Ashgabat

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Ashgabat, Turkmenistan
Aşgabat
latitude: 37.9382, longitude: 58.2355
boundary: 7328329, label: 1811650017
Browse map of Ashgabat 37°56′17.52″ N, 58°14′07.80″ E
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Ashgabat is a city in Turkmenistan at latitude 37°56′17.52″ North, longitude 58°14′07.80″ East.

OpenStreetMap images (and underlying map data) are freely available under OpenStreetMap License.

It is the capital city of Turkmenistan. Ashgabat, though a city, enjoys the status of a province (welaýat) and is not administratively part of Ahal Province, which surrounds it.

Note on imagery

Since Turkmenistan is undergoing constant redevelopment of urban areas and expansion of its national road network, choice of imagery is important. In general OSM's Bing imagery is to be avoided if newer alternatives are available, particularly when mapping Ashgabat. Digital Globe Premium is preferred. Mappers should also use available Mapillary and OpenStreetCam ground-level imagery, which local mappers have been collecting since 2016.

Boroughs of Ashgabat

Map depicting revised borough boundaries of the city of Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, as of 6 August 2018.
Map depicting the boroughs of the city of Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, and their respective borders as of 6 January 2018.

As of January 5, 2018, Ashgabat includes four boroughs (uly etraplar):

  1. Bagtyýarlyk etraby (formerly President Niyazov/Lenin District, later expanded to include former Ruhabat District plus new territory)
  2. Berkararlyk etraby (formerly Azatlyk, Sovetskiy District)
  3. Büzmeýin etraby (formerly Arçabil, expanded to include former Abadan and Ruhabat boroughs; Arçabil already included former Çandybil)
  4. Köpetdag etraby (formerly Proletarskiy District)

This is a reduction from the previous number of boroughs. Arçabil and Çandybil boroughs were merged on February 4, 2015, and that etrap, named Arçabil, was in turn renamed Büzmeýin in January 2018. At that time the Abadan borough of Ashgabat, created in 2013 by annexing the town of Abadan and surrounding villages to Abadan's south, was abolished and its territory was merged into the newly renamed Büzmeýin borough. The former Ruhabat borough was abolished at the same time and its territory absorbed by Bagtyýarlyk borough. In August 2018, 1,376 hectares of Büzmeýin borough were transferred to Bagtyýarlyk borough.[1]

Please refer to the links in the section "Laws and Decrees Related to the City of Ashgabat", below, for the chronology and further details.

Microdistricts of Ashgabat

Ashgabat perpetuates the Soviet classification of administrative subdivisions as "microdistricts" (Russian: микрорайон, Turkmen: etrap). The following formal microdistricts are found in Ashgabat (all in the downtown area):

  • 1 through 11 Etrap
  • 30 Etrap
  • Howdan A[2][3]
  • Howdan B
  • Howdan W
  • Parahat 1 through 7[4]

Certain of these are further subdivided, such as Parahat 3/1 and 3/2. Buildings are uniquely numbered within these subdivisions.

Quarters (Turkmen: kwartal, Russian: квартал) also exist, within which buildings are uniquely numbered. Quarters are numbered, e.g., "534 kwartal".

Neighborhoods of Ashgabat

Former Towns, Villages, and Dacha Communities

Historical map showing new boundaries of Ashgabat as of 27 May 2013, following annexation of Ruhabat District and town of Abadan, previously part of Ahal Province. Abadan (today's Büzmeýin) lost its status as a town and all villages in Ruhabat District lost their status as well, becoming neighborhoods of Ashgabat.

Within the Ashgabat city limits are found inhabited areas previously classified as towns, villages, and dacha communities, but which since 2010 have been annexed and incorporated into the municipality of Ashgabat. These are best described today as neighborhoods, for they feature no autonomous administrative structures, despite continued reference to them in the vernacular as "villages". Each is subordinate to and dependent upon one of the four Ashgabat boroughs described above.

These include:

  • Arçabil (former Firuza, currently site of presidential residence compound, formally disbanded as a village in 2015)
  • Arzuw
  • Bagtyýarlyk (former Ruhabat, not to be confused with Bagtyýarlyk etraby)
  • Bagyr
  • Bekrewe (previously called Bikrova)
  • Berzeňňi (also called Berzengi, this former dacha community was largely depopulated in 2017)
  • Büzmeýin (former town, not to be confused with Büzmeýin etraby, and previously called Abadan)
  • Çoganly (partly a residential development, partly a former dacha community)
    • including the new Çoganly Ýaşaýaş Toplumy development
  • Garadamak
Second historical map, also dated 27 May 2013, depicting the then-new boundaries of the city of Ashgabat following annexation of territory previously in Ahal Province.
  • Garadaşaýak
  • Giňdiwar
  • Gökje
  • Gurtly (previously spelled Kurtly)
    • including the new Gurtly Ýaşaýaş Toplumy development
  • Gülzada obasy
  • Gypjak (previously spelled Kipchak)
  • Hellew
  • Herrikgala
  • Jülge
  • Köşi (former aul that pre-existed Ashgabat)
  • Şor (previously called Şors, Russian: Шорс)
  • Täze Zaman (both communities)
  • Ýalkym
  • Ýanbaş
  • Ýasmansalyk

Other neighborhoods

Other existent neighborhoods of Ashgabat known by convention but without formal administrative recognition include (coordinates provided below are approximately centered in these neighborhoods):

  • Hitrowka (Khitrovka, Russian: Хитровка) (38.0708, 58.3989) (possibly named after the Khitrov Market in Moscow)
  • Olimpiýa şäherçesi (Olympic Village) (38.0708, 58.3989)

Demolished neighborhoods

Legacy neighborhoods demolished as part of urban redevelopment include (coordinates provided below are approximately centered in the prior locations of these legacy neighborhoods):

  • Budennyý kolhoz (Колхоз имени Буденного) (37.9218, 58.3832) (The territory of Budennyy kolhoz or if transliterated from Russian Budennyy kolkhoz started behind Magtymguly Turkmen State University and stretched as far as the territory of today's Olympic Stadium. It included the neighborhood at the southeast corner of Andalyp and Atamyrat Nyýazow.) Semyon Mikhaylovich Budennyy, a three-time Hero of the Soviet Union and military commander in both the Russian Civil War and WWII, visited Ashgabat April 21, 1926.[5]
  • Çirçik (Chirchik) (37.9204, 58.42628)
  • Gaža (Gazha) (37.9412, 58.3498)
  • Kosmos (37.958, 58.3435) (named for the demolished Kosmos movie theater)
  • Leningrad kolhoz (Колхоз "Ленинград") (37.9194, 58.3652) (named for the Soviet-era collective farm "Leningrad")
  • Şaňhaý (Shanghai) (37.9655, 58.3884) (before demolition, a densely populated shantytown that in popular imagination resembled a crowded Asian neighborhood, hence "Shanghai")
  • Woroşilow kolhoz (Колхоз имени Ворошилова) (37.9423, 58.4124) (Woroşilow kolhoz or if transliterated from Russian Voroshilov kolkhoz was situated north of the railroad line, starting from Andalyp and stretching eastward.)
  • Wosmuşka (Восьмушка, Vosmushka) (37.928, 58.3597) (named for the demolished 8th of March movie theater)

The former dacha community of Ruhabat, demolished in 2014, was approximately centered on 38.0708, 58.3989. The dacha community previously located east of Garadamak (37.9598, 58.4534) was demolished between 2014 and 2017, and was bulldozed flat as of 2018.

Points of interest

Banks

Banks in Ashgabat fall into four categories:

  • international financial institutions
  • domestic banks
  • foreign banks offering retail (consumer) services
  • foreign banks offering institutional services

International Financial Institutions (IFI)

  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  • European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
  • World Bank

Domestic Banks

Foreign Retail Banks

  • Iran Saderat Bank
  • National Bank of Pakistan
  • Türkmen-Türk Bank (Turkmen-Turkish Bank, a joint venture of Daýhan and Ziraat)

Foreign Banks Offering Institutional Services

  • Commerzbank
  • Deutsche Bank

Not all locations of bank branches or ATMs have been mapped in Ashgabat. As of August 2018 two new bank headquarters buildings are under construction between Çandybil şaýoly and Maslahat köçesi and they will need to be geolocated and mapped.

Health care facilities

See also Turkmenistan: Health care facilities for nomenclature and tagging suggestions.

Ashgabat as of July 2018 featured 16 health clinics and had plans to construct five more in the near future.[8] Not all clinics or their branches are yet mapped. All hospitals in existence as of August 2018 were mapped as of that date. A new International Burn Center as of that month was under construction by GAP Inşaat at approximately 37.94889, 58.33638, south of the Emergency Medical Center on the southwest corner of the intersection of Görogly and Bekrewe.

Naming conventions

Please see Turkmenistan: General naming conventions, Turkmenistan: Street naming conventions, and Gazetteer of Ashgabat Street Names.

Laws and decrees related to the city of Ashgabat (in Russian)

References

  1. “ПОСТАНОВЛЕНИЕ Меджлиса Туркменистана О вопросах административных территорий этрапов города Ашхабада”. 6 August 2018. 
  2. According to local sources, howdan (English: pond) was made the name of these neighborhoods as they are located in a low spot in which runoff from the Kopetdag Mountains accumulated.
  3. The Howdan microdistricts are lettered in order A, B, and W because these Turkmen Latin letters correspond to the first three letters of the Turkmen Cyrillic alphabet, А, Б, В.
  4. Turkmen parahat means "peace" and is a translation of the original Russian name for these microdistricts, мир (mir).
  5. Klychev, Anna-Muhamed (1976). “Ашхабад”. Ashgabat: Издательство "Туркменистан". 
  6. Prezident Bank was merged into Halk Bank in 2017.
  7. Garagum Bank was merged into Senagat Bank in 2017.
  8. “Благополучие народа--главная цель социально ориентированной политики”. Нейтральный Туркменистан. 18 July 2018. p. 1. 

See also