- 1 Goal: building a routing portal for wheelchair users
- 2 News
- 3 Requirements for Wheelchair Accessible Routes
- 4 Test Areas
- 5 Rolli Mapping
- 6 Tags for routing
- 7 Important, not previously evaluated for the routing tags (because of Nodes)
- 8 Profile
- 9 User Manual
- 10 See Also
- 11 Sources und Links
Goal: building a routing portal for wheelchair users
Based on OSM data, develop a route planner especially for wheelchair users. But the existing one is OpenRouteService of the Geoinformatics Department, Institute of Geography University of Heidelberg (Formerly Cartography of the University of Bonn) expanded. University of Heidelberg GIScience (Geoinformatics) Research Group ()
- GIScience Research Group (Geoinformatics)
- University of Heidelberg
To this end, a web portal is set up, looking over the users goals in their environment, and the best way to display the wheelchair.
The difficulty of the way is made clear. Hazards or difficult passages be marked with symbols. In addition to the slope are given.
To enable routing, the routes must be labeled "accessible to wheelchairs" and meet specific requirements.
- Germany only.
Wheelchair Routing Portal Online
The wheelchair routing portal is available for testing online. It can be accessed at the following address:
On 15.09.2009 (and 19.09.2009) ran the article "Maps make life easier. OpenStreetMap Wheelchair." The contribution can also be viewed at:
Project Ruhr 2010-barrier-free
In 2010, Essen and the Ruhr European Culture Capital, at www.ruhr2010-barrierefrei.de is a lot of information on accessibility of venues, attractions, lodging, restaurants, pubs, car parks and toilets available. This information is then transferred to the OSM database. It would be nice if the OSM community could help it. This information will be analyzed for the mobility routing.
The new OSM tags for this purpose are described later on this page. - BlackBike 10:04, 6 February 2010 (UTC)
In the city of Bonn is an urgent need for disabled toilets to be tagged. For some it is a so-called "Euro-key (default is in Germany, all City Toilets Wall AG and many, especially newer, motorway toilets so equipped. All disabled toilets on motorway parking areas without any further development with buildings can be assumed almost always from € key ability. Furthermore, such facilities are often found in public buildings.). This enables physically impaired people to gain access to the disabled toilets. Therefore, this tagging as follows:
|Fitness for wheelchair users||wheelchair=*||Yes|
|Address Street||addr:street=*||Name of road|
|Address house number||addr:housenumber=*||Number|
Looking for helpers
It is still important to find mappers and wheelchair users, record the data for this project. Only with sufficient data, the test area from Bonn to a larger area to be expanded.
Who participates in data collection may appear in the category of helpers.
Enter any questions you used to me: Astrid
- I would like to get involved, certainly not in Bonn. How about extending the area of the map first time to offer an incentive? The Wheelchairmap On the one see so well that disabled-related tags are used worldwide. Right now you get not even a sensible error message when you try to use the card outside Bonn. I'm at least not with a yardstick to the pavement, without that I can try out the result soon after! - Lulu-Ann 12:10, 15 January 2010 (UTC)
The project Wheelmap the association social heroes eV would cooperate. OSM makes the technique (until now work with a Google Map), social hero makes the advertising, to move to non-OSMler to submit the wheelchair-accessible facilities. - Lulu-Ann 15:37, 20 October 2009 (UTC)
Routing portal goes online
No later than the 1.9 is the first prototype of the wheelchair-routing portal "online. The Internet address is http://www.RollstuhlRouting.de Feedback welcome! http://www.geog.uni-heidelberg.de/giscience.html
Mapping Party Bonn
Details of the mapping party on wheelchair Routing in Bonn can be found here: Mapping Party Bonn
Requirements for Wheelchair Accessible Routes
|Parameters||request and recommendation to DIN 18024-1|
|The light path width||
|Thresholds and curb height||
Desired test areas
- I would like to test in the Hanover region, please complete the range. - Lulu-Ann 19:07, 20 January 2010 (UTC)
Important for mapping for wheelchair users are tags that describe the properties of paths and especially the properties of pavements.
|Smoothness||smoothness=*||Good / intermediate / bad|
|Width / m||width=*||2.5|
|Curb height / m||sloped_curb=*||0.03|
More detailed information about the individual tags can be found at tags for routing
|Sidewalk next to||sidewalk:left:PROPERTY.||*|
Note: "left" and "right" refer to the digitizing direction!
|Surfaces sidewalk next to||sidewalk:left:surface=*||paving_stones|
|Smoothness of pavement right||sidewalk:right:smoothness=*||good|
The routing algorithm can only tags that belong to the line elements (ways), evaluate. Therefore, the property lowered curb "a way to attach. To define the point at which is located on the lowering of the Way, the key is the extra information "start" and "end" is added:
|Curb height left start||sidewalk:left:sloped_curb:start=*||0.1|
|Curb height on the left end||sidewalk:left:sloped_curb:end=*||0.03|
In addition to GPS the following devices are strongly recommended:
- Yardstick for measuring the curb heights
- Protractor or Level for measuring the slope
Download Mapping Documents
Relevant map features
Tags for routing
The above-mentioned requirements on the way to the hitherto existing in OSM tags (attributes) are mapped inaccurately. However, it is tested with the available options, a first routing.
Since the routing algorithm currently only tags that belong to evaluate the line elements (ways), it can, only that in the following table are listed. Tags, such as highway = crossing "can not therefore be considered first. At a later stage, they will be able to be installed. Therefore, these tags are "Important not yet usable tags" also listed.
General way types
Path properties, in general
The tag Smoothness is initially of little significance, since according to Tagwatch and because of controversial discussion on its application so far is little or no spread consensus on its use was achieved in OSM. He could, however, in the rare case of its presence serve as exclusion criteria. For the wheelchair-routing is the day smoothness in the pilot regions is not explicitly tagged.
Sidewalks and properties
The following tags are not the usual process of Vote go through and should be avoided for now! This is particularly controversial in this case, since there are several competing proposals are, addressing the issue of additional tracks that run next to and / or right along a main road. To illustrate the problem, the table was added to a second variant of the tagging.
|Day on Way or Area||Alternative||Description||Photo||Bonn||Freiburg|
|left:highway=* right:Highway=*||A prefix key in allowing the use of all available tags to detect features / usage / status / permission for a track. Furthermore, there is no limit, which relates the number of left or right or running paths along a "real" covered path.|
|sidewalk:left:surface=* sidewalk:right:surface=*||left:surface=* right:surface=*||Surface layer of the left / right sidewalk in relation to the direction of digitization. The values (Values) entspechen those of surface=*. -> See path properties, in general "surface =*"||Example leftedit||Example leftedit|
|sidewalk:left:smoothness=* sidewalk:right:smoothness=*||left:smoothness=* right:smoothness=*||Smoothness of the left / right sidewalk. The smoothness refers to the usefulness of vehicles. The values (Values) entspechen those of smoothness=*. -> See path properties, in general "smoothness =*"||Example leftedit||Example leftedit|
|sidewalk:left:width=* sidewalk:right:width=*||left:width=* right:width=*||Width of the left / right sidewalk in meters. The values (Values) entspechen those of width=*. The values are given in meters and are with "." separately. (Example: 1.5) -> See path properties, in general "width =*"||Example leftedit||Example leftedit|
|sidewalk:left:incline=* sidewalk:right:incline=*||left:incline=* right:incline=*||Slope of the left / right sidewalk. The values (Values) entspechen those of incline=*. The values are given in% (eg 6%) -> See path properties, in general, "incline =*"||Example leftedit||Example leftedit|
|sidewalk:left:sloped_curb=* sidewalk:right:sloped_curb=*||left:sloped_curb=* right:sloped_curb=*||Curb height of the left / right sidewalk. The values are given in meters and are with "." separately. (Example: 15 cm would be 0.15) -> See path properties, in general, "sloped_curb =*"||Example leftedit||Example leftedit|
|sidewalk:left:sloped_curb:start=* sidewalk:left:sloped_curb:end=*||left:sloped_curb:start=* left:sloped_curb:end=*||
Curb height of the sidewalk at the beginning and end of the Ways.
Beginning and end are defined by the digitizing direction.
Because the routing node can not read yet, hereby Lowered be tagged curbs at road checkpoints.
|left startedit||left startedit|
|sidewalk:left:wheelchair=* sidewalk:right:wheelchair=*||left:wheelchair=* right:wheelchair=*||Suitability of the left / right sidewalk for wheelchair users.||Example leftedit||Example leftedit|
|sidewalk:left:wheelchair:start=* sidewalk:left:wheelchair:end=*||left:wheelchair:start=* left:wheelchair:end=*||Eignung des Bürgersteigs für Rollstuhlfahrer am Anfang/ Ende des Weges. Hiermit kann die Eignung von Straßenübergängen getaggt werden.||left startedit||left startedit|
1) Please note: The tag highway=access_ramp is rarely used and is under discussion, see http://gis.19327.n5.nabble.com/Question-reg-wheelchair-mapping-tp5864292.html
|Tag / Value auf Node||Foto|
|amenity=sloped_curb (better use sloped_curb=yes on crossings)|
- Manual Wheelchair
- Pushed Wheelchair
- Stroller/Child's wheelchair (short, two parallel slants) established: stroller=yes/(no)
Sources und Links
- Friedrich, Juliane. 2005: FreiRaum. Planning guidelines for the accessible design of hiking trails. Institute of Transport and Urban Planning. Fachhochschule Erfurt.
- Natur für alle: Planning Guidance on Accessibility.
- nullbarriere.de- Website Accessible to the field of Planning, Building and Housing
- Fernsehbeitrag "OpenStreetMap für Rollstuhlfahrer" in Quarks & Co. (WDR)
- Zusatzinformationen from Quarks & Co. Beitrag
- Müller, A., Neis, P. Zipf, A. (2010): Route planning for wheelchair users based on OpenStreetMap data. Design, implementation and perspectives, AGIT 2010. Symposium on Applied Geoinformatics, Salzburg, Austria.