|access = private|
|The way is not to be used by the general public.|
|Used on these elements|
|Status: de facto|
|Tools for this tag|
The access=private tag is generally used in combination with the road network tags to indicate that the road is not to be used by the general public, and on other facilities. Access is only with permission on an individual basis.
Note that access=private records that access is restricted, not whether or not the object is privately owned. Use ownership=private or operator:type=private to record this kind of status. Privately owned road with public access may be tagged like any other road with public access - without access=* tag, or with the explicit access=permissive.
Common use is for objects with restricted access such as road where only some may drive. For example, adding access=private marks a driveway (tagged as highway=service + service=driveway) as restricted - for example because it is behind a gate.
Routing programs are able to detect this tag, and know to avoid these roads when routing.
The value indicates that access is allowed only for a closed group of users, such as employees of a company, members of an association or club, or individuals.
Examples for the access=private tag include:
- amenity=parking + access=private for private parking, such as company employees
- leisure=swimming_pool + access=private for a swimming pool in a private backyard.
- leisure=playground + access=private for a playground in a school or kindergarten.
Relation to access=no
Sometimes access=no is described as stronger version of access=private. For example, a stretch of roadway may be closed with a "Road Closed" sign and barricades due to a serious damage to a road or a long-term construction project. There may be a physical reason why no one would realistically be able to traverse the road. If applicable, also map any barriers that prevent anyone from entering or traversing the road.
Some people use access=private for situations where no explicit permission is required to access, but currently there is no consensus around this one way or the other. For example delivery of post and packages.