|Feature : Railway stations|
|A place where trains stop and passengers board and disembark.|
Railway stations are often complex and include both transport connections and varying amenities. A complex station can be mapped to varying degrees of detail using the following tags and descriptions.
A straightforward railway station may be mapped using the structure and tags shown in the diagram below
More complex stations, such as termini and other main stations in cities and may need to be mapped to a different level of detail. See below for descriptions of suitable tags.
- A node or polygon should be tagged as railway=station or railway=halt to mark the actual station/halt. (rather than being on a node, this tag could be on the whole station)
- A node on a track way should be tagged as railway=stop to mark the estimate point at which the actual train stops.
- Tracks within a station should be ways that are tagged as railway=rail.
- To aid in route planning, platforms should be drawn and tagged as railway=platform and ref=*
- Optionally, station concourses and galleyways should be tagged as highway=footway, with optional name=station concourse / galleyway name when a specific name is known, and should link platforms.
- If a station has multiple entrances, consider railway=subway_entrance.
For larger stations it is often convenient to mark the entire station building. To complete this, create a closed way and use the tag, building=train_station. Currently there are a number of proposals relating to subterranean stations (subway, underground).
It is especially convenient in route planning to include the building entrances. This is accomplished by tagging the appropriate nodes in a building's boundary as building=entrance or railway=subway_entrance. These entrances will often be seen as the intersecting node of a buildings boundary way and a station concourse (footway) way.
||building||train_station||Outline of the station building(s)||Optional tags:
Number of floors building:levels=* (do not include mezzanine floors or the platforms in this total).
|Care may be needed when the station consists of a number of buildings.|
||entrance||yes; main; exit; service; emergency||Entrance to a building||On main entrances add railway=train_station_entrance and also ref=* and/or name=* if these exist.
The tag exit_to=* can be used to indicate that the entrance provides access to a particular locality of amenity (e.g, bus station, car parking, town centre).
A system of 2 relations is use to indicate a different name for an entrance and an exit at the same place, as indicated on Guidelines for pedestrian navigation
Other optional tags:
|Canopy or over-roof||building:part||roof||Rain protection on platforms.||See Key:building:part||Image © Paul Bryan (excerpted)|
Multilevel and underground stations can be described precisely with the Simple Indoor Tagging model.
|rails||railway=rail||Metal rails allowing the circulation of any form of transport, including, main lines, subways, old lines and tramways||Use
|Always link the rails to a line using a relation, do not use name=* for this.
See Railways for more details
|stop position||railway=stop||Used to indicate approximate stopping point of the train in the station (in the middle of the train).||local_ref=* reference of a track.
Example: "local_ref=A" for track A.
Allows to link with tag ref=* on the platform.
|Ensure that name=* is the same than the one used for railway=station|
|railway=platform||A space next to the rails where passengers wait for trains||
|Create an area that covers the whole platform, or different areas if you want to distinguish platforms with different name=* and/or ref=*.|
|rail crossing||railway=crossing||A node where pedestrians can cross the tracks||Optional tag:|
|buffer stop||railway=buffer_stop||Stops the train at the end of a track|
Station buildings often contain many amenities. Where appropriate, these amenities can be individually marked by a node and tagged.
Some amenities often found in station buildings and around their locality can be found below;
- amenity=vending_machine with vending=public_transport_tickets, vending=food, vending=drinks, vending=sweets or vending=parking_tickets
Freight railway stations and shunting yards
Stations and sites which are not currently in operation
If the station is not currently in service, it should generally not be tagged railway=station. See https://lists.openstreetmap.org/pipermail/tagging/2013-February/012918.html .
- Station temporarily out of service (might be run down, but is still a station)
- Station permanently out of service (definitely not coming back, maybe it's a hotel now) - mappable only where recognizable remains are present
- Station has been dismantled (remnants such as old platforms are required to make it mappable)
Note that railway stations without any traces whatsoever (for example open pit mine is now where railway station used to be) should not be mapped in OSM, with exceptions for ones likely to be remapped as existing. Open Historical Map is a better fit.