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Public-images-osm logo.svg amenity = parking_space
138081166 2a56d66c27 b.jpg
A single parking space on a parking lot Edit this description in the wiki page. Edit this description in the data item.
Rendering in openstreetmap-carto
Rendering-parking space.png
Group: Parking
Used on these elements
may be used on nodesshould not be used on waysmay be used on areasshould not be used on relations
Useful combination
See also
Status: approvedPage for proposal


Use amenity=parking_space to map a single parking space on a parking lot. Mapping parking spaces is an addition, not a replacement, to mapping a whole parking lot with amenity=parking.

How to map

  • Assuming that you have high resolution satellite images to draw from, a parking space should preferably be mapped as an area, but it is also possible to use a node.
  • Each single space should be mapped as a separate area.
    Exceptions for using one area to represent more than one space:
    • A lot of similar parking spaces side by side without any differing attributes and you don't want to put that much effort into it (for example bicycle parking).
    • Spaces are just too small to map (for example for bicycle parking)
    • Satellite images aren't good enough and don’t allow the mapping of single parking spaces, but you can still make out separate groups of spaces.
  • Parking spaces may be grouped together in a site relation tagged with type=site + site=parking.
  • It should not be used as a representation of one big single parking area. Highways should not cross these areas.
  • Add tags for common properties for all parking spaces (like, surface, fee, covered, access restrictions…) to the site relation and not each individual element. Only properties that differ from the values tagged in the relation should be tagged on the parking space element directly.

Tagschemaparking vialibera.jpg


Key Value Comment
required amenity parking_space Mandatory tag for defining an area that contains 1 to n parking spaces.
optional ref=* String If the parking space is managed in another third party application the internal ID of this space can be noted here to offer the possibility of an connection from the space in OSM to the third party system. If more than one application needs to note its ID, the notation changes to ref:<vendor>=* (for example ref:hertz=*, ref:airport_JFK=*)
optional name=* String If the parking space has a number, license plate or other written information printed on its surface or on a plate in front of the space, it should be put in the name tag. Examples: 1, 2, 3, L6F-33S, Big Boss parking space
optional capacity=* Positive number If an area represents more than one parking space (of equal kind), use capacity=* to define the number of parking spaces it represents. The default value for capacity=* is "1" if not mapped otherwise.

Note that the separation into different capacity:*=* tags for special interest groups is not supported for amenity=parking_space. Instead use access roles if certain parking spaces are only for certain people.

optional parking_space=* String For defining the type of parking space, e.g. disabled, normal, charging, parent etc. See parking_space=* for more details of how to tag.
optional general tags * See chapter General tags in the proposal for tags that can be applied to spaces, entrances and relations.

When not to use amenity=parking_space

  • Instead of amenity=parking
  • In areas where there is no or low res satellite images available (and you can't draw the precise precision based on other surveying methods).

You can stick to using amenity=parking if you like to keep it simple.

Disabled parking and other access restrictions

For a much more detailed explanation of the new scheme using amenity=parking_space, amenity=parking_entrance and site relations, please read the proposal. You will also find information on how to tag access restrictions for certain kind of user roles (parent parking, disabled parking).

Useful tools

In JOSM the Gridify plugin can be used to neatly split up a way into separate blocks. The plugin was designed with drawing parking spaces in mind.

Rendering examples

Parking spaces are rendered on the Standard tile layer:

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Nodes and areas tagged with amenity=parking_space and parking_space=disabled are rendered on rollstuhlkarte.ch (Wheelchair symbol with a small P in the top right corner; also see rollstuhlkarte.ch-Wikipage).