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Public-images-osm logo.svg piste:type
Piste de ski megève 2007.jpg
Used to define a ski run, including downhill, nordic and others. Edit or translate this description.
Group: Winter sports
Used on these elements
should not be used on nodesmay be used on waysmay be used on areasmay be used on relations

Useful combination
Status: in use


The piste:type=* tag can be used on any existing or new way. Specifically it is very useful for marking a piste that uses an existing way, like for example a track. This is very useful (e.g. in the Alps) where forestry tracks can be used in Winter for hiking, sledding, skitouring and nordic skiing.

The piste as way

In the simplest case, the piste can be drawn with a new way way, add the following:

The piste as area

If you want to draw the piste as a area area, add the following:

The piste as relation

If the piste is composed of several existing segments, e.g. Sections that are in the summer ways or paths, a relation can be used.

Create a Relation:route with the property route=piste. Add the segments as members.


Key Value Element Comment Example
piste:type downhill area way relation An alpine/downhill ski route. ways should be used for trails connecting the routes. This automatically implies oneway=yes. The direction of the way should be the downhill direction.
piste:type nordic way relation A nordic/cross country ski trail (also see #Style or kind of grooming). The direction of the way should be the preferred/compulsory skiing direction (see piste:oneway below). Nordic pistes are circular ways if the first and the last point are the same and cannot be rendered as areas. Nordic Icon.png
piste:type skitour area way A recommended ski tour way or area that is generally used by many skiers during a season for the purpose of a nordic ascent and a downhill descent in the backcountry. Generally the descent is recommended near the ascent route for safety and terrain judgement and the descent is not mapped. To map an alternate descent, use piste:type=downhill with piste:grooming=backcountry. Implies piste:grooming=backcountry. Also defined in the wikipedia Ski touring. Rendered as area if first and last point are the same. If a circular way is needed, do not close the way (first and last point is not exactly the same). Skitour icon.png
piste:type sled area way Use this tag exclusvely for a sledding piste or add this tag to a way or tack that is prepared for or commonly used by sleds to go downhill. Sleds are smaller vehicles that are pulled by a human or propelled only by gravity. Use piste:oneway=yes if the piste has a do not walk uphill sign. If the way is used also for ascending to the top (e.g. by foot) use piste:oneway=no. The combination with piste:lit=yes indicates sledding tracks with lighting that is only turned on in winter. Implied grooming is piste:grooming=classic for natural luge track grooming, but alternatively one can use piste:grooming=backcountry for ungroomed or badly groomed trails. Sled Icon.png
piste:type hike way relation A piste for nordic walking or hiking in winter (Winterwanderweg) that is usually announced by a tourism authority. A classic groomed piste (piste:grooming=classic) can be hiked with simple boots or can be used for running (default if grooming is absent). A piste:grooming=backcountry groomed piste requires snow shoes.
piste:type sleigh area way relation A piste exclusively for not self propelled sleighs. This might be horse/husky drawn sleighs (Santa Claus style). Definition: A sleigh is typically a partially enclosed vehicle with seats for passengers that is drawn by animals and slides on runners.  
piste:type ice_skate area way A piste exclusively for ice skating. Ice skating icon.svg
piste:type snow_park area a funpark with rails, quarter pipes, etc  
piste:type playground node area A ski playground is a designated location which has been developed or set up to assist children to learn to ski naturally, and which provides a variety of skiing discoveries. Skiing-playground-icon.png
piste:type ski_jump area way A Ski jumping hill  
piste:type connection area way relation Ways that connect ski lifts with each other, to be used for any type of ski lift users. Use oneway=* if the connection is not explicitly twoways (due to inclination for example).
man_made piste:halfpipe way area a halfpipe. This automatically implies oneway=yes Halfpipe.png

Dual use pistes are either tagged as several route=piste relations, or sometimes also with a semicolon like piste:type=downhill;sled.

See Also

The Piste_Maps page describes in details the way winter sports are mapped in OSM.