WikiProject Israel

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Israel, Asia

latitude: 31.45, longitude: 35
Browse map of Israel 31°27′00″ N, 35°00′00″ E
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Israel is a country in Asia at latitude 31°27′00″ North, longitude 35°00′00″ East.

OpenStreetMap images (and underlying map data) are freely available under the OpenStreetMap License.

This page contains information relating to mapping activity that is specific to Israel. Any guides or conventions on this page should be discussed in the forum, feel free to comment or help (mapping your area, tagging streets or correcting this page).

Discussion and Communication


The Israel users forum is the main communication method. English only. Sign in with your OpenStreetMap DB account.

Mailing List

Talk-il is a mailing list is for discussion about mapping Israel, and for easy communication between mappers from Israel. English & Hebrew are allowed. The list is not as active as the forum, but it may still be useful esp. for those who do not have an OSM account.

Talk Page

The talk page can be used for communication, but the forum is more active.


irc:// #osm-il

Conventions and Guidelines

This section covers conventions and guidelines. Note that there are also additional guidelines for hiking and biking trials in the next section.


  • The "name" tag should be used as the primary name, in the language most common in the area. The "name" tag should contain the name in only one language. Use other "name:*" for other languages.
  • Never use a "name" tag alone. Always use a "name:lang" tag in addition to the "name" tag. e.g. If a shop has a "name" tag in Hebrew, the same name should also be in "name:he". You don't have to manually enter this. Adding the "name" tag is enough, the bot will copy it to "name:he" or "name:ar".
  • Use the "name:he" tag for adding street names in Hebrew.
  • Use the "name:en" tag for the English name (prefer the exact spelling as it is on the street sign!)
  • Use the "name:ar" tag for the Arabic name
  • Use the "name:ru" tag for the Russian name
  • Use the "name:am" tag for the Amharic name
  • Add the full name written on the sign, don't include "rehov", "street", etc.
  • Do not use shortcuts, let the renderers do this.
  • Many streets in Arab/Druze villages do not have any official name. If there's a de-facto name, use it. Otherwise leave it blank. Do not invent a name yourself. Note that bus-stop names do not necessarily reflect the street name in such areas.

Inter-city Roads

First rule for numbered roads: The category is determined by the color of the sign, not by the number of digits!

Different sections with the same road number can have different categories.

Speed limit is only the upper maximum that is allowed on this street type and if no sign defines something lower.

Key Value Element Description Color Example sign Maximum Speed limit Key:ref tag on way Remark
highway motorway Way All freeways - National and Inter-City roads Blue 50px-ISR-HW6.png 50px-ISR-HW20.png


110 km/h mandatory for all Tag:highway=motorway Many of them have one digit (example road 2) or two digits (example road 20). Mapnik color: Blue.

Motorways usually have the following sign when entering Dálnice, but not always.

highway trunk Way National roads Red 50px-ISR-HW3.png 50px-ISR-HW10.png 100 km/h mandatory for all Tag:highway=trunk (including roundabout) Expressways / Trunk in Israel can look very much like a freeway. Many of them have two digits in the sign (example road 10). Mapnik color: Green
highway primary Way All regional roads Green 50px-ISR-HW293.png 50px-ISR-HW864.png 90 km/h mandatory for all Tag:highway=primary (including roundabout) Many of them have three digits in the sign (example road 412). Mapnik color: Red.
highway secondary Way All regional roads Brown / Black 50px-ISR-HW3631.png 50px-ISR-HW4111.png 80 km/h only if exist Many of them have four digits in the sign (example road 4111). Priority over other crossing roads (the other roads have a stop sign)

Exception: Roads that are more important for routing connections than a normal tertiary road. Here is one example of such a exception in Hadera: Way 24873711 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history). Mapnik color: Orange

highway tertiary Way all important (connection-) roads not numbered and no colored sign no sign 80 km/h no Priority over other crossing roads (the other roads have a stop sign). Main roads inside of the city are tertiary. Mapnik color: Yellow

Other Road Types

OSM Definition Explanation Implied Access
unclassified Smaller paved roads in non-residential places. e.g. agricultural roads, forest roads, roads from behind one village to behind another village, etc. motor_vehicle=yes, bicycle=yes, foot=yes
residential Roads in residential places (city, town, village, etc.) motor_vehicle=yes, bicycle=yes, foot=yes
service Short access roads: roads in parking lots, fuel stations, inside universities, inside factories, etc. motor_vehicle=yes, bicycle=yes, foot=yes
track Unpaved road suitable for motor vehicles (Double). motor_vehicle=yes, bicycle=yes, foot=yes
path A pathway too narrow for vehicles, accessible by foot, bicycle, and horse. Usually Unpaved. Use "bicycle=designated" where the path is part of a bicycle trail. Consider using the more specific footway or cycleway tags if applicable. motor_vehicle=no, bicycle=yes, foot=yes, horse=yes
footway Mainly, or exclusively for pedestrians. Use bicycle="yes" if bicycles are also allowed. motor_vehicle=no, bicycle=no, foot=designated.
cycleway Mainly, or exclusively for bicycles. Use foot="yes" if people are also allowed. motor_vehicle=no, bicycle=designated, foot=no.
pedestrian Where people walk and there are many shops. Like "Midrahov", or "Passage", etc. motor_vehicle=no, bicycle=yes, foot=yes, horse=yes
living_street "רחוב הולנדי" - Residential road where there is no sidewalk or other separation between pedestrians and vehicles. motor_vehicle=yes, bicycle=yes, foot=yes, horse=yes
road Temporary tagging, if the type is unknown. Try to add a "note" tag. motor_vehicle=yes, bicycle=yes, foot=yes, horse=yes

Please see He:Map Features, this forum thread, and default access restrictions


Key Value Element Description Hiking map rendering Cycling map rendering
railway rail Way Full sized passenger or freight trains in the standard gauge for the country or state. For a tunnel add Tag:tunnel=yes. TBA TBA
railway station Node Area Railway passenger and/or cargo station. Use in addition to Tag:public_transport=station. TBA TBA
aeroway runway Way Area Runway of an airfield TBA TBA
aerialway cable_car Way Cablecar or Tramway. Just one or two large cars. The traction cable forms a loop, but the cars do not loop around, they just move up and down on their own side, rolling along static cables over which they are suspended. See also: Tag:aerialway=chair_lift. TBA TBA

Points of Interest

Key Value Element Description Hiking map rendering Cycling map rendering
tourism viewpoint Node Area A place worth visiting, often high, with a good view of surrounding countryside or notable buildings. Viewpoint-16.svg TBA
ele Number Node Area Elevation (also known as altitude or height) above mean sea level in metre, based on geoid model EGM 96 which is used by WGS 84 (GPS). (see also Altitude) TBA TBA
historic ruins Node Area Remains of structures that were once complete, but have fallen into partial or complete disrepair. If the type of original structure is known or apparent it can be described using ruins=*, e.g. ruins=castle. TBA TBA
historic archaeological_site Node Area A place in which evidence of past activity is preserved TBA TBA
natural cave_entrance Node Area An entrance to a cave TBA TBA
natural tree Node A single tree TBA TBA
amenity place_of_worship Node Area Synagogue. Use religion=jewish Jewish-16.svg TBA
amenity place_of_worship Node Area Church. Use religion=christian Christian-16.svg TBA
amenity place_of_worship Node Area Mosque. Use religion=muslim Muslim-16.svg TBA
amenity place_of_worship Node Area Holy place. Use religion=bahai TBA TBA
historic memorial Node Area Much like a monument, but smaller. Might range from a WWII memorial to a simple plate on a wall. TBA TBA
historic monument Node Area A memorial object, wich is especially large (one can go inside, walk on or through it) or high enough, built to remember, show respect to a person or group of people or to commemorate an event. TBA TBA
power line Way A way following the path of (overground) power cables. TBA TBA
leisure park Area A park, usually municipal. TBA TBA


Key Value Element Description Hiking map rendering Cycling map rendering
barrier gate Node Way A section in a wall or fence which can be opened to allow access. Closed gate: access=private. For a vehicles barrier set: bicycle=yes, foot=yes, motor_vehicle=no. TBA TBA
barrier cattle_grid Node A hole in the road surface covered in a series of bars that allow wheeled vehicles but not animals to cross. TBA TBA
barrier fence Way A freestanding structure designed to restrict or prevent movement across a boundary, generally distinguished from a wall by the lightness of its construction. TBA TBA
barrier wall Way Area A freestanding structure, designed to restrict or prevent movement across a boundary, typically made from solid brick, concrete or rocks, and almost always built so that it is opaque to vision. TBA TBA
natural cliff Node Way A vertical or almost vertical natural drop in terrain, usually with a bare rock surface TBA TBA

Borders and Special Areas

Key Value Element Description Hiking map rendering Cycling map rendering
boundary protected_area Node Area Relation used to mark boundaries of protected areas including national parks, marine protection areas, heritage sites, wilderness, indigenous and other, similar areas. For national parks: boundary=national_park. TBA TBA
landuse military Node Area For land areas owned/used by the military for whatever purpose TBA TBA
way (Area A) Way Elements of Area A are members of Relation 3791783 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) TBA TBA
way (Area B) Way Elements of Area B are members of Relation 3791784 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) TBA TBA
boundary administrative Way Area Relation An administrative boundary. Subdivisions of areas/territories/jurisdictions recognized by governments or other organisations for administrative purposes. TBA TBA


Key Value Element Description Hiking map rendering Cycling map rendering
tourism picnic_site Node Area A locality that is pleasant and suitable for outdoors eating, with a number of facilities to aid a picnic. Table-16.svg TBA
tourism camp_site Node Area An area where people can camp overnight using tents, camper vans or caravans. Camping.16.svg TBA
amenity drinking_water Node Drinking water is a place where humans can obtain potable water for consumption. Typically, the water is used for only drinking. TBA TBA
amenity parking Node Area Car park. Nodes and areas (without access tag) will get a parking symbol. Areas will be coloured. Streets on car parking are often tagged Tag:highway=service and Tag:service=parking_aisle. TBA TBA
amenity fuel Node Area Petrol station; gas station. TBA TBA
information guidepost Node Guideposts are often found along official hiking/cycling/skiing routes to indicate the directions to different destinations. Additionally they are often named after a region or place and shows the altitude. Tag:tourism=information is also required. TBA TBA


Key Value Element Description Hiking map rendering Cycling map rendering
landuse residential Node Area Predominantly houses or apartment buildings. Rendering-area-landuse-residential.png TBA
landuse orchard Node Area intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production TBA TBA
landuse farmland Area An area of farmland used for tillage and pasture (animals, crops, vegetables, flowers, fruit growing). TBA TBA
landuse forest Node Area Managed forest or woodland plantation. TBA TBA
דשא Node Area TBA TBA
צמחית בר Node Area TBA TBA
natural sand Area An area covered by sand with no or very little vegetation. TBA TBA
landuse quarry Node Area Surface mineral extraction. Rendering-landuse-quarry-mapnik.png TBA


A place should have a node and a polygon.

The node tells the renderer where to draw the name of the place. It also should have all the tags related to the place, like population, wikipedia, etc. It should have all the various names with different spelling, e.g. name, name:en, name* and name:* tags.

The polygon should only have the following tags:

  • landuse=residential
  • place=*
  • name tags

All the other tags belong to the node. A place often has a related administrative boundary, too.

For neighborhoods a polygon isn't always used and a node can be sufficient.

Administrative Boundaries

The boundary=administrative tag is used on ways or relations to separate districts, cities, etc. Below is Israel-specific rules for the admin_level of the boundary.


Thanks to the MOIN Import We are able to map townhalls, local municipalities, and regional municipalities.

A municipality should have a relation with one node with role admin_centre, and one or more ways, to form closed polygon(s).

The relation should have the following tags:

The nodeadmin_centre node should be a place node, or an amenity=townhall node in the case of a regional council.

The ways that comprise the polygon that are sourced from the MOIN import should have the following tags:

  • admin_level=8
  • boundary=administrative
  • date=08/2010
  • source=MOIN

Conventions for Hiking and Biking Trails

For some general info see Walking_Routes and Cycle_routes. Specific information about Israel can be found on Wikipedia and here (both in Hebrew).

A trail is represented by one or several ways Way, all belonging to the trail's relation Relation. Generally speaking, the ways of a trail describe its geographical path and physical grade, while the trail relation holds its administrative information. Trails should be mapped according the following guidelines:

Way Ways Belonging to a Trail

  • Add a colour=* tag to ways belonging to local and regional trails. Note that the spelling is "colour" and not "color"!
    • When a trail has different Israel Trails Committee (ITC) and JNF (KKL) colors, use the ITC color.
    • When a way belongs to two local trails, use multi-value tagging with a semi-colon, such as colour=red;green.
    • When a way belongs to a local trail and a regional trail, use only the local trail for the colour tag.
    • When a way belongs only to a regional trail, use the regional trail for the colour tag.
  • Try to add a source=* tag to ways belonging to the trail. Common tag values are source=GPS and source=Bing. The source tag is an indicator of the accuracy of the trail position. GPS-based mapping is preferred and it can replace Bing-based mapping.
  • For highway=track ways please try to add a tracktype=* tag, indicating which kinds of vehicles can use the track:
    • tracktype=grade1 - High quality unpaved road. Usable, for example, by sport cars - דרך עפר באיכות גבוהה
    • tracktype=grade2 - All vehicle unpaved road - דרך עפר לכל כלי רכב
    • tracktype=grade3 - All-wheel-drive unpaved road - "דרך עפר לרכב שטח "רך
    • tracktype=grade4 - Unpaved road requiring high clearance and/or low gear - (דרך עפר לרכב שטח "קשוח" (מוגבה ו/או עם הילוך כח
    • tracktype=grade5 - Unpaved road requiring deferential locks and high clearance - "דרך עפר לרכב שטח "נעול
  • Ways should not have any of the Trail Relations tags below.

Relation Trail Relations

Every marked trail should be represented by a relation Relation and tagged according to the guidelines below. The ways Way belonging to the trail are the members of the relation.

Key Value Explanation
type=* route Mandatory. The relation represents a route.
route=* hiking / bicycle / mtb (mountainbike) Mandatory. The trail kind of the route.
network=* nwn / rwn / lwn / ncn / rcn / lcn Mandatory. Level of the trail.
  • nwn: National Walking Network - Shvil Israel (Israel National Trail - שביל ישראל) only
  • rwn: Regional Walking Network - Special named (Golan, Jesus, Emek Ha'Ma'ayanot, Sovev Kineret, Jerusalem, etc.) and unnamed long "regional" (purple and orange) routes
  • lwn: Local Walking Network - All other walking routes
  • ncn: National Cycling Network - Israel Bike Trail (שביל ישראל לאופניים) only
  • rcn: Regional Cycling Network - Such as TLV-JM (מים לי-ם)
  • lcn: Local Cycling Network - All other bicycle routes(e.g. Ness Ziona Scenic, Canada Park Black)
operator=* itc/kkl/rtg/user-defined Mandatory. The authority that built and maintains the route.
  • itc - Israel Trails Committee (הועדה לשבילי ישראל). Most of the hiking trails are of this type.
  • kkl - Keren Kayemet LeIsrael (הקרן הקיימת לישראל).
  • rtg - Rashut HaTeva VeHaGanim (רשות הטבע והגנים).
  • Other authorities, such as municipalities, by name.
osmc:symbol=* The shield of the route, used for rendering. Mandatory for ITC trails. Machine readable value for the route's colors and how the marking (shield) should look like.
Shield osmc:symbol Shield osmc:symbol
שחור.PNG black:white:black_stripe INT mark.png blue:white:blue_stripe:orange_stripe_left
אדום.PNG red:white:red_stripe סגול.PNG purple:white:purple_stripe
כחול.PNG blue:white:blue_stripe Jesus Trail Mark.png orange:white:orange_stripe
Israel Green Trail Mark.PNG green:white:green_stripe Golan Trail Mark.png blue:white:blue_stripe:green_stripe_left
שקוף.PNG black:white Jerusalem Trail Mark.png yellow:blue:yellow_stripe

For the single-colored routes, the value should follow this example: red:white:red_stripe, which means: red colored way is drawn with white background and a red vertical stripe. In particular, the foreground color and the stripe color should be equal to the "colour" tag of every way in the trail ("red" in the above example). The shield background color should always be "white".

A transparent shield would be tagged with osmc:symbol=black:white.

Tags for three-colored trail marks, such as Israel Trail and Golan Trail, should follow this example: blue:white:blue_stripe:orange_stripe_left, which means: blue colored way, white background shield, a blue vertical stripe in the middle, and an orange vertical stripe on the left.

name=* a name Highly Recommended. The route is known by this name (e.g. "Shvil Israel", "Golan Trail"). The name should be preferably specified in Hebrew.
name:en=* a name Optional. The English route name.
name:he=* a name Optional. Identical to the name attribute above.
ref=* a reference Optional. The route number as specified by the Israel Trail Committee.

See Also

The original discussions can be seen here and also here.

Lists and Features of Interest

Major boundaries

Country Boundaries


Note: Districts are legal, administrative boundaries. Judea and Samaria is almost the same as the West Bank but it excludes East Jerusalem, which is part of the Jerusalem district.

Palestine Related


Wikipedia has up to date lists for Local Councils, Regional Councils, Municipalites (cities), sub-districts, and Districts. has lists of all populated places. (Last update 31/12/2015)

Here is a list of all OSM places in Israel in Hebrew and English. (Last update 2011 - discuss)

Here is a list of all OSM municipalities (cities) in Israel in Hebrew and English. (Last update 2011 - discuss)


List of all trails (Last update 2011 - discuss)

National and Regional Trails

Trail Relation Trail Mark
Israel National Trail Relation 282071 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) stripe left.svg
Israel Bike Trail Relation 6639060 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) שביל ישראל לאופניים.jpg
Golan Trail Relation 568661 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) stripe left.svg
Upper Galilee Trail Relation 2193374 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Trail-marking-white.purple stripe.svg
Sea to Sea Trail Relation 2860967 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
Jesus Trail Relation 364191 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) stripe.svg
Sovev Kineret Trail Relation 5145441 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Trail-marking-white.purple stripe.svg
Lower Galilee Trail Relation 3929958 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Trail-marking-white.purple stripe.svg
Haifa Wadis Trail Relation 3734116 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
Ramat Menashe Trail Relation 3418441 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) stripe.svg
Jerusalem Trail Relation 1314299 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Trail-marking-blue.yellow stripe.svg
TLV JM Bike Route Relation 947776 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) dot.svg
Har HaNegev Trail Relation 6148872 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Trail-marking-white.purple stripe.svg
Makhtesh Ramon Trail Relation 6148296 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Trail-marking-white.purple stripe.svg

Branches and Brands

For a list of common brands and company branches, see the bot templates. When tagging a brand, adding "name" or "brand" should be enough, SafwatHalaby_bot will eventually add all the other needed tags.

Tel Aviv Bicycle Rentals

Tel Aviv Bicycle Rentals (Last update 2011 - discuss)


List of Forests in Israel (Last update 2011 - discuss)


Discussion in forum

List of Trains in Israel (last update 2011 - discuss)

Bots and Imports

Below is a list of major imports and active bots.


SafwatHalaby_bot is a bot which does several tasks. Among other things, it ensures the branches of multi-branch companies and brands have the same tags according to these templates. More info can be found on its Wiki page.

KKL Forest Import

KKL donated shape files for its managed forests.

Discussion in forum

List of Forests in Israel

Bus Stop Import

Israel public GTFS data was used. Changeset #12028672. Discussion:

Tel Aviv Address Import

Todo info.

MOIN import



  • Jerusalem [map]
  • Netanya [map]
  • Tel-Aviv [map]
  • Raanana [map]
  • Haifa [map]
  • Or-Yehuda [map]
  • Quiryat Ono [map]
  • Hadera (חדרה) [map]

People Involved

See also: Category:Users_in_Israel

Note: Both lists may be out of date.

See Also