|The scientific name for a living or fossil organism.|
|Used on these elements|
|Tools for this tag|
The scientific name of the species for a living or fossil organism. In biology the species (natural=tree, natural=wetland or similar. It may also be appropriate to use it with landcover=*, natural=wood or landuse=forest.on Wikipedia) is one of the basic units of biological classification and a taxonomic rank. Often this is also referred to as the scientific, binominal, binomial or latin name. This tag should be used in combination with
The biological classification system is hierarchical. You should use the most specific taxon that you know, but there is no need to tag all the implicit taxonomic ranks as well. E.g. if you already have tagged a species you won't tag the genus as well.
Common names and languages
Unlike most tags in Openstreetmap, the value of species should be in latin. Some mappers prefer to tag common names in their local language. In this case you should use the appropriate namespace for this.
- genus=Quercus (or genus:en=oak) would be omitted if species is set
- species=Quercus robur (or species:de=Stieleiche or species:en=English Oak or species:en=French oak or ...)
As you can see in this example, there are often several common names to refer in the same language to the same species. This is mostly avoided with scientific names. You should prefer scientific names when adding this detail to Openstreetmap.
In most cases, the species name should not be tagged in more than two languages (e.g. local language and scientific name). Translations to other languages can easily be automated by a look-up in an external database like Wikidata for Wikispecies.