London public transport tagging scheme

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This is a work in progress.

The London public transport tagging scheme has slightly tougher standards to encourage completeness.

To conserve the length of this article, the tables below omit NaPTAN-related tags: they should still be included with the appropriate objects, when known.

The following pages may be useful for finding the current status on London's routes:

Nodes

Bus stop (platform)

Bus stop platforms must belong to their parent stop area relation with the role "platform".

Key Values Meaning
Buses roundel.svg
public_transport platform Most maps will not render this, but it is part of the new Public transport scheme.
highway bus_stop Most maps will still render this because of its widespread use.
name Name Use the most common name, usually from the bus stop flag.
ref Five-digit code Ignore this tag if there is no plate. This five-digit code is what you use to get the waiting times for the next bus.
local_ref Stop letter or number Ignore this tag if there is no stop indicator. This one or two character ID is usually the red circle on the top of the flag.
Examples Node 2864547694
Node 2864547695

Station entrances

Station entrances must belong to the relevant stop area relation, but it does not require a role.

Key Values Meaning
National Rail logo.svg Overground roundel.svg Underground.svg DLR roundel.svg
railway subway_entrance
bicycle dismount

TfL rail services allow folded bicycles allowed at all times. For unfolded bicycles:

  • no @ (Mo-Fr 07:30-09:30,16:00-19:00 AND folded=no) means they are allowed outside peak hours.
  • no @ (folded=no) means that they are disallowed.
bicycle:conditional Two possible values, see notes
oneway yes Ignore this tag if it does not apply.
ref Exit number or letter Ignore this tag if it does not apply.
wheelchair yes/no
  • yes: Step-free entry or exit.
  • no: No step-free entry or exit.
Examples Node 2883647835
Node 2883647837

Stop positions

Stop positions must belong to their parent stop area relation with the role "stop".

Key Values Meaning
National Rail logo.svg TFL Rail roundel.svg Overground roundel.svg Underground.svg DLR roundel.svg Tramlink roundel.svg Buses roundel.svg
public_transport stop_position stop_position
bus Not used yes These tags refer to the mode of transport that the platform serves.
subway, train, etc.[1] yes Not used
name Name and platform number or letter Name Use the most appropriate name for the given mode.
ref Platform number or letter Not used
local_ref Not used Stop letter or number Ignore this tag if there is no stop indicator. This one or two character ID is usually the red circle on the top of the flag.
Examples Node 1735704089 Node 469767341

Tram stop

Tram stops must belong to their parent stop area relation, but it does not require a role.

Key Values Meaning
Tramlink roundel.svg
public_transport station Most maps will not render this, but it is part of the new Public transport scheme.
railway tram_stop Most maps will still render this because of its widespread use.
name Name Use the most common name, usually from the signs.
operator Transport for London This is the operator.
network London Tramlink This is a London Tramlink stop: London Tramlink is a distinct subsidiary of Transport for London, just like London Underground.
Examples Node 2864283848

Ways

Bus and Tramlink stations

Rail platforms

Rail platforms must belong to their parent stop area relation with the role "platform". For bus stops, see section Bus stop (platform).

Please continue to use railway=platform with public_transport=platform, because the standard layer does not render the latter yet.

Key Values Meaning
National Rail logo.svg Overground roundel.svg Underground.svg DLR roundel.svg Tramlink roundel.svg
public_transport platform Most maps will not render this, but it is part of the new Public transport scheme.
railway platform Most maps will still render this because of its widespread use.
area yes This platform is a polygon.
ref Platform number or letter This is the platform's number or letter.
Ignore this tag if there is no platform number or letter.
subway, train, etc. yes These tags describe the modes of transport that serve this platform.[1]
wheelchair yes/no/limited This tag describes wheelchair accessibility for the platform:
  • yes: The difference (from train to platform) is level, and it is possible to change to at least one platform.
  • limited: The difference has a noticeable step or gap, but it is possible to change to at least one platform.
  • no: You cannot change to at least one platform, no matter if difference is level or not.
Examples Way 158003540
Way 158003539

Station or tram stop area

The station or tram stop area (or the multi-polygon that represents it) must belong to the relevant stop area relation, but it does not require a role. Gradually, station or tram stop areas will hold station information by default, unless the station building covers the entire area: the change is to help users understand the extent of the stations, especially when it is either underground or there are two main station buildings (e.g. Willesden Junction).

Key Values Meaning
Multimodal[2] National Rail logo.svg TFL Rail roundel.svg Overground roundel.svg Underground.svg DLR roundel.svg Tramlink roundel.svg[3]
public_transport station station station station
railway station station station tram_stop
name Name Name Name Name Use the most common name.
area yes yes yes yes
name:<mode>[1] Mode-specific name Not used Not used Not used
network Not used Network Network London Tramlink Multiple values are separated by colons, e.g:
London Overground;TfL Rail
network:<mode>[1] Mode-specific network Not used Not used Not used
operator Operator of station Operator of station Operator of station Transport for London Main operator of station (e.g. Transport for London, Southeastern)
ref Not used Reference Not used Not used Ignore this tag if there are no station codes.
ref:<mode>[1] Mode-specific reference Not used Not used Not used Ignore this tag if there are no station codes.
wheelchair yes/no/limited yes/no/limited yes/no/limited yes/no/limited This tag describes wheelchair accessibility for the platform:
  • yes: There is full step-free access.
  • limited: There is limited step-free access (including the possibility to change from platform to platform).
  • no: There is no step-free access… at all.
addr:housename Building name Building name Building name Building name Ignore these tags if there is no address.
addr:housenumber Street number Street number Street number Street number
addr:street Street Street Street Street
addr:postcode Postcode Postcode Postcode Postcode
addr:country GB GB GB GB
Examples Way 364666760
 
 
National Rail logo.svg Way 285453389
TFL Rail roundel.svg Way 350983791
Overground roundel.svg Way 350225610
Underground.svg Way 364666761
DLR roundel.svg
 
Tramlink roundel.svg
 
 

Station building

By default, the main station building (if there is one) should not hold station information: the exception is where they cover the entire station area, such as at Pudding Mill Lane. See above for more information on the change.

The main station building (or the multi-polygon that represents it) must belong to the relevant stop area relation, but it does not require a role.

Key Values Meaning
Multimodal[2] National Rail logo.svg TFL Rail roundel.svg Overground roundel.svg Underground.svg DLR roundel.svg
building transportation transportation
Examples Way 47519874 Underground.svg Way 47519711

Station areas

Station areas may only represent Bus, DLR, Overground, Underground or National Rail stations with no significant buildings. They must belong to the relevant stop area relation.

Key Value Recommendation Notes
London Buses
public_transport station Compulsory
amenity bus_station Compulsory
name Individual name Compulsory
network Name of network Compulsory You may use semicolons for multiple values.
operator Main operator of station (e.g. Transport for London, Southeastern) Compulsory when known
addr:housename Building name Recommended
addr:housenumber Street number Recommended
addr:street Street Recommended
addr:postcode UK Postcode Recommended

Examples:

  • Bus station area: Way 282348817 (London Bridge)
  • National Rail station area: (Angel Road)

Tram and Bus stop buildings

One tag is enough to describe notable tram and Bus stop buildings. However, they must still belong to the relevant stop area relation.

Key Value Recommendation Notes
building transportation
roof
Compulsory Choose one of the suggested values that accurately describes the feature.

Examples:

  • Notable bus stop shelter: Way 170706695 (Newbury Park)

Relations

Bus routes

New or updated London bus routes will have a route_master relation structure that consists of individual route relations for each direction or variant, and the depot that provides the buses.

In most cases, a bus route will have one route_master, two routes, and one depot.

Route master

Use ‘London Buses route n’ to reflect Transport for London's tone of language: firstly, TfL refers to routes as route n (e.g. route 39 or route 6).[4] Secondly, TfL discourages using ‘Buses’ alone when referring to London Buses.[5]

Key Values Meaning
Buses roundel.svg
type route_master This is a parent relation for a route.
route_master bus This parent relation is a bus route.
ref Number This is the route number.
Example: 30
name London Buses route Number This is the description of the route: please do not match name=* to ref=* because many transport maps simply use the latter for numbers, freeing the former to be as descriptive in order to, for example, help JOSM editors.
Example: London Buses route 30
operator Operator This is the operator: unlike Berlin, London Buses gets companies to run their buses: placing this tag in a route_master speeds up the updating process when operators change.
Example: Tower Transit
network London Buses This is a London Buses route: London Buses is a distinct subsidiary of Transport for London, just like London Underground.
wheelchair yes London Buses routes must have wheelchair access.
Examples Relation 3511600 (JOSM)
Route

Stop positions must belong to the relevant route master, but it does not require a role.

Routes consist of appropriately ordered ways, and stop positions: they do not need to contain bus stops themselves because stop positions will reference then with local_ref, within a stop area relation.

Key Values Meaning
Buses roundel.svg
type route This is one variant of a route.
route bus This variant is a part of a bus route.
ref Number This is the route number.
Example: 30
name London Buses route NumberDestination This is the description of a variant.
Example: London Buses route 30 → Marble Arch
from Location A This is the starting destination of a variant.
Example: Hackney Wick
to Location B This is the finishing destination of a variant.
Example: Marble Arch
Examples Relation 3511639 (JOSM)
Relation 963114 (JOSM)

Stop area

Key Values Meaning
Multimodal[2] National Rail logo.svg TFL Rail roundel.svg Overground roundel.svg Underground.svg DLR roundel.svg Tramlink roundel.svg Buses roundel.svg
type public_transport public_transport public_transport
public_transport stop_area stop_area stop_area
name Name Name Name Use the most common name.
name:<mode>[1] Mode-specific name Not used Not used
network Network Network Network Use semicolons for multiple values.
network:<mode>[1] Mode-specific network Not used Not used
operator Operator Operator Operator Main operator of station (e.g. Transport for London, Southeastern).
ref Not used Reference Not used Ignore this tag if there are no station codes.
ref:<mode>[1] Mode-specific reference Not used Not used
Examples Relation 206255 (JOSM)
 
 
 
 
National Rail logo.svg Relation 3781969 (JOSM)
TFL Rail roundel.svg Relation 5175909 (JOSM)
Overground roundel.svg Relation 2663308 (JOSM)
Underground.svg Relation 3757862 (JOSM)
DLR roundel.svg Relation 3662093 (JOSM)
Tramlink roundel.svg Relation 3749672 (JOSM)
Buses roundel.svg Relation 206224 (JOSM)
 
 
 

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 The correct values for each mode are as follows: bus for London Buses; light_rail for DLR; subway for London Underground; train for National Rail, London Overground and TfL Rail; tram for London Tramlink; aerialway for Emirates Cable Car.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Example of multi-modal stations: stations between Queen's Park and Harrow & Wealdstone (Overground and Underground).
  3. Except at Wimbledon, which is inside a multimodal station.
  4. Oxford Street closed eastbound, p.2 (accessed 23 August 2014).
  5. TfL’s editorial style guide, p.37 (accessed 23 August 2014).