten.jpg
shop brewing_supplies Shop focused on selling supplies for home brewing of beer, wine and spirits (where permitted).
Home-brewing set with 5-gallon containers.jpg
shop butcher Shop focused on selling meat
Butcher's shop Hong kong.jpg
shop cheese Shop focused on selling cheese.
Cheese shop P1010071.JPG
shop chocolate Shop focused on selling chocolate.
Chocolate shop.jpg
shop coffee Shop focused on selling coffee.
Ahrre's Coffee Roastery in Summit NJ interior view.jpg
shop confectionery Shop focused on selling sweets or candy
Sweet Shop, Chester.JPG
shop convenience A small local shop carrying a small subset of the items you would find in a supermarket
Food and wine shop.jpg
shop deli Shop focused on selling delicatessen (fine foods, gourmet foods), possibly also fine wine. Not to be confused with the US delis.
Rome Italian deli.jpg
shop dairy Shop focused on selling dairy products.
Milk Aisle.jpg
shop farm Shop or roadside stand focused on selling freshly harvested farm produce
Chatsworth farm shop - - 24050.jpg
shop frozen_food Shop focused on selling frozen food.
shop greengrocer Shop focused on selling vegetables and fruits.
Greenrocer's Interior.jpg
shop health_food A health food shop; selling wholefoods, vitamins, nutrition supplements and meat and dairy alternatives.
Holland & Barrett, King Street, Hammersmith.jpg
shop ice_cream Shop selling ice cream. See also amenity=ice_cream.
Ice Cream Parlour - - 1773794.jpg
shop pasta Shop focused on selling (fresh) pasta, ravioli, etc.
Ravioli 2.jpg
shop pastry Shop focused on selling baked sweets like cakes, biscuits, strudel and pies.
Pasticceria displaying cannoli siciliani.jpg
shop seafood Shop focused on selling fish/seafood.
Seafood chijin.jpg
shop spices Shop focused on selling spices.
Old city, best spice shop (498280882).jpg
shop tea Shop focused on selling tea.
Tea shop by matsuyuki in Nishiki Ichiba, Kyoto.jpg
shop wine Shop selling wine.
Wine Shop.JPG
shop water Shop focused on selling drinking water.
Water bottles in Dia.jpg

General store, department store, mall

shop department_store A single large store – often multiple storeys high – selling a large variety of goods (see also shop=mall)
Department store-16.svg
Takeshimaya Times Square in the evening.jpg
shop general A store that carries a general line of merchandise. (see also shop=convenience if it sells food).
Feinkost Weber Hernals 1994.jpg
shop kiosk A small shop on the pavement that sells magazines, tobacco, newspapers, sweets and stamps.
Kiosk germany.jpg
shop mall A shopping mall – multiple stores under one roof (also known as a shopping centre)
Dalian large Shopping Mall 2005.jpg
shop supermarket Supermarket – a large store with groceries and other items
Supermarket check out.JPG
shop wholesale Wholesale/warehouse club or cash and carry - a store that sells items in bulk to retailers. The branch of industry can be defined with wholesale=*.
Birmingham Wholesale Markets.jpg

Clothing, shoes, accessories

shop baby_goods Shop focused on selling objects for babies (clothes, prams, cots, toys).
shop bag Shop focused on selling bags.
Shop bag berlin.jpg
shop [[ Too many Data Items entities accessed. | boutique ]] A small shopping outlet, especially one that specializes in elite and fashionable items
Inside Sttilo.jpg
shop clothes Shop focused on selling clothes and/or underwear (other related value in use is fashion)
shop fabric Shop focused on selling fabric and other materials for the purpose of making clothes and other products, eg dress making.
Shop fabric.JPG
shop fashion Shop focused on selling fashion. This is deprecated, please use shop=clothes.
Shop fashion berlin.jpg
shop fashion_accessories Shop focused on selling fashion accessories.
shop jewelry Jewellers shops.
shop leather Shop focused on selling products made out of leather.
Lewis Leathers shop.jpg
shop sewing A shop that sells sewing supplies (fabric, thread, yarn, knitting needles, sewing machines, etc.)
W. Wächtershäuser - II.jpg
shop shoes Shop focused on selling shoes.
shop tailor A place where clothing is made, repaired, or altered professionally, especially suits and men's clothing
shop watches Shop focused on selling watches.
Paris Forum des Halles 2012 09.jpg
shop wool Shop selling wool for making of clothes or other products.
So called baby merino in a store.jpg

Discount store, charity

shop charity A charity shop is a shop operated by a charity, for the purposes of fundraising.
Cancer Research, Armagh, November 2009.JPG
shop second_hand A shop buying and selling used clothes and other things. See also shop=pawnbroker
Second hand-14.svg
HK Sheung Wan 2nd hand market Tung Street 上環東街.JPG
shop variety_store A variety store retailer is a retail store that sells inexpensive items, sometimes with a single price point for all items in the store.
Variety store-14.svg

Health and beauty

shop beauty A non-hairdresser beauty shop, spa, nail salon, etc.. See also shop=hairdresser.
Hair and Beauty, Strabane, January 2010.JPG
shop chemist Shop focused on selling articles of personal hygiene, cosmetics, and household cleaning products (for a shop that potentially dispenses prescription drugs, cf. pharmacy. U.S. drug store, see amenity=pharmacy)
Kelly Chemist, Omagh - - 103193.jpg
shop cosmetics Shop focused on selling cosmetics
Cosmetics at Central Ladprao.JPG
shop erotic Shop focused on selling erotic toys, -clothes or other erotic stuff.
Sex shops (Paris)-01.jpg
shop hairdresser Here you can get your hair cut, coloured, … See also shop=beauty
Belfast (187), October 2009.JPG
shop hairdresser_supply A shop, where you can buy hairdressing supplies.
Zeeb GmbH Friseurbedarf Mannheim S1.jpg
shop hearing_aids Shop focused on selling hearing aids devices
Shop audiologist.jpg
shop herbalist Shop focused on selling herbs, often for medical purposes. (See also: healthcare:speciality=herbalism and healthcare=alternative).
Hong Kong Museum of Medical Sciences, The Herbalist Shop.jpg
shop massage A massage shop
shop medical_supply Shop focused on selling medical supplies.
Medical supply.svg
Jt medical supply.jpg
shop nutrition_supplements Shops that sells one or more nutritional supplements (of vitamins, minerals and/or herbs)
shop optician Shop focused on selling eyeglasses, contact lenses (may also check your eyes).
US Navy 021029-N-3228G-001 Adjusting a customer's eyeglasses.jpg
shop perfumery Shop focused on selling perfumery
301 perfumery and drugstore in Cala Millor.jpg
shop tattoo A tattoo parlour.

Do-it-yourself, household, building materials, gardening

shop agrarian Shop focused on selling agrarian products, like seeds, agricultural machinery, animal feed, etc.
Shop Buena in Szamotuły.jpg
shop appliance Shop focused on selling large electrical items (aka white goods) washing machines, fridges, cookers, ovens, fans, etc.
Small appliance shop in North London.jpg
shop bathroom_furnishing Shop focused on selling bathroom furniture and accessories
Villa Tugendhat - Badezimmer.JPG
shop doityourself Shop focused on selling tools and supplies to do-it-yourself householders, gardening, …
Inside BandQ - - 649798.jpg
shop electrical Shop focused on selling electrical supplies and devices
Old electrical shop, Paris March 2015.jpg
shop energy Shop focused on selling energy
Carrefour Market de Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse le 1er avril 2013 - 08.jpg
shop fireplace Shop focused on selling electric fireplaces, stoves or masonry heaters and required fuels
Kaminofen in Betrieb IMG 6067.jpg
shop florist Shop focused on selling bouquets of flowers (see shop=garden_centre for potted flowers).
Butler's Wharf Flower Shop.jpg
shop garden_centre Shop focused on selling potted flowers, maybe even trees (see also shop=florist for flower bouquets).
Garden centre-14.svg
shop garden_furniture Shop focused on selling garden furniture (sheds, outdoor tables, gates, fences, ...). See shop=garden_centre if also plants are sold.
shop gas Shop focused on selling technical gas, such as argon, oxygen, acetylene, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, etc. in pressurized containers
2008-07-24 Bundle of compressed gas bottles.jpg
shop glaziery Shop focused on selling and installing glazing for windows and doors.
Double glazed Units.JPG
shop groundskeeping Shop focused on selling outdoor groundskeeping equipment (lawnmowers, chainsaws, small tractors, ...
Groundskeeping Store.jpg
shop hardware Shop focused on selling building supplies including screws, bolts & paints, … See also shop=doityourself
Tweedy and Popp 03.jpg
shop houseware Shop focused on selling crockery, cutlery, kitchenware, small household appliances.
shop locksmith Shop focused on selling keys, see also craft=locksmith and craft=key_cutter
shop paint Shop focused on selling paints.
Artists paints.jpg
shop security Shop focused on selling security items like burglar alarms, vaults, locking systems, video surveillance cameras, firefighting equipment, alarm systems, warning systems, etc.
shop trade Shop focused on selling one or more building supplies such as timber/wood, cement etc. See also shop=doityourself
Timber yard of Travis Perkins builders merchants - - 1025761.jpg
shop windows This tag is deprecated. Please use craft=window_construction instead.

Furniture and interior

shop antiques Shop focused on selling antiques.
Antiques shop berlin.jpg
shop bed Shop focused on selling mattresses and other bedding products.
Bed Shop, Omagh - - 129722.jpg
shop candles Shop focused on selling candles and candle accessories (holders, etc)
Candle shop, Liberty of London (8370788712).jpg
shop carpet Shop focused on selling carpets
A carpet seller in Jaipur.jpg
shop curtain Shop focused on selling curtains or drapes (see also shop=fabric)
Commerciante di tessuti.jpg
shop doors Shop focused on selling doors
shop flooring Shop focused on selling floorings
Fake wood flooring.jpg
shop furniture Shop focused on selling furniture, might range from small decorational items to a whole flat interior
Small furniture shop.jpg
shop household_linen Shop focused on selling household linen.
Shop with table-cloths and bedding textiles at ulica Starowiejska, Gdynia 2.jpg
shop interior_decoration Shop focused on selling interior decorations.
Interior decoration-14.svg
LA Showroom1 dakota jackson.jpg
shop kitchen A shop where you can plan and buy your kitchen. (Sometimes called "kitchen studio" and the like, but plain kitchen is the most frequently used tag so far.)
Kitchen shop in "The Boulevard" - - 1368775.jpg
shop lighting A shop selling lighting fixtures and lamps.
Lamp Shop in Bigastro.jpg
shop tiles Shop focused on selling tiles.
2.2 Jura Gelb geschliffen.JPG
shop window_blind Shop focused on selling window blinds.
Some window blinds.JPG


shop computer Shop focused on selling computers, peripherals, software, …
Computer shop, Crossens.JPG
shop electronics Shop focused on selling consumer electronics (TV, radio, …). Larger ones may also sell computers, fridges, …
Currys Digital.jpg
shop hifi Shop focused on selling High Fidelity or High End environment to listen music or watch films at home
JB Hi-Fi Wagga Wagga.jpg
shop mobile_phone Shop focused on selling mobile phones and accessories
3G Mobile Phones fot China Mobile.jpg
shop radiotechnics Shop focused on selling electronic components, electrical products, radio measuring devices, supplies for radio and electronics.
Tokyo Akihabara electronic parts shop.jpg
shop telecommunication Shop selling internet, television or similar services, and related hardware.
T-Mobile US Retail Store in Waterbury, CT.jpg
shop vacuum_cleaner Shop focused on selling vacuum cleaners and associated products.
Panasonic MCE8013 vacuum cleaner close.jpg

Outdoors and sport, vehicles

shop atv Shop focused on selling  atvs (quads), atv equipment and may rent or repair them
Honda FourTrax Rancher.jpg
shop bicycle Shop focused on selling bicycles, bicycle equipment and may rent or repair them
shop boat Shop focused on selling boats, boat equipment and may rent or repair them
White Sailing Boat.jpg
shop car Car store – a place to buy cars or to get your car repaired
shop car_repair Shop focused on car repair (usually independent of a specific car brand).
Car repair-14.svg
Colourful Shops Places In Onehunga II.jpg
shop car_parts Shop focused on selling auto parts, auto accessories, motor oil, car chemicals, etc.
Car parts-14.svg
Auto Parts Store.jpg
shop caravan A shop for caravans, motorhomes & similar recreational vehicles.
shop fuel Shop selling fuels (motor fuel, wood, coal, gas) that can't be considered a amenity=fuel (fuel station). Use fuel:*=yes/no to indicate which fuels are available.
Barreled fuel shop.jpg
shop fishing Shop focused on selling fishing equipment.
M.A. Wickham, East Grinstead (15538910361).jpg
shop golf Shop focused on selling golf equipment.
Pro shop - East Potomac Golf Course - East Potomac Park - 2013-08-25.jpg
shop hunting Shop focused on selling gun and hunting equipment.
Artegon Marketplace 07.jpg
shop jetski Shop focused on selling jetskis, jetski equipment and may rent or repair them
Offshore Aquabike.jpg
shop military_surplus Shop selling used military equipment
Military surplus2.jpg
shop motorcycle Shop focused on selling motorcycles and/or related accessories, clothes, parts, and rental services.
Shop motorcycle.svg
shop outdoor Shop focused on selling camping, walking, climbing, and other outdoor sports equipment (GPSes, etc.)
Outdoor shop.png
shop scuba_diving Shop focused on selling scuba diving equipment.
Paradise Dive Shop.jpg
shop ski Shop focused on selling skis, ski equipment and may rent or repair them
shop snowmobile Shop focused on selling snowmobiles, snowmobile equipment and may rent or repair them
Snowmobiling in New Brunswick, Canada 2010.jpg
shop sports Shop focused on selling sporting goods.
HK TST East Mody Road Wing On Plaza Shop Kettler Sport Fitness.JPG
shop swimming_pool A store that sells swimming pool equipment and supplies.
Circuit tuyauterie robot hydraulique.jpg
shop trailer Shop focused on selling trailers and parts and/or repairing / renting them
shop tyres Shop focused on selling tyres.
Istanbul Continental tyre shop.jpg

Art, music, hobbies

shop art Shop which sells works of art. May be paintings, sculpture, or other types of art
Ruiz gallery.jpg
shop camera A shop mainly selling cameras and lenses
Nikkor Lens Showcase @ Berjaya Times Square's Nikon Centre.jpg
shop collector A shop for different collector's items like stamps, coins, action figures, etc.
Shop collector.jpg