Zh-hans:Tag:power=tower

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Public-images-osm logo.svg power = tower
Electricity pylon DSCI0402.jpg
说明
输电线塔。用于架设高压电缆,一般为钢架结构,也有使用钢管杆或实心的塔架。 编辑此说明
openstreetmap-carto中渲染
Power tower.svg
组: Power
用于这些元素
可用于节点不可用于路径不可用于区域不可用于关系
常用组合
状态:实际使用

维基数据

用于架空电缆的大型塔。一般由角钢架构成,也有钢管杆或实心的塔架,用于承载高压架空电缆(power=line)。

不得用于架设低压电线或电话线的电线杆,而应使用power=pole

如何绘制

在塔的中心创建一个节点,然后添加power=tower标签。
如果输电塔有编号,您也可以添加ref=*

塔支撑的power=line应共享节点

要标记将电线连接到地下电缆的塔,请使用line_management=transition和/或location:transition=yes

详细标签

您可以使用以下标注方案添加塔的其他信息。

一般性质

关键字 说明 使用
material steel,
wood,
concrete,
aluminium,
composite
塔的主要组成材料 推荐
structure lattice,
tubular,
solid
此标签用于说明塔的结构。
对于钢塔(或未指定材料标签),默认值为lattice(钢架)。对于木制或混凝土塔,默认值为solid(实心)。
推荐
operator <运营公司> 运营输电线路的公司名称(例如,在风暴过后进行维修的那家公司) 推荐
ref 编号 可见于塔底的编号 推荐
height 塔高 输电塔高度,以米(meter)为单位 可选
colour <颜色> 涂色塔的颜色,例如colour=red/white,用于涂刷成红色和白色的塔,此类塔可使飞行员更容易看到它。 可选
line_attachment anchor,
suspension,
pin
The way lines are bound to this support 可选
line_management <Topology situation> Any particular topology pattern occuring around the support for supported lines 可选
manufacturer <Manufacturing company> The name of the company that build the tower 可选

可能的错误

如果你知道 有使用这个标签的地方的话,请确认能否使用其他标签代替。
我们非常不鼓励你使用自动化编辑,除非你知道自己在做什么

塔身设计

该标签用于描述塔身设计。主要参数是横臂的数量和位置。不应考虑仅用作接地线支撑的横臂。请参见下面的建议值示例。

图片 关键字 图注
Einebenenmast.jpg design one-level 仅架设着110kV线路的单层横臂塔。
Two-level-150kv-800.jpg design two-level 架设着150kV线路的双层横臂塔。
IMG 3503-donau-mast-400kv-800.jpg design donau 丹麦支撑400kV线路的二层铁塔的常见子类型。其特征在于在上层的每一侧有一条电缆,在下层的每一侧有两条电缆。"Donaumast"在中欧被广泛使用。
Pgetower.jpg design three-level 三层横臂塔。
Power lines with fog, Milan.jpg design barrel 三层塔的常见子型。其特点在于,中层横臂比上下横臂长,从而使电缆布置呈桶状。
Electricity pylon DSCI0402.jpg design asymmetric A two- or three-level tower carrying only one circuit and having the conductors arranged in an asymmetrical layout.
Tower-lattice-60kv.jpg
Steel pole 400 Hermosa Duhat Balintawak transmission line.jpg
design triangle A sub-type of the asymmetric tower. It has cross-arms at three levels providing a triangular arrangement of the conductors.
60kv-angle-tower.jpg
FvfNLExPampanga2280 21.JPG
design flag A sub-type of the asymmetric tower. All conductors are located at one side. The tower typically has no or only rudimentary crossarms. This tower type is usually used as an angle tower.
Tannenbaummast.jpg design donau;one-level A three-level combination tower effectively being a Donau tower having an additional lower level, often used for circuits of a lower voltage than those at the upper levels. This tag better describes the design than just using "three-level". Similar tag values may be used for other designs having an additional lower level.
Pylon Shenzhen.jpg design four-level,
six-level,
nine-level,
...
A tower having cross-arms at four or more levels. These tall towers may carry four or more circuits.
Delta-150kv-800.jpg design delta A y-shaped tower having a horisontal cross-beam between the two top structures. All 150kV conductors are attached to the cross-beam. It is mostly used for a single circuit.
Veldstelling Uitermeer 002.JPG design delta_two-level
delta_three-level
Delta tower having two or three cross-beams. Suitable for three circuits.
IMG 3501-ymast-400kv-800.jpg design y-frame Similar to delta tower but there is no horisontal cross-beam between the two top structures. The middle conductor is supported directly by the top structures.
400kv-x-frame.jpg design x-frame A variation of the y-frame tower having two legs. It is suitable for carrying a second lower voltage circuit on a crossbeam below the joint.
Tower-60kv-h.jpg design h-frame A tower type having two (or more) separate pylons or poles connected by a beam to which the 60kV conductors are attached. The cross-beam extends beyond the vertical structures such that not all conductors are located between the vertical structures. The portal tower is mostly used for a single circuit.

Also known as pi-poles due to their resemblance to the Greek letter pi (π).

Power-tower-h-frame two-level.jpeg design h-frame_two-level
h-frame_three-level
Designs like the h-frame tower, but having cross-beams at two or three levels.
Guyed-h-frame-tower.jpg design guyed_h-frame A guyed version of the h-frame tower supported by guy wires, common in e.g. Scandinavia. Compared to the self-supporting h-frame tower this design normally has non-vertical legs. This detail is useful for distinguishing self-supporting towers from guyed towers in aerial imagery etc, since the guy wires are usually too thin to be directly visible in such imagery.
IMG 4875-portal-800.jpg design portal A tower type having two (or more) vertical structures connected by a horizontal cross-beam. All conductors are supported between the vertical structures (unlike the h-frame tower). This design is mostly used as termination tower at substations. It can also be used if a line intersects with other power lines.
Powertower-wide01.png design portal_two-level,
portal_three-level
Two and three level versions of the portal tower.
Pylônes près de Chapais04.JPG design guyed_v-frame A guyed tower type that is mainly used for 735 kV ultra-high voltage lines e.g. in North America.
Wintrack-800.jpg design bipole A pair of closely spaced but non-touching pylons. The conductors are typically mounted between the pylons. There are no cross-arms. Known as 'Wintrack' in the Netherlands. The bipole should be mapped as a single tower.
Monopolar-400kv-800.jpg design monopolar A tower having no cross-arms, with insulators mounted on the tower itself. Mostly used as an anchor tower at very high voltage.This tower type is typically used in groups of three, with each carrying one phase, but may carry all phases in one tower. There are two recommended options for mapping such a group. Either map all three towers and connect the power line to the middle tower. Or map only one tower and add the attribute triple_tower=yes to the tower.
design:name * When the tower design has been given a specific name by its designer it can be indicated by this tag, such as Wintrack (The Netherlands), Eagle (Denmark).
Incomplete-barrel-tower-800.jpg design:incomplete yes An incomplete tower carries fewer conductors than the design is capable of. Sometimes the unused cross-arms are omitted (but can be retrofitted if an extra circuit is to be mounted)

Some designs uses guying. For mapping these objects, see Tag:man made=guy.

Tower roles

This section deals with the functional role of power towers, such as anchorage or branching lines.
Please note that the tower:type=* combination with power=tower has been discouraged and line_attachment=* or line_management=* are now recommended.

Picture Key Value Description
French power tower suspension.jpg line_attachment suspension A tower which supports the conductors vertically using suspension insulators. This is the default type and need not be tagged. However it may be useful to tag a suspension tower if it is used as an angle tower (an anchor tower would normally be expected here)
FLMast-TK.jpg line_attachment anchor A tower where conductor sections terminate at strain insulators. It is normally built stronger than suspension towers. Mostly used as angle tower when the line changes direction.
Power tower termination.jpg line_management termination A tower with strain insulators used at the end of a line with no connection with any other line. Designed to resist the full one-sided tension of the conductors.
Missing illustration line_management branch A line branch starts at this tower and connects to a continuous main line. If the branch line is a cable then add location:transition=yes.
Pylon, Kingsnorth Power Station - geograph.org.uk - 1604927.jpg line_management split Two or more independant circuits coming from the same origin diverge and continue to different direction at this support
Missing illustration line_management cross Two or more distinct power lines coming from different directions punctualy share a support without any connection
Verdrillmast Oberwoehr.jpg line_management transpose A tower at which the conductors exchange positions in order to balance the capacitance and impedance of a power circuit.
154 kV Bosphorous crossing foto 5.jpg design=* and/or height=* Actual tower design or height A special tower used at river crossings etc where a very long span or a large clearance is required. These towers may be very tall and are therefore significant landmarks.
Sindelfingen Gesockelter Mast 2007 by-RaBoe 03.jpg line_management

location:transition

transition

yes

This attribute denotes that one or more circuits transition to an underground cable in this tower. The cable terminals are located in the tower itself (no fenced area on the ground). The key location:transition=* replaces the values tower=transition and tower=air_to_ground which should no longer be used.
line_management=transition regards less situations where lines go underground without another particular topology addressed by other line_management=* value.
For fenced transition stations with cable terminals on the ground use power=substation and substation=transition
French power tower suspension.jpg line_management straight Default and optional situation regarding all lines going straight at a given support

使用此方案的工具