Map Features

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OpenStreetMap represents physical features on the ground (e.g., roads or buildings) using tags attached to its basic data structures (its nodes, ways, and relations). Each tag describes a geographic attribute of the feature being shown by that specific node, way or relation.

OpenStreetMap's free tagging system allows the map to include an unlimited number of attributes describing each feature. The community agrees on certain key and value combinations for the most commonly used tags, which act as informal standards. However, users can create new tags to improve the style of the map or to support analyses that rely on previously unmapped attributes of the features. Short descriptions of tags that relate to particular topics or interests can be found using the feature pages.

Most features can be described using only a small number of tags, such as a path with a classification tag such as highway=path, and perhaps also a name using name=*. But, since this is a worldwide, inclusive map, there can be many different feature types in OpenStreetMap, almost all of them described by tags.

For details of more tags and proposed changes to existing tags see Proposed features and Deprecated features. If you do not find a suitable tag in this list then feel free to make something suitable up as long as the tag values will be verifiable. Over time, you may find that the tag name is changed to fit with some wider consensus, however many good tags were used first and documented later. Information about OSM tags is available as a machine-readable semantic network.


Primary features


This is used to tag different forms of transportation for people or goods by using aerial wires. For example these may include cable-cars, chair-lifts and drag-lifts. See the page Aerialway for more information on the usage of these tags.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
aerialway cable_car Way Wikipedia Cablecar or Tramway. Just one or two large cars. The cable forms a loop, but the cars do not loop around, they just move up and down on their own side.
CH Furtschellas aerial tram.jpg
aerialway chair_lift Way Wikipedia Chairlift. Looped cable with a series of single chairs (typically seating two or four people, but can be more). Exposed to the open air (can have a bubble). This implies oneway=yes. Any two-way chairlifts should be tagged oneway=no.
Chair lift rendering.png
Silver Queen Chair, CBMR.jpg
aerialway drag_lift Way Wikipedia Drag lift or Surface lift is an overhead tow-line for skiers and riders. A T-bar lift, button lift, or more simple looped rope drag lifts, or loops of wire with handles to grab. See also aerialway=t-bar, aerialway=j-bar, aerialway=platter and aerialway=rope_tow.
Chair lift rendering.png
Picswiss BE-96-18 Skilift auf dem Leiterli.jpg
aerialway gondola Way Wikipedia Gondola lift. Many cars on a looped cable.
Chair lift rendering.png
Linbana kolmården cable car.jpg
aerialway goods Way deprecated - consider other values in combination with foot=no and/or a usage=* key instead of this
Aerialway goods.png
aerialway j-bar Way Wikipedia J-bar lift. A type of aerialway=drag_lift. Like t-bar but just on one side. This automatically implies oneway=yes.
Coldspgs j bar lift.jpg
aerialway magic_carpet Way Wikipedia Magic carpet. A type of ski lift. This automatically implies oneway=yes.
Magic carpet uphill loaded P1437.jpeg
aerialway mixed_lift Way Wikipedia Mixed lift Also known as a hybrid lift is a new type of ski lift that combines the elements of a chairlift and a gondola lift.
Chair lift rendering.png
Cgd panoramabahn.jpg
aerialway platter Way Wikipedia Platter lift. A type of aerialway=drag_lift. Similar to a t-bar, but with a disc instead of a bar. Single-person only. This automatically implies oneway=yes.
aerialway pylon Node Wikipedia Aerial lift pylon is a pylon supporting the aerialway cable.
09 Sommet TS.JPG
aerialway rope_tow Way Wikipedia Rope tow. A type of aerialway=drag_lift. This automatically implies oneway=yes.
Rope tow overview.jpeg
aerialway station Node Area A station, where passengers can enter and/or leave the aerialway
aerialway t-bar Way Wikipedia T-bar lift. A type of aerialway=drag_lift. This automatically implies oneway=yes.
aerialway zip_line Way Wikipedia Zip line. Simple aerial rope slides, aerialway=zip_line implies oneway=yes.
Zip line arival SuperFly Whistler, BC, Canada.JPG
aerialway user defined Node Way All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


These are mainly related to aerodromes, airfields other ground facilities that support the operation of airplanes and helicopters. See the page Aeroways for an introduction on mapping these features.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
aeroway aerodrome Node Area Wikipedia Aerodrome in the United Kingdom or Airport in North America is used to map the main area details.
Flemingfield looking north.JPG
aeroway apron Area Wikipedia Airport apron is an area where planes are parked, unloaded or loaded, refueled, or boarded.
Osmarender apron.png
LKPR sever 2003.jpg
aeroway gate Node Wikipedia Airport gate is used to mark the gate numbers at the airports where passengers wait before boarding their flight.
Edinburgh Airport gate lounge.jpg
aeroway helipad Node Area Wikipedia Helipad is used to mark the landing area or platform for Helicopters
Helipad at Blessington Lakeside Resort - - 262175.jpg
aeroway hangar Node Area Wikipedia Hangar is a structure to hold aircraft or spacecraft.
Delta jet hangar at kemble england arp.jpg
aeroway navigationaid Node Wikipedia Radio navigation aid is used to mark systems that determine a position on the Earth which helps pilots guide their aircraft during flight.
aeroway runway Way Area Wikipedia Runway is a rectangular area in which aerodrome are prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft.
Rendering-aeroway runway.png
Runways Brussels Airport (7655183522).jpg
aeroway taxiway Way Wikipedia Taxiway is a path on an airport connecting runways with ramps, hangars, terminals and other facilities.
Rendering-aeroway taxiway.png
F-22A Elmendorf AFB.jpg
aeroway terminal Node Area Wikipedia Airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer between ground transportation and the facilities that allow them to board and disembark from aircraft.
aeroway windsock Node Wikipedia Windsock is designed to indicate wind direction and relative wind speed.
Windsock of CCK Air Force Base 20111112.jpg
aeroway User defined Node Way All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


Used to map facilities used by visitors and residents. For example: toilets, telephones, banks, pharmacies, cafes, parking and schools. See the page Amenities for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo


amenity bar Node Area Bar is a purpose-built commercial establishment that sells alcoholic drinks to be consumed on the premises. They are characterised by a noisy and vibrant atmosphere, similar to a party and usually don't sell food. See also the description of the tags amenity=pub;bar;restaurant for a distinction between these.
amenity bbq Node BBQ or Barbecue is a permanently built grill for cooking food, which is most typically used outdoors by the public. For example these may be found in city parks or at beaches. Use the tag fuel=* to specify the source of heating, such as fuel=wood;electric;charcoal. For mapping nearby table and chairs, see also the tag tourism=picnic_site. For mapping campfires and firepits, instead use the tag leisure=firepit.
amenity biergarten Node Area Biergarten or beer garden is an open-air area where alcoholic beverages along with food is prepared and served. See also the description of the tags amenity=pub;bar;restaurant. A biergarten can commonly be found attached to a beer hall, pub, bar, or restaurant. In this case, you can use biergarten=yes additional to amenity=pub;bar;restaurant.
Amenity biergarten.png
amenity cafe Node Area Cafe is generally an informal place that offers casual meals and beverages, typically, the focus is on coffee or tea. Also known as a coffeehouse/shop, bistro or sidewalk cafe. The kind of food served may be mapped with the tags cuisine=* and diet=*. See also the tags amenity=restaurant;bar;fast_food.
Klagenfurt Wörthersee Strandbad Cafe Sunset Bar 11102008 65.jpg
amenity drinking_water Node Drinking water is a place where humans can obtain potable water for consumption. Typically, the water is used for only drinking. Also known as a drinking fountain or water tap.
Food drinkingtap.p.20.png
Basler Trinkwasser 1341.jpg
amenity fast_food Node Area Fast food restaurant (see also amenity=restaurant). The kind of food served can be tagged with cuisine=* and diet=*.
Fast food new.png
Burger king kamen osm.jpg
amenity food_court Node Area An area with several different restaurant food counters and a shared eating area. Commonly found in malls, airports, etc.
amenity ice_cream Node Area Ice cream shop or ice cream parlour. A place that sells ice cream and frozen yoghurt over the counter
Shop-ice cream.jpeg
amenity pub Node Area A place selling beer and other alcoholic drinks; may also provide food or accommodation (UK). See description of amenity=bar and amenity=pub for distinction between bar and pub
Amenity pub.png
amenity restaurant Node Area Restaurant (not fast food, see amenity=fast_food). The kind of food served can be tagged with cuisine=* and diet=*.
Caprice Restaurant.JPG


amenity college Node Area A college campus or buildings Node : College.png
Area : Rendering-area-amenity-college.png
Cambridge Regional College main entrance.jpg
amenity kindergarten Node Area For children too young for a regular school (also known as playschool or nursery school).
Story Time.jpg
amenity library Node Area A public library (municipal, university, …) to borrow books from.
Guantanamo captives' library a.jpg
amenity public_bookcase Node Area A street furniture containing books. Take one or leave one.
Hannover, public bookcase.jpg
amenity school Node Area School and grounds Node : Icon-amenity school.png
Area : Rendering-area-amenity-school.png
Williamstown school.jpg
amenity university Node Area A university campus Node : Icon-amenity university.png
Area : Rendering-area-amenity-university.png
Brock University campus.JPG


amenity bicycle_parking Node Area Parking for bicycles
Icon bicycle parking.png
amenity bicycle_repair_station Node Area Self service repair stand
amenity bicycle_rental Node Area Rent a bicycle
Rental bicycle.p.20.png
amenity boat_sharing Node Area Share a Boat
A Boat To Share.jpg
amenity bus_station Node Area Has been replaced by public_transport=station.
Bus station.n.16.png
Manchester Piccadilly Bus Station.jpg
amenity car_rental Node Area Rent a car
Hertz car rental office Livonia Michigan.JPG
amenity car_sharing Node Area Share a car
Car share.p.16.png
U Car Share Shattuck Hearst.jpg
amenity car_wash Node Area Wash a car
Wuppertal - Friedrich-Engels-Allee 130 02 ies.jpg
amenity ev_charging Node Electric vehicle charging facility. Don't use, amenity=charging_station is preferred.
Ev charging.png
amenity charging_station Node Charging facility for electric vehicles
Charging station.svg
amenity ferry_terminal Node Area Ferry terminal/stop. A place where people/cars/etc. can board and leave a ferry.
Ferry Reet.jpg
amenity fuel Node Area Petrol station; gas station; marine fuel; … Streets to petrol stations are often tagged highway=service.
Preem Karlskrona.jpg
amenity grit_bin Node A container that holds grit or a mixture of salt and grit.
Grid bin 32.png
Grit bin.jpg
amenity parking Node Area Car park. Nodes and areas (without access tag) will get a parking symbol. Areas will be coloured. Streets on car parking are often tagged highway=service and service=parking_aisle.
P3030027ParkingLot wb.jpg
amenity parking_entrance Node An entrance or exit to an underground or multi-storey parking facility. Group multiple parking entrances together with a relation using the tags type=site and site=parking. Do not mix with amenity=parking.
3690668043 88a731e3e0 b.jpg
amenity parking_space Node Area A single parking space. Group multiple parking spaces together with a relation using the tags type=site and site=parking. Do not mix with amenity=parking.
138081166 2a56d66c27 b.jpg
amenity taxi Node Area A place where taxis wait for passengers.
Amenity taxi picture-Hong Kong Shatin Taxi Stand.jpg


amenity atm Node an ATM or cash point
ATM 750x1300.jpg
amenity bank Node Area a bank (for a bank that also has an ATM, it is preferred that a separate node for each ATM is added)
amenity bureau_de_change Node Bureau de change, currency exchange, Wechsel, cambio – a place to change foreign bank notes and travellers cheques
Bureau de change.svg
Bureau de change electronic sign.jpg


amenity baby_hatch Node Area A place where a baby can be, out of necessity, anonymously left to be safely cared for and perhaps adopted.
Babybox - venkovní strana.jpg
amenity clinic Node Area A medium-sized medical facility or health centre.
Bristol , Central Health Clinic - - 1360619.jpg
amenity dentist Node Area A dentist practice / surgery.
Military dentists in Guatemala.jpg
amenity doctors Node Area A doctors' practice / surgery.
Icon doctors.png
Doctors stethoscope 2.jpg
amenity hospital Node Area Often used in conjunction with emergency=* to note whether or not the hospital has emergency facilities (A&E (brit.) or ER (am.))
Medical clinic emergency nobeds.png
Guantanamo captive's hospital beds -c.jpg
amenity nursing_home Node Area A home for disabled or elderly persons who need permanent care. See social_facility=* for more details.
Hora Svate Kateriny - nursing home.jpg
amenity pharmacy Node Area Pharmacy
dispensing=no or omitted
Icon pharmacy.png
Boots The Chemist At Gunwharf Quays.jpg
amenity social_facility Node Area A facility that provides social services.
Salvation Army Citadel, Hill Street , Newport - - 1585015.jpg
amenity veterinary Node Area A place where a veterinary surgeon (vet) practices.
Veterinary Surgeon.jpg

Entertainment, Arts & Culture

amenity arts_centre Node Area A venue where a variety of arts are performed or conducted
Alhamra Art Centre.JPG
amenity brothel Node Area An establishment specifically dedicated to prostitution
Walletjes 001.jpg
amenity casino Node Area A gambling venue with at least one table game(e.g. roulette, blackjack) that takes bets on sporting and other events at agreed upon odds.
amenity cinema Node Area A place where films are shown (US: movie theater)
Palace cinéma beaumont.JPG
amenity community_centre Node Area A place mostly used for local events and festivities.
Greasby Community Centre.JPG
amenity fountain Node Area A fountain for cultural / decorational / recreational purposes.
Fountain at Milan citadel.JPG
amenity gambling Node Area A place for gambling, not being a shop=bookmaker, shop=lottery, amenity=casino, or leisure=adult_gaming_centre.

Games that are covered by this definition include bingo and pachinko.

Bingo cards.jpg
amenity nightclub Node Area A place to drink and dance (nightclub). The German word is "Disco" or "Discothek". Please don't confuse this with the German "Nachtclub" which is most likely amenity=stripclub.
amenity planetarium Node Area A planetarium.
amenity social_centre Node Area A place for free and not-for-profit activities.
Governor Hotel, Rotary Club of Portland plaque.JPG
amenity stripclub Node A place that offers striptease or lapdancing (for sexual services use amenity=brothel).
amenity studio Node Area TV radio or recording studio
amenity swingerclub Node Area A club where people meet to have a party and group sex.
Swingerclub Cäsars Palace. Spröckhövel.JPG
amenity theatre Node Area A theatre or opera house
Sydney opera.jpg


amenity animal_boarding Node Area A facility where you, paying a fee, can bring your animal for a limited period of time (e.g. for holidays)
Dog boarding icon.png
Holmbyre Cattery - - 167661.jpg
amenity animal_shelter Node Area A shelter that recovers animals in trouble
Dog shelter icon.png
Deer shelter icon.png
Kennel 2.jpg
amenity bench Node A bench to sit down and relax a bit
amenity clock Node A public visible clock
Houses Of Parliament Clock Tower (Big Ben).jpg
amenity courthouse Node Area A place where justice is dispensed
Amenity court.p.20.png
amenity coworking_space Node Area A place where people can go to work (might require a fee); not limited to a single employer
Coworking Space in Berlin.jpg
amenity crematorium Node Area A place where dead human bodies are burnt
Bushbury Crematorium - - 259876.jpg
amenity crypt Node Area It is a stone chamber or vault beneath the floor of a burial vault possibly containing sarcophagi, coffins or relics.
amenity dojo Node Area Training place for any of the Japanese arts.
Noma Dojo, 2006.JPG
amenity embassy Node Area An embassy
Bulgarian embassy in Paris.jpg
amenity fire_station Node Area A fire station
Fire station.jpg
amenity firepit Node Area Deprecated. For campfires and firepits, see Tag:leisure=firepit
Camp site.jpg
amenity grave_yard Node Area A (smaller) place of burial, often you'll find a church nearby. Large places should be landuse=cemetery instead.
Odenbuell Nordstrand St Vinzenz IMGP2940 wp crop.jpg
amenity gym Node Area A place with exercise equipment such as running machines. See leisure=sports_centre. Do not use sport=gymnastics as this is quite different.
amenity hunting_stand Node Area A hunting stand
A rised hide closed quadrat.jpg
amenity game_feeding Node Area Game feeding place
Futterkrippe hohewand.jpg
amenity marketplace Way Area A place where trade is regulated, e.g. a square.
Marche berlin002.jpg
amenity photo_booth Node Photo Booth – A stand to create instant photo.
amenity place_of_worship Node Area A church, mosque, or temple, etc. Note that you also need religion=*, usually denomination=* and preferably name=* as well as amenity=place_of_worship. See the article for details.
Place of worship symbols.png
Place of worship.png
amenity police Node Area A police station
Polizeiautos Davidwache.jpg
amenity post_box Node A box for the reception of mail. Alternative mail-carriers can be tagged via operator=*
Post box.png
Post Box.JPG
amenity post_office Node Area Post office building with postal services
Amenity-post office.png
100px-Pošta Praha 025.jpg
amenity prison Node Area A prison
Amenity prison.p.20.png
Osaka keimusho.jpg
amenity public_building Node Area A generic public building. Don't use! See building=public
amenity ranger_station Node Area National Park Visitor Headquarters
NPS ranger station.svg
Talkeetna Ranger Station.jpg
amenity register_office Node Area Register office. See also office=register
Main entrance to the new Register Office, Holliday Wharf, Holliday Street - - 1628687.jpg
amenity recycling Node Area Recycling facilities (bottle banks, etc.). Combine with recycling_type=container for containers or recycling_type=centre for recycling centres.
amenity rescue_station Node Area A rescue station
Rescue station.jpg
amenity sauna Node Area A small room or house to experience dry or wet heat sessions.
Also frequently used: leisure=sauna
Sauna in pancevo.jpg
amenity shelter Node Area A small shelter against bad weather conditions. To additionally describe the kind of shelter use shelter_type=*.
Réunion Maïdo kiosque pique-nique.JPG
amenity shower Node Area Public shower or bath.
Znak D-26d.svg
amenity telephone Node Public telephone
amenity toilets Node Area Public toilets (might require a fee)
amenity townhall Node Area Building where the administration of a village, town or city may be located, or just a community meeting place
Icon amenity townhall.png
amenity vending_machine Node A machine selling goods – food, tickets, newspapers, etc. Add type of goods using vending=*
Vending machine.png
Vending machines at Haeundae.jpg
amenity waste_basket Node A single small container for depositing garbage that is easily accesible for pedestrians.
amenity waste_disposal Node A place where canal boaters, caravaners, etc. can dispose of rubbish (trash/waste).
Waste container.jpg
amenity watering_place Node Place where water is contained and animals can drink
Drinking Water For Humans and Animals.jpg
amenity water_point Node Place where you can get large amounts of drinking water
Aire de Valuejols.JPG
amenity user defined Node Way Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


These are used to describe barriers and obstacles that are usually involved by traveling. See the page Barriers for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo

Linear Barriers

barrier city_wall Way Area A fortification used to defend a city or settlement from potential aggressors.
From ancient to modern times, they are used to enclose settlements.
  • right side is bottom, left side is top. if both sides are same height then add "two_sided=yes".

See also historic=city_gate.

City wall render eg1.png
City wall avila.png
barrier ditch Way Area A trench, ditch or ravine, usually with a stream at the bottom, that is not easily crossed, especially if not on foot.
Can be used in combination with waterway=stream or waterway=drain.
Forest ditch.JPG
barrier fence Way Area A structure supported by posts driven into the ground and designed to prevent movement across a boundary. It is distinguished from a wall by the lightness of its construction. Use fence_type=* to add details.
Barrier fence mapnik.png
barrier guard_rail Way A guard_rail, also called a crash barrier. Right side is inner, left side is outer.
barrier cable_barrier Way Also called guard cable. This is a road side or median barrier made of steal wire ropes mounted on weak posts. See also the more extensive wikipedia description.
barrier handrail Way is designed to be grasped by the hand so as to provide stability or support.
Geländer am Kulturhaus im Kinderdorf Dittrichshütte 2.JPG
barrier hedge Way Area is a line of closely spaced shrubs and bushes, planted and trained in such a way as to form a barrier or to mark the boundary of an area.
Daniel Fuchs.CC-BY-SA.Morus nigra.Hedge.jpg
barrier kerb Node Way A (for example footway) kerb is a barrier for vehicles and wheelchair drivers. The height of the kerb is important and with this information, the usage by different groups can be determined. The height of the kerb is tagged additionally as height=*, if available. Right side is bottom, left side is top.
Barrier fence mapnik.png
barrier retaining_wall Way Area Retaining walls serve to retain the lateral pressure of soil. Right side is bottom, left side is top.
Element retaining wall rend.png
Retaining wall.png
barrier wall Way Area a freestanding solid structure designed to restrict or prevent movement across a boundary. Usually made from solid brick, concrete or stone and almost always built so that it is opaque to vision.

Access Control on Highways

barrier block Node A large, solid, immobile block that can be moved only with heavy machinery or great effort.
Typically big solid things made of concrete for stopping larger vehicles.
Sometimes natural boulders are used for the same purpose.
Barrier roadblock.jpg
barrier bollard Node Way solid (usually concrete or metal) pillar or pillars in the middle of the road to prevent passage by some traffic.
Bollard in residential area.jpg
barrier border_control Node This is a control point at an international border between two countries. Passports or other forms of ID will be checked.
EU Swiss border post.jpg
barrier bump_gate Node See wikipedia:Bump gate [1] [2] [3]
barrier bus_trap Node See wikipedia:Bus trap
Bussluse 05-04-06 02.jpg
barrier cattle_grid Node Bars in the road surface that allow wheeled vehicles but not animals to cross.
Sometimes known as a Texas Gate, even outside of Texas
Cattle grid.jpg
barrier chain Node A chain used to prevent motorised vehicles.
Barrier chain.jpg
barrier cycle_barrier Node Barriers to bicycle traffic, most typically a pair of staggered steel bars perpendicular to the way itself whose gaps allow pedestrians to pass.
Unknown barrier.jpg
barrier debris Node A road is blocked by debris with or without ground. This might be for short or long time. Often used as first step in blocking an abandoned road. The photo does not display the road after the debris because it was a slope road and the photo was taken on the top.
Barrier debris.jpg
barrier entrance Node A gap in a linear barrier with nothing that limits passing through.
access=yes is implied.
The limitations are the same of the way that crosses it, if there is such.
barrier full-height_turnstile Node A full-height turnstile, also called HEET-turnstile (High Entrance/Exit Turnstile), like the ones to access security areas. Note the mix of hyphen and underscore.
barrier gate Node Way An entrance that can be opened or closed to get through the barrier.
Combine with access=* where appropriate.
barrier hampshire_gate Node A section of wire fence which can be removed temporarily.
Combine with access=* where appropriate.
Wire gate.jpg
barrier height_restrictor Node Combine with maxheight=*.
barrier horse_stile Node A horse stile allows pedestrians and horses to cross a gap through a fence, but prevents or makes it very difficult for motorcycles and live stock to cross.
Horse stile on the Doncaster Greenway - - 502599.jpg
barrier jersey_barrier Node Way A jersey barrier consists of heavy prefabricated blocks to create a barrier. Use material=plastic or material=concrete to express the used material.
Dora Baghdad soldiers.jpg
barrier kent_carriage_gap Node A Kent carriage gap is used by local authorities in the UK to prevent motorised vehicles from accessing public rights of way whilst allowing most horse drawn carriages to pass.
These are now becoming common on byways in the UK
barrier kissing_gate Node A gate which allows people to cross, but not livestock.
TL0452 stile.jpg
barrier lift_gate Node A lift gate (boom barrier) is a bar, or pole pivoted in such a way as to allow the boom to block vehicular access through a controlled point.
Combine with access=* where appropriate.
Lift gate.jpg
barrier log Node Way Use this when the passage is closed by lumber (trunk of a tree). This kind of barrier is often useful to sit on. This barrier is a penalty to cyclists but can be crossed by lifting the bike over.
barrier motorcycle_barrier Node Barriers along paths that prevent access by motorcycles.
Motorcycle barrier.jpg
barrier rope Node Way A flexible barrier made of fibres, twisted or braided together to improve strength. As a barrier it is often more symbolic than actually physically preventing pedestrians from accessing.
Black Red Gold Rope at German Bundestag in Berlin 2010.jpg
barrier sally_port Node A sally port is used to pass through thick or city walls, and is a type of covered gate with two doors.
barrier spikes Node Way Area Spikes on the ground that prevent unauthorized access. Can also be removeable e.g. after payment in a garage.
US Army spike strip.jpg
barrier stile Node A stile allows pedestrians to cross a wall or fence, but never actually "opens" the barrier
(unlike a gate, a stile has few or no moving parts).
barrier sump_buster Node A sump buster is a concrete slab or steel structure that prevents passing of two-tracked vehicles with less than a minimum track and ground clearance. (Typically stops normal cars.)
barrier swing_gate Node Similar to a lift gate but rotates sidewards to open. It is usually made out of metal bars (wood or other material possible) and is intended to prevent cars from access but can usually be crossed by pedestrians and cyclists.
barrier toll_booth Node A road usage toll or fee is collected here. Used with toll=* and charge=*
Toll booth.jpg
barrier turnstile Node A turnstile (also called baffle gate) is used to allow one person at a time to pass. Use this for small turnstiles like the ones in supermarkets or some subways.
Barrier drehkreuz.JPG
barrier yes Way A barrier which nature cannot be determined; typically only used in mapping using aerial imagery. Should be replaced by a specific value.
Screenshot from 2014-04-09 19-50-08.png
Bing imagery showing buildings and barrier.png
barrier user defined Node Way Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


These are used to describe administrative and other boundaries. See the page Boundaries for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
boundary administrative Area An administrative boundary. Subdivisions of areas/territories/jurisdictions recognised by governments or other organisations for administrative purposes. These range from large groups of nation states right down to small administrative districts and suburbs, as indicated by the 'admin_level=*' combo tag
Lake city sign.jpg
boundary maritime Area Maritime boundaries
boundary national_park Area Area of outstanding natural beauty, set aside for conservation and for recreation (Other languages)
Rendering-area-boundary-national park.png
Kings Canyon NP Sign.JPG
boundary political Area Electoral boundaries
boundary postal_code Area Postal code boundaries
boundary religious_administration Area An religious administrative boundary.
See: Talk:Key:boundary#Religious authority boundaries
boundary protected_area Area Protected areas, such as for national-parks, water protection areas or indigenous areas.
border_type * Way Area To distinguish between types of boundary where admin_level isn't enough. Used in several different ways e.g in maritime contexts
fire_boundary yes Way Tag fire_boundary used to mark the boundaries of the areas of fire brigades out within the project Karta01.
boundary user defined Node Way All commonly used values according to Taginfo


admin_level Number Area Applies to boundary=administrative and is usually in the range 1 to 10, except for Germany where it might be 11 – see boundary.

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to identify individual buildings or groups of connected buildings. See the page Buildings for further details on the usage of this tag and man_made=* for tagging of various other structures.

Key Value Element Comment Photo


building apartments Area A building arranged into individual dwellings, often on separate floors. May also have retail outlets on the ground floor. How does one map the retail elements? Use building:levels=* for the total number of floors.
building farm Area A residential building on a farm (farmhouse). For other buildings see below building=farm_auxiliary, building=barn, … If in your country farmhouse looks same as general residential house then you can tag as building=house as well. See also landuse=farmyard
Studna před č.1.,Holašovice.JPG
building hotel Area A building designed with separate rooms available for overnight accommodation. Normally used in conjunction with tourism=hotel for the hotel grounds including recreation areas and parking.
Hcom 1097758 7 b.jpg
building house Area A dwelling unit inhabited by a single household (a family or small group sharing facilities such as a kitchen). Houses forming half of a semi-detached pair, or one of a row of terraced houses, should share at least two nodes with joined neighbours, thereby defining the party wall between the properties.
building detached Area A single dwelling unit inhabited by family or small group sharing facilities such as a kitchen.
Residential House USA.JPG
building residential Area A general tag for a building used primarily for residential purposes. Where additional detail is available consider using one or more areas tagged as 'apartments', 'terrace' or 'house'.
Timarpur Residential Complex.jpg
building dormitory Area For a shared building, as used by college/university students (not a share room for multiple occupants as implied by the term in British English). Would 'hall_of_residence' be better? Alternatively, use building=residential plus residential=university.
Belgrade Dormitory.jpg
building terrace Area A single way used to define the outline of a linear row of residential dwellings, each of which normally has its own entrance, which form a terrace (row-house in North American English). Consider defining each dwelling separately using 'house'.
Terraced housing.png
building houseboat Area A boat used primarily as a home
Houseboat- Dal Lake, srinagar Kashmir.JPG
building static_caravan Area A mobile home (semi)permanently left on a single site


building commercial Area A building where non-specific commercial activities take place; use office=* to describe the type of office. Consider tagging the area using landuse=commercial. Use 'retail' if the building consists primarily of shops.
building industrial Area A building where some industrial process takes place. Use warehouse if the purpose is known to be primarily for storage/distribution. Consider using landuse=industrial for the surrounding area and the proposed industrial=* tag to describe the industrial activity.
Eley Industrial Estate1.JPG
building retail Area A building primarily used for selling goods are sold to the public; use shop=* to identify the sort of goods sold. Consider use landuse=retail for the surrounding area. How is one meant to indicate that there is also residential accommodation or office use above? Extensive Retail Mall.jpg
building warehouse Area A building primarily used for the storage or goods or as part of a distribution system.
Copenhagen warehouse.jpg


building cathedral Area A building that was built as a cathedral. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the cathedral grounds where it is in current use.
Saint Vitus Cathedral in Prague, Czech Republic.jpg
building chapel Area A building that was built as a chapel. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the chapel grounds where it is in current use.
Andachtskapelle des Moorbad Gmös.jpg
building church Area A building that was built as a church. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=* , denomination=* and landuse=religious for the church grounds where it is in current use.
building mosque Area A mosque. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.
Khadija-Moschee (Berlin).jpg
building temple Area A building that was built as a temple. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.
building synagogue Area A building that was built as a synagogue. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use.
Synagogue Florence Italy.JPG
building shrine Area A building that was built as a shrine. Used in conjunction with amenity=place_of_worship, religion=*, denomination=* and landuse=religious for the grounds where it is in current use. Small buildings should consider historic=wayside_shrine.
building civic Area For any civic amenity, for example amenity=community_centre, amenity=library, amenity=toilets, leisure=sports_centre, leisure=swimming_pool, amenity=townhall etc. Use amenity=* or leisure=* etc to provide further details. See building=public as well.
Scarborough Civic Centre.jpg
building hospital Area A building which forms part of a hospital. Use amenity=hospital for the hospital grounds.
building school Area For any generic school buildings. Buildings for specific uses (sports halls etc) should be tagged for their purpose. Use amenity=school for the perimeter of the school grounds.
Convent School's Pippal.JPG
building stadium Area A stadium building.
building train_station Area A train station building.
Dobrepolje train station.jpg
building transportation Area A building related to public transport. You will probably want to tag it with proper tranport related tag as well, such as public_transport=station. Note that there is a special tag for train station buildings - building=train_station.
Kusatsu-Onsen Bus Station.jpg
building university Area A university building. Use amenity=university for the whole university area.
University College Oxford.jpg
building public Area A public building. Don't use amenity=public_building.
Dominion Public Building.JPG

Other Buildings

building barn Area An agricultural building used for storage and as a covered workplace.
building bridge Area A building used as a bridge. Can also represent a gatehouse for drawbridges. See also bridge=yes for highway=*. Don't use this tag just for for marking bridges (their outlines). For such purposes use man_made=bridge.
Ponte Veccio1.JPG
building bunker Area A hardened military building. Also use military=bunker.
Slavonický les, bunkr 01.jpg
building cabin Area A cabin is a small, roughly built house usually with a wood exterior and typically found in rural areas.
Koch Cabin.JPG
building construction Area Used for buildings under construction. Use construction=* to hold the value for the completed building.
Riga, stavba.jpg
building cowshed Area A cowshed (cow barn, cow house) is a a building for housing cows, usually found on farms.
Cowhouse Hrazany2.jpg
building farm_auxiliary Area A building on a farm that is not a dwelling (use 'farm' or 'house' for the farm house).
Horseshoe Barn.jpg
building garage Area A garage is a building suitable for the storage of one or possibly more motor vehicle or similar. See building=garages for larger shared buildings.
Two-Car Garage.jpg
building garages Area A building that consists of a number of discrete storage spaces for different owners/tenants. See also building=garage.
Landbouwstraat garages.jpg
building greenhouse Area A greenhouse is a glass or plastic covered building used to grow plants. Use landuse=greenhouse_horticulture for the area
Greenhouse 1.JPG
building hangar Area A hangar is a building used for the storage of airplanes, helicopters or space-craft. Consider adding aeroway=hangar, when appropriate.
IMPA hangar.jpg
building hut Area A hut is a small and crude shelter.
Kennedy's hut edit.jpg
building roof Area A structure that consists of a roof with open sides, such as a rain shelter, and also gas stations
Preem Karlskrona.jpg
building shed Area A shed is a simple, single-storey structure in a back garden or on an allotment that is used for storage, hobbies, or as a workshop.
Elderly Shed.png
building stable Area A stable is a building where horses are kept.
Häststall Elfviks gård dec 2008.jpg
building sty Area A sty (pigsty, pig ark, pig-shed) is a a building for raising domestic pigs, usually found on farms.
building transformer_tower Area A transformer tower is a characteristic tall building comprising a distribution transformer and constructed to connect directly to a medium voltage overhead power line. Quite often the power line has since been undergrounded but the building may still serve as a substation. If the building is still in use as a substation it should additionally be tagged as power=substation + substation=minor_distribution.
building ruins Area An house, a village or other building abandonned.
building yes Area Use this value where it is not possible to determine a more specific value.
building user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo, generally building types

Additional Attributes

entrance yes / main / exit / service / emergency Node An entrance in a building. Replaces the deprecated tag building=entrance.
height number NodeArea The height of the building in meters.
building:levels number NodeArea The number of levels (floors) in the building.
building:fireproof yes/no NodeArea Fire-resistance information.

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


Contact details.

Key Value Element Comment Taginfo Photo
contact:phone +44 11223 456-789 Node Way Area Relation phone number (see also phone=*)
There are also discussions around why you should not map phone numbers at all
Black telephone icon from DejaVu Sans.svg
contact:fax +44 11223 456-789 Node Way Area Relation fax number (see also fax=*) Emoji u1f4e0.svg
contact:website Node Way Area Relation Website-url (see also website=* and url=*)
contact:email Node Way Area Relation Emailadress (see also email=*)
contact:facebook full facebook URL Node Way Area Relation Facebook profile - preferably the full URL (because there are many different kinds of pages in facebook), though simply the public username is also used. (see also facebook=*) F icon.svg
contact:twitter @OpenStreetMap Node Way Area Relation Twitter account name or full URL (see also twitter=*) Twitter logo.svg
contact:google_plus +openstreetmap Node Way Area Relation GooglePlus account name or full URL Google plus icon.svg
contact:linkedin Username Node Way Area Relation LinkedIn account name or full URL LinkedIn Logo.svg
contact:instagram Username Node Way Area Relation Instagram account name or full URL
contact:diaspora pod's URL and username Node Way Area Relation Diaspora full URL Diaspora logotype.svg
contact:xing Username Node Way Area Relation XING account name or full URL Xing logo.svg
contact:webcam webcam URL Node For denoting a webcam's location, use a node with the tag surveillance=webcam
contact:vhf VHF Channel or Frequency Node Way Area Relation Of interest for maritime and airport services

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.

Contact Information

Contact details.

Key Value Element Comment Taginfo Photo
phone +44 11223 456-789 Node Way Area Relation Phone number (see also contact:phone=*)
There are also discussions around why you should not map phone numbers at all
Black telephone icon from DejaVu Sans.svg
fax +44 11223 456-789 Node Way Area Relation Fax number (see also contact:fax=*) Emoji u1f4e0.svg
website Node Way Area Relation Website URL (see also contact:website=* and url=*)
email Node Way Area Relation Email address (see also contact:email=*)
facebook full facebook URL Node Way Area Relation Facebook profile - preferably the full URL (because there are many different kinds of pages in facebook), though simply the public username is also used. (see also contact:facebook=*) F icon.svg
twitter @OpenStreetMap Node Way Area Relation Twitter account name or full URL (see also contact:twitter=*) Twitter logo.svg
google_plus +openstreetmap Node Way Area Relation GooglePlus account name or full URL Google plus icon.svg
linkedin Username Node Way Area Relation LinkedIn account name or full URL LinkedIn Logo.svg
instagram Username Node Way Area Relation Instagram account name or full URL
diaspora pod's URL and username Node Way Area Relation Diaspora full URL Diaspora logotype.svg
xing Username Node Way Area Relation XING account name or full URL Xing logo.svg
webcam webcam URL Node For denoting a webcam's location, use a node with the tag surveillance=webcam
vhf VHF Channel or Frequency Node Way Area Relation Of interest for maritime and airport services

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used as a place that produces or processes customised goods. See the page Crafts for more information on the usage of these tags.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
craft agricultural_engines Node Area Planning, and Constructing engines and tools for agricultural use.
Green tractor.jpg
craft basket_maker Node Area Producing baskets, often made from Willow.
Basket flein.jpeg
craft beekeeper Node Area A place where honey bees are kept for the purposes of securing commodities such as honey, beeswax or pollen.
WPKiW - Skansen - Pszczelarz 01.jpg
craft blacksmith Node Area A place where a blacksmith forges tools, horseshoes, etc. from iron.
Kovář při práci (Velikonoční trhy na Václavském náměstí) 055.jpg
craft brewery Node Area A brewery is a dedicated building for the making of beer
craft boatbuilder Node Area Planning, and Contructing boats.
craft bookbinder Node Area Physically assembling a book from a number of sheets of paper.
Traditional bookbinder.jpg
craft carpenter Node Area Workplace or office of Carpenters that work with timber to construct, install and maintain buildings, furniture, and other objects.
Charpentier médiéval.JPG
craft carpet_layer Node Area Workplace or office of carpet layers that bring carpet on your floor.
craft caterer Node Area Workplace or office of one who prepares customized meals for takeout, or provides prepared meals or supplies to a group at social gatherings.
Catering picoplato 001.jpg
craft clockmaker Node Area Workplace or office of a clockmaker that is building or repairing clocks but not watches. See also craft=watchmaker
craft confectionery Node Area A place where the set of food items that are rich in sugar, any one or type of which is called a confection is produced.
craft dressmaker Node Area A place where clothes are created, repaired or altered to fit personal needs.
Pieces on dressmakers dummy.jpg
craft electrician Node Area Workplace or office of an electrician which is a tradesman specialized in electrical wiring of buildings, stationary machines and related equipment.
Szafa elektryczna002.JPG
craft floorer Node Area Workplace or office of a floorer which is a tradesman specialized in laying floors.
See also craft=parquet_layer craft=carpet_layer craft=tiler
Linoleum - oaken parquet.jpg
craft gardener Node Area Workplace or office of a garden designer or a landscape gardener.
SF Japanese Garden.JPG
craft glaziery Node Area A place where residential, commercial, and artistic glass is selected, cutted, installed, replaced, and removed
Glaserei Hundestr.JPG
craft handicraft Node Area A place where useful and decorative devices are made completely by hand or using only simple tools
Belarus-Minsk-Exhibition of Traditional Crafts, 3.jpg
craft hvac Node Area Workplace or office of an HVAC system designer (Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning)
Northeastern University - air conditioner.JPG
craft insulation Node Area Workplace or office of of a person who does thermal insulation in buildings.
craft jeweller Node Area A place where necklaces, rings, brooches, earrings and bracelets and other personal adornments are created or repaired.
craft key_cutter Node Area A place where keys can be duplicated from originals.
Key cutting (Nizhny Novgorod, 2007).jpg
craft locksmith Node Area A place where locks and keys are created or repaired.
craft metal_construction Node Area A place where handrails, gates, ramps and similar things from metal are made.
craft optician Node Area A place where lenses for the correction of a person's vision are designed, fitted and dispensed.
US Navy 021029-N-3228G-001 Adjusting a customer's eyeglasses.jpg
craft painter Node Area Workplace or office of a house painter which is a tradesman responsible for the painting and decorating of buildings.
Painters on Ladders.jpg
craft parquet_layer Node Area Workplace or office of a parquet layer.
Linoleum - oaken parquet.jpg
craft photographer Node Area Workplace or office of a person who takes photographs using a camera.
craft photographic_laboratory Node Area A place where photos taken on a film or digital images are transformed into a more permanent form, often on paper or plastic foil.
craft plasterer Node Area Workplace or office of a tradesman who works with plaster, such as forming a layer of plaster on an interior wall or plaster decorative moldings on ceilings or walls.
Plastering of Ferrocement Tank.jpg
craft plumber Node Area Workplace or office of a tradesman who specializes in installing and maintaining systems used for potable (drinking) water, sewage, and drainage.
Plumber at work.jpg
craft pottery Node Area A place where earthenware, stoneware and porcelain and other ceramic ware is made by potters.
Shop Craft Pottery.png
craft rigger Node Area Workplace or office of a person who makes masts, yards, sails, and cordage for sailboats and sailing ships.
craft roofer Node Area Workplace or office of a tradesman who is specialized in roof construction. photo essay 100519-A-XXXXE-001.jpg
craft saddler Node Area A place where saddles or accessories for cars and boats are produced or repaired.
craft sailmaker Node Area Workplace or office of a person who makes and repairs sails for sailboats and sailing ships, typically working on shore in a sail loft.
HMS Belfast - Sailmaker's workshop.jpg
craft sawmill Node Area A workplace where logs are cut into boards.
Laser guided cutting of wood in woodmill.jpg
craft scaffolder Node Area Workplace or office of a tradesman who builds temporary structure used to support people and material in the construction or repair of buildings and other large structures.
Scaffolders above the roof of the Victoria Dock development - - 374663.jpg
craft sculptor Node Area A place where Sculpture are made.
Fr Adamswiller Stone sculptor at work.jpg
craft shoemaker Node Area A place where shoes, boots, sandals, clogs and moccasins are created, repaired or altered to fit personal needs. See also shop=shoes for a place where shoes are sold, but not made or altered
craft stand_builder Node Area Workplace of a company that builds stands/booths for fairs.
craft stonemason Node Area A place where rough pieces of rock are shaped into accurate geometrical shapes.
craft sun_protection Node Area A place where sun protection is made, repaired, or delivered for assembly, especially awnings and shutters.
craft chimney_sweeper Node Area Workplace or office of a person who cleans chimneys for a living.
Chimney sweep modern.jpg
craft tailor Node Area A place where clothing is made, repaired, or altered professionally, especially suits and men's clothing.
craft tiler Node Area Workplace or office of a person who lays tiles on floors, swimming pools and such.
Laying tiles at OCP.JPG
craft tinsmith Node Area A tinsmith, or tinner or tinker or tinplate worker. Workplace or office of a person who makes and repairs things made of light-coloured metal, particularly tinware.
craft upholsterer Node Area A place where furniture, especially seats are provided with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather covers.
craft watchmaker Node Area A watchmaker is an artisan who makes and repairs watches. Today due to industrial production they mostly repair watches. For other kinds of clocks see craft=clockmaker
Pocket watch with chain.jpg
craft window_construction Node Area Construct windows
craft winery Node Area Produces wine
Adobe guadalupe winery.jpg
craft user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe the location of emergency facilities and equipment. See the page Emergency for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
emergency ambulance_station Node Area An ambulance station is a structure or other area set aside for storage of ambulance vehicles, medical equipment, personal protective equipment, and other medical supplies.
Amb station.JPG
emergency defibrillator Node An Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is a first-aid device that automates the process of diagnosing life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia and performing defibrillation. Previously tagged as emergency=aed or medical=aed.
Jt osm defi ibis.jpg
emergency fire_extinguisher Node A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations.
Fire extinguisher ja.jpg
emergency fire_flapper Node A flapper is a wildland firefighting tool also called a swatter or a beater. It is designed for extinguishing minor fires in rural areas such as heaths.
emergency fire_hose Node A fire hose is a high-pressure hose used to carry water or other fire retardant (such as foam) to a fire to extinguish it.
emergency fire_hydrant Node A fire hydrant is an active fire protection measure, and a source of water provided in most urban, suburban and rural areas with municipal water service or other water source to enable firefighters to tap into the municipal water supply to assist in extinguishing a fire.
Downtown Charlottesville fire hydrant.jpg
emergency phone Node An emergency phone is specifically provided for making calls to emergency services and is most often found in a place of special danger.
emergency ses_station Node Area A State Emergency Service is an Australian volunteer organisation that provides emergency help during and after declared (natural or otherwise) disasters.
NSW SES Murrumbidgee Region HQ.jpg
emergency siren Node A siren is a loud noise maker. Most modern ones are civil defense, "air raid" sirens or tornado sirens.
Bundesarchiv B 422 Bild-0010, Sirene.jpg
emergency water_tank Node Stock tank for fire-fighting water.
emergency assembly_point Node Area Point or area, where people are crowd in a case of emergency
emergency access_point Node Access points in areas which are hard to access (see also highway=emergency_access_point)
Anfahrpunkt HP 108.jpg
emergency user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe the geological makeup of an area. See the page Geological for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
geological moraine Node Area A moraine is any ice formed accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris (soil and rock) which can occur in currently glaciated and formerly glaciated regions, such as those areas acted upon by glacial ice.
geological outcrop Node Area An outcrop site is a place where the bedrock or superficial deposits have become locally exposed and are directly accessible to analysis.
geological palaeontological_site Node Area A palaeontological site is a place (or group of physical sites) in which remains of ancient living forms is preserved. Area under the study of the forms of life existing in prehistoric times, as represented by the fossils of plants, animals, and other organisms investigated using the discipline of palaeontology.
Palaeontological site.svg
Giacimento paleontologico villaggio del pescatore duino.jpg
geological user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe roads and footpaths. For an introduction on its usage see the page titled Highways. See the page titled Restrictions for an introduction on access limitations by vehicles type, time, day, load and purpose, etc.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo


These are the principal tags for the road network. They range from the most to least important.

highway motorway Way A restricted access major divided highway, normally with 2 or more running lanes plus emergency hard shoulder. Equivalent to the Freeway, Autobahn, etc..
Rendering-highway motorway neutral.png
highway trunk Way The most important roads in a country's system that aren't motorways. (Need not necessarily be a divided highway.)
Rendering-highway trunk L3005 MF.png
Dscf0444 600.jpg
highway primary Way The next most important roads in a country's system. (Often link larger towns.)
Rendering-highway primary neutral.png
highway secondary Way The next most important roads in a country's system. (Often link smaller towns and villages.)
Rendering-highway secondary neutral.png
highway tertiary Way The next most important roads in a country's system.
Rendering-highway tertiary neutral.png
OHZ-K28-Bergedorfer Str.jpg
highway unclassified Way The least most important through roads in a country's system – i.e. minor roads of a lower classification than tertiary, but which serve a purpose other than access to properties. (The word 'unclassified' is a historical artefact of the UK road system and does not mean that the classification is unknown; you can use highway=road for that.)
Rendering-highway unclassified.png
Highway unclassified-photo.jpg
highway residential Way Roads which are primarily lined with and serve as an access to housing.
Rendering-highway residential.png
highway service Way Area For access roads to, or within an industrial estate, camp site, business park, car park etc. Can be used in conjunction with service=* to indicate the type of usage and with access=* to indicate who can use it and in what circumstances.
Rendering-highway service.png

Link roads

highway motorway_link Way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a motorway from/to a motorway or lower class highway. Normally with the same motorway restrictions.
Rendering-highway motorway link.png
Dscf0242 600.jpg
highway trunk_link Way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a trunk road from/to a trunk road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway trunk link.png
Trunk link.jpg
highway primary_link Way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a primary road from/to a primary road or lower class highway.
Rendering-highway primary link.png
highway secondary_link Way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a secondary road from/to a secondary road or lower class highway.
highway tertiary_link Way The link roads (sliproads/ramps) leading to/from a tertiary road from/to a tertiary road or lower class highway.

Special road types

highway living_street Way For living streets, which are residential streets where pedestrians have legal priority over cars, speeds are kept very low and where children are allowed to play on the street.
Living street osm.png
beginning of a living street with a paving stones surface and some trees and cars parking at the sides
highway pedestrian Way Area For roads used mainly/exclusively for pedestrians in shopping and some residential areas which may allow access by motorised vehicles only for very limited periods of the day. To create a 'square' or 'plaza' create a closed way and tag as pedestrian and also with area=yes.
Pedestrian with area osm.png
a wide pedestrian street with many pedestrians on it lined by shops
highway track Way Roads for mostly agricultural or forestry uses. To describe the quality of a track, see tracktype=*. Note: Although tracks are often rough with unpaved surfaces, this tag is not describing the quality of a road but its use. Consequently, if you want to tag a general use road, use one of the general highway values instead of track.
Rendering-highway track.png
an unpaved track running through a field in rural landscape
highway bus_guideway Way A busway where the vehicle guided by the way (though not a railway) and is not suitable for other traffic. Please note: this is not a normal bus lane, use access=no, psv=yes instead!
Rendering-highway-bus guideway-mapnik.png
Bus track.jpg
highway raceway Way A course or track for (motor) racing
highway road Way A road where the mapper is unable to ascertain the classification from the information available. This is intended as a temporary tag to mark a road until it has been properly surveyed. Once it has been surveyed, the classification should be updated to the appropriate value.


highway footway Way For designated footpaths; i.e., mainly/exclusively for pedestrians. This includes walking tracks and gravel paths. If bicycles are allowed as well, you can indicate this by adding a bicycle=yes tag. Should not be used for paths where the primary or intended usage is unknown. Use highway=pedestrian for pedestrianised roads in shopping or residential areas and highway=track if it is usable by agricultural or similar vehicles.
Rendering-highway footway.png
Dscf0487 600.jpg
highway cycleway Way See below.
Rendering-highway cycleway.png
Radweg Kattenturm.jpg
highway bridleway Way For horses. Equivalent to highway=path + horse=designated.
Rendering-highway bridleway.png
highway steps Way For flights of steps (stairs) on footways. Use with step_count=* to indicate the number of steps
Rendering-highway steps.png
highway path Way A non-specific path. Use highway=footway for paths mainly for walkers, highway=cycleway for one also usable by cyclists, highway=bridleway for ones available to horses as well as walkers and highway=track for ones which is passable by agriculture or similar vehicles.
Path osm.png

When sidewalk (or pavement) is tagged on the main roadway (see Sidewalks)

sidewalk both / left / right / no Way Specifies that the highway has sidewalks on both sides, on one side or no sidewalk at all
Sidewalk and zebra-crossing.jpg

When cycleway is drawn as its own way (see Bicycle)

highway cycleway Way For designated cycleways. Add foot=* only if default-access-restrictions do not apply.
Cycleway osm.png
Separated cycleway with traffic sign

Cycleway tagged on the main roadway or lane (see Bicycle)

cycleway lane Way A lane is a route that lies within the roadway
Cycle trackinroad.jpg
cycleway opposite Way Used on ways with oneway=yes where it is legally permitted to cycle in both directions. Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
Sul bxl 01.JPG
cycleway opposite_lane Way Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a cycling lane going the opposite direction of normal traffic flow (a "contraflow" lane). Used together with oneway:bicycle=no.
Fr-C24a ex3-Conditions particulieres par voie-velo.gif
cycleway track Way A track is a route that is separate from the road.+oneway=yes if needed.
Cycle nexttoroad.jpg
cycleway opposite_track Way Used on ways with oneway=yes that have a cycling track going the opposite direction of normal traffic flow
549c Spitzenkiel140923.jpg
cycleway share_busway Way There is a bus lane that cyclists are permitted to use.
cycleway shared_lane Way Cyclists share a lane with motor vehicles, but there are markings indicating that they should share the lane with motorists.
Sharrows Toronto 2011.jpg
busway lane Way Bus lane on both sides of the road.
2010-01-02 15.19.16.jpg


highway proposed Way For planned roads, use with proposed=* and also proposed=* with a value of the proposed highway value.
Planned mapnik.png
highway construction Way For roads under construction. Use construction=* to hold the value for the completed road.
Highway construction 200805041655.png
12Jan05 04.jpg


abutters commercial/ industrial/ mixed/ residential/ retail etc. Way See Key:abutters for more details.
bicycle_road yes Way A bicycle road is a road designated for bicycles. If residential streets get the status of bicycle roads, normally, by special signs, motor traffic is admitted with limited speed, often only for residents.
driving_side left/ right Node Relation Defines which side of the road vehicles must legally use. (must only be used on highways when they are an exception to the rule)
Drive on left in australia.jpg
ford yes Node Way The road crosses through stream or river, vehicles must enter any water.
Map feature ford.jpg
ice_road yes Way A highway is laid upon frozen water basin, definitely doesn't exist in summer.
incline Number %/° Node Way Incline steepness as percents ("5%") or degrees ("20°"). Positive/negative values indicate movement upward/downwards in the direction of the way.
junction roundabout Way Closed way This automatically implies oneway=yes, the oneway direction is defined by the sequential ordering of nodes within the Way. This applies on a way, tagged with highway=* already.
lanes number Way The number of traffic lanes for general purpose traffic, also for buses and other specific classes of vehicle.
NLEx 6 Lanes.jpg
lit yes/no NodeWayArea Street lighting
Berlin speer-leuchte.jpg
motorroad yes / no Way Node The motorroad tag is used to describe highways that have motorway-like access restrictions but that are not a motorway.
120px-Zeichen 331.svg.png
mountain_pass yes Node The highest point of a mountain pass.
Mountain pass.jpg
mtb:scale 0-6 Way Applies to highway=path and highway=track. A classification scheme for mtb trails (few inclination and downhill).
mtb:scale:uphill 0-5 Way A classification scheme for mtb trails for going uphill if there is significant inclination.
mtb:scale:imba 0-4 Way The IMBA Trail Difficulty Rating System shall be used for bikeparks. It is adapted to mtb trails with artificial obstacles.
mtb:description Text Way Applies to highway=path and highway=track. A key to input variable infos related to mtbiking on a way with human words
overtaking yes/ no/ both/ forward/ backward Way Specifying sections of roads where overtaking is legally forbidden.
parking:condition free/ ticket/ disc/ residents/ customers/ private Way Specifying the parking conditions (terms). See parking:condition=* for more details.
parking:lane parallel/ diagonal/ perpendicular/ marked/ no_parking/ no_stopping/ fire_lane. Way Specifying the parking space. See parking:lane=* for more details.
passing_places yes Way A way which has frequent passing places
sac_scale hiking / mountain_hiking / demanding_mountain_hiking / alpine_hiking / demanding_alpine_hiking / difficult_alpine_hiking Way Applies to highway=path and highway=footway. A classification scheme for hiking trails.
Mountain hiking.jpg
service alley/ driveway/ parking_aisle etc. Way See Key:service for more details.
Seattle - alley north from S Jackson between Western & 1st - A.jpg
surface paved / unpaved / asphalt / concrete / paving_stones / cobblestone / metal / wood / grass_paver / gravel / pebblestone / grass / ground / earth / dirt / mud / sand Way See Key:surface for more details.
tactile_paving yes / no Node Way Area A paving in the ground to be followed with a blindman's stick. Not to be rendered on standard maps.
Tactile paving.jpg
tracktype grade1/ grade2/ grade3/ grade4/ grade5 Way To describe the quality of the surface. See Key:tracktype for more information.
Surface grade1.jpg
traffic_calming yes/ bump/ hump/ cushion/ table etc. Node Way See Key:traffic calming for more details.
trail_visibility excellent / good / intermediate / bad / horrible / no Way Applies to highway=path, highway=footway, highway=cycleway and highway=bridleway. A classification for hiking trails visibility
winter_road yes Way A highway functions during winter, probably can't be driven in summer.
Anuisk bilibino sever66.jpg

Other highway features

highway bus_stop Node A small bus stop. Can be mapped more rigorously using public_transport=stop_position for the position where the vehicle stops and public_transport=platform for the place where passengers wait. See public_transport=* for more details.
Bus prumyslova.jpg
highway crossing Node Pedestrians can cross a street here; e.g., zebra crossing
Zebra-crossing sm.jpg
highway emergency_access_point Node Sign number which can be used to define your current position in case of an emergency. Use with ref=NUMBER_ON_THE_SIGN
Emergency access point.png
Anfahrpunkt HP 108.jpg
highway escape Way Emergency lane beside long descending slopes for trucks and other vehicles to stop safely after brake failure. In the USA this is called a "runaway truck" lane or ramp. Not decided yet, but a white/red checkered line has been proposed.
highway give_way Node A "give way," or "Yield" sign
UK traffic sign 501.svg
Give way.jpg
emergency phone Node A calling device can be used to tell on your current position in case of an emergency. Use with ref=NUMBER_ON_THE_SIGN
Borne SOS.jpg
highway mini_roundabout Node Similar to roundabouts, but at the center there is either a painted circle or a fully traversable island. In case of an untraversable center island, junction=roundabout should be used.

Rendered as anti-clockwise by default direction=anticlockwise. To render clockwise add the tag direction=clockwise.

highway motorway_junction Node Indicates a junction (UK) or exit (US). ref=* should be set to the exit number or junction identifier. (Some roads – e.g., the A14 – also carry junction numbers, so the tag may be encountered elsewhere despite its name)
Dscf0242 600.jpg
highway passing_place Node The location of a passing space
highway rest_area Node Area Place where drivers can leave the road to rest, but not refuel.
Wentworth terrain.jpg
highway speed_camera Node A fixed road-side or overhead speed camera.
Speed trap 16x16.png
Speed camera.jpg
highway street_lamp Node A street light, lamppost, street lamp, light standard, or lamp standard is a raised source of light on the edge of a road, which is turned on or lit at a certain time every night
highway services Node Area A service station to get food and eat something, often found at motorways
De lucht.jpg
highway stop Node A stop sign
STOP sign.jpg
highway traffic_signals Node Lights that control the traffic
Rendering-traffic singals.jpg
highway turning_circle Node A turning circle is a rounded, widened area usually, but not necessarily, at the end of a road to facilitate easier turning of a vehicle. Also known as a cul de sac.
Turning circle.jpg
highway User Defined Node Way All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe various historic places. For example: archeological sites, wrecks, ruins, castles and ancient buildings. See the page titled Historic for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
historic archaeological_site Node Area A place in which evidence of past activity is preserved
Tourist archaeological2.glow.16.png
Dscf0105 600.jpg
historic aircraft Node Area A decommissioned aircraft which generally remains in one place
Historic aircraft monki.JPG
historic battlefield Node Area The site of a battle or military skirmish in the past. This could be on land or at sea.
Fort Donelson river battery (1).jpg
historic boundary_stone Node A historic boundary stone usually found along the way.
Boundary stone St Brelade and St Peter, Jersey.jpg
historic building Node Area If it's not clear what type a historic building has, it can be tagged as a generic building.
historic castle Node Area Castles are (often fortified) buildings from medieval and modern times. Other languages
Dscf0226 600.jpg
historic cannon Node A historic/retired cannon. Usually found at on forts or battlefields.
Muzzle loading cannons at the Swedish Naval Museum (6648150909).jpg
historic city_gate Node Area A Wikipedia city gate (or town gate) is a gate within a city wall.
Spaarnwouder- of Amsterdamse poort.jpg
historic citywalls Way Area A Wikipedia defensive wall is a fortification used to protect a city or settlement from potential aggressors.
Delitzsch Stadtmauer.jpg
historic farm Node Area A historical farm, kept in it's original state.
historic fort Node Area A military fort – distinct from a castle as it is generally more modern
Komárom Fortress 03.jpg
historic manor Node Area Historic Wikipedia manors / Wikipedia mansions
Gut Panker Herrenhaus.jpg
historic memorial Node Area Much like a monument, but smaller. Might range from a WWII memorial to a simple plate on a wall.
Tourist memorial.p.20.png
historic monument Node Area An object, especially large and made of stone, built to remember and show respect to a person or group of people. Other languages
historic optical_telegraph Node Area Historic optical telegraph
historic ruins Node Area Remains of structures that were once complete, but have fallen into partial or complete disrepair. If the type of original structure is known or apparent it can be described using ruins=*, e.g. ruins=castle.

Alternative tagging is historic=castle, ruins=yes.
See the proposal and discussion at Proposed features/ruins for ruins of historic buildings.

historic rune_stone Node A Wikipedia runestone is typically a raised stone with a runic inscription.
U 240, Lingsberg.JPG
historic ship Node Area A decommissioned ship or submarine
Aurora Cruiser Museum StPetersburg.JPG
historic tomb Node Area Historic tomb
historic tree_shrine Node A single tree of a religious figure mounted onto a tree. Use natural=tree + historic=wayside_shrine instead.
Tree Shrine - Giritzer, Mautern an der Donau, Österreich - 02.JPG
historic wayside_cross Node Area A historical (usually christian) cross. Frequently found along the way in Southern Germany, Austria and probably elsewhere.
historic wayside_shrine Node Area A historical shrine often showing a religious depiction. Frequently found along the way in Southern Germany, Austria and probably elsewhere.
2003-10-11 tanner moor 36.JPG
historic wreck Node Area Nautical craft that has unintentionally been sunk or destroyed.
historic yes Node Area Used to add the historic significance of the objects described by other tags.
historic user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe the purpose for which an area of land is being used. See the page titled Landuse for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
landuse allotments Node Area A piece of land given over to local residents for growing vegetables and flowers.
landuse basin Node Area An area of water that drains into a river.
Together with basin=* for stormwater/rainwater infiltration/detention/retention basins.
Other languages.
Boneyard Detention Basin 2006.jpg
landuse brownfield Node Area Describes land scheduled for new development where old buildings have been demolished and cleared
Former Brickworks ... - - 56268.jpg
landuse cemetery Area Place for burials. You can add religion=* (values listed in the place of worship page). Smaller places (e.g. with a church nearby) may use amenity=grave_yard instead.
landuse commercial Node Area Predominantly offices, business parks, etc.
Cambourne Business Park - - 15908.jpg
landuse conservation Area Protected areas (Not approved) Alternate tagging of same thing: boundary=protected_area, protected_area=*
Landuse conservation.png
landuse construction Node Area "Under construction" site, should become something different once the construction is finished
Landuse construction.jpg
landuse farmland Area An area of farmland used for tillage and pasture (animals, crops, vegetables, flowers, fruit growing).
Rye field.jpg
landuse farmyard Area An area of land with farm buildings like farmhouse, dwellings, farmsteads, sheds, stables, barns, equipment sheds, feed bunkers, etc. plus the open space in between them and the shrubbery/trees around them.
Rendering-area-landuse farmyard-mapnik.png
landuse forest Node Area Managed forest or woodland plantation (Other languages).
Fort Nelson Forestry.JPG
landuse garages Area One level buildings with boxes commonly for cars, usually made of brick and metal. Usualy this area belong to garage cooperative with own name, chairman, budget, rules, security, etc.
Rendering-area-landuse garages-mapnik.png
landuse grass Node Area For areas covered with grass. Consider landuse=meadow for meadow. and landuse=pasture for pasture.
Note that this is actually a Landcover tag, not a landuse tag and there is a proposal to deprecate it.
Mapnik landuse grass .png
landuse greenfield Node Area Describes land scheduled for new development where there have been no buildings before. A greenfield is scheduled to turn into a construction site
Rendering-area-landuse greenfield-mapnik.png
Greenfields - - 1202824.jpg
landuse greenhouse_horticulture Area Area used for growing plants in greenhouses
Greenhouses westland.jpg
landuse industrial Node Area Predominantly workshops, factories or warehouses
Rehuraisio feed plant in Oulu 2008 001.jpg
landuse landfill Node Area Place where waste is dumped. Other languages
landuse meadow Node Area An area of land primarily vegetated by grass and other non-woody plants, usually mowed for making hay (Other Languages).
Landuse Meadow.png
landuse military Node Area For land areas owned/used by the military for whatever purpose
REUNION 2007 04.jpg
landuse orchard Node Area intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production
landuse pasture Node Area (Proposed in Proposed features/pasture:) An area of land primarily vegetated by grass, used for grazing.
Pasture with shelter.jpg
landuse peat_cutting Area An excavation created by the removal of peat.
Peat cutting - - 1385530.jpg
landuse plant_nursery Area intentional planting of plants maintaining for the production of new plants
Cutchogue - Oregon Road - Plant Nursery.jpg
landuse port Area coastal industrial area where commercial traffic is handled
landuse quarry Node Area Surface mineral extraction (Other languages)
landuse railway Area Area for railway use, generally off-limits to the general public
landuse recreation_ground Node Area An open green space for general recreation, which may include pitches, nets and so on, usually municipal but possibly also private to colleges or companies
Landuse-recreation ground.png
landuse reservoir Node Area Stores water, may be covered or uncovered; for a covered reservoir see also man_made=reservoir_covered (Other languages). See water=reservoir for alternative tagging.
Amagase Dam.jpg
landuse residential Node Area Predominantly houses or apartment buildings
landuse retail Node Area Predominantly shops
Trocadero - London 1.jpg
landuse salt_pond Area A place where sea water is evaporated to extract its salt
Rendering-area-landuse salt pond-mapnik.png
Salt ponds SF Bay (dro!d).jpg
landuse village_green Node Area An area of common land, usually grass, in the centre of a village (quintessentially English – defined separately from 'common land' under the Commons Registration Act 1965 and the Commons Act 2006).
Landuse-village green.png
landuse vineyard Node Area A piece of land where grapes are grown.
739px-Grape vines.jpg
landuse user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to tag leisure and sports facilities. See the page titled Leisure for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
leisure adult_gaming_centre Node Area A venue with pay-to-play games, such as video games, driving simulators, pinball machines, merchandisers, etc. With a set age limit. As opposed to leisure=amusement_arcade.
Slot machines in Venetian.jpg
leisure amusement_arcade Node Area A venue with pay-to-play games, such as video games, driving simulators, pinball machines, merchandisers, etc. Without a set age limit. As opposed to leisure=adult_gaming_centre.
Dave & Buster's video arcade in Columbus, OH - 17910.JPG
leisure beach_resort Node Area To mark the boundary of a managed beach.
Beach resort.jpg
leisure bandstand Node Area An open structure where musical bands can perform concerts
leisure bird_hide Node Area A place to observe birds.
leisure dance Node Area A place to go dancing.
Webster Hall by David Shankbone.jpg
leisure dog_park Node Area Designated area, with or without a fenced boundary, where dog-owners are permitted to exercise their pets unrestrained
leisure firepit Node Area A permanent location or structure to host campfires, bonfires, etc
Camp site.jpg
leisure fishing Node Area
leisure garden Node Area Place where flowers and other plants are grown in a decorative and structured manner or for scientific purposes.
SF Japanese Garden.JPG
leisure golf_course Node Area The outline of a golf course. The node form may be used to place an icon within the course. This tag implies sport=golf.
Rendering-leisure-golf course.png
leisure hackerspace Node Area A place where people with common interests, often in computers, technology, science, digital art or electronic art, can meet, socialize and/or collaborate.
Protospace, a Hackerspace.jpg
leisure ice_rink Node Area A place where you can skate or play ice hockey.
leisure marina Node Area For mooring leisure yachts and motor boats
leisure miniature_golf Node Area A place or area that you can play miniature golf.
Rendering-leisure miniature golf.png
1st course of bahn golf.jpg
leisure nature_reserve Node Area Protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest.
Nature reserve2.png
Black Opal Spring in Biscuit Basin.JPG
leisure park Node Area Open, green area for recreation, usually municipal.
Arena Roundhay 07.jpg
leisure pitch Node Area e.g. a field for playing football/soccer, cricket, baseball sports, and skate parks. To describe what kind of sport(s) use sport=*.
leisure playground Node Area Playground for little children.
leisure slipway Node Way Boats can be launched here
Rendering-leisure slipway.png
800px-Swanage lifeboat on its slipway 1.JPG
leisure sports_centre Node Area A distinct facility where a range of sports take place within an enclosed area. To describe what kind of sport(s) use sport=*.
Rendering-area-leisure-sports centre.png
Western Lesiure Centre Cardiff.JPG
leisure stadium Node Area A major sports arena with substantial tiered seating. To describe what kind of sport(s) use sport=*.
leisure summer_camp Node Area Summer camp is a supervised program for children or teenagers conducted during the summer months in some countries. Children and adolescents who attend summer camp are known as campers.
Summer camp example wartenberg 2015 01.jpeg
leisure swimming_pool Node Area A swimming pool, see also Proposed features/Swimming pool and Tag:amenity=swimming pool
Pool i.jpg
leisure track Node Way e.g. running, cycle-racing, greyhound, horses. To describe what kind of sport(s) use sport=*.
Jahnkampfbahn hamburg.jpg
leisure water_park Node Area Amusement area with water slides, recreational swimming pools and dressing rooms.
leisure wildlife_hide Node Area A place to observe wildlife. See also leisure=bird_hide.
Wildlife Hide, Uath Lochan - - 707260.jpg
leisure user defined Node Way Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.

Man Made

A tag for identifying man made (artificial) structures that are added to the landscape. See the page Man-made for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
man_made adit Node Area From Wikipedia: An adit is a type of entrance to an underground mine which is horizontal or nearly horizontal.
man_made beacon Node Structures for signalling on land and sea.
man_made breakwater Way Area Protects a shore or harbour from the sea and waves.
man_made bridge Area Indicates the outline of a bridge and groups together all features for that bridge. Combine with layer=*.

Please also add bridge=* and layer=* to all ways running over the bridge.

man_made bunker_silo Node Area Open-sided structure to store something. It can be used with vehicles to fill and empty it.
Empty bunker silo in Nebraska.jpg
man_made campanile Way Area A freestanding bell tower, typically near a church.
See also man_made=tower with tower:type=bell_tower.
Klockstapel 01.jpg
man_made chimney Node Large chimney for exhaustion. For attached mobile phone base stations see the communication:mobile_phone=yes.
Schwerin Wuestmark Heizkraftwerk Schwerin-Sued.JPG
man_made communications_tower Node Area Huge tower for transmitting radio applications
Sender Blauen-2.jpg
man_made crane Node Area A stationary, permanent crane, such as those at docks
Ladebruecke IMGP2656 osm.jpg
man_made cross Node Cross with little historical or religion value, e.g. summit cross.
Heimgarten Gipfelkreuz.jpg
man_made cutline Way Used to mark cut lines in forests.
Map cutline.jpg
man_made clearcut Node Area Area, where most or all trees are uniformly cut down. Used in combination with natural=scrub.
man_made embankment Way A raised bank to carry a road, railway, or canal across a low-lying or wet area.
Railway embankment.jpg
man_made dyke Way Area A dyke is a an embankment built to restrict the flow of water or other liquids.
Whitgift, dyke and Ouse.jpg
man_made flagpole Node A long pole built to hold a flag.
Genova-Quarto dei Mille.JPG
man_made gasometer Way Area A gasometer is a large storage container for gas.
Gasometer in East London.jpg
man_made groyne Way Area A rigid hydraulic structure perpendicular to a coastline or a riverbank intended to interrupt longshore sediment transport. See also: man_made=breakwater.
man_made kiln Node Area A thermally insulated chamber in which temperature is controlled in order to change the state of the item placed inside, usually though the process of burning, baking, drying or smelting.
man_made lighthouse Node Sends out a light beam to guide ships.
Rendering-man made-lighthouse-mapnik.png
Chania lighthouse A.jpg
man_made mast Node Mast is a vertical structure built to hold for example antennas.
Mobile phone base station 2010 12 30 165211 PC304165.jpg
man_made mineshaft Node Area A vertical tunnel.
man_made monitoring_station Node Area A station that monitor something.
An Air Quality Monitoring Station above the M42 - - 210181.jpg
man_made offshore_platform Node Area Offshore platform.
Oil platform.jpeg
man_made petroleum_well Node A boring through the earth's surface that is designed to find and produce petroleum oil.
West Texas Pumpjack.JPG
man_made pier Way Area A "bridge into the ocean", usually for recreation.
Rendering-area-man made-pier.png
Poland. Gmina Jedwabno. Narty Lake 001.JPG
man_made pipeline Way A pipe for carrying various fluids, such as water, gas, sewage.
man_made reservoir_covered Node Area A covered water reservoir.
Reservoir covered.jpg
man_made silo Node Area A silo is a storage container for bulk material, often grains such as corn or wheat.
man_made snow_fence Way A snow fence is a solid fence-like structure built across steep slopes to reduce risk and severity of (snow) avalanches. Usually made of steel, sloping outwards, and trussed underneath. Sometimes refered to as a snow shed.
Verbauung Tanngrindel.JPG
man_made snow_net Way A snow net netting fence built across steep slopes to reduce risk and severity of (snow) avalanches. They consist of a net made of steel cables, held up by posts. Sometimes refered to as an Avalanche net.
man_made storage_tank Node Area A tank used for storage of liquids or gases.
man_made street_cabinet Node Area All kind of cabinets hosting equipment to operate different sorts of facilities. They can be encountered not only in the street but everywhere
Street cabinet friendship.jpg
man_made surveillance Node Area To mark places and buildings monitored by public or private camera.
Three Surveillance cameras.jpg
man_made survey_point Node Triangulation pillars, geodetic vertices, and fixed equipment used by topographers (e.g. DGPS radio stations).
man_made tower Node Area A tall and often lean building or structure e.g. telecoms. Please also add a tower:type=* if possible. Also see historic=* below.
man_made wastewater_plant Node Area Facilities used to treat wastewater (known as sewage in some countries).
Hall Lane Sewage Farm - - 69284.jpg
man_made watermill Node Area traditional Watermill, mostly ancient and out of order.
Belzig Springbachmuehle1.JPG
man_made water_tower Node Area A tower to store water in, usually found on hills beside or in a town.
Tower water.p.20.png
Lanstroper Ei IMGP8117 osm.jpg
man_made water_well Node Area A water well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, boring or drilling to access groundwater in underground aquifers.
Water well.jpg
man_made water_tap Node Area A water tap is a man-made construction providing access to water and (usually) equipped with a valve.
Water tap in Frejus.jpg
man_made water_works Node Area A place where drinking water is found and applied to the local waterpipes network.
Water treatment - - 231374.jpg
man_made windmill Node Area Windmill, mostly ancient and out of order, see power=generator in combination with generator:source=wind for modern wind turbines.
Rendering-man made-windmill-mapnik.png
Willesbourgh Windmill, Ashford, Kent.jpg
man_made works Node Area Industrial production plant aka factory.
building yes Area General tag for buildings – see building=* for more information.
Lipsk - House 02.jpg
man_made user defined Node Way Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used for facilities and on land used by the military. These may include the Navy, Army, Air Force and Marines. See the page titled Military for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
military airfield Node Area A place where military planes take off and land.
Dscf1158 600.jpg
military bunker Node Area Buildings, often build from concrete, to stand even heavier fire. Also WW2 pillboxes.
Bunker no13.jpg
military barracks Node Area Buildings where soldiers live and work.
Oulu barracks Jul-Aug2008 001.jpg
military checkpoint Node Area Place of a possible access to a restricted or secured area, where civilian visitors and vehicles will be controled by a military authority.
Checkpoint Charlie
military danger_area Node Area Usually a large marked area around something like a firing range, bombing range, etc which can be an exclusion zone.
Edge of the Danger Area - - 1298659.jpg
military naval_base Node Area A naval base
Kidd class vs Spruance class.jpg
military nuclear_explosion_site Node Area Nuclear weapons test site
military obstacle_course Way Area A military obstacle course.
US Navy 020423-N-6237W-001 SWAT team training.jpg
military range Node Area Where soldiers practice with their weapons (firing, bombing, artillery, …).
Bundeswehr shooting M16.jpg
military training_area Area An area where soldiers train and weapons or other military technology are experimented with or are tested.
Truppenuebungsplatz Warnschild.jpg
military user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This is used to describe natural and physical land features. These also include features that have been modified by humans. See the page titled Natural for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo

Vegetation or surface related

natural wood Node Area Woodland where timber production does not dominate use. Be aware of landuse=forest. For more detail, one can use leaf_type=*.
Biogradska suma.jpg
natural tree_row Way Line of trees. Rendering-natural tree row-mapnik.png
Row of Poplar Trees - - 242206.jpg
natural tree Node Lone or significant trees.
natural scrub Node Area Uncultivated land covered with bushes or stunted trees.
Starr 010831-0015 Morella faya.jpg
natural heath Node Area Bare lower lying uncultivated land with bushes but little or no tree cover.
Note. This is not for parks whose name contains the word "heath".
Lüneburger Heide 080.jpg
natural moor Node Area Upland areas, characterised by low-growing vegetation on acidic soils.
Moorland - - 384704.jpg
natural grassland Area Where vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae) and other herbaceous (non-woody) plants, except for ornamental grass (see landuse=grass), mowing for hay, etc. (see landuse=meadow) and grazing (see landuse=pasture).
Surface grass.jpg
natural fell Node Area Bare upper lying uncultivated land principally covered with grass and often grazed.
natural bare_rock Area An area with sparse or no vegetation, so that the bedrock becomes visible.
Bare rock.png
Coastal rock formation.jpg
natural scree Node Area Unconsolidated angular rocks formed by rockfall and weathering from adjacent rockfaces.
Scree render.png
natural sand Node Area Ground coverage of mostly silica particles, with no or very sparse vegetation. See natural=beach as well.
Kalabrien Ricadi Sandwellen 2129.jpg
natural mud Node Area (Other languages) Undocumented tag. Have a look at natural=wetland + subtag wetland=*
Death 12 bg 082303.jpg

Water related

natural water Node Area Lakes, etc.
Natural water.jpg
natural wetland Node Area Waterlogged area (on Wikipedia).
natural glacier Node Area Areas (or peaks) covered with ice throughout the year.
Rendering-Natural glacier OSM.png
natural bay Node Area A bay, a large body of water partially enclosed by land but with a wide mouth. (Other languages).
natural beach Node Area A beach, a flat area of sand, gravel or pebble next to water (Other languages).
natural coastline Way The mean high water spring line between the sea and land (with the water on the right side of the way.)
natural spring Node A place where ground water flows naturally from the ground (Other languages).
La Sorgue, Fontaine-de-Vaucluse.JPG

Landform related

natural peak Node Top of a hill or mountain (summit).
OSB Peak.png
natural volcano Node A volcano, either dormant, extinct or active.
Volcano 10.png
natural ridge Way A ridge.
North Ridge of Mount Rohr.jpg
natural arete Way An arête, a thin, almost knife-like, ridge of rock which is typically formed when two glaciers erode parallel U-shaped valleys.
Arête nord du Rateau.jpg
natural cliff Node Way Area A cliff, a significant vertical, or near vertical, rock exposure (leave the lower face to the right of the way.)
natural saddle Node The lowest point along a ridge or between two mountain tops
Saddle example small.png
Saddle img.png
natural rock Node Area A notable rock or group of rocks with connection to the ground.
Gainfarn froschstein.jpg
natural stone Node Freestanding stone; e.g., glacial erratic.
Big rock at saynatsalo.jpg
natural sinkhole Node Area A natural depression or hole in the surface topography.
Rax doline.jpg
natural cave_entrance Node Area The entrance to a cave.
Cave entrance.jpg
natural user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


An office is a place of business where administrative or professional work is carried out. See the page titled Office for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
office accountant Node Area An office for an accountant.
office administrative Node Area Local authorities, administrative and supervising institutions that are not related to state government.
office architect Node Area An office for a architect.
office association Node Area An office of a non-profit organisation, society, e.g. student, sport, consumer, automobile, bike association, etc…
office company Node Area An office for a private company.
office educational_institution Node Area An office for an educational institution.
office employment_agency Node Area An office for a employment agency.
office estate_agent Node Area An office for a estate agent or realtor.
office forestry Node Area A forestry office.
office foundation Node Area An office for a foundation.
office government Node Area An office for a government agency or department.
office guide Node Area An office for tour guides, mountain guides, dive guides, etc.
office insurance Node Area An office for a insurance company or agent.
office it Node Area An office for an IT specialist.
office lawyer Node Area An office for a lawyer.
office newspaper Node Area An office for a newspaper.
office ngo Node Area An office for a non-government organisation.
office notary Node Area See office=lawyer above.
office political_party Node Area An office for a political party.
office private_investigator Node Area An office for a private investigator.
office quango Node Area An office for a quango (quasi-autonomous non-governmental organisation).
office realtor
Node Area See office=estate_agent above.
office register Node Area A register office / civil registry office. See also amenity=register_office.
office religion Node Area An office of an religion instance. For example: parish office. Use additionally religion=* and denomination=*.
office research Node Area An office for R&D.
office tax Node Area Fiscal authorities, tax and revenue office.
office tax_advisor Node Area Specialist preparing tax declarations for companies and individuals.
office telecommunication Node Area Telecommunication company office.
office travel_agent Node Area An office for a travel agent. See also shop=travel_agency.
office water_utility Node Area An office for a water utility company or water board.
office user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

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This is used mainly to give details about settlements. See the page titled Places for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo

Administratively declared places

place country Node See boundary=administrative, admin_level=2
place state Node Area See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.
place region Node Area See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries. For natural regions other keys should be searched.
place province Node Area See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.
place district Node Area See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.
place county Node Area See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; may not be used in all countries.
place municipality Node Area See boundary=administrative, admin_level=* varies; depending on the country a collection of arbitrary hamlets, villages and towns may form an administrative unit; sometimes members of a unit reform or join with another municipality as a result of political process. Within a municipality individual settlements are a lot less connected than those within a city, where they have grown connected over time.

Populated settlements, urban

place city Node Area The largest urban settlements in the territory, normally including the national, state and provincial capitals. These are defined by charter or other governmental designation in some territories and are a matter of judgement in others. Should normally have a population of at least 100,000 people and be larger than nearby towns. See place=suburb and place=neighbourhood on how to tag divisions within a city. The outskirts of urban settlements may or may not match the administratively declared boundary of the city.
place borough Node Area See boundary=administrative, depending on the country suburbs in larger cities are often grouped into administrative units called boroughs or city districts; using the value borough avoids name confusion in countries that declare districts within their states or counties.
place suburb Node Area A distinct section of an urban settlement (city, town, etc.) with its own name and identity. e.g.
  • annexed towns or villages which were formerly independent,
  • independent (or dependent) municipalities within a city or next to a much bigger town
  • historical districts of settlements
  • industrial districts or recreation areas within a settlements with specific names.
place quarter Node Area A named part of a bigger settlement where this part is smaller than a suburb and bigger than a neighbourhood. This does not have to be an administrative entity.
The term quarter is sometimes used synonymously for neighbourhood.
place neighbourhood Node Area A named part of a place=village, a place=town or a place=city. Smaller than place=suburb and place=quarter.
The term quarter is sometimes used synonymously for neighbourhood, but may also stand for borough or suburb and hence is often avoided in OSM. See Wikipedia Quarter_(urban_subdivision)
place city_block Node Area A named city block that is part of a place=city. See Wikipedia City_block

Populated settlements, urban and rural

place town Node Area A second tier urban settlement of local importance, often with a population of 10,000 people and good range of local facilities including schools, medical facilities etc and traditionally a market. In areas of low population, towns may have significantly lower populations. See place=neighbourhood and possibly also place=suburb on how to tag divisions within a town.
place village Node Area A smaller distinct settlement, smaller than a town with few facilities available with people traveling to nearby towns to access these. Populations of villages vary widely in different territories but will nearly always be less than 10,000 people, often a lot less. See place=neighbourhood on how to tag divisions within a larger village.
place hamlet Node Area A smaller rural community typically with less than 100-200 inhabitants, few infrastructure.
place isolated_dwelling Node Area Smallest kind of human settlement. No more than 2 households.
place farm Node Area A farm that has its own name. If the farm is not a part of bigger settlement use place=isolated_dwelling. See also landuse=farmyard
place allotments Node Area Dacha or cottage settlement, which is located outside other inhabited locality. This value is used mainly in Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union, where a lot of such unofficial settlements exist

Other places

place continent Node Area One of the seven continents: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America
place archipelago Relation Identifies the relation of an archipelago, which contains several islands and islets.
place island Area Identifies the coastline of an island (> 1 km2), also consider place=islet for very small islands
place islet Node Area Identifies an islet (< 1 km2).
place locality Node Area For an unpopulated named place.
place User Defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

Additional attributes

population Number Node Area Number of inhabitants of the place. Among other things, it might be used in selecting which name to render at a given zoom level at what font size.
name Text Node Area To define the name of a place.
place_numbers Number Node Way Area Probably better to use the Karlsruhe Schema instead of this tag.
postal_code Text Node Way Area Probably better to use the Karlsruhe Schema instead of this tag.
reference_point yes Node Way Area Named landmarks used to identify locations (common in some countries).
is_in Text Node Way Area Optional. Rudimentary way to describe boundary hierarchies, e.g. place=suburb, name=Eccleshall, is_in=Sheffield,South Yorkshire,England,UK. If boundary polygons exist, it's usually not needed. Unless categorization is wrongly done by e.g. Nominatim.

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These are used to map electrical power generation and distributions systems. See the page titled Power for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
power plant Area Relation A place/industrial facility where power is generated. Individual generating units within the facility should be tagged as power=generator.
Huntly Power Station.JPG
power cable Way A way following the path of underground cables, such as the local 0.4 kV network between transformer stations, distribution boxes and cable connection points, or sea cables. Not to be confused with non-power supply cables such as cables for telecommunication. May be combined with location=underground;underwater;overground.
Power to the People - - 560240.jpg
power cable_distribution_cabinet Node In these cabinets, the 400-V circuits to the house connections, connection and transfer points of the regional utilities are branched. Other uses include distributions of the municipal street lighting.
power converter Node An HVDC converter converts electric power from high voltage alternating current (AC) to high-voltage direct current (HVDC), or vice-versa.
Pole 2 Thyristor Valve.jpg
power generator Node Area Relation A device used to convert power from one form to another. Use in combination with generator:source=*, generator:method=* and generator:output=*.
Eoliennes Gaspesie.jpg
power heliostat Node A mirror of a heliostat device.
power line Way A way following the path of (overground) power cables. For minor power lines with poles and not towers, you may want to use power=minor_line.
Power-tower mapnik.png
Electric transmission lines.jpg
power minor_line Way A way following the path of (overground) minor power cables, supported by poles and not towers/pylons. (This isn't quite so simple, as sometimes larger towers are replaced by smaller poles made with a stronger material; a better distinction might be based on voltage).
Minor line mapnik.jpg
power pole Node For single (often wooden or concrete) poles carrying medium/low voltage electricity cables.
Minor line mapnik.jpg
power substation Node Area A tag for electricity substations. These provide voltage step-up/step-down, switching, conditioning, etc. Substations may be large facilities (up to several acres) for very high voltage transmission lines or just small buildings or kiosks near the street for low voltage distribution lines. Useful combinations: voltage=*, substation=* and location=*, see the feature page for details.
power switch Node A tag for electricity switches which are devices which allow operators to power up & down lines and transformer in substations or outside.
French overhead power switch pole.jpg
power tower Node For towers or pylons carrying high voltage electricity cables. Normally constructed from steel latticework but tubular or solid pylons are also commonly used. Should not be used for medium or low voltage electricity conductors carried on single wooden poles which might be tagged power=pole. See power=tower for detailed tagging of tower types.
Power-tower mapnik.png
Benkid77 Puddington-Shotwick footpath 24 110809.JPG
power transformer Node A static device for transferring electric energy by inductive coupling between its windings. Large power transformers are typically located inside substations.
Trafostation Alter Hellweg IMGP4722.jpg
cables 2 / 3 / 4 / 6 / 9 / 12 / etc... Way Number of power-carrying cables represented by this way. The power line on the photo (click on it to see more details) has 6 double cables (the cable on top does not carry power) and thus may be tagged as cables=6 and wires=double.
circuits 1 / 2 / 3 / etc... Way Number of electrical circuits represented by this way. The tag may be used when the number of physical cables is unknown (often the case for underground cable connections) or when the number of circuits is different from cables=* divided by 3. The photo shows a power line that connects to a cable connection having two circuits and thus may be tagged as circuits=2.
Onder- en bovengronds.jpg
tunnel yes Way Notes that a line or cable is contained in a self-supporting tunnel that may also be used for other purposes such as road traffic or be provided for maintenance purposes. Cables buried underground should not use this tag but be tagged as power=cable and location=underground;underwater.
voltage … / 110000 / 220000 / 380000 / etc... Way Voltage of the power line.
Tower reference sign.jpg
wires single / double / triple / quad Way Number of wires per power cable. "single" (1), "double" (2), "triple" (3) or "quad" (4). The photo shows an example of "double".
power User Defined Node Way Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.

Public Transport

This is used for features related to public transport. For example: railway stations, bus stops and services. See the page titled Public transport for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo
public_transport stop_position Node The position on the street or rails where a bus, tram or train stops.
Bus prumyslova.jpg
public_transport platform Node Way Area The place where passengers are waiting for the transportation vehicle.
Bus platform.png
Bayview trstwy.jpg
public_transport station Area A station where several buses or trains end their service. Used in combination with building=yes or area=yes.
Manchester Piccadilly Bus Station.jpg
public_transport stop_area Relation The stop area is a relation that contains all elements of a train/subway/monorail/tram/bus/trolleybus/aerialway/ferry stop.
Mf Relation.svg
public transport user defined Node Area All commonly used values according to Taginfo.

This table is a wiki template with a default description in English. Editable here.


This tag includes all kinds of railways ranging from heavily used mainline railways to an abandoned rail line. See the page titled Railways for an introduction on its usage.

Key Value Element Comment Rendering Photo


railway abandoned Way The course of a former railway which has been abandoned and the track and infrastucture removed. The course may be still recognized through embankments, cuttings, bridges, tunnel and rolling or straight ways.
Abbey Barn Lane Bridge, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire.jpg
railway construction Way Railway under construction.
Verlegen FF Rheda.jpg
railway disused Way A section of railway which is no longer used but where the track and infrastructure remains in place. See the disused:*=* namespace for alternative tagging.
Rendering-railway disused.png
Disused railtrack 101 5351.jpg
railway funicular Way Cable driven inclined railways. In many cases they serve touristic interest, giving easy access to spectacular mountain views.
Rendering funicular.jpg