WikiProject Israel

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Israel, Asia
Latitude: 31.45, Longitude: 35
Browse Israel map 31° 27′ 0″ N, 35° 0′ 0″ E
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Israel is a country in Asia at latitude 31° 27′ 0″ North, longitude 35° 0′ 0″ East.

OpenStreetMap images (and underlying map data) are freely available under the OpenStreetMap License.

This page contains information relating to mapping activity that is specific to Israel. Any guides or conventions on this page should be discussed in the forum, feel free to comment or help (mapping your area, tagging streets or correcting this page).


Israel users forum. Unfortunately English only. This is preferred over the talk-il mailing list. Sign in with your OpenStreetMap DB account.

Talk-il Mailing list

Talk-il mailing list is for discussion about mapping Israel, and for easy communication between mappers from Israel. Preferred language is Hebrew. Other languages are also allowed.

Talk-il רשימת תפוצה לנושאים הקשורים למיפוי ישראל, לתקשורת בין משתמשים ישראלים ולסתם פטפוטים. יש נסיון מהוסס לעודד תקשורת בשפה העברית, אבל בפועל ההודעות הן בעיקר באנגלית. בין השאר, בגלל שאחוזים גבוהים מהחברים ברשימה לא דוברים עברית...


irc:// #osm-il

Heads Up

This is to give a heads up notice, I'm working on converting, polishing and uploading all locations based on the GEOnet Names Server. This is a fairly complete if not exactly accurate data. It does give a full list with English transliterated names of all towns/villages as well as mountain peaks and various other features.

This will create some duplication for places that already exist in OSM but will flesh out place names in our little country. Exact location and merging with existing places can happen later.

If you have objections or ideas it would make sense to raise it now. Contact me through the wiki or OSM at


Upload done!

I started initially to hand check each node and translate it to Hebrew but it was going to take too long. Instead I'm uploading all the data in its raw form and everyone can update the nodes, translate them and place them in their proper location. If you move a node to a place you think is the correct one (you can use the WMS maps for this) remove the accuracy=minutes tag.



  • Naming
    • The "name" tag should be used as the primary name, in the language most common in the area. The "name" tag should contain the name in only one language. Use other "name:*" for other languages.
    • Use tag "name:he=..." for adding street names in Hebrew.
    • Use "name:en" for the English name (prefer the exact spelling as it is on the street sign!)
    • Use "name:ar" for the Arabic name
    • Use "name:ru" for the Russian name
    • Use "name:am" for the Amharic name
    • Add the full name written on the sign, don't include "rehov", "street", etc.
    • Do not use shortcuts, let the renderers do this.
    • The map can be viewed in various languages using OpenStreetMap on the Multilingual Map Test

Specifically, English, Arabic, Russian, Amharic

Inter-city Roads - Guidelines

First rule for numbered roads: The category is determined by the color of the sign, not by the number of digits!

Speed limit is only the upper maximum that is allowed on this street type and if no sign defines something lower.

OSM Definition Explanation Color Example sign Maximum Speed limit OSM Key:ref tag on way Description
MOTORWAY All freeways - National and Inter-City roads BLUE 50px-ISR-HW6.png 50px-ISR-HW20.png 50px-ISR-HW431BLUE.PNG 110 km/h mandatory for all highway=motorway Many of them have one digit (example road 2) or two digits (example road 20). Mapnik color : Blue

All motorways have the following sign when entering Dálnice

TRUNK National roads RED 50px-ISR-HW3.png 50px-ISR-HW10.png 100 km/h mandatory for all highway=trunk [incl. roundabout] Expressways / Trunk in Israel can look very much like a freeway. Many of them have two digits in the sign (example road 10). Mapnik color : Green
PRIMARY All regional roads GREEN 50px-ISR-HW293.png 50px-ISR-HW864.png 90 km/h mandatory for all highway=primary [incl. roundabout] Many of them have three digits in the sign (example road 412). Mapnik color : Red
SECONDARY All regional roads BROWN / BLACK 50px-ISR-HW3631.png 50px-ISR-HW4111.png 80 km/h only if exist Many of them have four digits in the sign (example road 4111). Priority over other crossing roads (the other roads have a stop sign)

[Exception]: Roads that are more important for routing connections than a normal tertiary road. Here is one example of such a exception in Hadera: Mapnik color : Orange

TERTIARY all importand (connection-) roads not numbered and no colored sign no sign 80 km/h no Priority over other crossing roads (the other roads have a stop sign). Main roads inside of the city are Tertiary. Mapnik color : Yellow

Other Road types - Guidelines

OSM Definition Explanation Implied Access
unclassified Smaller paved roads in non-residential places. e.g. agricultural roads, forest roads, roads from behind one village to behind another village, etc. motor_vehicle=yes, bicycle=yes, foot=yes
residential Roads in residential places (city, town, village, etc.) motor_vehicle=yes, bicycle=yes, foot=yes
service Short access roads: roads in parking lots, fuel stations, inside universities, inside factories, etc. motor_vehicle=yes, bicycle=yes, foot=yes
track Unpaved road suitable for motor vehicles (Double). motor_vehicle=yes, bicycle=yes, foot=yes
path Unpaved Single. Accessible by foot, bicycle, and horse. Use "bicycle=designated" where the path is part of a bicycle trail. motor_vehicle=no, bicycle=yes, foot=yes, horse=yes
footway Where people walk in non-residential areas. Access by foot only. motor_vehicle=no, bicycle=no, foot=designated.
cycleway Unpaved Single. Access by bicycle only. motor_vehicle=no, bicycle=designated, foot=no.
pedestrian Where people walk and there are many shops. Like "Midrahov", or "Passage", etc. motor_vehicle=no, bicycle=yes, foot=yes, horse=yes
living_street "רחוב הולנדי" - Residential road where there is no sidewalk or other separation between pedestrians and vehicles. motor_vehicle=yes, bicycle=yes, foot=yes, horse=yes
road Temporary tagging, if the type is unknown. Try to add a "note" tag. motor_vehicle=yes, bicycle=yes, foot=yes, horse=yes

Please see He:Map Features, this forum thread, and default access restrictions


A place shuld have a node and a polygon.

The node tells the renderer where to draw the name of the place. It also should have all the tags related to the place, like population, wikipedia, etc. It should have all the various names with different spelling, e.g. name, name:en, name* and name:* tags.

The polygon should only have the following tags:

  • landuse=residential
  • place=*
  • place_name=
  • place_name:*=

All the other tags belong to the node.

Here is a list of all places in Israel in Hebrew and English.


Thanks to the MOIN Import We are able to map townhalls, local municipalities, and regional municipalities.

A municipality should have a relation with one node with role admin_centre, and one or more ways, to form closed polygon(s).

The relation should have the following tags:

The nodeadmin_centre node should be a place node, or an amenity=townhall node in the case of a regional council.

The ways that comprise the polygon that are sourced from the MOIN import should have the following tags:

  • admin_level=8
  • boundary=administrative
  • date=08/2010
  • source=MOIN

Here is a list of all municipalities in Israel in Hebrew and English.

Hiking & Biking trails

For some general info see Walking_Routes and Cycle_routes. Specific information about Israel can be found on Wikipedia and here (both in Hebrew).

Main conventions

Every marked trail should be represented by a relation and tagged according to the guidelines below.

Key Value Explanation
type=* route Indicates that this Relation represents a route. Mandatory.
route=* hiking / bicycle / mtb (mountainbike) Mandatory.
name=* a name The route is known by this name (e.g. "Shvil Israel", "Golan Trail"). The name should be preferably specified in Hebrew. Optional.
name:en=* a name The English translation of the route name. Optional, but mandatory if "name" is in Hebrew.
name:he=* a name In general will be identical to the name attribute above. Optional.
ref=* a reference The route number as specified by the Israel Trail Committee. Optional.
network=* nwn / rwn / lwn / ncn / rcn / lcn Level of the network. Mandatory.
  • nwn: National Walking Network - Shvil Israel (Israel National Trail - שביל ישראל) only
  • rwn: Regional Walking Network - Special named (Golan, Jesus, Emek Ha'Ma'ayanot, Sovev Kineret, Jerusalem) and the unnamed long "regional" routes (purple)
  • lwn: Local Walking Network - All other walking routes
  • ncn: National Cycling Network - (The future) Israel Bike Route only
  • rcn: Regional Cycling Network - TLV-JM (מים לי-ם), "Sovev Kineret" for bicycles
  • lcn: Local Cycling Network - All other bicycle routes(e.g. Ness Ziona Scenic, Canada Park Black)
operator=* itc/kkl/rtg The authority that maintains the route. Mandatory.
  • itc - Israel Trail Committee (הועדה לסימון שבילים). Most of the hiking trails are of this type.
  • kkl - Keren Kayemet LeIsrael (הקרן הקיימת לישראל).
  • rtg - Rashut HaTeva VeHaGanim (רשות הטבע והגנים).
itc:type=* long/regional/standard/urban The type of the ITC trail. Optional.
  • standard - the majority of the routes will have this designation. It can also be omitted and is understood to be the default. These are usually marked by either red, black, green, blue or white (the "single-color routes").
  • long - these include the following named long routes: Shvil Israel, Golan Trail, Jesus Trail, Emek Ha'Ma'ayanot trail and Jerusalem Trail.
  • regional - usually unnamed long routes, marked by purple on the ground. Here we include also the Shvil Sovev Kineret.
  • urban - TBD
kkl:type=* TBD
osmc:symbol=* The shield of the route, used for rendering. Machine readable value for the route's colors and how the marking (shield) should look like. Mandatory for ITC trails

For the single-colored routes, the value should follow this example: red:white:red_stripe, which means: red colored way, white background shield, and a red vertical stripe on the shield's foreground. In particular, the foreground color should be equal to the trail "colour" tag ("red" in the above example). The shield background color should almost always be "white".

A transparent shield would be tagged with osmc:symbol=black:white.

3 colored markings tags, like Israel Trail and Golan Trail, should follow this example: blue:white:blue_stripe:orange_stripe_left, which means: blue colored way, white background shield, a blue vertical stripe on the shield's foreground, and another orange vertical stripe on the left of the shield.

List of "right" symbols.

tracktype=* grade1/grade2/grade3/grade4/grade5 Which kinds of vehicles can use the road:
  • grade1 - High quality unpaved road. Usable by sport cars, for example. דרך עפר באיכות גבוהה
  • grade2 - All vehicle unpaved road - דרך עפר לכל כלי רכב
  • grade3 - All-wheel-drive unpaved road - "דרך עפר לרכב שטח "רך
  • grade4 - Unpaved road requiring high clearance and/or low gear - דרך עפר לרכב שטח "קשוח" (מוגבה ו/או עם הילוך כח)
  • grade5 - Unpaved road requiring deferential locks and high clearance - "דרך עפר לרכב שטח "נעול

Additional conventions

  • Add a colour tag to ways belonging to the "single-color routes" (i.e. with itc:type=standard). Note that the spelling is "colour" and not "color"! When a trail has different ITC and KKL colors, use the ITC color.
  • Add a source tag to ways belonging to the trail. Common source tags are source=GPS and source=bing. The source tag is an indicator of the accuracy of the trail position. GPS-based mapping is preferred and it can replace bing-based mapping.

National and Regional Trails

Trail Relation Marking Description
Israel National Trail Relation 282071 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) stripe left.svg
Golan Trail Relation 568661 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) stripe left.svg
Upper Galilee Trail Relation 2193374 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Trail-marking-white.purple stripe.svg
Sea to Sea Trail Relation 2860967 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
Jesus Trail Relation 364191 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) stripe.svg
Sovev Kineret Trail Relation 5145441 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Trail-marking-white.purple stripe.svg
Lower Galilee Trail Relation 3929958 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Trail-marking-white.purple stripe.svg
Haifa Wadis Trail Relation 3734116 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)
Ramat Menashe Trail Relation 3418441 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) stripe.svg
Jerusalem Trail Relation 1314299 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Trail-marking-blue.yellow stripe.svg
TLV JM Bike Route Relation 947776 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) dot.svg
Har HaNegev Trail Relation 6148872 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Trail-marking-white.purple stripe.svg
Makhtesh Ramon Trail Relation 6148296 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx) Trail-marking-white.purple stripe.svg

List of all trails

See also

The original discussions can be seen here and also here.

Tel Aviv Bicycle Rentals

Tel Aviv Bicycle Rentals


KKL donated shape files for its managed forests.

Discussion in forum

List of Forests in Israel


Discussion in forum

List of Trains in Israel


  • If you have a goal that you are working towards or one that you would like to see get done (and are maybe willing to get the ball rolling) then add it to the list here, create a section where it can be coordinated and tracked, and a way of measuring progress.
  • Tag major intercity roads all around Israel.
  • Create a really free alternative for which has a huge map database but map data is not given for free. The community is being abused to build the data but data is downloadable only in a binary format.

Goal: Netanya

I think that 75 % of the Netanya streets are done already. Several streets are without names. If there is anybody to look on over the street names it would bring us to the next level in this city.

Talba: I'm slowly adding streets and roads of Netanya. We'll see how far I get...

Baruch Even: I'm also living in Netanya and added mostly the Kiryat Ha'Sharon area, not having a GPS yet I'm doing a rough sketch. A loan for a GPS device would be appreciated until I'll get the Neo Freerunner.

mr_Israel: Also living in Netanya and added several tracks and areas to it. All my GPS tracks are public and if there are parts that need to be added, please point me to that area and I will add it. I'm not adding any street names, because my keyboards are NON - Hebrew.

Goal: Beer Sheva

Yuri Magrisso: I've accumulated a large number of tracks in Beer Sheva. I am planning to map it in the coming months. I am taking photos of the name signs of most streets, but if someone lives in Beer Sheva, he's welcome to check for what's missing and fill it up.

Yrtimid 21:01, 18 November 2010 (UTC): Beer-Sheva needs at least tracks for:

  • "Nahal Ashan" (already in progress)
  • "Emek Sarah"
  • "Neot Lon"
  • "Neot Ilan"
  • "Nahal Beka"

Goal: Rishon LeZion

Elihadad: I started working on Rishon LeZion area. I believe that it will take me a year to cover all Rishon, since I don't have too much time.

Goal: Naariya

mr_Israel: I have uploaded a lot of tracks for Naariya and Hadera and mapped them after it. The streets are without street names. If somebody could add street names to those cities it would be great.

Goal: Hadera

monya: I'm adding Russian "name:ru" tags to Hadera's street names.

Goal: Haifa

Haifa Wadis Trail: We are creating the walking network of Haifa and its surroundings. Our main project is the Haifa Wadis Trail with its extensions to the Israel National Trail.

Goal: name:he for all places

Harel Mazor: I'm adding all the name:he tags for nodes defined as places, later on I hope to translate all the springs as well. Translation is Done. 23/03/2013



  • Jerusalem [map]
  • Netanya [map]
  • Tel-Aviv [map]
  • Raanana [map]
  • Haifa [map]
  • Or-Yehuda [map]
  • Quiryat Ono [map]
  • Hadera (חדרה) [map]

Separation Wall

Relation 1410327 (XML, Potlatch2, iD, JOSM, history, analyze, manage, gpx)

People involved

See also