Hiking

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Logo. Feature : Hiking
One example for Feature : Hiking
Description
About tagging of ways, points, areas and relations related to hiking.
Tags

This page is concerned with tagging of ways, points, areas and relations related to hiking.

Tagging ways, points and areas

Key Value Element Comment Photo

Ways

highway path
WAY
Preferably used for a hiking path.
Follow the photo guide for help with tagging.
Mountain hiking.jpg
footway
WAY
For designated footpaths, i.e. mainly/exclusively for pedestrians. Path-footdesignated.jpg
track
WAY
Rough roads normally used for agricultural or forestry uses etc. Use tracktype=* to describe the surface. Frühlingslandschft Aaretal Schweiz.jpg
ford yes
stepping_stones
NODE WAY The way crosses through stream or river. Furt an der Sülze.jpg

Attributes of ways

surface (optional) asphalt
cobblestone
sett
concrete
wood
compacted
dirt
grass
gravel
etc.
WAY The surface of the trail. Transportation in Tanzania Traffic problems.JPG
sac_scale (optional) hiking
mountain_hiking
demanding_mountain_hiking
alpine_hiking
demanding_alpine_hiking
difficult_alpine_hiking
WAY RELAZIONE A difficulty rating scheme for hiking trails. Mountain hiking.jpg
trail_visibility (optional) excellent
good
intermediate
bad
horrible
no
WAY
This key describes attributes regarding trail visibility and orientation. Trail visibility good.jpg
incline (optional) value%
up
down
WAY
For marking a way's incline (or steepness/slope). Incline17.jpg
tracktype (optional) grade1
grade2
grade3
grade4
grade5
WAY RELAZIONE Paved track
surface of gravel or densely packed dirt/sand
an even mixture of hard and soft materials
prominently dirt/sand/grass, but with some hard materials
only grass, sand and/or soil
Frühlingslandschft Aaretal Schweiz.jpg
assisted_trail (optional) yes
WAY
Way segment with various safety measures Maxbe wege 70687a.jpg

Infrastructure

tourism alpine_hut
NODE AREA
An alpine hut is a remote building located in the mountains intended to provide board and lodging. It is managed during the opening period. Ascher Hütte a.jpg
tourism wilderness_hut
NODE AREA
A wilderness hut is a remote building with fireplace intended to provide shelter and sleeping accommodation. P1070254.jpg
amenity shelter
NODE AREA
A small shelter against bad weather conditions. To additionally describe the kind of shelter use shelter_type=*. Réunion Maïdo kiosque pique-nique.JPG
shelter_type (optional) basic_hut
NODE AREA
A basic hut is a remote building intended to provide basic shelter and sleeping accommodation. BivaccoBertoglioNebbia.jpg
lean_to
NODE AREA
A lean-to is a shed with typically three walls located in the countryside intended to provide shelter. Adirondack Lean-to.jpg
picnic_shelter
NODE AREA
Structure on picnic sites to protect from rain. Normally open to all sides. Picnic shelter.jpg
rock_shelter
NODE AREA
Shallow cave-like opening at the base of a bluff or cliff. Rock shelter Papula.jpg
tourism camp_site
NODE AREA
Backcountry camping without facilities. The access is usually restricted to foot, bicycle, canoe or ski. Set backcountry=yes. Camping at Head of Fionn Loch - geograph.org.uk - 47709.jpg
tourism information
NODE AREA
Information resource for tourists and visitors. To additionally describe the kind of information use information=*. Fleetwood tourist information centre - DSC06596.JPG
information (optional) board
NODE
A board with information. Lechfall sign.jpg
map
NODE
A board with a map. Information Map Type Topo.PNG
guidepost
NODE
Signpost/Guidepost
See also Relation:destination sign
Signpost.jpg
amenity parking
NODE AREA
Parking place. Often found at trailheads. Pincerno - Göhrde - Parkplatz.JPG
amenity bench
NODE
Bench Path with bench.jpg
amenity toilets
NODE AREA
Toilets Edese Kuil toiletten.jpg
tourism picnic_site
NODE AREA
A place where you can have an outdoor picnic. Optional: fireplace=yes. See also fire pit: leisure=firepit Picnic site.jpg
barrier gate
NODE
An entrance that can be opened or closed to get through the barrier. Gate-hindeloopen-westerdijk.jpg
checkpoint hiking
NODE
Checkpoint for hiking.
man_made cairn
NODE
An artificial pile of stones, often in a conical form. It is used by hikers, villagers, pilgrims, etc. as a mark to show the way, a border, or peak of mountain. Gaisstein cairn.jpg
man_made footwear decontamination
NODE AREA
A facility to decontaminate footwear for hikers. Waipoua Forest, North Island, New Zealand -kauri dieback disease prevention-21March2011.jpg
shop outdoor
NODE AREA
Shop focused on selling camping, walking, climbing, and other outdoor sports equipment (GPSes, etc.) Outdoor shop.png
safety_rope yes/length in m
NODE
a chain or rope as safety measure on the trail Rope2.jpg
ladder yes/length in m
NODE
a ladder as safety measure on the trail Hindelanger klettersteig leiter h.jpg
rungs yes/amount
NODE
rungs, stemples or pins as safety measure on the trail Step1.jpg

Nature

natural peak
NODE
Top of a hill or mountain (summit)
add: name=* ele=*
Peak.jpg
natural volcano
NODE
A volcano, either dormant, extinct or active 2 Java Vulkan Semeru ferne Rauchwolke 2.JPG
natural saddle
NODE
The lowest point along a ridge or between two mountain tops.
add: name=* ele=*
Saddle img.png
mountain_pass yes
NODE
The highest point of a mountain pass.
add, if node is not identical to natural=saddle: name=* ele=*
Mountain pass.jpg
natural valley NODE WAY A valley LinvilleGorge.jpg
natural ridge
WAY
A mountain or hill ridge Waldkarpaten Bieszczady 1.jpg
natural arete
WAY
A thin, almost knife-like, ridge of rock which is typically formed when two glaciers erode parallel U-shaped valleys Arête nord du Rateau.jpg
natural water
AREA
Lakes, etc. Nau im Langenauer Ried 600x450.jpg
tourism viewpoint
NODE
A place with a good view of surrounding countryside. Viewpoint.jpg
amenity drinking_water
NODE
A source of drinking water. Drinking Water For Humans and Animals.jpg
natural spring
NODE
A point where water flows to the surface of the earth from underground naturally. SalfeinsSpring.jpg
seasonal yes, no, spring, summer, autumn, winter, wet_season, dry_season Useful for natural features which appear or disappear with differing seasonal conditions.
Four seasons.jpg

Additional tags

place locality
NODE
For an unpopulated named place. Pueblo2.jpg
name Text
The common default name. Helena, Montana.jpg
ele Number
Elevation above sea level in metres. Key-ele mapnik.png

Tagging walking and hiking Route Networks

Foot and hiking routes are named or numbered or otherwise signed walking routes. A route is a customary or regular line of travel, often pre-determined and publicised. It consist of paths taken repeatedly by various people. A foot route is generally a shorter, easier route. A hiking route is generally longer and/or more strenuous.

To tag a foot or hiking route you create a relation with the appropriate tags and add all different ways of the foot/hiking route to this relation. The order of the ways matters. Please see Relation:route#Order matters

Tags of the relation

Key Value Explanation
Required
type=* route This relation represents a route.
route=* hiking

foot

route=foot is used for routes which are walkable without any limitations regarding fitness, equipment or weather conditions. As a guideline, you could say that walking shoes (at a pinch, even flip-flops) are adequate for this type of walking trail.

route=hiking is used for routes that rather match Wikipedia's definition: "A long, vigorous walk, usually on trails, in the countryside"). As a guideline, you could say that a hiking trail needs hiking boots because you will encounter sharp rocks and/or heavy undergrowth and/or muddy terrain and/or have to wade through shallow streams.

Don't use route=pilgrimage (almost non-existent). Instead, add pilgrimage=yes to a hiking-route.

Recommended
network=* iwn

nwn

rwn

lwn

International walking network: long distance paths that cross several countries

National walking network: used for walking routes that are nationally significant and long distance paths

Regional walking network: used for walking routes that cross regions and are regionally significant

Local walking network: used for small local walking routes

Useful and tags. These tags are not at all required, but can provided additional and valuable information
ascent=* ascent The ascent covered by a route in meters. If a route has start and end point at different altitude use descent too
colour=* a hex triplet

a css color name

The major colour of the symbol used on the route. Colour code noted in hex triplet format or as CSS/HTML colour name. Example: "#008080" for teal colour in hex triplet, or simply "teal" as a css colour name.
descent=* descent The descent covered by a route in meters. Use it only if it differs from the ascent (different altitude at start/endpoint of a route).
description=* a short description What is special about this route
distance=* distance The distance covered by this route, if known. For information of users and automatic evaluation e.g. of completeness. Given including a unit and with a dot for decimals. (e.g. 12.5 km)
educational=* yes/no When the route is Educational trail
name=* a name The route is known by this name (e.g., "Westweg")
name:code=* localised name For adding localized names in different languages, add additional name:code=* tags with a suffix on the name key, where code is a language's ISO code.
operator=* operator name The route is operated by this authority/company etc. e.g. "Schwarzwaldverein", "Alpenverein"
osmc:symbol=* * Represents the symbol used on the route. Some renderers uses the osmc:symbol=* to indicate a route on the map.
ref=* a reference The route is known by this reference (e.g. "E1")
roundtrip=* yes/no Use roundtrip=no to indicate that a route goes from A to B and instead of being circular (roundtrip=yes).
signed_direction=* yes/no Use signed_direction=yes to indicate that the route is to be walked in only one direction, according to the signposts on the ground. The ways within the relation should be ordered, as they are used to determine the direction of the signposts.[1]
state=* alternate Sometimes routes may not be permanent or may be in a proposed state. See also the life cycle tags for this usage.
symbol=* symbol description Describes the symbol that is used to mark the way along the route, e.g., "Red cross on white background" for the "Frankenweg" in Franconia, Germany
website=* * Website that describes the route
wikipedia=* language:page title Wikipedia page that describes the route

(the above table is a template, you can edit it directly via this link)


Usage

Hiking routes are extensively mapped with route relations, and the Lonvia map will render route relations following this proposal and the osmc:symbol=*

Hiking routes are rendered for selected areas in Germany in a Hiking and Trail riding map (german). The tags required for rendering are:

  • type=route
  • route=hiking
  • name=* Meaningful route name suitable for identifying this route.
  • symbol=* Verbal description of the route marker symbols.
  • osmc:symbol=* Coded description of the route marker symbols.

Since the tagging is generic, it is up to each country to decide how to map the hiking networks that exist in their country onto the hierarchy of national/regional/local. For countries with no specific local/regional/national "walking network", it may be helpful to consider whether different trails are managed or funded by government bodies at different levels.

See also Walking Routes.

Hiking trails that cross or touch normal roads should be connected to the road ways on the map. This will allow mixed routing applications to be built on OSM.

Mapping Projects

To compare and choose your favorite hiking map, there is a dedicated page :

Relief Mapping Projects

Offline-Maps

  • OpenAndroMaps - mostly Android, desktop viewer available
  • haihui - offline hiking maps in the browser
  • Trekarta - offline maps for Android with hiking mode that visualizes trail difficulty, visibility, OSMC symbols and hiking routes.

Maps for Garmin-devices

Online-Maps

  • 4UMaps Outdoor maps for Mountainbiking and Hiking. Support the SAC hiking tags as well as track attributes. Additionally it has elevation lines, hill shading, accommodation etc.
  • OSMC Wanderreitkarte shows OSM with contour lines and hill shading and hiking routes (Europe only)
  • WayMarked Trails (ex-Lonvia's Weltwanderkarte) shows OSM with hill shading and hiking routes, among other interesting layers like MTB and rollerblades.
  • Hikebikemap shows OSM with contour lines and hiking and biking routes
  • Cyclemap shows OSM with contour lines and biking routes
  • WORLD OSM WMS shows OSM with hill shading for Europe
  • Hiking/openhikingmap shows OSM with contour lines and hill shading
  • BeyondTracks.com/map Bushwalking maps for Australia, Tramping maps for New Zealand.

See Also

  • It's preferred not to use oneway=yes anymore, as it could cause confusion with oneway=* as a legal restriction. See discussion on tagging mailinglist.