| Ashgabat, Central Asia|
|latitude: 37.95, longitude: 58.4|
|Browse map of Ashgabat 37°57′00.00″ N, 58°24′00.00″ E|
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Ashgabat is a city in Central Asia at latitude 37°57′00.00″ North, longitude 58°24′00.00″ East.
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Boroughs of Ashgabat
As of January 5, 2018, Ashgabat includes four boroughs (uly etraplar): Bagtyýarlyk etraby, Berkararlyk etraby, Büzmeýin etraby, and Köpetdag etraby. This number is a reduction from the previous number of boroughs.
Microdistricts of Ashgabat
Ashgabat perpetuates the Soviet classification of administrative divisions as "microdistricts" (Russian: микрорайон, Turkmen: etrap). The following formal microdistricts are found in Ashgabat (all in the downtown area):
Certain of these are further subdivided, such as Parahat 3/1 and 3/2. Buildings are uniquely numbered within these subdivisions.
Quarters (Turkmen: kwartal, Russian: квартал) also exist, within which buildings are uniquely numbered. Quarters are numbered, e.g., "534 kwartal".
Neighborhoods of Ashgabat
Former Towns, Villages, and Dacha Communities
Within the Ashgabat city limits are found inhabited areas previously classified as towns, villages, and dacha communities, but which since 2010 have been annexed and incorporated into the municipality of Ashgabat. These are best described today as neighborhoods, for they feature no autonomous administrative structures. Each is subordinate to one of the four Ashgabat boroughs described above.
- Arçabil (former Firuza, currently site of presidential residence compound, formally disbanded as a village in 2015)
- Bagtyýarlyk (former Ruhabat, not to be confused with Bagtyýarlyk etraby)
- Berzeňňi (this former dacha community was largely depopulated in 2017)
- Büzmeýin (former town, not to be confused with Büzmeýin etraby, and previously called Abadan)
- Çoganly (partly a residential development, partly a former dacha community)
- Gülzada obasy
- Köşi (former aul that pre-existed Ashgabat)
- Täze Zaman (both communities)
Other existent neighborhoods of Ashgabat known by convention but without formal administrative recognition include (coordinates provided below are approximately centered in these neighborhoods):
- Hitrowka (Khitrovka) (38.0708, 58.3989) (possibly named after the Khitrov Market in Moscow)
- Olimpiýa şäherçesi (Olympic Village) (38.0708, 58.3989)
Legacy neighborhoods demolished as part of urban redevelopment include (coordinates provided below are approximately centered in the prior locations of these legacy neighborhoods):
- Çirçik (Chirchik) (37.9204, 58.42628)
- Gaža (Gazha) (37.9412, 58.3498)
- Kosmos (37.958, 58.3435) (named for the demolished Kosmos movie theater)
- Leningrad Kolkhoz (37.9194, 58.3652) (named for the Soviet-era collective farm "Leningrad")
- Şaňhaý (Shanghai) (37.9655, 58.3884) (before demolition, a densely populated shantytown that in popular imagination resembled a crowded Asian neighborhood, hence "Shanghai")
- Wosmuşka (Vosmushka) (37.928, 58.3597) (named for the demolished 8th of March movie theater)
The former dacha community of Ruhabat, demolished in 2014, was approximately centered on 38.0708, 58.3989.
Laws and Decrees Related to the City of Ashgabat (in Russian)
- Ашхабад прирос новыми территориями 27 May 2013
- Объединены два этрапа туркменской столицы 04 February 2015
- Постановление о вопросах административно-территориального деления города Ашхабада 05 January 2018
- Глава государства подписал Постановления о переименовании и структурной реорганизации некоторых хякимликов Ахалского велаята и Ашхабада 05 January 2018
- According to local sources, howdan (English: pond) was made the name of these neighborhoods as they are located in a low spot in which runoff from the Kopetdag Mountains accumulated.
- Turkmen parahat means "peace" and is a translation of the original Russian name for these microdistricts, мир (mir).