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Ashgabat, Central Asia
latitude: 37.95, longitude: 58.4
Browse map of Ashgabat 37°57′00.00″ N, 58°24′00.00″ E
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Ashgabat is a city in Central Asia at latitude 37°57′00.00″ North, longitude 58°24′00.00″ East.

OpenStreetMap images (and underlying map data) are freely available under OpenStreetMap License.
It is the capital city of Turkmenistan.

Boroughs of Ashgabat

Map of the Boroughs of Ashgabat

Map depicting the boroughs of the city of Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, and their respective borders.

As of January 5, 2018, Ashgabat includes four boroughs (uly etraplar): Bagtyýarlyk etraby, Berkararlyk etraby, Büzmeýin etraby, and Köpetdag etraby. This number is a reduction from the previous number of boroughs.

Microdistricts of Ashgabat

Ashgabat perpetuates the Soviet classification of administrative divisions as "microdistricts" (Russian: микрорайон, Turkmen: etrap). The following formal microdistricts are found in Ashgabat (all in the downtown area):

  • 1 through 11 Etrap
  • 30 Etrap
  • Howdan A[1]
  • Howdan B
  • Howdan W
  • Parahat 1 through 7[2]

Certain of these are further subdivided, such as Parahat 3/1 and 3/2. Buildings are uniquely numbered within these subdivisions.

Quarters (Turkmen: kwartal, Russian: квартал) also exist, within which buildings are uniquely numbered. Quarters are numbered, e.g., "534 kwartal".

Neighborhoods of Ashgabat

Former Towns, Villages, and Dacha Communities

Within the Ashgabat city limits are found inhabited areas previously classified as towns, villages, and dacha communities, but which since 2010 have been annexed and incorporated into the municipality of Ashgabat. These are best described today as neighborhoods, for they feature no autonomous administrative structures. Each is subordinate to one of the four Ashgabat boroughs described above.

These include:

  • Arçabil (former Firuza, currently site of presidential residence compound, formally disbanded as a village in 2015)
  • Arzuw
  • Bagtyýarlyk (former Ruhabat, not to be confused with Bagtyýarlyk etraby)
  • Bagyr
  • Bekrewe
  • Berzeňňi (this former dacha community was largely depopulated in 2017)
  • Büzmeýin (former town, not to be confused with Büzmeýin etraby, and previously called Abadan)
  • Çoganly (partly a residential development, partly a former dacha community)
  • Garadamak
  • Garadaşaýak
  • Giňdiwar
  • Gökje
  • Gurtly
  • Gülzada obasy
  • Gypjak
  • Hellew
  • Herrikgala
  • Jülge
  • Köşi (former aul that pre-existed Ashgabat)
  • Şor
  • Täze Zaman (both communities)
  • Ýalkym
  • Ýanbaş
  • Ýasmansalyk

Other Neighborhoods

Other existent neighborhoods of Ashgabat known by convention but without formal administrative recognition include (coordinates provided below are approximately centered in these neighborhoods):

  • Hitrowka (Khitrovka) (38.0708, 58.3989) (possibly named after the Khitrov Market in Moscow)
  • Olimpiýa şäherçesi (Olympic Village) (38.0708, 58.3989)

Demolished Neighborhoods

Legacy neighborhoods demolished as part of urban redevelopment include (coordinates provided below are approximately centered in the prior locations of these legacy neighborhoods):

  • Çirçik (Chirchik) (37.9204, 58.42628)
  • Gaža (Gazha) (37.9412, 58.3498)
  • Kosmos (37.958, 58.3435) (named for the demolished Kosmos movie theater)
  • Leningrad Kolkhoz (37.9194, 58.3652) (named for the Soviet-era collective farm "Leningrad")
  • Şaňhaý (Shanghai) (37.9655, 58.3884) (before demolition, a densely populated shantytown that in popular imagination resembled a crowded Asian neighborhood, hence "Shanghai")
  • Wosmuşka (Vosmushka) (37.928, 58.3597) (named for the demolished 8th of March movie theater)

The former dacha community of Ruhabat, demolished in 2014, was approximately centered on 38.0708, 58.3989.

Naming Conventions

Please see Turkmenistan: General Naming Conventions and Turkmenistan: Street Naming Conventions.

Laws and Decrees Related to the City of Ashgabat (in Russian)

See Also


  1. According to local sources, howdan (English: pond) was made the name of these neighborhoods as they are located in a low spot in which runoff from the Kopetdag Mountains accumulated.
  2. Turkmen parahat means "peace" and is a translation of the original Russian name for these microdistricts, мир (mir).