Ahal Province

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Ahal Province, Turkmenistan, Central Asia

Ahal welaýaty
latitude: 38.788, longitude: 58.623
Browse map of Ahal Province 38°47′16.80″ N, 58°37′22.80″ E
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Ahal Province is a province in Turkmenistan, Central Asia at latitude 38°47′16.80″ North, longitude 58°37′22.80″ East.

Notes on Ahal Province

As of 20 December 2022 the capital of Ahal Province is Arkadag, a mostly greenfield municipality located due east of the city of Gökdepe. Ahal Province surrounds the Turkmen capital city, Ashgabat, but Ashgabat is not part of Ahal Province.

Prior to 1988, this province was named Ashkhabad oblast' (Ашхабадская область) with its capital in the city of Ashkhabad, today's Ashgabat. This oblast' was abolished from 1988 to 1992. From 1988 to 1991 the area was subordinated directly to the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic and from 1991 to 1992 the independent Turkmenistan government. From 1992 on, the capital city Ashgabat became a separate administrative unit equal in status to a province, and the capital of the newly reconstituted province, now named Ahal Province (Turkmen: Ahal welaýaty), was shifted to Änew.

New Administrative Center

See main article New Administrative Center for Ahal Province

In October 2018 the Cabinet of Ministers reviewed proposals for creation of a new administrative center for Ahal Province, to be located south of Gorjaw, north of the village of Aba Annayew, and east of Gökdere ýoly, at approximately N 38.0612, E 58.0566.[1][2][3] As of 20 December 2022 the seat of Ahal's government was formally moved by parliamentary decree from Änew to Arkadag, although construction of the city remained incomplete.[4]

Administrative Subdivisions

See also Districts in Turkmenistan and Turkmenistan Geoname Changes

Effective January 5, 2018, Ahal Province (Ahal welaýaty) is subdivided into 7 districts (etrap, plural etraplar):[5][6]

  1. Ak Bugdaý
  2. Babadaýhan
  3. Bäherden (previously Baharly)
  4. Gökdepe
  5. Kaka
  6. Sarahs
  7. Tejen

As of 9 November 2022, the province includes 8 cities (города or şäherler), 9 towns (посёлки or şäherçeler), 82 rural or village councils (сельские советы or geňeşlikler), and 231 villages (села, сельские населенные пункты or obalar).[7][8][9]

As of May 2013 Ruhabat District and the city of Abadan (today called Büzmeýin), until then in Ahal Province, were incorporated into the city of Ashgabat. In January 2018, Babadaýhan District of Ahal Province was established, and the Kaka, Tejen, Sarahs Provinces were reaffirmed. In the same decree, Baharly's former name, Bäherden, was restored, and the Altyn Asyr District was abolished. Curiously, the 5 January 2018 list of administrative subdivisions continued to list Ruhabat etraby, however, despite its transfer to Ashgabat in 2013 and eventual abolition.

In November 2022 the city of Tejen was downgraded from city equivalent to a district to city-in-a-district status. Curiously, Kaka was listed as a city in a district but no official downgrade has been published.[7][8][9]

Reference Materials


  1. “В Масштабной Программе Развития Регионов--Приоритеты Социальной Политики”. Нейтральный Туркменистан. 1 November 2018. 
  2. “Глава государства рассмотрел проект нового административного центра Ахалского велаята” (in Russian). Государственное информационное агентство Туркменистана. 31 October 2018. 
  3. “Ahal welaýatynda sebitiň Aşgabatdan pes oturmaýan täze paýtagty gurlar” (in Turkmen). Chronicles of Turkmenistan. 1 November 2018. 
  4. “Постановление Меджлиса Милли Генгеша Туркменистана об отнесении к категории города нового современного административного центра Ахалского велаята и присвоении ему наименования” (in ru). Электронная газета «Золотой век». 21 December 2022. 
  5. “Парламент Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление Ахалского велаята”. 05 January 2018. 
  6. “Административно-территориальное деление Туркменистана по регионам по состоянию на 1 января 2017 года”. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 “Рассмотрены вопросы совершенствования административно-территориального устройства велаятов” (in ru). Государственное информационное агентство Туркменистана (TDH) - Туркменистан сегодня. 22 October 2022. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 “Постановление Меджлиса Милли Генгеша Туркменистана” (in ru). Государственное информационное агентство Туркменистана (TDH) - Туркменистан сегодня. 10 November 2022. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 “Türkmenistanyň Milli Geňeşiniň Mejlisiniň Karary” (in tk). «Turkmenistan: Golden age». 10 November2022.