KO:자전거

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사용 가능한 언어 — Bicycle
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Logo. 지물 : KO:자전거
One example for 지물 : KO:자전거
설명
Bicycle and cycleway features
Tags한국어 언어로 이 번역을 도와주세요!

이 페이지에는 자전거 및 자전거길 데이터를 OSM에 입력하고 태그를 지정하는 권장 방법이 나와있습니다. 고품질의 자전거 도로 데이터가 있으면, 경로 안내 소프트웨어가 저전거 타는 사람을 위한 적절한 도로를 찾을 수 있게 됩니다.

자전거 지물

OSM은 자전거 lane과 자전거 track을 구분합니다. 자전거 lane은 자동차 도로 내에 자전거 도로가 구분되어 있는 반면 자전거 track은 분리된 도로입니다. 자전거 track은 일반적으로 연석, 주차장, 녹지대, 가로수 등으로 도로와 분리되어 있습니다.


There are two ways to model cycle tracks. One possibility is to draw separate ways along the roadway which are tagged as highway=cycleway. The alternative is to add a cycleway=track tag to the existing way. Both methods each have their pros and cons. Notably, a separately tagged cycleway generally allows to capture more detail, while adding a single tag to an existing way takes much less time and in many cases can be as accurate. Both methods are in use today, and there is discussion about when to prefer which method.

아래 표에 열거된 많은 예제와 사진은 우측 통행 국가를 위한 내용입니다.

양방향 차도 양측의 자전거 차로

양방향 도로 양측에 부분에 설치된 자전거 도로.

Ref Context Photo OSM Description
L1a
Cycle lanes left right.svg
Dsc01078 clip.jpg
Way A.png
Cycle lanes on left and right sides of the road.

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway=lane (recommended)

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:left=lane + cycleway:right=lane

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:both=lane

L1b
Cycle lanes both right.svg
Neuss Stephanstr dsc01113.jpg
Way A.png
Bidirectional cycle lane on right side of the road.

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:right=lane + oneway:bicycle=no (recommended)

(nb: the oneway:bicycle=no tag should be interpreted to refer to the cycle lane in this case, as the highway itself is per default bidirectional for all transport modes anyway)

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway=lane (not recommended, as this can't be distinguished from L1a)

L2
Cycle lanes right only.svg
Way A.png
Oneway cycle lane on right side of the road only.

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:right=lane

(nb: bikes can use the normal highway on the left side)

일방통행 차로의 자전거 차로

Ref Context Photo OSM Description Example
M1
Oneway cycle lane left right.svg
Cycle trackinroad.jpg
Way A.png
일방통행 차로 좌측 양측에 설치된 자전거 차로.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway=lane + oneway:bicycle=no (추천)

또는

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway:left=opposite_lane + cycleway:right=lane

Way 370646853 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, 역사)
M2a
Oneway cycle lane right only.svg
Neuss Bergheimerstr PICT8477.JPG
Way A.png
일방통행 차로 우측에 설치되고 같은 방향인 자전거 차로.

Way A: highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway:right=lane (추천)

또는

Way A: highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway=lane

M2b
Oneway cycle lane left only.svg
Way A.png
일방통행 차로 좌측에 설치되고 같은 방향인 자전거 차로.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway:left=lane (추천)

또는

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway=lane

Way 72068274 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, 역사)
M2c
Cycle lanes oneway middle.png
Way A.png
일방통행 차로 가운데에 설치된 자전거 차로.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + lanes=2 + cycleway=lane (note that this tagging is ambiguous with a cycle lane that is on the right or left side of the road)

M2d
Cycle lanes both left.svg
Way A.png
일방 통행 차로 좌측에 설치된 양방향 자전거 차로.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway:left=lane + oneway:bicycle=no


Way 145565058 (XML, iD, JOSM, Potlatch2, 역사)
M3a
Oneway cycle opposite lane left.svg
Cycle contraflow Caen c.jpg
Way A.png
일방 통행 차로 좌측에 설치된 역방향 자전거 차로.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + oneway:bicycle=no + cycleway:left=opposite_lane (recommended)

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + oneway:bicycle=no + cycleway=opposite_lane

M3b
Oneway cycle opposite lane right.svg
Way A.png
일방 통행 차로 우측에 설치된 역방향 자전거 도로.

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + oneway:bicycle=no + cycleway:right=opposite_lane (recommended)

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + oneway:bicycle=no + cycleway=opposite_lane

M4
Separate car lanes cycle lanes left right.svg
Way A Bdown2.png
(recommended)
분리된 일방 통행 차로 우측에 설치된 자전거 차로.

Way A : same as M2a

Way B : same as M2a

Way A.png
Alternative tagging for less accurate traces / aerials.

Way A : same as L1a

M5
Separate car lanes cycle lanes right only.svg
Way A Bdown2.png
(recommended)
분리된 일방 통행 차로의 우측에만 설치된 자전거 차로.

Way A : same as M2a

Way B : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes

Way A.png
Alternative tagging for less accurate traces / aerials.

Way A : same as L2

자전거 도로

미국(Road)이나 영국(Path)은 자전거용 도로를 분리해서 설치합니다. 한국은 케이스 바이 케이스입니다.

Ref Context Photo OSM Description
T1
Cycle tracks left right.svg
Copenhagen Style Bike Lane.jpg

Cycleway=track.jpg

Way A B Cdown.png

(추천)

차로 양측에 설치된 자전거 도로.

Way A : highway=*[1] + bicycle=use_sidepath if usage of cycle track is compulsory

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way C : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way A.png
(Alternative solution with a single way, also useful when the track position is not known)

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway=track

T2
Cycle tracks both right.svg
Cycle route marking Le Havre.jpg
Way A B.png

(추천)

양방향 도로 우측에 설치된 양방향 자전거 도로.

Way A : highway=*[1] + bicycle=use_sidepath if usage of cycle track is compulsory

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=no

Way A.png
(Alternative solution with a single way, also useful when the track position is not known)

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:right=track + oneway:bicycle=no

T3
Cycle tracks cars-one-way cycle-two-way right.svg
Way A B.png

(추천)

일방 통행 도로 우측에 설치된 자전거 도로.

Way A : highway=*[1]+ oneway=yes + bicycle=use_sidepath if usage of cycle track is compulsory

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=no

Way A.png
(Alternative solution with a single way, also useful when the track position is not known)

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway:right=track + oneway:bicycle=no

T4
Cycle track oneway right.svg
Way A B.png
양방향 도로 우측에 설치된 일방 통행 자전거 도로.

Way A : highway=*[1] + bicycle=use_sidepath if usage of cycle track is compulsory

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way A.png
(Alternative solution with a single way, also useful when the track position is not known)

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:right=track

(nb: bikes can use the normal highway on the left side)

기타

Ref Context Photo OSM Description
S1
Oneway cycle opposite nolane left.svg
Way A.png
Cycling opposite to the oneway car traffic without dedicated lane/track (in some countries only).

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + oneway:bicycle=no

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + oneway=yes + cycleway=opposite

S2
Cycle track left lane right.svg
Way A Bdown.png
(recommended)
Cycle track on left side and cycle lane on right side of the road.

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:right=lane + bicycle:backward=use_sidepath if usage of cycle track is compulsory

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way A.png
Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:left=track + cycleway:right=lane
S3
Cycle tracks sidewalks left right.svg
Way A.png
(recommended)
If sidewalks are considered as implied and simplicity kept (recommended for autorouting):

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway=track + segregated=yes

Way A B Cdown.png
Cycle tracks on left and right sides of the road and sidewalks.

If sidewalks are considered as implied with the main highway:

Way A : highway=*[1] + bicycle=use_sidepath if usage of cycle track is compulsory

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way C : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

If sidewalks are not considered as implied:

Way A : highway=*[1] + bicycle=use_sidepath if usage of cycle track is compulsory

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes + foot=designated + segregated=yes

Way C : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes + foot=designated + segregated=yes

S4
Cycle tracks left right footways.svg
Way A.png
Easiest

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway=track + segregated=yes + foot=designated

Way A B Cdown.png
(recommended)
도로와 인도의 우측에 설치된 자전거 도로.

Way A : highway=*[1] + bicycle=use_sidepath (자전거 도로 사용이 의무적일 경우)

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes + foot=designated + segregated=yes

Way C : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes + foot=designated + segregated=yes

Way A B C Ddow Edownn.png
Alternative solution with 5 ways in OSM :

Way A : highway=*[1] + bicycle=use_sidepath if usage of cycle track is compulsory

Way B : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way C : highway=footway

Way D : highway=cycleway + oneway=yes

Way E : highway=footway

자전거 차로와 버스/택시 차로

Ref Context Photo OSM Description
B1
Cycle track left lane right bus right.png
Way A.png
Cycle lanes on left and right sides of the road with a bus/taxi only lane.

Proposal (no consensus):

Using the suffix for Lanes:
Way A : highway=* + lanes=3 + lanes:forward=2 + access:lanes=*no|yes|yes|no|no + bicycle:lanes=*designated|yes|yes|designated|yes + bus:lanes=*no|yes|yes|no|designated + taxi:lanes=*no|yes|yes|no|designated

Note: the suffix :lanes could be used for all the other examples too, but is used usually only in situations where it is not possible to tag the layout of the lanes with other tags.

B2
Cycle lanes left right bus right.png
Way A.png
Cycle lanes on left and right sides of the road after a bus/taxi only lane in right side.

Proposal (no consensus):

Way A : highway=*[1] + lanes=3 + lanes:forward=2 + lanes:bus:forward=1 + busway:right=lane + cycleway=lane

B3
Cycle lanes left shared bus right.png
Way A.png
Cycle lane on left side of the road and a shared cycle lane with a bus/taxi lane in right side.

Proposal (no consensus):

Way A : highway=*[1] + busway:right=lane + cycleway:left=lane + cycleway:right=share_busway

or

Proposed_features/shared_lane

B4
Cycle track shared bus right.png
Way A Bdown2.png
Cycle track shared with a bus/taxi track in right side of the road.

Proposal (no consensus):

Way A : highway=service + service=bus + oneway=yes + cycleway:right=share_busway

Way B :
assuming for bicycle and buses there is an obligation to use Way A in forward directions (of way A) :
highway=*[1] + oneway:bus=yes + oneway:bicycle=yes
assuming bicycles may use Way B in both directions :
highway=*[1]

B5
Cycle lane shared bus right.png
Way A.png
Cycle lane shared with a bus/taxi lane on right side of the road (in some countries only).

Proposal (no consensus):

Way A : highway=*[1] + lanes=4 + lanes:bus:forward=1 + busway:right=lane + cycleway:right=share_busway

B6
Oneway opposite shared bus left.png
2010-01-02 15.19.16.jpg
Way A.png
Cycle lane shared with a bus/taxi lane in opposite direction of the oneway road.

Proposal (no consensus):

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:left=share_busway + busway=opposite_lane + oneway=yes + oneway:bicycle=no

or

Way A : highway=*[1] + cycleway:left=share_busway + busway=lane + oneway=yes + oneway:bus=no + oneway:bicycle=no

All pictures are available in both .png and .svg files in the wiki repository (use .png when text is present).

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 1.41 1.42 1.43 any type of motor car roads in the class highway=* like primary/secondary/tertiary/unclassified/residential/etc.

Pedestrian streets

highway=footway + bicycle=yes + barrier=bollard

Off-road and outdoor

Outside of cities and dense populated areas most cyclable routes are mapped using highway=track and highway=path. While both imply bicycle=yes in most areas of the world it is difficult for bicycle routers to suggest them as routes because a wide range of conditions (path surface, incline,..) can make them unsuitable for some or all types of bicycles.

Some additional tags that should be used to indicate suitability of such ways for bicycles:

See also Mountain biking.

On-Road Cycling (Cycle Friendly Streets)

Consider using the following key/values to indicate cycle friendly streets.

Key Value Purpose
width width of road in metres Indicate a wide single lane road or a squeeze point
maxspeed speed limit Roads with lower speed limits tend to be less crowded by cars.
source:maxspeed country_code:rural/country_code:urban/sign/… Always tag the source of the maxspeed limit!
lanes=* total number of marked lanes making up the way Single lane wide roads with low speed limits tend to be low-stress routes (but may increase stress for cyclists that want to cycle fast)

자전거 규정사항

Key Value When to use
bicycle yes Where bicycles are permitted, overriding default access (such as to motorways that permit bicycles as commonly found in western parts of North America)
bicycle designated Where a way has been specially designated (typically by a government) for bicycle use
bicycle use_sidepath Where cycling on the main road is legally discouraged because of a parallel compulsory cycle track. Check with local laws.
bicycle no Where bicycles are not permitted, ensure this is indicated
bicycle permissive Where bicycles do not have a legal right-of-way, but the land owner has indicated that bicycles are allowed
bicycle destination Where bicycles have a legal right-of-way, but only if their destination is within that street or area
bicycle dismount Where cycling is not allowed on short sections of signposted cycleroutes (typically in the UK on narrow bridges and underpasses which are shared with pedestrians), there are usually signs saying "Cyclists dismount". These have been tagged as follows (28 838+ uses as of 2014-06-05) Lower acceptance than other values, as of 2014-04-09 still not added in JOSM
oneway:bicycle yes/no Instead of, or in addition to, using cycleway=opposite, you can use oneway:bicycle=* to identify roads where the oneway rules for cyclists differ from the general oneway restriction. If tagging an object where bicycles are the only permitted vehicles, a simple oneway=* is also commonly used.

See also OSM tags for routing/Access-Restrictions for the default restrictions by highway type (and country-specific rules).

All values : access=*.

시설

자전거를 대여소 및 보관소:

Key Value
amenity bicycle_parking
amenity bicycle_rental

자전거와 부품을 파는 곳:

Key Value
shop bicycle

자전거 바퀴 바람 충전소:

Key Value
amenity compressed_air
compressed_air yes
service:bicycle:pump yes


For bicycle counter with display in situ (totem/barometer with clock):

Key Value
amenity clock
display digital
man_made monitoring_station
monitoring:bicycle yes
name name of counted street
start_date year since starting couting
support pole
visibility street
website URL of online data state

같이 보기