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Public-images-osm logo.svg landuse = orchard
PikiWiki Israel 29753 Almonds grove.jpg
Used to mark intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production Show/edit corresponding data item.
Rendering in OSM Carto
Group: landuse
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesshould not be used on waysmay be used on areas (and multipolygon relations)should not be used on relations (except multipolygon relations)
Useful combination
See also
Status: approvedPage for proposal

The tag landuse=orchard is used to mark intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production, including orchards and similar plantations. Orchards usually comprise fruit or nut-producing trees grown for commercial production.

This tag is also used for tropical plantations of perennial plants used to produce food and beverages, including tea, coffee, banana and oil palm plantations. The tag also applies to fruit and berry gardens, generally synonymous with an orchard, but on a smaller scale and may emphasize berry shrubs in preference to fruit trees.

The tag is not recommended for a garden producing vegetables under some fruit trees when the vegetable production is the main use and the trees are too scarce.

The soil of an orchard can be covered with grass or be naked, but generally worked yearly. The production is gathered.

How to map

Draw an area around the orchard or plantation and add landuse=orchard.

Tags used in combination

  • trees=* - To specify the trees, shrubs, or other plants which comprise the orchard or plantation. This is the most common second level tag and should be the first choice.
  • produce=* - To describe the orchard's output being grown. The tag is particularly helpful in cases where the type of trees is not descriptive enough, e.g. produce=latex from rubber trees, oak trees which can be used to either produce=truffles or produce=cork, or apple plants cultivates as espalier.
  • crop=* - Used by some mappers to describe the orchard's output from a farming perspective.
  • orchard=meadow_orchard - to express lands used as meadow and orchard.

Similar tags

  • landuse=forest - for forests with trees grown primarily for their wood or with predominance of producing trees.[1] Such forest might be tagged using landuse=forest + species=* + produce=*.
  • landuse=farmland - for tillage and cropland. Some plants that are not grown for fruit or nut might however be considered under orchard, like oaks grown for truffles or cork, oil palms for industrial palm oil and biodiesel and rubber trees.
  • landuse=plant_nursery - for a tree nursery.
  • landuse=vineyard - for a vineyard.

See also


  1. E.g., Maple for syrup in Canada, Maritime Pine for turpentine in France